Las Tunas (city)

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Las Tunas

(Victoria de Las Tunas)
Las Tunas CF9A0961.jpg
Las Tunas
Las Tunas (Cuban municipal map).png
Las Tunas municipality (red) within
Las Tunas Province (yellow) and Cuba
Coordinates: 20°57′35″N76°57′16″W / 20.95972°N 76.95444°W / 20.95972; -76.95444 Coordinates: 20°57′35″N76°57′16″W / 20.95972°N 76.95444°W / 20.95972; -76.95444
Country Cuba
Province Las Tunas
Established1759 [1]
Area
[2]
  Total891 km2 (344 sq mi)
Elevation
92 m (302 ft)
Population
 (2004) [3]
  Total171,957
  Density190/km2 (500/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Tunero/a
Time zone UTC-5 (EST)
Postal code
75100-75500
Area code(s) +53 31

Las Tunas [2] [4] [5] is a city and municipality in central-eastern Cuba. It is the capital of the Las Tunas Province and was named Victoria de Las Tunas from 1869 to 1976. [6]

Cuba Country in the Caribbean

Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba, is a country comprising the island of Cuba as well as Isla de la Juventud and several minor archipelagos. Cuba is located in the northern Caribbean where the Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico and Atlantic Ocean meet. It is east of the Yucatán Peninsula (Mexico), south of both the U.S. state of Florida and the Bahamas, west of Haiti and north of both Jamaica and the Cayman Islands. Havana is the largest city and capital; other major cities include Santiago de Cuba and Camagüey. The area of the Republic of Cuba is 110,860 square kilometers (42,800 sq mi). The island of Cuba is the largest island in Cuba and in the Caribbean, with an area of 105,006 square kilometers (40,543 sq mi), and the second-most populous after Hispaniola, with over 11 million inhabitants.

Las Tunas Province Province of Cuba

Las Tunas is one of the provinces of Cuba. Major towns include Puerto Padre, Amancio, and the capital city, Las Tunas.

Contents

Geography

The city of Las Tunas is located in along the Carretera Central (highway), between the cities of Camagüey, Holguín and Bayamo.

Carretera Central (Cuba) highway in Cuba

The Carretera Central (CC), meaning "Central Road", is a west-east highway spanning the length of the island of Cuba.

Camagüey City in Cuba

Camagüey is a city and municipality in central Cuba and is the nation's third-largest city with more than 321,000 inhabitants. It is the capital of the Camagüey Province.

Holguín City in Cuba

Holguín is a municipality and city in Cuba, and the capital of Province of Holguín. It also includes a tourist area, offering beach resorts in the outskirts of the region. After Havana, Santiago de Cuba, and Camagüey, it is the fourth largest city in Cuba.

In 1943 the municipality was divided into the barrios of Primero, Segundo, Antonio Machado, Arenas, Caisimú, Cauto del Paso, Cuaba, Curana, Dumañuecos, Ojo de Agua, Oriente, Palmarito, Playuelas and San José de la Plata. [1] The city is currently divided into the repartos (wards) of Primero (city centre), Segundo, La Victoria, Aguilera, Santo Domingo, Pena, La Loma, Aurora, Velázquez, Sosa, Casa Piedra, Israel Santos, Buena Vista, Alturas de Buena Vista, Propulsión, Aeropuerto and Reparto Militar.

Barrio is a Spanish word meaning a quarter or neighbourhood. In modern Spanish language “barrio” is generally defined as each area of a city, usually differentiated by functional, social, architectural or morphological features. In Spain, several Latin American countries and the Philippines, the term is also used officially to denote a division of a municipality.

History

The city was founded in 1796 around the Parish of San Jerónimo. In 1853, after a Royal Decree, it received the title of "city". In 1976, following the suppression of the Oriente Province and its split up, Las Tunas became the capital of the new and eponymous province.

Oriente Province former province in Cuba

Oriente, known as Santiago de Cuba Province before 1905, was one of six provinces of Cuba until 1976. The earlier name is still used to refer to the eastern part of the country. Fidel and Raúl Castro were born in its provincial capital, Santiago de Cuba.

Demographics

In 2004, the municipality of Las Tunas had a population of 187,438. [3] With a total area of 891 km2 (344 sq mi), [2] it has a population density of 210.4/km2 (545/sq mi).

Climate

Climate data for Victoria de las Tunas, Cuba
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)28
(82)
29
(84)
30
(86)
31
(88)
31
(88)
32
(90)
33
(91)
33
(91)
32
(90)
31
(88)
29
(84)
28
(82)
31
(87)
Average low °C (°F)19
(66)
19
(66)
20
(68)
21
(70)
22
(72)
23
(73)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
23
(73)
21
(70)
20
(68)
22
(71)
[ citation needed ]

Transport

A coach of the Tren Frances in Las Tunas station depot TEE L'Etoile du Nord Cuba.jpg
A coach of the Tren Francés in Las Tunas station depot

Las Tunas counts a railway station on the principal Havana Santiago de Cuba line and on a secondary line to Manatí. A planned extension of the A1 motorway, that will span the entire island, will interest the City. The local airport is the Hermanos Ameijeiras, located in the northern suburb.

Havana Capital city of Cuba

Havana is the capital city, largest city, province, major port, and leading commercial center of Cuba. The city has a population of 2.1 million inhabitants, and it spans a total of 781.58 km2 (301.77 sq mi) – making it the largest city by area, the most populous city, and the fourth largest metropolitan area in the Caribbean region.

Santiago de Cuba City in Cuba

Santiago de Cuba is the second-largest city in Cuba and the capital city of Santiago de Cuba Province. It lies in the southeastern area of the island, some 870 km (540 mi) southeast of the Cuban capital of Havana.

Manatí, Cuba Municipality in Las Tunas, Cuba

Manatí is a municipality and town in the Las Tunas Province of Cuba. It is located in the north-western part of the province, on the northern coast of Cuba, in the Manati Bay.

Tourism

Known in Cuba as the "City of Sculpture" (due to the several artistic installations scattered throughout the city centre) Las Tunas is in the least visited province in Cuba. In spite of this, the city has two international hotels (Hotel Las Tunas and Hotel Cadillac) and 219 B&Bs [7]

However, the local and the central government are both working in order to increase tourism in the province. In July 2015, within the framework of the Foreign Investment Law, [8] the government is trying to attract foreign partners to build large hotel complexes in the still unspoilt Covarrubia beach.

Sport

The local baseball club is Las Tunas, nicknamed Leñadores (meaning “Lumberjacks”) and its home ground is the Julio Antonio Mella Stadium. The association football club is the FC Las Tunas, and its home ground is the Ovidio Torres Stadium.

Personalities

Twin towns

See also

Related Research Articles

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References

  1. 1 2 Guije.com. "Victoria de Las Tunas" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2007-10-06.
  2. 1 2 3 Statoids (July 2003). "Municipios of Cuba" . Retrieved 2007-10-06.
  3. 1 2 Atenas.cu (2004). "2004 Population trends, by Province and Municipality" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-10-06.
  4. (in Spanish) Historical site of the city of Las Tunas Archived 2012-11-16 at the Wayback Machine
  5. Source: Mapa de Carreteras de Cuba (Road map of Cuba). Ediciones GEO, Havana 2011 - ISBN   959-7049-21-X
  6. "Origen y evolución del nombre de Las Tunas" [Las Tunas: origin and evolution of the name]. ecured.cu (in Spanish). EcuRed . Retrieved March 4, 2015.
  7. "Casas Particulares in Las Tunas". May 2015. Retrieved 2015-09-19.
  8. "Cartera de Oportunidades de Inversion". April 2014. Retrieved 2015-09-19.