American Mathematical Society

Last updated

American Mathematical Society
Formation1888;134 years ago (1888)
05-0264797
Legal status 501(c)(3) non-profit
Headquarters Providence, Rhode Island
Membership
30,000
President
Ruth Charney
Revenue (2018)
$35,945,937 [1]
Website www.ams.org

The American Mathematical Society (AMS) is an association of professional mathematicians dedicated to the interests of mathematical research and scholarship, and serves the national and international community through its publications, meetings, advocacy and other programs.

Contents

The society is one of the four parts of the Joint Policy Board for Mathematics and a member of the Conference Board of the Mathematical Sciences.

History

The AMS was founded in 1888 as the New York Mathematical Society, the brainchild of Thomas Fiske, who was impressed by the London Mathematical Society on a visit to England. John Howard Van Amringe was the first president and Fiske became secretary. [2] The society soon decided to publish a journal, but ran into some resistance, due to concerns about competing with the American Journal of Mathematics. The result was the Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society , with Fiske as editor-in-chief. The de facto journal, as intended, was influential in increasing membership. The popularity of the Bulletin soon led to Transactions of the American Mathematical Society and Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society, which were also de facto journals.

In 1891 Charlotte Angas Scott of Britain became the first woman to join the AMS, then called the New York Mathematical Society. [3] The society reorganized under its present name (American Mathematical Society) and became a national society in 1894, [4] and that year Scott became the first woman on the first Council of the society. [5] In 1927 Anna Pell-Wheeler became the first woman to present a lecture at the society's Colloquium. [6]

In 1951 there was a south-eastern sectional meeting of the Mathematical Association of America in Nashville. [7] [8] [9] The citation delivered at the 2007 MAA awards presentation, where Lee Lorch received a standing ovation, recorded that:

" Lee Lorch, the chair of the mathematics department at Fisk University, and three Black colleagues, Evelyn Boyd (now Granville), Walter Brown, and H. M. Holloway came to the meeting and were able to attend the scientific sessions. However, the organizer for the closing banquet refused to honor the reservations of these four mathematicians. (Letters in Science, August 10, 1951, pp. 161–162 spell out the details). Lorch and his colleagues wrote to the governing bodies of the AMS [American Mathematical Society] and MAA seeking bylaws against discrimination. Bylaws were not changed, but non-discriminatory policies were established and have been strictly observed since then." [10] [11] [12]

Also in 1951, the American Mathematical Society's headquarters moved from New York City to Providence, Rhode Island. The society later added an office in Ann Arbor, Michigan in 1965 [13] and an office in Washington, D.C. in 1992.

In 1954 the society called for the creation of a new teaching degree, a Doctor of Arts in Mathematics, similar to a PhD but without a research thesis. [14]

In the 1970s, as reported in "A Brief History of the Association for Women in Mathematics: The Presidents' Perspectives", by Lenore Blum, "In those years the AMS [American Mathematical Society] was governed by what could only be called an 'old boys network,' closed to all but those in the inner circle." Mary W. Gray challenged that situation by "sitting in on the Council meeting in Atlantic City. When she was told she had to leave, she refused saying she would wait until the police came. (Mary relates the story somewhat differently: When she was told she had to leave, she responded she could find no rules in the by-laws restricting attendance at Council meetings. She was then told it was by 'gentlemen's agreement.' Naturally Mary replied 'Well, obviously I'm no gentleman.') After that time, Council meetings were open to observers and the process of democratization of the Society had begun." [15] Also, in 1971 the AMS established its Joint Committee on Women in the Mathematical Sciences (JCW), which later became a joint committee of multiple scholarly societies. [16]

Julia Robinson was the first female president of the American Mathematical Society (1983–1984) but was unable to complete her term as she was suffering from leukemia. [17]

In 1988 the Journal of the American Mathematical Society was created, with the intent of being the flagship journal of the AMS.

Meetings

The AMS, along with more than a dozen other organizations, holds the largest annual research mathematics meeting in the world, the Joint Mathematics Meeting, in early January. The 2019 Joint Mathematics Meeting in Baltimore drew approximately 6,000 attendees. Each of the four regional sections of the AMS (Central, Eastern, Southeastern, and Western) holds meetings in the spring and fall of each year. The society also co-sponsors meetings with other international mathematical societies.

Fellows

The AMS selects an annual class of Fellows who have made outstanding contributions to the advancement of mathematics. [18]

Publications

The AMS publishes Mathematical Reviews, a database of reviews of mathematical publications, various journals, and books. In 1997 the AMS acquired the Chelsea Publishing Company, which it continues to use as an imprint. In 2017, the AMS acquired the MAA Press, the book publishing program of the Mathematical Association of America. The AMS will continue to publish books under the MAA Press imprint. [19]

Journals:

Proceedings and Collections:

Prizes

Some prizes are awarded jointly with other mathematical organizations. See specific articles for details.

Outreach

The AMS creates outreach materials aimed at middle school, high school, and college students. These include:

Typesetting

The AMS was an early advocate of the typesetting program TeX, requiring that contributions be written in it and producing its own packages AMS-TeX and AMS-LaTeX. TeX and LaTeX are now ubiquitous in mathematical publishing.

Presidents

The AMS is led by the President, who is elected for a two-year term, and cannot serve for two consecutive terms. [20]

1888–1900

1901–1950

1951–2000

2001–present

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mathematical Association of America</span> American organization that focuses on undergraduate-level mathematics

The Mathematical Association of America (MAA) is a professional society that focuses on mathematics accessible at the undergraduate level. Members include university, college, and high school teachers; graduate and undergraduate students; pure and applied mathematicians; computer scientists; statisticians; and many others in academia, government, business, and industry.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Paul Halmos</span> Hungarian-American mathematician

Paul Richard Halmos was a Hungarian-born American mathematician and statistician who made fundamental advances in the areas of mathematical logic, probability theory, statistics, operator theory, ergodic theory, and functional analysis. He was also recognized as a great mathematical expositor. He has been described as one of The Martians.

Marianna Csörnyei is a Hungarian mathematician who works as a professor at the University of Chicago. She does research in real analysis, geometric measure theory, and geometric nonlinear functional analysis. She proved the equivalence of the zero measure notions of infinite dimensional Banach spaces.

Evelyn Boyd Granville was the second African-American woman to receive a Ph.D. in mathematics from an American university; she earned it in 1949 from Yale University. She graduated from Smith College in 1945. She performed pioneering work in the field of computing.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lee Lorch</span> American mathematician

Lee Alexander Lorch was an American mathematician, early civil rights activist, and communist. His leadership in the campaign to desegregate Stuyvesant Town, a large housing development on the East Side of Manhattan, helped eventually to make housing discrimination illegal in the United States but also resulted in Lorch losing his own job twice. He and his family then moved to the Southern United States where he and his wife, Grace Lorch, became involved in the civil rights movement there while also teaching at several Black colleges. He encouraged black students to pursue studies in mathematics and mentored several of the first black men and women to earn PhDs in mathematics in the United States. After moving to Canada as a result of McCarthyism, he ended his career as professor emeritus of mathematics at York University in Toronto, Ontario.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Linda Keen</span> American mathematician

Linda Jo Goldway Keen is a mathematician and a fellow of the American Mathematical Society. Since 1965, she has been a professor in the Department of Mathematics and Computer Science at Lehman College of The City University of New York and a Professor of Mathematics at The Graduate Center of The City University of New York.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Chuu-Lian Terng</span> Taiwanese-American mathematician

Chuu-Lian Terng is a Taiwanese-American mathematician. Her research areas are differential geometry and integrable systems, with particular interests in completely integrable Hamiltonian partial differential equations and their relations to differential geometry, the geometry and topology of submanifolds in symmetric spaces, and the geometry of isometric actions.

Bhama Srinivasan is a mathematician known for her work in the representation theory of finite groups. Her contributions were honored with the 1990 Noether Lecture. She served as President of the Association for Women in Mathematics from 1981 to 1983. She earned her Ph.D. in physics in 1959 with her dissertation Problems on Modular Representations of Finite Groups under J. A. Green at the University of Manchester. She currently is a professor at the University of Illinois at Chicago. She has had five doctoral students. She has co-authored a number of papers with Paul Fong in modular representation theory and Deligne–Lusztig theory.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Carolyn S. Gordon</span> American mathematician

Carolyn S. Gordon is a mathematician and Benjamin Cheney Professor of Mathematics at Dartmouth College. She is most well known for giving a negative answer to the question "Can you hear the shape of a drum?" in her work with David Webb and Scott A. Wolpert. She is a Chauvenet Prize winner and a 2010 Noether Lecturer.

The Ruth Lyttle Satter Prize in Mathematics, also called the Satter Prize, is one of twenty-one prizes given out by the American Mathematical Society (AMS). It is presented biennially in recognition of an outstanding contribution to mathematics research by a woman in the previous six years. The award was established in 1990 using a donation from Joan Birman, in memory of her sister, Ruth Lyttle Satter, who worked primarily in biological sciences, and was a proponent for equal opportunities for women in science. First awarded in 1991, the award is intended to "honor [Satter's] commitment to research and to encourage women in science". The winner is selected by the council of the AMS, based on the recommendation of a selection committee. The prize is awarded at the Joint Mathematics Meetings during odd numbered years, and has always carried a modest cash reward. Since 2003, the prize has been $5,000, while from 1997 to 2001, the prize came with $1,200, and prior to that it was $4,000. If a joint award is made, the prize money is split between the recipients.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Georgia Benkart</span> American mathematician (1947–2022)

Georgia McClure Benkart was an American mathematician who was known for her work in the structure and representation theory of Lie algebras and related algebraic structures. She published over 130 journal articles and co-authored 3 American Mathematical Society Memoirs in four broad categories: modular Lie algebras; combinatorics of Lie algebra representations; graded algebras and superalgebras; and quantum groups and related structures.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hee Oh</span> South Korean American mathematician

Hee Oh is a South Korean mathematician who works in dynamical systems. She has made contributions to dynamics and its connections to number theory. She is a student of homogeneous dynamics and has worked extensively on counting and equidistribution for Apollonian circle packings, Sierpinski carpets and Schottky dances. She is currently the Abraham Robinson Professor of Mathematics at Yale University.

There is a long history of women in mathematics in the United States. All women mentioned here are American unless otherwise noted.

This is a timeline of women in mathematics.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Abigail Thompson</span> American mathematician

Abigail A. Thompson is an American mathematician. She works as a professor of mathematics at the University of California, Davis, where she specializes in knot theory and low-dimensional topology.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Alissa Crans</span> American mathematician

Alissa Susan Crans is an American mathematician specializing in higher-dimensional algebra. She is a professor of mathematics at Loyola Marymount University, and the associate director of Project NExT, a program of the Mathematical Association of America to mentor post-doctoral mathematicians, statisticians, and mathematics teachers.

Ruth I. Michler was an American-born mathematician of German descent who lived and worked in the United States. She earned her Ph.D. in Mathematics from the University of California, Berkeley, and she was a tenured associate professor at the University of North Texas. She died at the age of 33 while visiting Northeastern University, after which at least three memorial conferences were held in her honor, and the Ruth I. Michler Memorial Prize was established in her memory.

Naomi D. Fisher is an American mathematician and mathematics educator and professor emerita of mathematics and computer science at the University of Illinois at Chicago.

Martha K. Smith is an American mathematician, mathematics educator, professor emerita in the department of mathematics, and associated professor emerita in the department of statistics and data science at the University of Texas at Austin. She made contributions to non-commutative algebra and as well as to mathematics education.

Lisa Mantini is an American mathematician.

References

  1. https://docs.candid.org/990/050/050264797/050264797_2018_17025879_990.pdf [ bare URL PDF ]
  2. Archibald, Raymond Clare (1939). "History of the American Mathematical Society, 1888–1938". Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. 45 (1): 31–46. doi: 10.1090/s0002-9904-1939-06908-5 .
  3. Oakes, Elizabeth (2007). "Encyclopedia of World Scientists, Revised Edition". Infobase Publishing. p. 655.
  4. "Web Resources - Philosophy - LibGuides at University of Texas Rio Grande Valley". April 19, 2022. Archived from the original on April 19, 2022.
  5. Chaplin, Stephanie (1997). "Biographies of Women Mathematicians: Charlotte Angas Scott". Agnes Scott College . Retrieved October 22, 2012.
  6. "Prizes, Awards, and Honors for Women Mathematicians". agnesscott.edu. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
  7. Lorch, Lee (1994). "The Painful Path Toward Inclusivity". Archived from the original on September 6, 2008.
  8. Hamilton, Richard (2007). "MAA Prizes and Awards at the 2007 Joint Mathematics Meetings". MAA Online. (includes citation for Lee Lorch)
  9. Jackson, Allyn (2007). "MAA Prizes Presented in New Orleans" (PDF). Notices of the American Mathematical Society. 54: 641–642.
  10. Hamilton, Richard (2007). "MAA Prizes and Awards at the 2007 Joint Mathematics Meetings". MAA Online. (includes citation for Lee Lorch)
  11. MAA citation for Yueh-Gin Gung and Dr. Charles Y. Hu Distinguished Service to Mathematics Award.
  12. "Media Highlights". The College Mathematics Journal. 42 (2): 163–172. March 2011. doi:10.4169/college.math.j.42.2.163. JSTOR   10.4169/college.math.j.42.2.163. S2CID   218549669.
  13. Pitcher, Everett (1988). Volume I: A History of the Second Fifty Years, American Mathematical Society, 1939 - 1988. Providence, RI: American Mathematical Society. p. 77. ISBN   978-0-8218-0125-3 . Retrieved November 12, 2018.
  14. Journal of Proceedings and Addresses of the Annual Conference 1960. Association of Graduate Schools
  15. "A Brief History of the Association for Women in Mathematics (from Notices): How it was". AWM-math.org. Retrieved January 30, 2019.
  16. "JCW-Math | Joint Committee on Women in the Mathematical Sciences". jcwmath.wordpress.com. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
  17. "Julia Bowman Robinson". Encyclopedia.com.
  18. "Fellows of the American Mathematical Society" . Retrieved May 21, 2013.
  19. "American Mathematical Society and Mathematical Association of America Announce AMS Acquisition of MAA Book Program". www.ams.org. Retrieved January 10, 2018.
  20. "Bylaws (as amended December 2003)". American Mathematical Society.

This article incorporates material from American Mathematical Society on PlanetMath, which is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

Coordinates: 41°50′14″N71°24′44″W / 41.8372°N 71.4123°W / 41.8372; -71.4123