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The 15 departments and 2 autonomous regions of Nicaragua are divided into 153 municipalities.The formation and dissolution of municipalities is governed by the Law of Municipalities (in Spanish: Ley No.40 - Ley de Municipalidades), drafted and approved by the National Assembly on July 2. 1988.
Nicaragua is a unitary republic, divided for administrative purposes into fifteen departments and two autonomous regions :
Spanish or Castilian is a Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in the Americas and Spain. It is a global language and the world's second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese.
The municipalities are responsible for planning and urban development, collection of municipal taxes, maintenance of public utilities and other services, such as parks, sewerage and public cemeteries. Whilst municipal governments may not be responsible for large highways, small roads and tracks usually come under their control. Additionally, municipal governments may issue permits for the operation of urban and intermunicipal bus services.
Other functions of municipal governments include the establishment of libraries, museums, municipal bands, zoos, the promotion of traditional and folklore festivals and all kinds of activities that promotes education, culture, sports and tourism in the municipality.
The Bosawás Biosphere Reserve in the northern part of state Jinotega, Nicaragua is a hilly tropical forest designated in 1997 as a UNESCO biosphere reserve. At approximately 20,000 km² in size, the reserve comprises about 15% of the nation's total land area making it the second largest rainforest in the Western Hemisphere, after the Amazon in Brazil. Bosawás is largely unexplored, and is extremely rich in biodiversity.
The city of Jinotega is the capital of the department of Jinotega in the north central region of Nicaragua.
La Paz Centro is a municipality in the León department of Nicaragua.
|Department||Municipality||Municipality Seat||Population (2005)||Area (km2)||Year|
|Costa Caribe Norte||Bilwi||Bilwi||66,169||5,984.81||1929|
|Costa Caribe Norte||Bonanza||Bonanza||18,633||2,039||1985|
|Costa Caribe Norte||Mulukukú||Mulukukú||29,838||1,904.53||2004|
|Costa Caribe Norte||Prinzapolka||Prinzapolka||16,105||7,020.48||1971|
|Costa Caribe Norte||Rosita||Rosita||22,723||4,418||1989|
|Costa Caribe Norte||Siuna||Siuna||64,092||5,039.81||1969|
|Costa Caribe Norte||Waslala||Waslala||49,339||1,329.51||1989|
|Costa Caribe Norte||Waspán||Waspán||47,231||9,341.71||1956|
|Costa Caribe Sur||Bluefields||Bluefields||45,547||4,774.75||1894|
|Costa Caribe Sur||Corn Island||Corn Island||6,626||12.9||1971|
|Costa Caribe Sur||Desembocadura de la Cruz de Río Grande||Karawala||3,585||1,978||1996|
|Costa Caribe Sur||El Ayote||El Ayote||12,417||831||2000|
|Costa Caribe Sur||El Tortugero||El Tortugero||22,324||2,471||1996|
|Costa Caribe Sur||Kukra Hill||Kukra Hill||8,789||1,262||1989|
|Costa Caribe Sur||La Cruz de Río Grande||La Cruz de Río Grande||23,284||3,360||1982|
|Costa Caribe Sur||Laguna de Perlas||Laguna de Perlas||10,676||3,876||N/A|
|Costa Caribe Sur||Muelle de los Bueyes||Muelle de los Bueyes||22,082||1,391||1942|
|Costa Caribe Sur||Nueva Guinea||Nueva Guinea||66,936||2,774||1981|
|Costa Caribe Sur||Bocana de Paiwas||Bocana de Paiwas||31,762||2,375||1974|
|Costa Caribe Sur||El Rama||El Rama||52,482||5,618||1910|
|Boaco||San Lorenzo||San Lorenzo||23,666||559.61||1858|
|Boaco||San José de los Remates||San José de Los Remates||7,650||280.46||1848|
|Boaco||Santa Lucía||Santa Lucía||8,254||120.78||1904|
|Carazo||El Rosario||El Rosario||5,317||11||1848|
|Carazo||La Conquista||La Conquista||3,777||91||1899|
|Carazo||La Paz de Carazo||La Paz de Carazo||4,657||15.51||1858|
|Carazo||San Marcos||San Marcos||29,019||118.11||1905|
|Carazo||Santa Teresa||Santa Teresa||16,891||194||1860|
|Chinandega||San Juan de Cinco Pinos||Cinco Pinos||6,781||60.38||1870|
|Chinandega||El Realejo||El Realejo||8,838||104.54||1532|
|Chinandega||El Viejo||El Viejo||76,775||1,274.91||1673|
|Chinandega||San Francisco del Norte||San Francisco del Norte||6,758||120.31||1889|
|Chinandega||San Pedro del Norte||San Pedro del Norte||4,719||71.5||1889|
|Chinandega||Santo Tomás del Norte||Santo Tomás del Norte||7,124||50||1889|
|Chinandega||Puerto Morazán||Santa Rita de Tonalá||13,328||517||1946|
|Chontales||San Francisco de Cuapa||San Francisco de Cuapa||5,507||277||1997|
|Chontales||El Coral||El Coral||7,039||306||1997|
|Chontales||La Libertad||La Libertad||11,429||774.55||1852|
|Chontales||San Pedro de Lóvago||San Pedro de Lóvago||7,650||466.50||1864|
|Chontales||Santo Domingo||Santo Domingo||12,182||681.71||1951|
|Chontales||Santo Tomás||Santo Tomás||16,404||546.6||1861|
|Chontales||Villa Sandino||Villa Sandino||13,152||676.51||1942|
|Estelí||La Trinidad||La Trinidad||20,140||261||1967|
|Estelí||Pueblo Nuevo||Pueblo Nuevo||20,620||222||N/A|
|Estelí||San Juan de Limay||San Juan de Limay||13,455||530.9||1891|
|Estelí||San Nicolás||San Nicolás||6,768||163||1892|
|Jinotega||El Cuá||El Cuá||43,305||637||2002|
|Jinotega||La Concordia||La Concordia||6,486||122||1851|
|Jinotega||San José de Bocay||San José de Bocay||42,029||3,990||2002|
|Jinotega||San Rafael del Norte||San Rafael del Norte||17,789||606||1848|
|Jinotega||San Sebastián de Yalí||San Sebastián de Yalí||26,979||311||1908|
|Jinotega||Santa María de Pantasma||Santa María de Pantasma||37,880||563||1989|
|Jinotega||Wiwilí de Jinotega||Wiwilí de Jinotega||57,485||2,444.7||1989|
|León||San José de Achuapa||San José de Achuapa||13,797||416.24||1870|
|León||El Jicaral||El Jicaral||10,326||434||1834|
|León||El Sauce||El Sauce||27,900||629.97||1858|
|León||La Paz Centro||La Paz Centro||28,118||606||1610|
|León||Santa Rosa del Peñón||Santa Rosa del Peñón||9,529||227.6||1858|
|Madriz||Las Sabanas||Las Sabanas||4,136||69||1942|
|Madriz||San José de Cusmapa||San José de Cusmapa||7,072||130||N/A|
|Madriz||San Juan del Río Coco||San Juan del Río Coco||21,114||182||1964|
|Madriz||San Lucas||San Lucas||12,975||139||1913|
|Managua||Ciudad Sandino||Ciudad Sandino||75,083||51.11||2000|
|Managua||El Crucero||El Crucero||13,656||975.3||2000|
|Managua||San Francisco Libre||San Francisco Libre||9,416||756||1961|
|Managua||San Rafael del Sur||San Rafael del Sur||42,417||357.3||1956|
|Managua||Villa El Carmen||Villa El Carmen||27,449||562.01||1907|
|Masaya||La Concepción||La Concepción||31,950||73||1889|
|Masaya||San Juan de Oriente||San Juan de Oriente||4,734||13.8||1585|
|Matagalpa||Ciudad Darío||Ciudad Darío||41,014||432||1920|
|Matagalpa||El Tuma-La Dalia||La Dalia||56,681||462||1989|
|Matagalpa||Muy Muy||Muy Muy||14,721||375||1751|
|Matagalpa||Rancho Grande||Rancho Grande||26,223||648||1989|
|Matagalpa||Río Blanco||Río Blanco||30,785||700||1974|
|Matagalpa||San Dionisio||San Dionisio||16,273||152||1830|
|Matagalpa||San Isidro||San Isidro||17,412||282.71||1862|
|Matagalpa||San Ramón||San Ramón||30,682||424||1905|
|Nueva Segovia||Ciudad Antigua||Ciudad Antigua||4,868||154||1611|
|Nueva Segovia||El Jícaro||El Jícaro||25,901||278||1874|
|Nueva Segovia||Wiwilí de Nueva Segovia||Wiwilí de Nueva Segovia||16,344||398||1970|
|Nueva Segovia||San Fernando||San Fernando||8,549||269||1897|
|Nueva Segovia||Santa María||Santa María||4,404||168||1850|
|Río San Juan||El Almendro||El Almendro||13,363||993||1974|
|Río San Juan||El Castillo||Boca de Sábalos||19,864||1,656||N/A|
|Río San Juan||Morrito||Morrito||6,570||677||1989|
|Río San Juan||San Carlos||San Carlos||37,461||1,462||1949|
|Río San Juan||San Juan de Nicaragua||San Juan de Nicaragua||1,307||1,462||N/A|
|Río San Juan||San Miguelito||San Miguelito||17,031||923||1850|
|Rivas||Buenos Aires||Buenos Aires||5,420||75.22||1717|
|Rivas||San Jorge||San Jorge||8,024||22||1852|
|Rivas||San Juan del Sur||San Juan del Sur||14,741||411.05||1851|
A municipality is usually a single administrative division having corporate status and powers of self-government or jurisdiction as granted by national and regional laws to which it is subordinate. It is to be distinguished (usually) from the county, which may encompass rural territory or numerous small communities such as towns, villages and hamlets.
A local government is a form of public administration which, in a majority of contexts, exists as the lowest tier of administration within a given state. The term is used to contrast with offices at state level, which are referred to as the central government, national government, or federal government and also to supranational government which deals with governing institutions between states. Local governments generally act within powers delegated to them by legislation or directives of the higher level of government. In federal states, local government generally comprises the third tier of government, whereas in unitary states, local government usually occupies the second or third tier of government, often with greater powers than higher-level administrative divisions.
A town is a human settlement. Towns are generally larger than villages but smaller than cities, though the criteria to distinguish them vary considerably between different parts of the world.
In many countries, a mayor is the highest-ranking official in a municipal government such as that of a city or a town.
The municipalities of Puerto Rico number seventy-eight incorporated towns and cities. Each municipality is led by a mayor and divided into barrios, though the latter are not vested with any political authority. Every municipality is governed by the Autonomous Municipalities Act of 1991, which establishes that every municipality must have an elected strong mayor with a municipal legislature as the form of government. Each legislature must be unicameral, with the number of members related to adequate representation of the total municipality's population. In contrast to other jurisdictions, both the mayors and the municipal legislators are elected on the same date and for the same term of office.
Barrio is a Spanish word meaning a quarter or neighbourhood. In Spain, several Latin American countries and the Philippines, the term is also used officially to denote a division of a municipality.
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Colima is a state in West Mexico that is divided into ten municipalities. According to the 2015 Mexican Intercensal Survey, it is the state that has the smallest population with 711,235 inhabitants and is the fifth smallest by land area spanning 5,801.75 square kilometres (2,240.07 sq mi).
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A municipal district is an administrative entity comprising a clearly defined territory and its population. It can refer to a city, town, village or a small grouping of them, or a rural area.
This article has been written in 2007 with partial updates since then, including most recently concerning access in 2012. Please feel free to update it further. The Spanish article includes some more up-to-date information.
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