Artemisa Province

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Artemisa Province
Bandera de la Provincia Artemisa.png
Flag
Escudo de la Provincia Artemisa.png
Coat of arms
Artemisa in Cuba.svg
Coordinates: 22°48′49″N82°45′48″W / 22.81361°N 82.76333°W / 22.81361; -82.76333 (Artemisa Province) Coordinates: 22°48′49″N82°45′48″W / 22.81361°N 82.76333°W / 22.81361; -82.76333 (Artemisa Province)
Country Cuba
Capital Artemisa
Municipalities Mariel, Guanajay, Caimito, Bauta, San Antonio de los Baños, Güira de Melena, Alquízar, Artemisa, Candelaria, San Cristóbal, Bahía Honda
Area
[1]
  Total4,004.27 km2 (1,546.06 sq mi)
Highest elevation
681 m (2,234 ft)
Population
 (2010-12-31) [1]
  Total502,312
  Density130/km2 (320/sq mi)
Time zone UTC-5 (EST)
Area code(s) +53-47

Artemisa Province is one of the two new provinces created from the former La Habana Province, whose creation was approved by the Cuban National Assembly on August 1, 2010, the other being Mayabeque Province. [2] [3] [4] The new provinces were enforced on January 1, 2011.

La Habana Province Province of Cuba

La Habana Province or formerly known as Ciudad de La Habana Province, is a province of Cuba, that includes the territory of the city of Havana, capital of the Republic. Between 1976 and 2010, the province covered a much more extensive area, including the present-day provinces of Artemisa and Mayabeque.

Mayabeque Province Province of Cuba

Mayabeque Province is one of two new provinces created from the former La Habana Province, whose creation was approved by the Cuban National Assembly on August 1, 2010, the other being Artemisa Province. The new provinces were enforced on January 1, 2011.

Contents

Overview

Artemisa was the largest city and municipality of the former La Habana Province. The newly formed province combined the eight western municipalities of La Habana Province and three eastern municipalities of neighbor province Pinar del Río (Bahía Honda, Candelaria and San Cristóbal). The capital and largest city is Artemisa (47,000 pop. in 2015).

Artemisa Municipality in Cuba

Artemisa is a municipality and city in Cuba, formerly part of La Habana Province. According to a law approved by the Cuban National Assembly in August 2010, Artemisa became the capital city of the newly formed Artemisa Province, which comprises eight municipalities of the former La Habana Province and three from Pinar del Río.

Pinar del Río Province Province of Cuba

Pinar del Río is one of the provinces of Cuba. It is at the western end of the island of Cuba.

The new province is only larger than Havana city and Mayabeque, but with more population than four other Cuban provinces. It is the most densely populated, after Havana city and Santiago de Cuba.

Havana Capital city of Cuba

Havana is the capital city, largest city, province, major port, and leading commercial center of Cuba. The city has a population of 2.1 million inhabitants, and it spans a total of 781.58 km2 (301.77 sq mi) – making it the largest city by area, the most populous city, and the fourth largest metropolitan area in the Caribbean region.

Santiago de Cuba City in Cuba

Santiago de Cuba is the second-largest city in Cuba and the capital city of Santiago de Cuba Province. It lies in the southeastern area of the island, some 870 km (540 mi) southeast of the Cuban capital of Havana.

The economy of the Artemisa province is based mainly on agriculture (fruits, potatoes, rice, vegetables, sugar cane) and industry of building materials (two cement factories), food processing industry and power plants. It contains the important port of Mariel in the northern coast. The province is also important in the military sector with the main Cuban Air Force base (San Antonio de los Baños) the Western base of the Cuban Navy (Cabañas Bay) and the Military Academy (College) "Antonio Maceo" in Caimito.

Mariel, Cuba Municipality in Artemisa, Cuba

Mariel is a municipality and town in the Artemisa Province of Cuba. It is located approximately 40 kilometres (25 mi) west of the city of Havana.

San Antonio de los Baños Municipality in Artemisa, Cuba

San Antonio de los Baños is a municipality and town in the Artemisa Province of Cuba. It is located 26 km from the city of Havana, and the Ariguanabo River runs through it. It was founded in 1802.

Municipalities

Map of Artemisa Province. Deep yellow color indicates former municipalities of Pinar del Rio Province Artemisa mapa.jpg
Map of Artemisa Province. Deep yellow color indicates former municipalities of Pinar del Río Province
Road Map of Artemisa Province Mapacarr artemisa.png
Road Map of Artemisa Province
Municipalitykm²Population
Mariel 270.8544,786
Guanajay 110.2628,750
Caimito 239.439,304
Bauta 155.1348,024
San Antonio de los Baños 126.3749,942
Güira de Melena 199.2239,821
Alquízar 194.3632,501
Artemisa 688.782,917
Bahía Honda 784.1445,124
Candelaria 301.4220,283
San Cristóbal 934.470,940
Total4,004.27502,392

Source: Oficina Nacional de Estadísticas 2010 [5]

Topography

The maximum elevation in the province is The Guajaibon peak (700 meters), and is located near N 22 47' 19" W 83 21' 52" in Sierra del Rosario range.

See also

Related Research Articles

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Administratively, Cuba is divided into 15 provinces and a special municipality that is not included in any province. The last modification was approved in August 2010, splitting Havana province into two new provinces: Artemisa and Mayabeque. The new provinces started functioning from January 1, 2011. Havana City Province recovered its original name: La Habana.

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The provinces of Cuba are divided into 168 municipalities or municipios. They were defined by Cuban Law Number 1304 of July 3, 1976 and reformed in 2010 with the abrogation of the municipality of Varadero and the creation of two new provinces: Artemisa and Mayabeque in place of former La Habana Province.

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Playa Mayabeque is a location in the southern part of Mayabeque Province, within 15 kilometers of Melena del Sur on the southern shore of Cuba. The waters are muddy, to which local people attribute therapeutic properties. In the beach it is located the old outlet of the Mayabeque River, the most important river in the former Havana province, which gave its name to the new province of Mayabeque established in 2011.

Roads in Cuba highway system in Cuba

The road network of Cuba consists of 60,858 kilometres (37,815 mi) of roads, of which 29,820 kilometres (18,530 mi) are paved and 31,038 kilometres (19,286 mi) are unpaved. The Caribbean country counts also 654 kilometres (406 mi) of motorways (autopistas).

El Habanero is a Cuban daily newspaper. It is published in Spanish and is located in Havana. The name honors the homologous newspaper created and published in 1824-1826 by Felix Varela (1787-1853) a Cuban patriot, priest and writer.

References

  1. 1 2 "Lugar que ocupa el territorio según la superficie y la población" (PDF). Una MIRADA a Cuba (in Spanish). Oficina Nacional de Estadísticas. Cuba. 2010.
  2. La racionalidad como premisa Archived 2010-06-11 at the Wayback Machine - Periódico Granma
  3. Proponen en Pleno del Partido dos nuevas provincias cubanas: Artemisa y Mayabeque (+ Infografía) - Cubadebate
  4. ¿Por qué Artemisa y Mayabeque? [ permanent dead link ]
  5. Mejor atención al pueblo y más funcional Archived 2010-07-26 at the Wayback Machine Diario Granma