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|Type||Independent day and boarding school|
|Motto||Misericordias domini in aeternum cantabo|
("I will sing of the Lord's mercy forever")
|Religious affiliation(s)||Church of England|
|Established||1100 (possible foundation)|
1256 (earliest reference and endowment)
|Department for Education URN||123312 Tables|
|Colour(s)||Cerise and white|
|Publication||Abingdon News (termly)|
The Abingdonian (annual)
The Griffen (Alumni)
|Former pupils||Old Abingdonians|
|Boat Club||Abingdon School Boat Club|
Abingdon School is a day and boarding independent school for boys in Abingdon, Oxfordshire, England. The twentieth oldest independent British school, it celebrated its 750th anniversary in 2006. The school was described as "highly selective, strongly academic" in The Tatler School Guide.
The date of Abingdon's foundation is unclear. Some believe the school to have been founded prior to the 12th century by the Benedictine monks of Abingdon Abbey, with a legal document of 1100 listing Richard the Pedagogue as the first headmaster. From its early years, the school used a room in St Nicolas' Church,which itself was built between 1121 and 1184.
The school now takes its anniversary from the earliest surviving reference to the school – 1256 – a charter of Abingdon Abbey recording an endowment by Abbot John de Blosneville for the support of thirteen poor scholars. [ citation needed ]In the past though, the school considered itself as having been founded by John Roysse in 1563. This led to the unusual circumstance whereby the school celebrated its 400th anniversary in 1963, and then its 750th in 2006.
By the time of Blosneville's endowment in 1256, the school had moved to a couple of rooms in Stert Street with a house for boarders at 3 Stert Street under the charge of a Dionysia Mundy. With John Roysse's re-endowment of 1563, the school moved to a site south of the Abbey gateway. Roysse was a prosperous mercer in the City of London, and through this association the school has received substantial benefactions from the Worshipful Company of Mercers. The name Roysse's School was used until the 1960s.[ citation needed ]
After the dissolution of Abingdon Abbey in 1538, the school passed through a difficult phase: the sixteenth century endowments by Old Abingdonians attempted to overcome the loss of monastic support. Thomas Tesdale, who had been a pupil in 1563, [ citation needed ]made provision for an Usher to teach six poor scholars from the Borough of Abingdon and offered support for thirteen Abingdon students to study at Oxford. This benefaction eventually developed into Pembroke College in 1624 by the re-foundation of Broadgates Hall.
The six poor scholars, known as Bennett Boys, or colloquially as the Gown Boys owing to their dress, were financed by another Old Abingdonian, William Bennett. Between 1609 and 1870 the school maintained a dual management: the Headmaster, appointed by the Mayor and Corporation, and the Tesdale Usher and Bennett Scholars appointed by the Master and Governors of Christ's Hospital, Abingdon. Despite being penalised during and after the English Civil War for its royalist and Anglican tendencies the school survived and achieved somewhat of a revival under headmaster Robert Jennings (1657–1683). In 1671, ten boys were expelled after they refused to attend Anglican services at St Helen's church.[ citation needed ]
The school experienced a successful period during the 18th century under headmaster Thomas Woods (1716–1753), known as "Flogging Tom".[ citation needed ]
At the turn of the century, the school entered a period of decline under the leadership of the "incompetent" [ citation needed ]headmaster Dr. John Lempriere. As a consequence, Pembroke College, Oxford, used the Oxford University Act 1854 as an excuse to cut its links with the school.
The current school site in the Victorian quarter of Abingdon, adjacent to Albert Park, was designed by Edwin Dolby and was built from 1870. Its architecture was described in The Builder that year as externally "of a simple character, the local material of red brick and tile being the chief material employed, relieved by bands of Bath stone". [ citation needed ]Extensions to the 1870 buildings were added in 1880. In 1901, a chapel and gymnasium were built. The adjacent Waste Court property was acquired in 1928. The Science School came in 1952. In 1963, to mark the Quartercentenary of the school's re-foundation, the big schoolroom was re-ordered as the Grundy Library (opened by Princess Margaret), together with erection of further buildings east of the Science Wing, the whole becoming known as Big School. In 1980, the Amey Theatre and Arts' Centre was opened and the Sports Centre opened in 1984. Mercers Court was opened in 1994 by the Chancellor of Oxford University and Visitor of Pembroke College, Baron Jenkins of Hillhead.
On 4 October 2008, the newly completed Sports Centre [ citation needed ]was opened by MP Kate Hoey. This multimillion-pound project took 5 years to complete and has increased the floorspace of the school by 40%. Plans for the complex were formally launched by Princess Anne in 2006.
In September 2010, Felicity Lusk, formerly headmistress of Oxford High School for Girls, a GDST school, replaced Mark Turner as Head of Abingdon. She became the first female Head of a boys' boarding public school.A recent addition to the School's facilities is a new Yang Science Centre by Hopkins Architects. Opened in October 2015, housing 21 laboratories, study areas and prep rooms. The previous science building was refurbished in 2016 with new rooms for history, geography and classics and new sports facilities were installed at Tilsley Park. In 2016, Lusk was replaced by Michael Windsor.
In 2018, a new development called Beech Court, housing a new library, Sixth Form Centre, and art facilities was completed and opened in November. In 2020, a further development called Faringdon Lodge (containing Economics, Business and Computer Science) was completed.
The Good Schools Guide called it "an impressive school which does what it sets out to do well", also noting that it was "likely to increase in popularity because of its location and increasingly sparkly achievements",while The Times described it as "an elite boys' boarding school".
The school currently[ when? ] has about 1,040 pupils aged 11–18, of whom 135 are boarders. The school is split into 10 houses, one of which is for boys in years 7 & 8 (Lower School, around 135 boys), three of which are for boarders and dayboys in year 9 and above, and six for day boys in year 9 and above. With the exception of Lower School, School House, Austin House and Crescent House, the houses are named after their current Housemasters and are thus prone to change. Boys in Lower School have a pastoral tutor within the house for two years before being redistributed to the 9 "senior" houses when they move into year 9 and are joined by c.100 boys from other schools. In years 9 to 13 (3rd year to Upper 6th), they have the same housemaster, but usually three different pastoral tutors, specialising in 3rd year, the GCSE years and then the Sixth Form years, though this is subject to the particular house and change. [ citation needed ]
The school offers over 130 extracurricular activities, known as the "Other Half" (of the syllabus).
Abingdon has a strong sporting tradition, especially in rowing, rugby union and cricket. In recent years the school has reached the later stages of the Daily Mail U18 rugby cup whilst also gaining places in the last four of the HMC national 20/20 cricket competition. Sport is compulsory at Abingdon School and each student must do at least two sessions per week.
The boat club has a long history with documentary evidence indicating rowing was a school activity in 1830. [ citation needed ]Roysse's School Rowing Club (1840) became the Abingdon School Boat Club.
The Debating Society is the school's oldest non-sporting society, founded in 1904. Abingdon takes part in a variety of national debating, public speaking and model United Nations competitions, often achieving notable success, as in 2009 when a group of Abingdon boys were national champions of the 2009 European Youth Parliament competition.[ citation needed ] The society also holds black-tie dinner debates with girls' schools, including the School of St Helen and St Katharine, Wycombe Abbey and Westonbirt School.
The school produces multiple publications including the 130 year-old Abingdonian, termly Abingdon News and the annual Griffen for alumni. Pupil publications include Griffenomics, Words and That, The Martlet, The Polyglot and The Blazer.The School's Edmund and Roysse Societies hold talks for boys several times a term, inviting speakers to lecture on a variety of subjects.
Abingdon has a Combined Cadet Force, which consists of RAF and Army sections. Although membership of the CCF is voluntary at Abingdon, it remains a popular activity, recently becoming the schools largest non sporting other half. The CCF has achieved several successes with cadets in the contingent's Royal Air Force section winning the 2002 Ground Training Competition (South East) at RAF Uxbridge, Middlesex. The shooting team went on to become the top team at the National final that same year. [ citation needed ]In 2016 a member of the RAF section went on to win the Sir John Thomson Memorial Sword and the De Havilland Medal. As Well as this in 2018 a member of the army section went on to be selected as the lords lieutenant's cadet for Oxfordshire. The CCF has been ranked as one of the top 3 CCFs in the country.
The Abingdon Film Unit (AFU) exists as part of the "Other Half" and has created nearly 100 films since its creation in 2004.[ citation needed ] Various other films have been shown at festivals including Raindance, the London International Documentary Festival, the Bradford Animation Festival, and the British Film Festival in Dinard, France. Awards include Best Documentary, Best Fiction and Best Animation at the Future Film Festival in London and the National Young Filmmaker's Award at the Leeds Student Film Festival. To date, the most decorated AFU production has been Blindside: awards include the BFI Future Film Award, Student Filmmaking Awards (Finalist), Grigsby Film Award, Depth of Field International Film Festival Award, Future of Cinema Film Festival Award and Nashville Film Festival Award. The film's success led to considerable attention from local media.
At A Level, the 2017 A*-A percentage averaged 63.3%At GCSE, the A* percentage in 2017 was 60.2% and the A*-A percentage 86.3%. In 2020, 44% of GCSE grades were grade 9, while the 9-7 percentage was 87.7%.
At GCSE, most of the courses followed are at the iGCSE level (international GCSE) and all examinations are taken in year 11 (5th year), i.e. there is no "early" take of qualifications even for top sets.The top two Maths sets at GCSE follow the iGCSE and Additional Maths qualifications. In sixth form, A Levels are followed to AS and then A2 level, but following the reforms put in place under Michael Gove, the school has decided that, from September 2015, it will follow a linear system (i.e. courses will be completed over two years) and will not be offering the new stand-alone AS qualification. As a consequence of this freedom, some departments will be offering the Cambridge pre-U course instead of the traditional A Level.
The "Foundation Dinner", to honour the school's founders and benefactors, is held once a year towards the end of Lent term. It is normally attended by Abingdon Town Councillors, supporters of the school, governors, famous OAs, school prefects and upper sixth scholars.[ citation needed ]
Abingdon-on-Thames, commonly known as Abingdon, is a historic market town and civil parish in the ceremonial county of Oxfordshire, England, on the River Thames. Historically the county town of Berkshire, since 1974 Abingdon has been administered by the Vale of White Horse district within Oxfordshire. The area was occupied from the early to middle Iron Age and the remains of a late Iron Age and Roman defensive enclosure lies below the town centre. Abingdon Abbey was founded around 676, giving its name to the emerging town. In the 13th and 14th centuries, Abingdon was an agricultural centre with an extensive trade in wool, alongside weaving and the manufacture of clothing. Charters for the holding of markets and fairs were granted by various monarchs, from Edward I to George II.
Haberdashers' Boys' School, until September 2021 known as Haberdashers Aske's Boys School, is a public school for pupils age 4 to 18 in Elstree, Hertfordshire, England. The school is a member of the Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference and the Rugby Group.
Charterhouse is a public school in Godalming, Surrey, England. Originally founded by Thomas Sutton in 1611 on the site of the old Carthusian monastery in Charterhouse Square, Smithfield, London, it educates over 800 pupils, aged 13 to 18 years. Charterhouse is one of the 'great' nine English public schools reported upon by the Clarendon Commission in 1864 and is a member of the Rugby Group schools. Today pupils are still referred to as Carthusians, and former pupils as Old Carthusians. Charterhouse is regarded as one of the most prestigious schools in the world due to the school's history and influence.
St Edward's School is a public school in Oxford, England.
Bloxham School, also called All Saints' School, is an independent co-educational day and boarding school of the British public school tradition, located in the village of Bloxham, three miles (5 km) from the town of Banbury in Oxfordshire, England. The present school was founded in 1860 by Philip Reginald Egerton and has since become a member of the Woodard Corporation. The current headmaster is Paul Sanderson, who took over from Mark Allbrook in 2013. The school has approximately 515 pupils.
Thomas Stock (1750–1803) established the first Sunday school in the United Kingdom.
William Alder Strange (1813–1874) was a headmaster and author.
Matthew Panting (1682–1738) was a clergyman and Master of Pembroke College, Oxford.
Thomas Tesdale (1547–1610) was an English maltster, benefactor of the town of Abingdon in the English county of Berkshire and the primary founding benefactor of Pembroke College, Oxford.
John Morton was an English lawyer and Tory politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1747 to 1780.
St Helen & St Katharine is an independent girls' day school, located in Abingdon, Oxfordshire.
Rev. George William Hall D.D. (1770–1843) was Master of Pembroke College, Oxford (1809–1843) and Vice-Chancellor of Oxford University (1820–1824).
Abingdon Preparatory School, is an independent preparatory school in the rural setting of Frilford, near Abingdon, Oxfordshire, England.
John Roysse was an English mercer and benefactor of Abingdon School in Abingdon, Oxfordshire.
Colwell Brickenden was a Clergyman and Master of Pembroke College, Oxford.
John Ratcliffe or possibly Radcliffe was Master of Pembroke College, Oxford.
John Smyth or Smith was a clergyman and Master of Pembroke College, Oxford.
Arthur Edwin Preston (1852-1942) was the Mayor of Abingdon-on-Thames, Master of Christ's Hospital and an antiquarian and historian.
John Bush was an English landowner and officer of militia who served as Sheriff of Oxfordshire in 1773.