List of political parties in Canada

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This article lists political parties in Canada .

Federal parties

In contrast with the political party systems of many nations, Canadian parties at the federal level are often only loosely connected with parties at the provincial level, despite having similar names. One exception is the New Democratic Party. The NDP is organizationally integrated, with most of its provincial counterparts including a shared membership.


Provincial and territorial parties


British Columbia


New Brunswick

Newfoundland and Labrador

Northwest Territories

From approximately 1897 to 1905, political parties were active; however, legislative government was eliminated when the provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan were created out of the heavily populated area of NWT. Elected legislative government was re-established in 1951. Like Nunavut, NWT elects independent candidates and operates by consensus. Some candidates in recent years have asserted that they were running on behalf of a party, but territorial law does not recognize parties.

Historical parties 1897–1905

Nova Scotia


The territory, established in 1999, has a legislature that runs on a consensus government model, candidates running as independents, and no parties are represented in the Legislative Assembly.


Prince Edward Island




Municipal parties

The majority of municipal politics in Canada are non-partisan, but the municipal governments of Vancouver and Montreal operate on a party system.


There are four independents.




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The Northwest Territories is a federal territory of Canada. At a land area of approximately 1,144,000 km2 (442,000 sq mi) and a 2016 census population of 41,790, it is the second-largest and the most populous of the three territories in Northern Canada. Its estimated population as of 2022 is 45,605. Yellowknife is the capital, most populous community, and only city in the territory; its population was 19,569 as of the 2016 census. It became the territorial capital in 1967, following recommendations by the Carrothers Commission.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Devolution</span> Granting of some competences of central government to local government

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">2003 Northwest Territories general election</span>

The 2003 Northwest Territories general election was held on November 24, 2003, to elect the 19 members of the Legislative Assembly.

Nonpartisan democracy is a system of representative government or organization such that universal and periodic elections take place without reference to political parties. Sometimes electioneering and even speaking about candidates may be discouraged, so as not to prejudice others' decisions or create a contentious atmosphere.

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Legislative Assembly of the Northwest Territories</span> Single house of legislature of the Northwest Territories

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Nonpartisanism is a lack of affiliation with, and a lack of bias towards, a political party.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1898 North-West Territories general election</span>

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">1902 North-West Territories general election</span>

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">2007 Northwest Territories general election</span>

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">2019 Northwest Territories general election</span>

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