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politics and government of
The provinces of Cuba are divided into 168 municipalities or municipios. They were defined by Cuban Law Number 1304 of July 3, 1976and reformed in 2010 with the abrogation of the municipality of Varadero and the creation of two new provinces: Artemisa and Mayabeque in place of former La Habana Province.
Administratively, Cuba is divided into 15 provinces and a special municipality that is not included in any province. The last modification was approved in August 2010, splitting Havana province into two new provinces: Artemisa and Mayabeque. The new provinces started functioning from January 1, 2011. Havana City Province recovered its original name: La Habana.
Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba, is a country comprising the island of Cuba as well as Isla de la Juventud and several minor archipelagos. Cuba is located in the northern Caribbean where the Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico and Atlantic Ocean meet. It is east of the Yucatán Peninsula (Mexico), south of both the U.S. state of Florida and the Bahamas, west of Haiti and north of both Jamaica and the Cayman Islands. Havana is the largest city and capital; other major cities include Santiago de Cuba and Camagüey. The area of the Republic of Cuba is 110,860 square kilometers (42,800 sq mi). The island of Cuba is the largest island in Cuba and in the Caribbean, with an area of 105,006 square kilometers (40,543 sq mi), and the second-most populous after Hispaniola, with over 11 million inhabitants.
A municipality is usually a single administrative division having corporate status and powers of self-government or jurisdiction as granted by national and regional laws to which it is subordinate. It is to be distinguished (usually) from the county, which may encompass rural territory or numerous small communities such as towns, villages and hamlets.
The municipalities are listed below, by province:
|Ciego de Ávila Province|
|Isla de la Juventud||Isla de la Juventud (seat: Nueva Gerona)|
|Las Tunas Province|
|Pinar del Río Province|
|Sancti Spíritus Province|
|Santiago de Cuba Province|
|Villa Clara Province|
Artemisa Province is sub-divided into 11 municipalities. Artemisa was created in 2011 as a split of the former La Habana province and addition of the three most eastern municipalities of Pinar del Río.
Artemisa Province is one of the two new provinces created from the former La Habana Province, whose creation was approved by the Cuban National Assembly on August 1, 2010, the other being Mayabeque Province. The new provinces were enforced on January 1, 2011.
|Bahía Honda||45,968||784||Transferred from Pinar del Río Province in 2011|
|Candelaria||19,523||299||Transferred from Pinar del Río Province in 2011|
|Güira de Melena||37,838||178|
|San Antonio de los Baños||46,300||127|
|San Cristóbal||70,830||936||Transferred from Pinar del Río Province in 2011|
Camagüey Province is sub-divided into 13 municipalities.
Camagüey is the largest of the provinces of Cuba. Its capital is Camagüey. Other towns include Florida and Nuevitas.
|Camagüey||324,921||1,106||Provincial capital, World Heritage Site|
|Carlos M. de Cespedes||25,707||653|
|Santa Cruz del Sur||51,335||1,122|
|Sierra de Cubitas||18,589||549||Sola|
Ciego de Ávila Province is sub-divided into 10 municipalities.
Ciego de Ávila is one of the provinces of Cuba, and was previously part of Camagüey Province. Its capital is Ciego de Ávila, which lies on the Carretera Central, and the second city is Morón, further north.
|Ciego de Ávila||135,736||445||Provincial capital|
|Primero de Enero||27,813||713||Violeta|
Cienfuegos Province is sub-divided into 8 municipalities.
Cienfuegos is one of the provinces of Cuba. The capital city of the province is also called Cienfuegos and was founded by French settlers in 1819.
|Aguada de Pasajeros||31,687||680|
|Cienfuegos||163,824||333||Provincial capital, World Heritage Site|
Granma Province is sub-divided into 13 municipalities.
Granma is one of the provinces of Cuba. Its capital is Bayamo. Other towns include Manzanillo and Pilón.
Guantánamo Province is sub-divided into 10 municipalities.
|Niceto Pérez||17,783||640||La Yaya|
|San Antonio del Sur||26,509||585|
Havana (Ciudad De La Habana), the national capital, is sub-divided into 15 municipalities.
|Diez de Octubre||227,293||12|
|La Habana del Este||178,041||145|
|La Habana Vieja||95,383||5||World Heritage Site|
|Plaza de la Revolución||161,631||12||Government District|
|San Miguel del Padrón||159,273||26|
Holguín Province is sub-divided into 14 municipalities.
|Frank País||25,621||510||Cayo Mambí|
|Rafael Freyre||50,080||620||Santa Lucía|
|Sagua de Tánamo||52,013||704|
|Urbano Noris||43,892||846||San Germán|
Labeled as "special municipality", Isla de la Juventud is administered as a single administrative unit with 86,420 inhabitants. Nueva Gerona is the municipal capital.
Las Tunas Province is sub-divided into 8 municipalities.
|Las Tunas||187,438||891||Provincial capital|
As for 2011 Matanzas Province is sub-divided into 13 municipalities, since Varadero municipality was abrogated.
|Cienaga de Zapata||8,750||4,320||Playa Larga|
|Unión de Reyes||40,022||856|
|Varadero||24,681||32||Merged into Cárdenas in 2011|
Mayabeque Province is sub-divided into 11 municipalities. Mayabeque was created in 2011 as a split of former La Habana province.
|Melena del Sur||20,445||227|
|San José de las Lajas||69,375||591||Provincial capital|
|Santa Cruz del Norte||32,576||376|
As for 2011 Pinar del Río Province is sub-divided into 11 municipalities, since the three most eastern municipalities were transferred to Artemisa Province.
|Bahía Honda||45,968||784||Transferred to Artemisa Province in 2011|
|Candelaria||19,523||299||Transferred to Artemisa Province in 2011|
|Consolación del Sur||87,500||1,112|
|Minas de Matahambre||34,419||858|
|Pinar del Río||190,532||708||Provincial capital|
|San Cristóbal||70,830||936||Transferred to Artemisa Province in 2011|
|San Juan y Martínez||45,061||409|
|Viñales||27,129||704||World Heritage Site|
Sancti Spíritus Province is sub-divided into 8 municipalities.
|Sancti Spíritus||133,843||1,151||Provincial capital|
|Trinidad||73,466||1,155||World Heritage Site|
Santiago de Cuba Province is sub-divided into 9 municipalities.
|Santiago de Cuba||472,255||1,023.8||Provincial capital, it contains a World Heritage Site|
|Segundo Frente||40,885||540||Mayarí Arriba|
|Songo-La Maya||100,287||721||La Maya|
|Tercer Frente||30,457||364||Cruce de los Baños|
Villa Clara Province is sub-divided into 13 municipalities.
|Quemado de Güines||22,590||338|
|Sagua la Grande||56,097||661|
|Santa Clara||237,581||514||Provincial capital|
The maps below show the municipal subdivision of each province, in yellow, within Cuba. Each provincial capital is shown in red. 1
La Habana Province or formerly known as Ciudad de La Habana Province, is a province of Cuba, that includes the territory of the city of Havana, capital of the Republic.
The Democratic Solidarity Party was a political liberal party in Cuba. Although changes to the Cuban constitution in 1992 decriminalized the right to form political parties other than the Communist Party of Cuba, these parties are not permitted to campaign or engage in any public political activities on the island. The Democratic Solidarity party describes itself as "an organization from within Cuba promoting democracy and the respect for human rights by the peaceful route." The President of the party is Fernando Sánchez López. The party is a full member of Liberal International.
Ranked list of provinces of Cuba. Note: In summer 2010, it was decided to divide province of La Habana into two new provinces: Artemisa and Mayabeque, with effect from 1 January 2011.
The first television broadcast in Cuba was in 1950, by the small radio station Union Radio, soon followed by other stations. The broadcasts featured sport, soap operas, news, cooking shows, and comedy. Censorship was imposed following the 1952 coup by Fulgencio Batista. Color broadcasting began in 1958.
The Cuban National Series is the primary domestic professional baseball competition in Cuba. Formed after the dissolution of the Cuban League in the wake of the Cuban Revolution, the Series is a part of the Cuban national baseball system.
Campeonato Nacional de Fútbol de Cuba is the top division of the Asociación de Fútbol de Cuba, it was created in 1912. Despite being a league competition in CONCACAF, since 1990 none of the Cuban teams had played in CFU Club Championship or CONCACAF Champions' Cup until the CFU Club Championship 2007 eliminatory, when they participated after 15 years of absence.
Bacunayagya is a Cuban village and consejo popular of the municipality of Santa Cruz del Norte, in Mayabeque Province. In 2011 it had a population of 3,371.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Cuba:
Mayabeque Province is one of two new provinces created from the former La Habana Province, whose creation was approved by the Cuban National Assembly on August 1, 2010, the other being Artemisa Province. The new provinces were enforced on January 1, 2011.
The 2010–11 Campeonato Nacional de Fútbol de Cuba was the 100th season of the highest division of Cuban football, and the first season under its present format.
The road network of Cuba consists of 60,858 kilometres (37,815 mi) of roads, of which 29,820 kilometres (18,530 mi) are paved and 31,038 kilometres (19,286 mi) are unpaved. The Caribbean country counts also 654 kilometres (406 mi) of motorways (autopistas).
The Circuito Norte (CN), meaning "Northern Circuit", is a west-east highway spanning the length of the island of Cuba, through the Atlantic Coast. With a length of 1,222 km, it is the second-longest Cuban highway, after the "Carretera Central"; and two sections of it, named "Vía Blanca" and "Panamericana", are classified as motorways (Autopistas).
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