List of political parties in Nicaragua

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This article lists political parties in Nicaragua.

Political culture

Historically, Nicaragua had a two-party system, with varying two dominant political parties. The 2006 general election could have marked the end of the bipartite scheme, as the anti-Sandinista forces split into two major political alliances: the Nicaraguan Liberal Alliance (ALN) and the Constitutionalist Liberal Party (PLC).

Contents

Parties


Major parties

Three parties and alliances currently hold seats in the National Assembly:

PartyAbbr.IdeologyFounded Deputies PARLACEN
Flag of the FSLN.svg
Sandinista National Liberation Front
Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional
FSLN Sandinismo 1961
75 / 92
15 / 20
Ni-plc-1.gif
Constitutionalist Liberal Party
Partido Liberal Constitucionalista
PLC Liberalism 1968
9 / 92
2 / 20
PLI.svg
Independent Liberal Party
Partido Liberal Independiente
PLI Liberalism 1944
2 / 92
1 / 20
ALN logo.svg
Nicaraguan Liberal Alliance
Alianza Liberal Nicaragüense
ALN Conservative liberalism 2005
1 / 92
1 / 20
APRE flag.svg
Alliance for the Republic
Alianza por la República
APRE Liberal conservativism 2004
1 / 92
1 / 20
Nicaraguan Party of the Christian Path
Partido Camino Cristiano Nicaragüense
CCN Christian fundamentalism 1996
1 / 92
0 / 20
Yapti Tasba Masraka Nanih Aslatakanka
Hijos de la Madre Tierra
Sons of Mother Earth
YATAMA Indigenism 1990
1 / 92
0 / 20
PC flag.png
Conservative Party
Partido Conservador
PC Christian democracy, Conservatism 1857
0 / 92
0 / 20

Other parties[ needs update ]

a = active

a = active

Regional Parties

a = active

Historical

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nicaraguan Revolution</span> 1978–1990 anti-Somoza revolution and Sandinista rule

The Nicaraguan Revolution encompassed the rising opposition to the Somoza dictatorship in the 1960s and 1970s, the campaign led by the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN) to oust the dictatorship in 1978–79, the subsequent efforts of the FSLN to govern Nicaragua from 1979 to 1990, and the Contra War, which was waged between the FSLN-led government of Nicaragua and the United States–backed Contras from 1981 to 1990. The revolution marked a significant period in the history of Nicaragua and revealed the country as one of the major proxy war battlegrounds of the Cold War, attracting much international attention.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Elections in Nicaragua</span>

Elections in Nicaragua gives information on elections and election results in Nicaragua.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2006 Nicaraguan general election</span>

General elections were held in Nicaragua on 5 November 2006. The country's voters went to the polls to elect a new President of the Republic and 90 members of the National Assembly. Daniel Ortega (FSLN) won the election with 37.99% of the vote, Eduardo Montealegre (ALN) trailing with 28.30%, José Rizo (PLC) with 27.1%, Edmundo Jarquín (MRS) with 6.29%, and Edén Pastora (AC) with 0.29%.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nicaraguan Liberal Alliance</span> Political party in Nicaragua

The Nicaraguan Liberal Alliance is a political coalition in Nicaragua. It was started in 2005 by Eduardo Montealegre and other members of the Constitutional Liberal Party who opposed former President of the country Arnoldo Alemán's continued control of the PLC even after he had been found guilty of misuse of public funds, and was sentenced to 20 years in prison. Montealegre also opposed the political alliance, commonly referred to as 'El Pacto', between Alemán as head of the PLC and Daniel Ortega, head of the Sandinist National Liberation Front.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sandinista Renovation Movement</span> Political party in Nicaragua

The Sandinista Renovation Movement is a Nicaraguan political party founded on 21 May 1995. It defines itself as a democratic and progressive party, made of women and men, which promotes the construction of a Nicaragua with opportunities, progress, solidarity, democracy and sovereignty.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Independent Liberal Party (Nicaragua)</span> Political party in Nicaragua

The Independent Liberal Party is a Nicaraguan political party, which separated from Somoza's Nationalist Liberal Party (PLN) in 1944 and took part in the probably fraudulent election of 1947, won by Somoza's favored candidate. The PLI participated in the 1984 election, winning 9.6% of vote for President with its candidate Virgilio Godoy. In 1990 it was part of the National Opposition Union (UNO) - a broad alliance of Sandinista regime opponents - with Virgilio Godoy running as the vice-presidential candidate. UNO won the elections with 54% of the vote. The UNO alliance split in 1993, and in the 1996 elections the PLI, under the candidature of Virgilio Godoy, suffered its worst electoral debacle, receiving only 0.32% of the vote. It joined with Enrique Bolaños' PLC for the 2001 elections, and was part of Montealegre's Nicaraguan Liberal Alliance in the 2006 elections.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Social Conservative Party</span> Nicaraguan right-wing political party

The Social Conservative Party is a right-wing conservative Nicaraguan political party founded by its leader Fernando Agüero in 1988. The PSC received legal status in 1989 and participated in the 1990 elections as an independent party. Fernando Agüero was the conservative presidential candidate of the 1966 National Opposition Union (UNO) against the Somoza regime. In a UNO political rally in support of the candidacy of Agüero in Managua on January 22, 1967, the National Guard killed hundreds of oppositors.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Social Christian Party (Nicaragua)</span>

The Social Christian Party is a Nicaraguan political party with Christian democrat ideology founded in 1957. As of 2006, the PSC was part of the Sandinista Renovation Movement alliance in the 2006 Nicaraguan general election.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Democratic Party of National Confidence</span>

The Democratic Party of National Confidence was a Nicaraguan political party founded by Agustín Jarquín and Adán Fletes after a split from Social Christian Party (PSC) in 1986. The PDCN received legal status on appeal in 1989. It was part of the National Opposition Union (UNO) coalition in 1990 and had 5 seats in the National Assembly. Jarquín was the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN) vice-presidential candidate in the 2001 elections. In 1992 the PDCN and the Popular Social Christian Party (PPSC) formed the Christian Democratic Union (UDC).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">National Action Party (Nicaragua)</span>

The National Action Party is a right-wing Nicaraguan political party founded by Eduardo Rivas Gasteazoro in 1985 as a split from the Social Christian Party (PSC) in 1985. The PAN received legal status on appeal in 1989. PAN was part of the National Opposition Union (UNO) coalition and won 3 seats in the National Assembly in 1990.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Alliance for the Republic (Nicaragua)</span> Political party in Nicaragua

The Alliance for the Republic is a centre-right liberal-conservative Nicaraguan political party founded in 2004 by dissident liberals from the Constitutional Liberal Party (PLC) and the Conservative Party (PC) including Enrique Bolaños, who was President of Nicaragua at the time.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">National Opposition Union (1966)</span>

The 1966 National Opposition Union was a Nicaraguan political coalition founded on October 24, 1966, by the Conservative Party (PC), the Social Christian Party (PSC) and the Independent Liberal Party (PLI) to challenge the candidacy of Anastasio Somoza Debayle in the 1967 Nicaraguan general election. The UNO nominated Fernando Agüero as their candidate.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Costeño Democratic Alliance</span>

The Costeño Democratic Alliance is a regional Nicaraguan political party founded in 1993 by the Social Christian dissident Alvin Guthrie, former UNO governor of the South Atlantic Autonomous Region from 1990 to 1994. ADECO contested in the 1994 Atlantic Coast Regional Elections and won 1 seat in the RAAS Regional Council.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Index of Nicaragua-related articles</span>

The following is an alphabetical list of topics related to Nicaragua.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2011 Nicaraguan general election</span>

General elections were held in Nicaragua on 6 November 2011. The incumbent president Daniel Ortega, won a third term in this election, with a landslide victory.

Convergencia Nacional or the National Convergence alliance was a coalition of a number of Nicaraguan political organizations, formed in support of Daniel Ortega's bid in the presidential election of 2001. Despite losing the presidential election, the FSLN-led alliance made steady gains in the 2004 municipal elections, and Ortega was elected president in 2006. The alliance included Ortega's FSLN, Nationalist Liberal Party, Popular Conservative Alliance, Marxist–Leninist Popular Action Movement, Nicaraguan Christian Democratic Union, as well as the Unidad Social Cristiana PUSC and dissident minority factions of the Sandinista Renovation Movement, Nicaraguan Liberal Alliance, Constitutionalist Liberal Party, Nicaraguan Resistance Party and YATAMA. Majority factions of the latter 6 organizations have joined the anti-Ortega coalition Alianza PLC founded in 2008.

References