Colombo Lighthouse

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Colombo Lighthouse
Galbokka Point
ColomboPortLighthouse.jpg
Colombo Lighthouse
Colombo Lighthouse
LocationGalbokka Point
Colombo
Sri Lanka
Coordinates 6°56′11″N79°50′27″E / 6.936298°N 79.840766°E / 6.936298; 79.840766 Coordinates: 6°56′11″N79°50′27″E / 6.936298°N 79.840766°E / 6.936298; 79.840766
Constructed1820s (first)
Constructionstone tower
Tower height15 metres (49 ft)
Tower shapecylindrical tower with balcony and lantern on a 1-storey building
Markingsunpainted tower, the seaward side is painted in a black and white checkered pattern
OperatorSri Lanka Ports Authority [1]
First lit1952 (current)
Focal height26 metres (85 ft)
Light sourcemains power
Range15 nautical miles (28 km; 17 mi)
Characteristic Fl (3) W 10s.
Admiralty no.F0804
NGA no.27332
ARLHS no.SLI-005

Colombo Lighthouse is a Lighthouse in Colombo in Sri Lanka and it is operated and maintained by the Sri Lanka Ports Authority. It is located at Galbokka Point south of the Port of Colombo on the waterfront along the marine drive, in Colombo fort.

Contents

History

The Colombo lighthouse at Colombo Harbour Colombo Port Lighthouse.jpg
The Colombo lighthouse at Colombo Harbour

The current 29-metre-high (95 ft) lighthouse was built in 1952 after the Old Colombo Lighthouse was deactivated when its light became obscured by nearby buildings as part of the Colombo Harbor Expansion project. It was opened by Rt Hon D.S. Senanayake, the first prime minister of Ceylon. Built on a concrete base which is 12 m (39 ft) high, it has four statues of lions at its base.

Due to the panoramic view of the Indian Ocean it offered, it became a city landmark. With the escalation of the Sri Lankan Civil War, public access to the site was restricted. This was due to its placement in a high-security zone as it is across the street from the Naval Headquarters and close proximity of the Port of Colombo.

Gun salute

Located at its base is a naval gun battery that is used by the Sri Lanka Navy for its traditional gun salutes. [2] By tradition the Navy accords a 25-gun salute to the nation on the National day, which is 4 February each year. The tradition originated when the sailors of the Ceylon Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve fired a 15- Gun Salute at the Galle Face Green on the first Independence Day on 4 February 1948. With the formation of the Royal Ceylon Navy, HMCyS Vijaya, the first warship of the navy according a 25-gun salute on 4 February 1951 with its single QF 4-inch naval gun. In 1952 two additional QF 4-inch naval guns were brought from the United Kingdom and mounted at Galle Buck Bay in the Colombo harbour in preparation of the Royal visit of Princess Elizabeth, which did not occur as she returned halfway due to the death of her father the King. Royal Ceylon Navy awarded a 56 gun salute on the day of the King's funeral. After HMCyS Vijaya was decommissioned its QF 4-inch naval gun was added to the battery. The guns were moved to the lighthouse and fired the gun salute since 2000. In 2000, three 52 mm guns were installed, having been gifted from the Indian Navy which are now used to fire the gun salutes. In 2021, the independence day gun salute was fired from SLNS Samudura. [3]

See also

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References

  1. Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of Sri Lanka". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill . Retrieved 1 April 2016.
  2. Gun salutes by the Sri Lanka Navy
  3. "Naval gun battery booms on Independence Day to honour the nation". navy.lk. Sri Lanka Navy. Retrieved 9 February 2021.