2023 Antiguan general election

Last updated

2023 Antiguan general election
Flag of Antigua and Barbuda.svg
  2018 18 January 2023Next 

All 17 seats in the House of Representatives
9 seats needed for a majority
Turnout70.34 (Decrease2.svg 6.17pp)
 First partySecond partyThird party
  10 06 2022 Segunda Sessao Plenaria da IX Cupula das Americas (52137201805) (cropped).jpg Harold Lovell cropped.jpg Trevor Walker in 2010.jpg
Leader Gaston Browne Harold Lovell Trevor Walker
Party ABLP UPP BPM
Last election59.24%, 15 seats37.09%, 1 seat1.43%, 1 seat
Seats before1511
Seats won961
Seat changeDecrease2.svg 6Increase2.svg 5Steady2.svg
Popular vote20,05219,267624
Percentage47.06%45.22%1.46%
SwingDecrease2.svg 12.18ppIncrease2.svg 8.13ppIncrease2.svg 0.03pp

2023 Antiguan general election results.svg
Winning party by constituency

Prime Minister before election

Gaston Browne
ABLP

Subsequent Prime Minister

Gaston Browne
ABLP

General elections were held in Antigua and Barbuda on 18 January 2023 to elect members of the House of Representatives. The Labour Party (ABLP) has held an absolute majority of 15 seats in the House of Representatives after the 2018 general election, with Gaston Browne remaining as prime minister. Browne initiated a constitutional referendum after the 2018 election, which was rejected by voters, and following the death of Elizabeth II in 2022, he announced his intention to organise a referendum for the transition of Antigua and Barbuda to a republican system. Besides ABLP, the United Progressive Party (UPP), Democratic National Alliance, Barbuda People's Movement (BPM), and three independent politicians filed candidacies for the 2023 general election.

Contents

During the election campaign, UPP proposed to raise the minimum wage and expressed support for small businesses, while ABLP pledged to construct more homes and open two polyclinics. ABLP retained its majority in the House of Representatives, although it won a reduced 9 seats, while UPP won 6 seats. Trevor Walker, the leader of the BPM, retained his seat in Barbuda, while Asot Michael, an independent politician and former member of ABLP, won his seat in the St. Peter constituency. Browne was sworn in for his third consecutive term as prime minister a day after the election.

Background

The previous general election was held 15 months early before the scheduled date due to the outgoing prime minister, Gaston Browne, wanting to obtain enough support for the implementation of several projects, such as land reform, in 2019. [1] [2] Browne retained his office, while his Labour Party (ABLP) increased its absolute majority in the House of Representatives. [3] The United Progressive Party (UPP) suffered defeat, with its leader, Harold Lovell, losing his seat. [4]

Since then, Browne attempted to modify the constitution to make the Caribbean Court of Justice the final court of appeal in the country in place of the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council. [5] This was however rejected in a referendum in November 2018. [6] Following the death of Elizabeth II in September 2022, Browne announced his intention to organise a referendum within three years regarding the transition to a republican system. [7] [8]

Electoral system

The 17 elected members of the House of Representatives were elected in single-member constituencies by first-past-the-post voting; 16 of the seats were allocated for the island of Antigua and one for the island of Barbuda. [9] In December 2022, Browne announced that the election would be held on 18 January 2023. [10]

Political parties

The table below lists political parties represented in the House of Representatives after the 2018 general election. [11]

NameIdeologyPolitical positionLeader2018 result
Votes (%)Seats
Antigua and Barbuda Labour Party Social democracy Centre-left Gaston Browne 59.24%
15 / 17
United Progressive Party Social democracy Centre-left Harold Lovell 37.09%
1 / 17
Barbuda People's Movement Barbudan nationalism [12] Centre-left Trevor Walker 1.43%
1 / 17

Pre-election composition

Antigua & Barbuda HoR 2018.svg
PartySeats
Antigua and Barbuda Labour Party 15
United Progressive Party 1
Barbuda People's Movement 1
Source: [13]

Campaign

United Progressive Party campaign rally at St. John's United Progressive Party campaign 2023 election.png
United Progressive Party campaign rally at St. John's

UPP presented its election manifesto on 9 January 2023. [14] Lovell proposed a EC$10 per hour minimum wage and a 10% wage and salary increase for public servants, as well as support for a stable water supply and small businesses. [14] ABLP announced its manifesto on 10 January, proposing to construct more than 1,000 new homes, rebuild the sea landing in Barbuda and open two polyclinics. [15] Both parties also expressed support "for a greener Barbuda". [16] Lovell also declined to debate with Browne. [17] The ABLP branch office for the St. John's City East constituency was set on fire on 16 January. [18]

Carty Anderson, an independent politician formerly associated with UPP, filed his candidacy due to "continued neglect" of the citizens of the St. John's Rural West constituency. [19] Another independent, Gail Pero-Weston, campaigned on "creating a better political landscape rather than representing a single constituency". [20]

Candidates

On 25 March 2022, the ABLP announced their official candidates. [21] [22] New candidates from the Labour Party include Rawdon Turner replacing Asot Michael, Barbuda senator Knacyntar Nedd replacing Arthur Nibbs and senator Gail Christian replacing deputy speaker of the House Londell Benjamin. [21] The UPP nominated candidates in all constituencies except Barbuda. [22] [23]

The Democratic National Alliance (DNA) announced its candidates in April 2022. [22] [24] DNA later announced that Avoy Knight and Tecla Thomas traded their constituencies, and that Stephen Richardson would be their candidate for the St. John's Rural West constituency. [25] [26] Additionally, Moraine Knight was nominated for the St. John's City West constituency and Mario Thomas was nominated for the St. Phillip North constituency. [27] [28] The Barbuda People's Movement (BPM), led by its representative Trevor Walker, announced that it would run in the Barbuda constituency. [29] Independent politicians Carty Anderson, Gail Pero-Weston, and Michael Asot filed to run in St. John's Rural West, St. John's Rural South, and St. Peter constituencies respectively. [29]

#ConstituencyABLPUPPDNABPMIndependents
1
St. John's City West Gaston Browne Alister ThomasMoraine Knight
2
St. John's City East Melford Nicholas Harold LovellLeon Smith
3
St. John's City South Steadroy Benjamin Franz Chalver deFreitasRoland Timothy
4
St. John's Rural West Gail Christian Lewis RichardStephen RichardsonCarty Anderson
5
St. John's Rural South Daryll Mathew Gladys PotterTecla ThomasGail Pero-Weston
6
St. John's Rural East Maria Browne Sean BirdTrevor Young
7
St. John's Rural North Charles Fernandez Pearl Quinn-WilliamsLouis Rivera
8
St. Mary's North Molwyn Joseph Jonathan JosephKisean Joseph
9
St. Mary's South Samantha Marshall Kelvin SimonAndrew Antonio
10
All Saints East and St. LukeColin JamesJamale PringleAvoy Knight
11
All Saints West Michael Browne Anthony Smith Jr.Anthony Stuart
12
St. GeorgeDean JonasAlgernon WattsKelton Dalso
13
St. PeterRawdon Turner Tevaughn Harriette Chaneil Imhoff Asot Michael
14
St. Phillip North Robin Yearwood Alex BrownMario Thomas
15
St. Phillip SouthLennox WestonSherfield Bowen Joanne Massiah
16
St. Paul Chet Greene Cleon AthillGameal Joyce
17
Barbuda Knacyntar Nedd Trevor Walker

Results

Voting stations were opened from 06:00 to 18:00, and there were 60,916 citizens in total that had the right to vote in the general election. [30] [31] On 5 January 2023, it was announced that the Commonwealth Observer Group, headed by the former president of Seychelles, Danny Faure, would observe the election. [32] CARICOM, as well as the Organization of American States, also announced that it would observe over the election. [33] [34] The Caribbean Development Research Services reported lower turnout in comparison with the previous general election. [35]

The Electoral Commission reported that ABLP won 9 seats in the election, while the UPP won 6 seats in total. [36] [37] In Barbuda, BPM retained its seat while DNA did not win any, although Asot Michael, an independent politician, won his seat in the St. Peter constituency. [36] Lovell of UPP also failed to win his seat. [38]

2023 Antiguan general election seats.svg
PartyVotes%Seats+/–
Antigua and Barbuda Labour Party 20,05247.069–6
United Progressive Party 19,26745.226+5
Barbuda People's Movement 6241.4610
Democratic National Alliance 4661.0900
Independents 2,2025.171+1
Total42,611100.001717
Valid votes42,61199.44
Invalid/blank votes2380.56
Total votes42,849100.00
Registered voters/turnout60,91670.34
Source: Electoral Commission [39]

By constituency

ConstituencyABLPUPPDNABPMIndTotal
Votes %Votes %Votes %Votes %Votes %
All Saints East and St. Luke1,04736.001,79961.86521.72,908
All Saints West1,46141.202,02257.02441.23,546
Barbuda 45642.2262457.771,080
St. George2,00547.462,14650.80541.274,224
St. John's City East79149.5978549.21130.811,595
St. John's City South 88963.1849535.18110.781,407
St. John's City West 1,29566.4762131.87180.921,948
St. John's Rural East 1,77053.731,46044.32481.453,294
St. John's Rural North1,56352.461,35845.58421.402,979
St. John's Rural South1,42456.041,07442.26110.43190.742,541
St. John's Rural West1,61444.401,93253.14310.85461.263,635
St. Mary's North 1,66449.981,61548.51280.843,329
St. Mary's South86244.431,06154.69120.611,940
St. Paul1,24452.111,10146.12291.212,387
St. Peter89924.4260116.33290.782,13758.073,680
St. Phillip North 70852.6061545.69161.181,346
St. Phillip South36037.3458260.37282.90964
Total20,05247.1319,20745.154601.086241.472,2025.1842,849
Source: Electoral Commission [39]

Aftermath

Local news outlets reported that ABLP won 9 seats and that it retained its majority in the House of Representatives. [40] [41] Browne addressed his supporters shortly after the election and was congratulated by Bruno Rodríguez Parrilla, the minister of foreign affairs of Cuba. [42] [43] Joanne Massiah, the leader of the DNA, conceded the election, while Lovell resigned as the leader of UPP. [44] [45] [46] Browne was inaugurated into his third consecutive term in office on 19 January 2023. [40] [47]

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Antigua and Barbuda</span> Country in the Lesser Antilles of the West Indies

Antigua and Barbuda is a sovereign country in the West Indies. It lies at the juncture of the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean in the Leeward Islands part of the Lesser Antilles, at 17°N latitude. The country consists of two major islands, Antigua and Barbuda, approximately 40 km (20 mi) apart, and several smaller islands, including Great Bird, Green, Guiana, Long, Maiden, Prickly Pear, York, and Redonda. The permanent population is approximately 97,120, 97% residing in Antigua. St. John's, Antigua, is the country's capital, major city, and largest port. Codrington is Barbuda's largest town.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Politics of Antigua and Barbuda</span>

The politics of Antigua and Barbuda takes place in a framework of a unitary parliamentary representative democratic monarchy, wherein the sovereign of Antigua and Barbuda is the head of state, appointing a governor-general to act as vice-regal representative in the nation. A prime minister is appointed by the governor-general as the head of government, and of a multi-party system; the prime minister advises the governor-general on the appointment of a Council of Ministers. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of the Parliament. The bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate and the House of Representatives.

The history of Antigua and Barbuda covers the period from the arrival of the Archaic peoples thousands of years ago to the present day. Prior to European colonization, the lands encompassing present-day Antigua and Barbuda were inhabited by three successive Amerindian societies. The island was claimed by England, who settled the islands in 1632. Under English/British control, the islands witnessed an influx of both Britons and African slaves migrate to the island. In 1981, the islands were granted independence as the modern state of Antigua and Barbuda.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lester Bird</span> Antiguan politician (1938–2021)

Sir Lester Bryant Bird KNH was an Antigua and Barbuda politician and athlete who served as the second prime minister of Antigua and Barbuda from 1994 to 2004. He was chairman of the Antigua Labour Party (ALP) from 1971 to 1983, then became prime minister when his father, Sir Vere Bird, the previous prime minister, resigned.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Antigua and Barbuda Labour Party</span> Antiguan political party

The Antigua and Barbuda Labour Party (ABLP) is a political party in Antigua and Barbuda. The current leader of the party is Gaston Browne, who serves as the Prime Minister of Antigua and Barbuda. The party had previously been led by Lester Bird, who was chairman of the party since 1971, and became Prime Minister and political leader in 1994.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Baldwin Spencer (politician)</span> Prime Minister of Antigua and Barbuda

Winston Baldwin Spencer is an Antiguan politician who was the third Prime Minister of Antigua and Barbuda from 2004 to 2014.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Elections in Antigua and Barbuda</span>

Elections in Antigua and Barbuda take place in the framework of a parliamentary democracy.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">House of Representatives (Antigua and Barbuda)</span> Lower house of the legislature of Antigua and Barbuda

The House of Representatives of Antigua and Barbuda is the lower chamber of the country's bicameral parliament.

Asot Michael is the Member of the Parliament of Antigua and Barbuda elected from Saint Peter Constituency. He was also the Minister of Tourism, Economic Development, Investment and Energy under Prime Minister Gaston Browne. He is a member of the Antigua and Barbuda Labour Party.

Sir Molwyn Joseph, KGCN, is an Antiguan politician and Chairman of the Antigua Labour Party (ALP). First entering politics in 1984 when he was made a Minister without Portfolio in the government of Vere Bird, Joseph became Minister of Finance seven years later, renegotiating the Antiguan national debt and introducing fiscal reforms. After a 1996 scandal in which it was discovered he had used his position to import a 1930s Rolls-Royce for a friend, bypassing normal import duties and taxes, he was dismissed from the Bird administration, returning 14 months later to serve as Minister for Planning, Implementation and the Environment. Following the 1999 general election he became Minister of Heath and Social Improvement before being made Minister of Tourism and the Environment a few months later. As Minister, Joseph attempted to improve the perception of Antigua as a tourist destination and invest in the industry, spending 2 million US dollars increasing the number of hotel rooms on the island and providing money for both Air Jamaica and Air Luxor to provide flights to the island.

Steadroy "Cutie" Benjamin is an Antiguan lawyer and politician, who is the current minister of Justice and Attorney General of Antigua and Barbuda. He previously served as Leader of the Opposition in the Parliament of Antigua and Barbuda.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2014 Antiguan general election</span> General election in Antigua and Barbuda

General elections were held in Antigua and Barbuda on 12 June 2014. The result was a victory for the opposition Antigua Labour Party led by Gaston Browne, which won 14 of the 17 seats. Following the election, Browne became the country's youngest Prime Minister.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gaston Browne</span> Prime Minister of Antigua and Barbuda

Gaston Alfonso Browne is an Antiguan politician serving as the prime minister of Antigua and Barbuda and leader of the Labour Party since 2014. Before entering politics, he was a banker and businessman.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2018 Antiguan general election</span> Election in Antigua and Barbuda

General elections were held in Antigua and Barbuda on 21 March 2018 to elect members to House of Representatives of the 15th Antigua and Barbuda Parliament. Each of the 17 constituencies elected one Member of Parliament (MP).

Maria Vanessa Bird-Browne is a politician in Antigua and Barbuda. She was elected as a member of the House of Representatives for St. John's Rural East in the Parliament of Antigua and Barbuda in 2018, becoming the youngest lawmaker in the country and the youngest female member of parliament across the Commonwealth. She is the country's minister for housing, lands, and urban renewal.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2021 Saint Lucian general election</span>

General elections were held in Saint Lucia on 26 July 2021, having been constitutionally required by 12 October 2021. Voters elected all 17 members of the House of Assembly. The result was a victory for the opposition Saint Lucia Labour Party, which won 13 of the 17 seats in the House, while the ruling United Workers Party lost nine of its eleven seats. It was the fourth consecutive election in which the incumbent government was defeated.

Samantha Nicole Marshall is an Antiguan MP and Cabinet Minister. Marshall represents St. Mary's South in the Antigua and Barbuda Parliament. She is a member of the Antigua and Barbuda Labour Party.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Trevor Walker</span> Antigua and Barbuda politician

Trevor Myke Walker is a Barbudan politician and former Cabinet Minister under the Baldwin Spencer administration.

Osbert Richard Frederick is an Antiguan and Barbudan politician. He was appointed senator by Prime Minister Gaston Browne. After his appointment, he was elected the Deputy senate president in the Upper House of Parliament in Antigua and Barbuda.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gail Christian</span> Antiguan and Barbudan politician

Gail Christian is an Antiguan and Barbudan politician and senator. She is a senator of the Upper House of Parliament in Antigua and Barbuda. She was appointed senator by Prime Minister Gaston Browne.

References

  1. "2018 Election Date Set For March 21". Antigua Observer Newspaper. 24 February 2018. Archived from the original on 13 June 2018. Retrieved 14 January 2023.
  2. "Antigua and Barbuda General Election Results 2018". Caribbean Elections. Archived from the original on 2 April 2018. Retrieved 14 January 2023.
  3. "ABLP wins 2018 General Elections". Antigua Observer Newspaper. 22 March 2018. Archived from the original on 13 June 2018. Retrieved 14 January 2023.
  4. Handy, Gemma (6 March 2018). "Snap election in Antigua puts Barbuda's communal land ownership on the ballot". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 9 January 2023. Retrieved 14 January 2023.
  5. "What you need to know for Referendum Day". Antigua Observer Newspaper. 5 November 2018. Archived from the original on 5 November 2018. Retrieved 14 January 2023.
  6. "2018 Referendum Results". Antigua & Barbuda Electoral Commission. Archived from the original on 15 April 2019. Retrieved 14 January 2023.
  7. "Antigua and Barbuda Will Vote to Cut Ties With British Monarchy". Global Americans. 16 September 2022. Archived from the original on 2 December 2022. Retrieved 14 January 2023.
  8. "Antigua and Barbuda planning vote to become republic within three years, media report". Reuters. 11 September 2022. Archived from the original on 12 January 2023. Retrieved 14 January 2023.
  9. "Antigua and Barbuda House of Representatives: Electoral system". Inter-Parliamentary Union. Archived from the original on 9 January 2023. Retrieved 14 January 2023.
  10. "January 18 for general election in Antigua and Barbuda". The Gleaner. 19 December 2022. Archived from the original on 20 December 2022. Retrieved 20 December 2022.
  11. "General Elections 2018: Votes by Constituency". Antigua & Barbuda Electoral Commission. Archived from the original on 15 April 2019. Retrieved 18 January 2023.
  12. "Barbuda's secession request goes to Parliament". Antigua News Room. 11 September 2020. Archived from the original on 25 December 2021. Retrieved 21 January 2023.
  13. "Members of the House of Representatives 2018 – present". Caribbean Elections. Archived from the original on 18 May 2022. Retrieved 18 January 2023.
  14. 1 2 "Antigua Election 2023: UPP unveils election manifesto". Loop News. 9 January 2023. Archived from the original on 14 January 2023. Retrieved 14 January 2023.
  15. Henry, George (12 January 2023). "Manifesto Highlights: Antigua and Barbuda Labour Party shares investments in last eight years". Writeups 24. Archived from the original on 12 January 2023. Retrieved 14 January 2023.
  16. Emanuel, Robert A. (11 January 2023). "Two main political parties unveil plans for a 'greener' Barbuda". Antigua Observer Newspaper. Archived from the original on 13 January 2023. Retrieved 14 January 2023.
  17. Henry, George (7 January 2023). "Antigua and Barbuda: UPP Leader Harold Lovell says no to publicly debate with PM Gaston Browne". Writeups 24. Archived from the original on 18 January 2023. Retrieved 18 January 2023.
  18. De Shong, Dillon (16 January 2023). "Antigua Election 2023: Arsonists set fire to ABLP campaign office". Loop News. Archived from the original on 18 January 2023. Retrieved 18 January 2023.
  19. Bique-Charles, Shermain (12 January 2023). "'I see the struggles of my people every day': Independent candidate Carty ready to represent Rural West in Parliament". Antigua Observer Newspaper. Archived from the original on 17 January 2023. Retrieved 18 January 2023.
  20. Emmanuel, Robert A. (3 January 2023). "Independent candidate Gail Pero-Weston wants to see a better political landscape". Antigua Observer Newspaper. Archived from the original on 5 January 2023. Retrieved 18 January 2023.
  21. 1 2 "ABLP's approved slate for the 2022/23 polls". Antigua and Barbuda Labour Party. 25 March 2022. Archived from the original on 26 March 2022. Retrieved 26 March 2022.
  22. 1 2 3 "List of nominated candidates for General Elections 2023" (PDF). Antigua & Barbuda Electoral Commission. 29 December 2022. Archived (PDF) from the original on 14 January 2023. Retrieved 14 January 2023.
  23. "The candidates". United Progressive Party. Archived from the original on 21 February 2022. Retrieved 25 April 2022.
  24. "DNA unveils full slate of candidates for next general election; Massiah talks up 'unblemished' record". Antigua Observer. 20 April 2022. Archived from the original on 25 April 2022. Retrieved 14 January 2023.
  25. "DNA Announces Constituency Change". Democratic National Alliance. 9 May 2022. Archived from the original on 26 December 2022. Retrieved 14 January 2023.
  26. "DNA Announces New Candidate in Rural West". Democratic National Alliance. 3 November 2022. Archived from the original on 26 December 2022. Retrieved 14 January 2023.
  27. "DNA Replaces Candidate for St. John's City West Constituency". Democratic National Alliance. 20 December 2022. Archived from the original on 26 December 2022. Retrieved 14 January 2023.
  28. "DNA Replaces Candidate for St. Phillip's North Constituency". Democratic National Alliance. 28 June 2022. Archived from the original on 26 December 2022. Retrieved 14 January 2023.
  29. 1 2 "List of Candidates Nominated for the January 18th 2023 Elections". Antigua News Room. 29 December 2022. Archived from the original on 29 December 2022. Retrieved 14 January 2023.
  30. Michael, Vivian (18 January 2023). "Voters head to the polls today to elect new government". Antigua Observer Newspaper. Archived from the original on 19 January 2023. Retrieved 18 January 2023.
  31. "Antigua and Barbuda Election Basics". Caribbean Elections. 18 January 2023. Archived from the original on 19 January 2023. Retrieved 18 January 2023.
  32. "Commonwealth team to observe Antigua and Barbuda's 2023 general election". Commonwealth. 5 January 2023. Archived from the original on 8 January 2023. Retrieved 14 January 2023.
  33. Ferrer Fonte, Ileana (11 January 2023). "CARICOM sends election observation mission to Antigua and Barbuda". Prensa Latina. Archived from the original on 14 January 2023. Retrieved 14 January 2023.
  34. "OAS to Observe General Elections in Antigua and Barbuda". Organization of American States. 13 January 2023. Archived from the original on 19 January 2023. Retrieved 18 January 2023.
  35. "Low Turnout as Polls Close in Antigua and Barbuda General Elections". Nationwide 90FM. 18 January 2023. Archived from the original on 19 January 2023. Retrieved 19 January 2023.
  36. 1 2 Thomas, Latrishka (19 January 2023). "ABLP narrowly escapes defeat in Antigua and Barbuda Election". Loop News. Archived from the original on 19 January 2023. Retrieved 19 January 2023.
  37. Ellsworth, Brian (19 January 2023). "Antigua and Barbuda PM Browne secures third term in general elections". Reuters. Archived from the original on 20 January 2023. Retrieved 20 January 2023.
  38. Clarke, Sherrylyn (19 January 2023). "Third term for Gaston Browne". Nation News. Archived from the original on 19 January 2023. Retrieved 19 January 2023.
  39. 1 2 "Declaration of Results 2023 General Elections from ABEC". Antigua News Room. 19 January 2023. Archived from the original on 19 January 2023. Retrieved 19 January 2023.
  40. 1 2 "BREAKING: ABLP retains government by slim majority". Antigua News Room. 19 January 2023. Archived from the original on 19 January 2023. Retrieved 19 January 2023.
  41. "Gaston Browne re-elected as Prime Minister of Antigua and Barbuda". Loop News. 19 January 2023. Archived from the original on 19 January 2023. Retrieved 19 January 2023.
  42. "Gaston Browne comfortably retains seat". Nation News. 19 January 2023. Archived from the original on 19 January 2023. Retrieved 19 January 2023.
  43. "PM Browne addresses supporters following election victory". Antigua News Room. 19 January 2023. Archived from the original on 19 January 2023. Retrieved 19 January 2023.
  44. "DNA President Concession Speech". Antigua News Room. 19 January 2023. Archived from the original on 19 January 2023. Retrieved 19 January 2023.
  45. Wilkinson, Bert (19 January 2023). "PM Browne wins again…just – Caribbean Life". Caribbean Life. Archived from the original on 19 January 2023. Retrieved 19 January 2023.
  46. "Harold Lovell steps down as UPP leader a day after Party lost general elections". WIC News. 20 January 2023. Archived from the original on 20 January 2023. Retrieved 20 January 2023.
  47. Wong, Melissa (19 January 2023). "Gaston Browne sworn in as Prime Minister of Antigua and Barbuda". Loop News. Archived from the original on 20 January 2023. Retrieved 20 January 2023.