Alphaeus Philemon Cole

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Alphaeus Philemon Cole
Al'fius Fileimon Koul. 1920 god..jpg
Alphaeus Philemon Cole in 1920
Born(1876-07-12)July 12, 1876
Died(1988-11-25)November 25, 1988
(aged 112 years, 136 days)
NationalityAmerican
Known for Painter, engraver, and etcher

Alphaeus Philemon Cole (Jersey City, New Jersey July 12, 1876 New York City, November 25, 1988) was an American artist, engraver and etcher. He was born in Jersey City, New Jersey and died in New York City. He was the son of noted engraver Timothy Cole. [1] At the time of his death, at age 112 years and 136 days, Alphaeus was the world's oldest verified living man.

Jersey City, New Jersey City in New Jersey

Jersey City is the second most populous city in the U.S. state of New Jersey, after Newark. It is the seat of Hudson County as well as the county's largest city. As of 2017, the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program calculated that Jersey City's population was 270,753, with the largest population increase of any municipality in New Jersey since 2010, an increase of about 9.4% from the 2010 United States Census, when the city's population was at 247,597. ranking the city the 75th-most-populous in the nation.

Timothy Cole American artist and printmaker

Timothy Cole was an American wood engraver.

This is a list of tables of the oldest people in the world in ordinal ranks. To avoid including false or unconfirmed claims of extreme old age, names here are restricted to those people whose ages have been validated by an international body that specifically deals in longevity research, such as the Gerontology Research Group (GRG) or Guinness World Records (GWR), and others who have otherwise been reliably sourced.

Contents

Biography

Cole studied art first under Isaac Craig, in Italy, then in Paris from 1892 to 1901 with Jean Paul Laurens and Jean-Joseph Benjamin-Constant at the Académie Julian, [2] [3] and later at the École des Beaux-Arts. [1] In the mid-1890s, he began to produce many vibrant works, mostly various still lifes and portraits. His painting of Dante was exhibited in the 1900 Paris Salon, [2] and more artwork was displayed at the 1901 Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York.

Jean-Joseph Benjamin-Constant painter from France

Jean-Joseph Benjamin-Constant, born Jean-Joseph Constant, was a French painter and etcher best known for his Oriental subjects and portraits.

Académie Julian Art school in Paris, France

The Académie Julian was a private art school for painting and sculpture founded in Paris, France, in 1867 by French painter and teacher Rodolphe Julian (1839–1907) that was active from 1868 through 1968. It remained famous for the number and quality of artists who attended during the great period of effervescence in the arts in the early twentieth century. After 1968, it integrated with ESAG Penninghen.

École des Beaux-Arts influential art schools in France

An École des Beaux-Arts is one of a number of influential art schools in France. The most famous is the École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts, now located on the left bank in Paris, across the Seine from the Louvre, at 14 rue Bonaparte. The school has a history spanning more than 350 years, training many of the great artists in Europe. Beaux Arts style was modeled on classical "antiquities", preserving these idealized forms and passing the style on to future generations.

Cole moved to England and married sculptress Margaret Ward Walmsley in 1903. [2] He began to venture into the fields of wood/steel engraving and etching, but these works sold substantially less than his portraits. He contributed several drawings to the Encyclopædia Britannica . They moved again, to the United States, in 1911. [2] In 1918, Cole became a member of the Salmagundi Club, the nation's oldest professional art club. [1] From 1924 to 1931, he taught portrait and still life classes at Cooper Union. [3] He was elected to the National Academy of Design in 1930. [1] He was the president of the New York Water Color Club from 1931 to 1941. [2] In the 1940s, Cole worked as a judge of paintings in Max Pochapin's Manhattan Hall of Art, a merchandising art gallery, which was a revolutionary idea at the time. [4] From 1952 to 1953, he was president of Allied Artists of America. [5] His first wife died in 1961, and Cole married Anita Rio, a singer, and the widow of painter Eugene Higgins, in 1962. [2] She died in 1973. [1]

<i>Encyclopædia Britannica</i> General knowledge English-language encyclopaedia

The Encyclopædia Britannica, formerly published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia. It was written by about 100 full-time editors and more than 4,000 contributors. The 2010 version of the 15th edition, which spans 32 volumes and 32,640 pages, was the last printed edition.

Salmagundi Club Manhattan art club

The Salmagundi Club, sometimes referred to as the Salmagundi Art Club, is a fine arts center located in New York City. It was founded in 1871 in the Greenwich Village section of Manhattan, New York City. Since 1917, it has been located at 47 Fifth Avenue. As of 2014, its membership roster totals roughly 900 members.

Portrait Artistic representation of one or more persons

A portrait is a painting, photograph, sculpture, or other artistic representation of a person, in which the face and its expression is predominant. The intent is to display the likeness, personality, and even the mood of the person. For this reason, in photography a portrait is generally not a snapshot, but a composed image of a person in a still position. A portrait often shows a person looking directly at the painter or photographer, in order to most successfully engage the subject with the viewer.

Cole actively painted and exhibited up to the age of 103. [3] He died at New York's Chelsea Hotel, where he had lived for 35 years. [6] Cole's work is in the permanent collections of London's National Portrait Gallery and the Brooklyn Museum, [1] and his papers are stored at the Smithsonian Institution. [2]

Hotel Chelsea hotel in Manhattan, New York City

The Hotel Chelsea – also called the Chelsea Hotel, or simply the Chelsea – is a historic New York City hotel and landmark built between 1883 and 1885, known primarily for the notability of its residents over the years. The 250-unit hotel is located at 222 West 23rd Street, between Seventh and Eighth Avenues, in the neighborhood of Chelsea, Manhattan. The building has been a designated New York City landmark since 1966, and on the National Register of Historic Places since 1977.

Brooklyn Museum art museum located in the New York City borough of Brooklyn

The Brooklyn Museum is an art museum located in the New York City borough of Brooklyn. At 560,000 square feet (52,000 m2), the museum is New York City's third largest in physical size and holds an art collection with roughly 1.5 million works.

Smithsonian Institution group of museums and research centers administered by the United States government

The Smithsonian Institution, founded on August 10, 1846 "for the increase and diffusion of knowledge," is a group of museums and research centers administered by the Government of the United States. The institution is named after its founding donor, British scientist James Smithson. Originally organized as the "United States National Museum," that name ceased to exist as an administrative entity in 1967.

Although not recognized at the time, Cole is now recognized as the oldest living man for more than a year, between January 5, 1987 to his death, succeeding another notable supercentenarian, 111-year-old Norwegian skier Herman Smith-Johannsen. He was succeeded in title by then 111-year-old John Evans.[ citation needed ] As of August 11, 2013, prices for Cole's works now reach $5,000 or more. He died at the age of 112 years, 136 days.

A supercentenarian is someone who has lived to or surpassed their 110th birthday. This age is achieved by about one in 1,000 centenarians. Anderson et al. concluded that supercentenarians live a life typically free of major age-related diseases until shortly before maximum human lifespan is reached.

Herman "Jackrabbit" Smith-Johannsen, was a Norwegian supercentenarian, credited for introducing cross-country skiing to Canada and North America. In his youth he was rated one of the best all-round Norwegian skiers.

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Alphaeus Cole, a Portraitist, 112, obituary by Michel Kimmelman, November 26, 1988, The New York Times . Retrieved 2007-11-15.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "Archives of American Art - Alphaeus P. Cole papers, 1885-1988 (collection summary)", Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2007-11-15.
  3. 1 2 3 "Alphaeus Philemon Cole" Archived 2008-02-15 at the Wayback Machine ., Salmagundi Club. Retrieved 2007-11-15.
  4. "Cut-Rate Art", Time' magazine, September 6, 1943. Retrieved 2007-11-15.
  5. "Presidents Of Allied Artists Of America, Inc." Archived 2007-11-22 at the Wayback Machine ., Allied Artists of America. Retrieved 2007-11-15.
  6. Reid, Graham (2 April 2005). "Every room can tell you a good story". The New Zealand Herald . Retrieved 16 September 2011.