Broughton Archipelago

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Broughton Archipelago
Beware Passage, Broughton Archipelago.jpg
Forested islet in Beware Passage
Canada British Columbia location map 2.svg
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Broughton Archipelago
Canada location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Broughton Archipelago
Geography
Location Queen Charlotte Strait
Coordinates 50°40′N126°30′W / 50.667°N 126.500°W / 50.667; -126.500 Coordinates: 50°40′N126°30′W / 50.667°N 126.500°W / 50.667; -126.500
Administration
Province British Columbia
Regional District Mount Waddington

Broughton Archipelago is a group of islands located at the eastern end of Queen Charlotte Strait in Mount Waddington Regional District, British Columbia. The archipelago is the traditional territory of the Musgamagw Dzawada'enuxw, Namgis, Ma'amtagila and Tlowitsis nations of the Kwakwaka'wakw peoples.

Contents

Etymology

Broughton Archipelago was named in 1792 by George Vancouver in honour of William Robert Broughton, the captain of the expedition's second ship, HMS Chatham. [1]

Geography

The Broughton Archipelago includes numerous of islands and islets scattered throughout the eastern end of Queen Charlotte Strait. The largest island of the archipelago is Gilford Island with a total area of 384 km2 (148 sq mi). [2] Cormorant Island is the most densely populated island with 270 residents/km2 (710 residents/mi2) as of 2016. [3]

The major islands of the Broughton Archipelago are as follows:

Major waterways

Major waterways include Beware Passage, Broughton Strait, Clio Channel, Fife Sound, Johnstone Strait, Kingcome Inlet, Knight Inlet, Retreat Passage, Tribune Channel, and Wells Passage.

Fishing

The archipelago has been the focus of controversy over commercial fish-farming by Norwegian aquaculture companies. One of the most prominent studies carried out to assess the relationship between fish farms and sea lice infestations on wild species was carried out in this archipelago in the spring of 2002. Additionally, the sediment and waste released from such industrial aquaculture has recently been shown to severely impact the health of glass sponge reefs, which are one of the most ancient forms of animal life on earth and remain unique to specific regions in the Pacific Northwest.[ citation needed ]

Conservation

The archipelago is rich in biodiversity and culturally significant sites. Protected areas include Broughton Archipelago Conservancy, Broughton Archipelago Provincial Park, Burdwood Group Conservancy, Cormorant Channel Marine Provincial Park, Echo Bay Marine Provincial Park, and Qwiquallaaq/Boat Bay Conservancy.

See also

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Broughton Island (British Columbia)

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Retreat Passage is a short strait and marine waterway between Gilford Island (E) and Bonwick Island (W) in the Broughton Archipelago of the eastern Queen Charlotte Strait region of the Central Coast of British Columbia, Canada.

Bonwick Island is an island in the Broughton Archipelago in Central Coast region of British Columbia, Canada. The archipelago is located on the northeast side of Queen Charlotte Strait and lies northwest of the Village of Alert Bay and immediately to the west of Gilford Island, separated from it by Retreat Pass. Arrow Passage is on the island's northwest, separating it from Mars Island.

Waddington Channel

Waddington Channel is a strait located between East Redonda and West Redonda Island of the Discovery Islands in British Columbia, Canada.

Burdwood Group Conservancy

The Burdwood Group Conservancy is a conservancy located in the Broughton Archipelago in Mount Waddington Regional District, British Columbia. It was established by BC Parks on 13 March 2009 to protect a unique cluster of forested islands and islets situated at the entrance to Tribune Channel.

References

  1. "Broughton Archipelago". apps.gov.bc.ca. Retrieved 2020-10-02.
  2. "Atlas of Canada - Sea Islands". Atlas.nrcan.gc.ca. 2009-08-12. Archived from the original on 2013-01-22. Retrieved 2019-05-14.
  3. Government of Canada, Statistics Canada (2017-02-08). "Census Profile, 2016 Census - Alert Bay, Village [Census subdivision], British Columbia and Mount Waddington, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia". www12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 2020-10-02.