Last updated
Studio album by
ReleasedMarch 7, 1970
Recorded1969 - 1970
Studio Record Plant Studios, New York City
Genre Rock [1]
Label Windfall
Producer Felix Pappalardi
Mountain chronology
Nantucket Sleighride
Singles from Climbing!
  1. "Mississippi Queen"
    Released: February 1970
Professional ratings
Review scores
AllMusic Star full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar half.svg [2]
Christgau's Record Guide C+ [3]

Climbing!, also known as Mountain Climbing!, is the official debut studio album by American blues rock band Mountain, released on March 7, 1970, by Windfall Records.

Blues rock is a fusion genre combining elements of blues and rock. It is mostly an electric ensemble-style music with instrumentation similar to electric blues and rock: electric guitar, electric bass guitar, and drums, sometimes with keyboards and harmonica. From its beginnings in the early- to mid-1960s, blues rock has gone through several stylistic shifts and along the way it inspired and influenced hard rock, Southern rock, and early heavy metal. Blues rock continues to be an influence in the 2010s, with performances and recordings by popular artists.

Mountain is an American hard rock band that formed on Long Island, New York in 1969. Originally comprising vocalist and guitarist Leslie West, bassist and vocalist Felix Pappalardi, keyboardist Steve Knight and drummer N. D. Smart, the band broke up in 1972 and has reunited frequently since 1973, remaining active as of November 28, 2009. Best known for their cowbell-tinged song "Mississippi Queen", as well as for their performance at the Woodstock Festival in 1969, Mountain is one of many bands to be commonly credited as having influenced the development of heavy metal music in the 1970s. The group's musical style primarily consisted of hard rock, blues rock and heavy metal.

Windfall Records was a record label founded in 1969 and dissolved in 1974. Windfall was first distributed by Bell Records. From 1972 until 1974 it was distributed by Columbia Records. The most successful act for Windfall was Mountain.



The album featured the 'classic' Mountain lineup of Leslie West (guitar, vocals), Felix Pappalardi (bass, vocals, piano), Corky Laing (drums, percussion) and Steve Knight (keyboards) and followed the West solo album Mountain featuring Pappalardi and drummer Norman Smart, released in 1969 and often credited to the band. Produced by Pappalardi, the album reached number 17 on the American Billboard 200 albums chart and featured the band's best-known song, "Mississippi Queen". An early rendition of "For Yasgur's Farm" was actually performed at the Woodstock Festival in August 1969 as Who Am I But You And The Sun. It was subsequently recorded and retitled for the album.

Leslie West American rock guitarist, singer and songwriter

Leslie West is an American rock guitarist, vocalist, and songwriter. He is best known as a founding member of the hard rock band Mountain.

Felix Pappalardi American musician

Felix A. Pappalardi Jr. was an American music producer, songwriter, vocalist, and bassist. He is best known to the public as the bassist and vocalist of the band Mountain, whose song "Mississippi Queen" peaked at #21 on the Billboard Hot 100 and has become a classic rock radio staple. Originating in the eclectic music scene in New York's Greenwich Village, he became closely attached to the British power trio Cream, writing, arranging, and producing for their second album Disraeli Gears. As a producer for Atlantic Records, he worked on several projects with guitarist Leslie West; in 1969 their partnership evolved into the band Mountain. The band lasted less than five years, but their work influenced the first generation of heavy metal and hard rock music. Pappalardi continued to work as a producer, session musician, and songwriter until he was shot and killed by his wife Gail Collins in 1983.

Corky Laing Canadian musician

Laurence Mustard "Corky" Laing is a Canadian rock drummer, best known as a longtime member of pioneering American hard rock band Mountain.,

Critical reception

Reviewing in Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies (1981), Robert Christgau wrote: "We all know they're the original Cremora—what this makes clearer is that they're Jack Bruce's third of the jar. On 'For Yasgur's Farm' Felix Pappalardi emulates JB's self-dramatizing vocal propriety as well as his bass lines, but when Leslie West runs an acoustic guitar solo from raga to flamenco without ever touching the blues you know he's not doing an Eric Clapton tribute. Can't fit the humongous 'Mississippi Queen' into this theory, but I can tell you who wrote 'Theme for an Imaginary Western': Jack Bruce and Pete Brown." [3]

<i>Christgaus Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies</i> Music reference book

Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies is a music reference book by American music journalist and essayist Robert Christgau. It was first published in October 1981 by Ticknor & Fields.

Robert Christgau American music journalist

Robert Thomas Christgau is an American essayist and music journalist. One of the earliest professional rock critics, he spent 37 years as the chief music critic and senior editor for The Village Voice, during which time he created and oversaw the annual Pazz & Jop poll. He has also covered popular music for Esquire, Creem, Newsday, Playboy, Rolling Stone, Billboard, NPR, Blender, and MSN Music, and was a visiting arts teacher at New York University.

Non-dairy creamer substances intended to substitute for milk or cream as an additive to coffee, tea, hot chocolate or other beverages

Non-dairy creamers, commonly called tea whiteners or coffee whiteners are liquid or granular substances intended to substitute for milk or cream as an additive to coffee, tea, hot chocolate or other beverages. They do not contain lactose and therefore are commonly described as being non-dairy products, although many contain casein, a milk-derived protein. Dry granular products do not need to be refrigerated and can be used and stored in locations which do not have a refrigerator. Liquid non-dairy creamers should be tightly capped and refrigerated after opening. Some non-dairy creamers contain sweeteners and flavors, such as vanilla, hazelnut or Irish cream. As with other processed food products, low calorie and low fat versions are available for non-dairy creamers.

Track listing

Side one
1."Mississippi Queen" Leslie West, Corky Laing, Felix Pappalardi, David Rea 2:31
2."Theme for an Imaginary Western" Pete Brown, Jack Bruce 5:06
3."Never in My Life"West, Laing, Pappalardi, Gail Collins 3:51
4."Silver Paper"West, Collins, Laing, Pappalardi, Steve Knight, George Gardos3:19
Side two
1."For Yasgur's Farm"Collins, Gardos, Laing, Pappalardi, Rea, Gary Ship3:23
2."To My Friend"West3:38
3."The Laird"Collins, Pappalardi4:39
4."Sittin' on a Rainbow"West, Collins, Laing2:23
5."Boys in the Band"Collins, Pappalardi3:33
Total length:32:38
2003 North American CD bonus track
10."For Yasgur's Farm" (live)Collins, Gardos, Laing, Pappalardi, Rea, Ship4:19

Track timings listed on the original 1970 Windfall Records LP pressings of the album differ slightly from the above, with the notable exception that the listed duration of 4:50 for "Never in My Life" is significantly in error.


Additional personnel

See also

Related Research Articles

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West, Bruce and Laing American band

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Mississippi Queen song by Mountain

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  1. "Leslie West & Mountain 9pm". WAIL995 . Retrieved March 23, 2019.
  2. Mountain - Climbing! (1970) album review by Matthew Greenwald at
  3. 1 2 Christgau, Robert (1981). "Consumer Guide '70s: M". Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies . Ticknor & Fields. ISBN   089919026X . Retrieved March 8, 2019 via