|Birth name||Christian Pascal Jean Califano|
|Date of birth||16 May 1972|
|Place of birth||Toulon, France|
|Height||5 ft 10 in (1.78 m)|
|Weight||105 kg (16 st 5 lb)|
|Rugby union career|
Christian Califano (born 16 May 1972) is a former French rugby union player who finished his career at Gloucester Rugby.
France, officially the French Republic, is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country's 18 integral regions span a combined area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.3 million. France, a sovereign state, is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Other major urban areas include Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
Rugby union, commonly known in most of the world simply as rugby, is a contact team sport which originated in England in the first half of the 19th century. One of the two codes of rugby football, it is based on running with the ball in hand. In its most common form, a game is between two teams of 15 players using an oval-shaped ball on a rectangular field with H-shaped goalposts at each end.
Gloucester Rugby are an English professional rugby union club based in the West Country city of Gloucester. They play in the Premiership Rugby, England's top division of rugby, as well as in European competitions.
At the end of 2003, he had been capped 68 times for the France national team, which was the record for a French prop until Sylvain Marconnet earned his 69th one on 4 February 2007. It seemed clear that Califano's international career was over, but he made a shock come-back as he was called to play against New Zealand on 2 and 9 June 2007.
The France national rugby union team competes annually against England, Ireland, Italy, Scotland and Wales in the Six Nations Championship. They have won the championship outright seventeen times, shared it a further eight times, and have completed nine grand slams. Ten former French players have been inducted into the World Rugby Hall of Fame.
Sylvain Marconnet is a French rugby union footballer who played for Biarritz Olympique having signed from Stade Français in the Top 14 club competition in France. His usual position is prop. Marconnet has played for France, including representing them at the 2003 Rugby World Cup in Australia.
The New Zealand national rugby union team, called the All Blacks, represents New Zealand in men's rugby union, which is known as the country's national sport. The team has won the last two Rugby World Cups, in 2011 and 2015 as well as the inaugural tournament in 1987.
Califano earned his first national cap on 26 June 1994 against the All Blacks. His first two caps consist in two victories in New Zealand. He was part of the French squad for both the 1995 and the 1999 World Cups.
The 1995 Rugby World Cup was the third Rugby World Cup. It was hosted and won by South Africa, and was the first Rugby World Cup in which every match was held in one country.
The 1999 Rugby World Cup was the fourth Rugby World Cup, the quadrennial international rugby union championship. It was principally hosted by Wales, and was won by Australia. This was the first Rugby World Cup to be held in the sport's professional era.
He has played second fiddle to props Nick Wood and Carlos Nieto in his time at Gloucester RFC. His versatility meant he received most of his appearances for the club off the bench.
Nick Wood is an English rugby union footballer, currently playing in the Aviva Premiership for Gloucester Rugby. He plays as a prop.
Carlos Nieto is an Italian Argentine international rugby union player.
On 21 February 2008, Califano announced his intentions to retire and the end of the 2007/2008 season.
The Top 14 is a professional rugby union club competition that is played in France created in 1892. The Top 14 is at the top of the national league system operated by the French National Rugby League, also known by its French initialism of LNR. There is promotion and relegation between the Top 14 and the next level down, the Rugby Pro D2. The fourteen best rugby teams in France participate in the competition, hence the name Top 14. The competition was previously known as the Top 16.
The Challenge Yves du Manoir was a rugby union club competition that was played in France between 1931 and 2003 under different names. It is named after former player Yves du Manoir.
He is the first French player to have taken part in the Super 12 (with the Auckland Blues). He is the first French front row player to have scored three tries in the same match. It was on 20 April 1996 in Aurillac against Romania (the match ended up in a 64-12 victory).
Graham Christopher Rowntree is a former English rugby union player. He played loosehead prop for Leicester Tigers and England. He was capped 54 times for England, despite having to compete for his position with the world's second most capped forward, Jason Leonard.
Michael John Catt OBE is a South African-born former English rugby union rugby player who played for London Irish and Bath. He earned 75 international caps for England and played in two World Cup Finals, in 2003 and 2007. With his appearance in the October 2007 final, at age 36 years 1 month, he became the oldest ever player to play in a Rugby World Cup final.
Philip John Vickery MBE DL is a former English rugby union tighthead prop and member of the England squad. He was a member of England's World Cup winning squad in 2003, playing in all seven matches in the tournament, and is a former England captain. Vickery ended his club rugby career at London Wasps, joining the London side in 2006 after eleven years with Gloucester Rugby. Given the nickname "Raging Bull", he played in three Rugby World Cups, including as England captain in the 2007 tournament, and toured Australia and South Africa with the British and Irish Lions.
Christopher Douglas Paterson, MBE is an ambassador and specialist coach for the Scotland and Edinburgh rugby union teams. He is a former professional rugby union player who played for Scotland and, for the most part of his career, Edinburgh. Paterson is Scotland's record points scorer with 809 points and second most-capped player with 109 caps. He is capable of playing in a range of positions, including fullback, wing and fly-half.
Jason Leonard is an English former rugby union player, who gained a world record-breaking 114 caps for England during his 14-year international rugby career.
Henry Paul, also known by the nickname of "HP", is a former dual code rugby league and rugby union international. Paul represented New Zealand in rugby league and England in rugby union and rugby sevens. He once held the world record for the most consecutive kicks on the field, a record now held by Neil Jenkins.
Agustín Pichot is a retired Argentine rugby union player, formerly captain of the Argentine team and the English club Bristol Shoguns. In addition to Bristol, he played for French sides Stade Français and Racing Métro after leaving Argentine team CASI from San Isidro in 1997. In 2011, he was inducted into the IRB Hall of Fame. In October 2015, he was elected to the powerful position of Vice-Chairman of World Rugby.
Andrew James Titterrell is a former rugby union player who played at hooker and previously for England.
Adrian Paul Morley, also known by the nickname of "Moz", is an English former professional rugby league footballer of the 1990s, 2000s and 2010s. A Great Britain and England international prop or second-row, he played for the Leeds Rhinos, Sydney Roosters, Bradford Bulls, Warrington Wolves and the Salford Red Devils. With a reputation as a tough, uncompromising competitor, Morley was the first British player to win both NRL and Super League championships.
Apollo Perelini is a former Samoa dual code international rugby footballer.
Joseph Sonny Vagana, also known by the nickname of "Big Joe", is a former professional rugby league footballer of the 1990s and 2000s. During his career Vagana played for the Auckland Warriors, and the Bradford Bulls, and also represented both Samoa and New Zealand in international competition. His position of preference was at Prop forward. Joe is also the cousin of fellow rugby league international Nigel Vagana, and the New Zealand netballer Linda Vagana.
Bradley Carnegie Thorn is a rugby union coach and former rugby league and rugby union player. Born in New Zealand, he represented Australia in rugby league and New Zealand in rugby union in a 22-season career as a player. He is currently the head coach of the Queensland Reds and the head coach of Queensland Country.
James Darryl Peacock MBE, is an English professional rugby league footballer who played for the Leeds Rhinos and the Bradford Bulls in the Super League, and captained both Great Britain and England at international level. After retiring at the end of the 2015 season he became football manager at the Hull Kingston Rovers but resumed his playing career towards the end of the 2016 season. His position of choice was prop, although he played much of his early career as a second-row. He is one of the most successful players in Super League history, having won a total of nine Super League championships, four Challenge Cup winners medals, been named to the Super League Dream Team on eleven occasions and won the Man of Steel award in 2003.
Philippe Georges Saint-André is a former French rugby union footballer and current coach of the Cameroon national rugby union team. He earned 69 test caps for France between 1990 and 1997. His preferred position was wing but he could also play at centre. After retiring, Saint-André has found success as a rugby coach in both England and France. He was serving as director of rugby at Toulon before being announced as the successful candidate for head coach of France from 2011 to 2015. He formally took charge of the national team on 1 December 2011, and left his post on 17 October 2015 following a 13–62 loss to New Zealand.
Namulauulu Alama Ieremia is a New Zealand rugby union coach and former international player for Western Samoa and New Zealand.
Tony Dale Woodcock is a New Zealand former rugby union player. His position was loosehead prop, and he played 111 tests for the New Zealand national team, the All Blacks. Woodcock played for the All Blacks from 2002 to 2015, scoring eight test tries. He was described by The Dominion Post as "widely regarded as the world's premier loosehead", and by The New Zealand Herald as having the "best range of skills of any prop on the planet". He is now the most capped All Black prop of all time, and is the second most capped player in Blues history, behind Keven Mealamu. He was a key member of the 2011 and 2015 Rugby World Cup winning squads, becoming one of only twenty dual Rugby World Cup winners.
Mario Ledesma Arocena is an Argentine rugby union coach and a former international rugby player. He played in Argentina's successful 2007 Rugby World Cup campaign and had a professional playing career in France spanning 10 years. Since retiring he has coached at the highest level in the Northern and Southern Hemisphere's and is now the head coach of the Argentine national team.
Paul Broadbent, also known by the nickname "Beans", is an English former professional rugby league footballer of the 1990s and 2000s, and coach. He played at representative level for Great Britain and England, and at club level for Sheffield Eagles, Halifax, Hull FC, Wakefield Trinity Wildcats (captain), and York City Knights, as a prop, i.e. number 8, and coached at club level for Wakefield Trinity Wildcats. He's inspired many with his speech about 'stepping over the line'.
Ian Martin Buckett is a former international rugby union front row forward who played for Swansea and London Welsh and played county rugby for North Wales. He was a championship winning player, an international and an academic.
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