Broughton Island (British Columbia)

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Broughton Island in 1917 Clark and Lyford, Ltd standing boom in the southwest arm of Booker Lagoon, Broughton Island, British Columbia, June 16, 1917 (AL+CA 7778).jpg
Broughton Island in 1917

Broughton Island is an island in the Broughton Archipelago of the Queen Charlotte Strait area of the Central Coast of British Columbia, located northwest of Gilford Island. [1]

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Broughton Lagoon is a shallow inlet on the north side of Broughton Island, [2] located at 50°50′02″N126°41′40″W / 50.83389°N 126.69444°W / 50.83389; -126.69444 (Broughton Lagoon)

To the north of Broughton Island is North Broughton Island. [3]

Name origin

Broughton Island and the Broughton Archipelago, and Broughton Strait nearby, were all named in 1792 by Captain George Vancouver, for Commander William Robert Broughton, captain of HMS Chatham during his first tenure in British Columbia, and thereafter upon his return to the British Columbia Coast, of HMS Providence. HMS Discovery, Vancouver's ship, and HMS Chatham under Broughton were anchored off the south shore of this island on July 28, 1792. [4]

See also

Related Research Articles

Kingcome Inlet is one of the lesser principal fjords of the British Columbia Coast, north and east of Broughton Island. It is sixth in sequence of the major saltwater fjords north from the 49th parallel near Vancouver and similar in width, on average 2.5 km (1.6 mi), to longer inlets such as Knight Inlet and Bute Inlet, but it is only 35 km (22 mi) in length from the mouth of the Kingcome River to Sutlej Channel, which ultimately connects around Broughton Island to the main regional waterway of the Queen Charlotte Strait. Kingcome Inlet has a short side inlet, Wakeman Sound, fed by the Wakeman River.

Gilford Island

Gilford Island is an island in British Columbia, Canada, located between Tribune Channel and Knight Inlet. The island has an area of 384 square kilometres (148 sq mi). Turnour Island is to the south across Tribune Channel, the entrance to Thompson Sound to the east.

Actaeon Sound is a sound in the Queen Charlotte Strait region of the Central Coast of British Columbia, branching off northeasterly from the north side of Drury Inlet near its head on the mainland of British Columbia to the north of the town of Port McNeill, on the opposite side of Queen Charlotte Strait. On the south side of the sound is the Bond Peninsula at 50°56′50″N127°06′55″W, which is formed by a sidewater, Bond Lagoon at 50°56′34″N127°06′34″W, both presumably named in 1865 by Captain Pender, in association with other Admiralty and HMS Actaeon-related names.

Sutlej Channel is a channel or strait on the north sides of Broughton Island and North Broughton Island, or the Broughton Archipelago of the Queen Charlotte Strait region of the Central Coast of British Columbia, Canada. The channel separates those islands from the adjacent mainland and includes Greenway Sound. It was named for HMS Sutlej.

Hopetown is an Indian Reserve community of the Gwawa'enux group of Kwakwaka'wakw peoples, located on the south side of Watson Island, to the north of Broughton Island in the Broughton Archipelago on the north side of the Queen Charlotte Strait region on the Central Coast of British Columbia, Canada. The community is located entirely within Hopetown Indian Reserve No. 10A. The traditional name of the village in the Kwak'wala language is Hikums, which has also been spelled Hegams and Hakina and Hegams, meaning "facing outwards".

Havannah Channel is a marine passageway in the South Coast region of British Columbia, Canada, leading off of the north side of Johnstone Strait leading to Chatham Channel and Call Inlet, south of East Cracroft Island. Havannah Channel is entered from Johnstone Strait at the Broken Islands. Hull Island is located in the channel, to the southeast of East Cracroft and south of the opening of Call Inlet.

Minstrel Island

Minstrel Island, is an island in the Johnstone Strait region of the Central Coast region of British Columbia, Canada. It is near the entrance to Knight Inlet just east of Turnour Island at the junction of Clio and Chatham Channels. The island is separated on its south from East Cracroft Island by a marine passageway called The Blow Hole.

The Pearse Peninsula is a peninsula on the southwest end of Broughton Island in the Broughton Archipelago of the Queen Charlotte Strait region of the Central Coast of British Columbia, Canada.

The Pearse Islands are a small group of islands in the Queen Charlotte Strait region of the Central Coast of British Columbia, Canada. They are just east of Cormorant Island, which is the location of the Village of Alert Bay. Cormorant Channel Marine Provincial Park is located in this group of islands.

Hanson Island is an island in the Queen Charlotte Strait region of the Central Coast of British Columbia, located west of Harbledown Island and south of the Plumper Islands. The westernmost part of Johnstone Strait is to the south of the island, Blackfish Sound to the north, beyond which is Swanson Island. The island is named for James Hanson who served aboard HMS Chatham in 1792 and was later transferred that year to command Vancouver's supply ship HMS Daedalus.

North Broughton Island is an island in the Broughton Archipelago, located as its name suggests to the north of Broughton Island in the Queen Charlotte Strait region of the Central Coast of British Columbia, Canada.

The Broughton Peaks are a group of low mountain summits west of the south end of Effingham Inlet, to the north of Bamfield in the Barkley Sound region of the west coast of Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada.

West Cracroft Island is an island in the Johnstone Strait region of the Central Coast of British Columbia, Canada, located east of Port McNeill. It is the larger of the two Cracroft Islands, the other, East Cracroft Island, being so named to distinguish between the two islands, which at low tide are one island.

East Cracroft Island

East Cracroft Island is an island in the Johnstone Strait region of the Central Coast region of British Columbia, Canada. It is the smaller of the two Cracroft Islands, and at low tide is really one island with its larger neighbour, West Cracroft Island. On the south side of the shallows that form an isthmus between them at low tide is Port Harvey, which is a short, wide inlet or bay. On its east shore is Keecekiltum Indian Reserve No. 2, 11.7 ha., which is under the governance of the Tlowitsis Nation of the Kwakwaka'wakw peoples. at 50°33′00″N126°16′00″W.

Port Harvey

Port Harvey is a port on the south side of the Cracroft Islands in the Johnstone Strait region of the Central Coast region of British Columbia, Canada, forming a small bay or inlet south of the shallows that link West Cracroft and East Cracroft Islands. On its east shore is Keecekiltum Indian Reserve No. 2, 11.7 ha., which is under the governance of the Tlowitsis Nation of the Kwakwaka'wakw peoples. at 50°33′00″N126°16′00″W. It was named by Captain Richards for Captain Harvey of HMS Havannah.

Call Inlet

Call Inlet is an inlet on the Central Coast region of British Columbia, Canada, located south of the lower reaches of Knight Inlet to the east of East Cracroft Island. Pawala Indian Reserve No. 5 is at the head of the inlet. Chatham Channel connects the outlet of the inlet to Knight Inlet and separates East Cracroft Island from the mainland peninsula on the north side of the inlet. Havannah Channel leads southwest out of the inlet, south and east around East Cracroft and past Hull Island, to Johnstone Strait.

Crease Island, formerly Lewis Island, is an island in the Broughton Archipelago Marine Provincial Park in the Queen Charlotte Strait-Johnstone Strait region of the Central Coast of British Columbia, Canada. It is located north of Harbledown Island and is at the southern extremity of the provincial park.

Compton Point is a headland in the Queen Charlotte Strait region of the Central Coast of British Columbia, Canada, forming the northwest entrance point to Wells Passage opposite North Broughton Island.

Drury inlet is an inlet in the Queen Charlotte Strait region of the Central Coast of British Columbia, Canada, extending west from Wells Passage to the northwest of North Broughton Island, northwest of the town of Port Hardy. Branching off to the northeast from the north side of the head of the inlet is Actaeon Sound.

Bonwick Island is an island in the Broughton Archipelago in Central Coast region of British Columbia, Canada. The archipelago is located on the northeast side of Queen Charlotte Strait and lies northwest of the Village of Alert Bay and immediately to the west of Gilford Island, separated from it by Retreat Pass. Arrow Passage is on the island's northwest, separating it from Mars Island.

References

  1. BC Names/GeoBC entry "Broughton Island"
  2. BC Names/GeoBC entry "Broughton Lagoon"
  3. BC Names/GeoBC entry "North Broughton Island"
  4. British Columbia Coast Names, 1592-1906: their origin and history, Captain John T. Walbran, Ottawa, 1909

Coordinates: 50°48′42″N126°43′45″W / 50.81167°N 126.72917°W / 50.81167; -126.72917 (Broughton Island)