Comparison of source-code-hosting facilities

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A source-code-hosting facility (also known as forge) is a file archive and web hosting facility for source code of software, documentation, web pages, and other works, accessible either publicly or privately. They are often used by open-source software projects and other multi-developer projects to maintain revision and version history, or version control. Many repositories provide a bug tracking system, and offer release management, mailing lists, and wiki-based project documentation. Software authors generally retain their copyright when software is posted to a code hosting facilities.


General information

NameDeveloperInitial release Free server? Free client?Associated collaborative development environment Notes
Assembla Assembla, Inc2005NoUn­knownUn­known
Azure DevOps Services Microsoft 2012 [1] NoNoAzure DevOps Services

Microsoft Visual Studio

Most features are free for open source projects or teams of 5 members or less [2]
Bitbucket Atlassian 2008NoNoAtlassian BitBucket Server, JIRA and Confluence Denies service to Cuba, Iran, North Korea, Sudan, Syria [3]
Buddy Buddy, LLC.2015NoNoUn­knownCloud version free for 1 project with no limit on size. Self-hosted version free up to 10 users with Fair Source license [4] applied.
CloudForge CollabNet 2012NoUn­knownUn­known
Gitea Gitea organization (open source community) [5] 2016-12 [6] YesYes Gitea Gitea is an open-source software tool funded on Open Collective that is designed for self-hosting, but also provides a free first-party instance.
GForge The GForge Group,Inc. [7] 2006PartialYesCloud version – free up to 5 users. On-premises version – free up to 5 users. GForge is free for open source projects.
GitHub Microsoft/GitHub, Inc2008-04NoNoUn­knownDenies service to Crimea, North Korea, Sudan, Syria [8]

List of government takedown requests

GitLab GitLab Inc.2011-09 [9] Partial [10] Yes [11] GitLab FOSS – free software
GitLab Enterprise Edition (EE) – proprietary
Denies service to Crimea, Cuba, Iran, North Korea, Sudan, Syria [12]
GNU Savannah Free Software Foundation 2001-01YesYes Savane For use by projects with GPL compatible licenses, subject to staff approval.

Code access review. [13]

Helix TeamHub Perforce Software 1995NoNoCloud version – free up to 5 users. On-premises version requires a license.Free cloud version has no limits on projects within 5gb storage limit.

On-premises version has DevOps pipeline technology and free replicas.

Launchpad Canonical 2004YesNoLaunchpadSupports Bazaar and Git for version-controlled repository hosting. [14] [15]
OSDN OSDN K.K.2002–04Un­knownYesUn­knownFor open-source projects only. [16] Ad-supported. Comunes Collective 2002YesYes FusionForge For free software, free culture and free content projects.
OW2 OW22008NoNo GitLab Oriented on middleware technology.
Phabricator Phacility, Inc2010YesYes Phabricator End of life. [17]
SEUL Un­known1997-05Un­knownNoUn­known
SourceForge BizX LLC1999-11Yes [18] [19] Yes Apache Allura For use by open-source projects. [20] Ad-supported.
Subject to American export restrictions, so denies service to Cuba, Iran, North Korea, Sudan, Syria. [21]
NameManagerEstablishedServer side: all free softwareClient side: all-free JS codeDeveloped or used CDENotes


NameCode reviewBug trackingWeb hostingWikiTranslation systemShell serverMailing listForumPersonal repositoryPrivate repositoryAnnounceBuild systemTeamRelease binariesSelf-hosting
Assembla Yes [22] YesYesYesYesNoNoNoYesYes [23] YesYesYesUn­knownCommercially [24]
Azure DevOps Services YesYesYesYesNoNoYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesCommercially (Azure DevOps Server)
Bitbucket Yes [25] Yes [lower-alpha 1] Yes [26] YesNoNoNoNoYesYes [lower-alpha 2] NoYes [27] YesNo [28] Commercially (Bitbucket Server formerly Stash) [lower-alpha 3]
Buddy YesYesNoNoNoNoYesYesYesYesYesYes [lower-alpha 4] YesYesYes
CloudForge Un­knownYesYesYesNoNoNoNoUn­knownUn­knownUn­knownUn­knownUn­knownUn­knownNo
GForge YesYesYesYesYesNoYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYes
Gitea YesYesNoYesNoNoNoNoYesYesUn­known3rd-party (e.g. Travis CI, Appveyor and others) [29] YesYesYes
GitHub Yes [30] Yes [31] [lower-alpha 5] Yes [32] YesNoNoNoNoYesYesYesYes [33] YesYesCommercially (GitHub Enterprise)
GitLab Yes [34] YesYes [35] YesNoNoNoNoYesYesYesYes [36] YesYes [37] Yes [lower-alpha 6]
GNU Savannah Yes [38] YesYesNoNoYesYesNo [39] NoNoYesNoYesUn­knownYes
Helix TeamHub Yes [40] YesNoYesNoNoYesYesYesYesNoYes, with hooks. Jenkins, TeamCity, etc.NoYesYes
Kallithea YesNoYesNoNoUn­knownNoNoYesYesNoNoYesYesYes
Launchpad YesYesNoNoYesNoYesNoYesYes [lower-alpha 7] YesYes [lower-alpha 8] YesUn­knownYes
OSDN YesYesYesYesNoYesYesYesYesNoYesNoYesYesNo Un­knownYesYesYesNoUn­knownYesYesUn­knownUn­knownUn­knownUn­knownUn­knownUn­knownYes
Phabricator YesYesYesYesUn­knownYesUn­knownYesUn­knownUn­knownUn­knownUn­knownUn­knownUn­knownYes
RhodeCode YesNoYesNoNoUn­knownNoNoYesYesYesNoYesYesYes
SourceForge YesYesYesYesNoYesYesYesYesYes [lower-alpha 9] YesNoYesYesYes
NameCode reviewBug trackingWeb hostingWikiTranslation systemShell serverMailing listForumPersonal repositoryPrivate repositoryAnnounceBuild systemTeamRelease binariesSelf-hosting

Version control systems

Name CVS Git Hg SVN BZR TFVC Arch Perforce Fossil
Assembla NoYesNoYesNoNoNoYesNo
Azure DevOps Services NoYesNoNoNoYesNoNoNo
Bitbucket NoYesUntil Feb 2020 [lower-alpha 3] NoNoNoNoNoNo
Buddy NoYesNoNoNoNoNoNoNo
CloudForge NoYesNoYesNoNoNoNoNo
GForge YesYesNoYesNoNoNoNoNo
Gitea NoYesNoNoNoNoNoNoNo
GitHub NoYesNoPartial [41] NoNoNoNoNo
GitLab NoYesNoNoNoNoNoNoNo
GNU Savannah YesYesYesYesYes [42] NoYesNoNo
Kallithea NoYesYesNoNoNoNoNoNo
Launchpad Import onlyYes [15] [43] Import only [44] Import onlyYesNoNoNoUn­known
OSDN YesYesYesYesYesNoNoUn­knownUn­known YesNoNoYesNoNoNoUn­knownUn­known
OW2 Dropped [45] YesNoDropped [45] NoNoNoNoNo
Helix TeamHub NoYesYesYesNoNoNoYesNo
Phabricator NoYesYesYesNoNoNoNoNo
RhodeCode NoYesYesYesNoNoNoNoNo YesNoNoYesNoNoNoUn­knownUn­known
SourceForge Dropped [46] YesYesYesDropped [47] NoNoUn­knownNo [48]
Name CVS Git Hg SVN BZR TFVC Arch Perforce Fossil


Assembla Un­known526,581+ [49]
Bitbucket 5,000,000 [50] Un­known
Buddy Un­knownUn­known
CloudForge Un­knownUn­known
Gitea Un­knownUn­known
GitHub 94,000,000 [51] 330,000,000 [51]
GitLab 31,190,000 [52] 546,000 [53] [lower-alpha 10]
GNU Savannah 93,346 [54] 3,848 [54]
Launchpad 3,965,288 [55] 40,881 [56]
OSDN 54,826 [57] 6,294 [57] 6,353 [58] 1,846 [58]
OW2 Un­knownUn­known
SEUL Un­knownUn­known
SourceForge 3,700,000 [59] 500,000 [59]

Discontinued: CodePlex, Gna!, Google Code.

Specialized hosting facilities

The following are open-source software hosting facilities that only serve a specific narrowly focused community or technology.

NameAd-free CVS Git SVN Arch Notes
Drupal YesNoYesNoNoOnly for Drupal related projects. YesNoYesNoNoOnly for interoperability and shared base technology for free software desktop environments on Linux and other Unix-like operating systems, including the X Window System (X11) and cairo (graphics). YesYesUn­knownNoNoOnly for Mozilla-related projects.
NameAd-free CVS Git SVN Arch Notes

Former hosting facilities

See also


  1. Anyone can submit Bug Reports without logging in.
  2. Limited to 5 users on free plan (see Pricing –
  3. 1 2 Self hosted version is known as BitBucket Server and only supports Git repositories
  4. Builds are run in Docker containers
  5. Requires one to log in to report a Bug.
  6. Has an open source FOSS edition and commercial Enterprise Edition
  7. Currently only available for security vulnerability updates
  8. Ubuntu
  9. Private repositories can be used to set up a project before going live. However, SourceForge requires that the project remains open source. See SourceForge Support.
  10. GitLab is not fundamentally organized by projects, so the count is somewhat difficult.

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Git</span> Software for version control of files

Git is a distributed version control system: tracking changes in any set of files, usually used for coordinating work among programmers collaboratively developing source code during software development. Its goals include speed, data integrity, and support for distributed, non-linear workflows.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mantis Bug Tracker</span> Bug tracking system

Mantis Bug Tracker is a free and open source, web-based bug tracking system. The most common use of MantisBT is to track software defects. However, MantisBT is often configured by users to serve as a more generic issue tracking system and project management tool.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">GForge</span>

GForge is a commercial service originally based on the Alexandria software behind SourceForge, a web-based project management and collaboration system which was licensed under the GPL. Open source versions of the GForge code were released from 2002 to 2009, at which point the company behind GForge focused on their proprietary service offering which provides project hosting, version control, code reviews, ticketing, release management, continuous integration and messaging. The FusionForge project emerged in 2009 to pull together open-source development efforts from the variety of software forks which had sprung up.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mercurial</span> Distributed revision-control tool for software developers

Mercurial is a distributed revision control tool for software developers. It is supported on Microsoft Windows and Unix-like systems, such as FreeBSD, macOS, and Linux.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Launchpad (website)</span>

Launchpad is a web application and website that allows users to develop and maintain software, particularly open-source software. It is developed and maintained by Canonical Ltd.

In FOSS development communities, a forge is a web-based collaborative software platform for both developing and sharing computer applications. The term forge refers to a common prefix or suffix adopted by various platforms created after the example of SourceForge. This usage of the word stems from the metalworking forge, used for shaping metal parts.

GitHub, Inc. is an Internet hosting service for software development and version control using Git. It provides the distributed version control of Git plus access control, bug tracking, software feature requests, task management, continuous integration, and wikis for every project. Headquartered in California, it has been a subsidiary of Microsoft since 2018.

Bitbucket is a Git-based source code repository hosting service owned by Atlassian. Bitbucket offers both commercial plans and free accounts with an unlimited number of private repositories.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Assembla</span>

Assembla is a web-based version control and source code management software as a service provider for enterprises. It was founded in 2005 and acquired by San Antonio Venture Equity firm Scaleworks in 2016. It offers Git, Perforce Helix Core and Apache Subversion repository management, integrations with other enterprise software such as Trello, Slack and JIRA as well as the Cornerstone Subversion client for macOS. Assembla also offers integrations with customers' managed private clouds.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">OSDN</span> Web-hosted software development forge service including source code repository management

OSDN is a web-based collaborative development environment for open-source software projects. It provides source code repositories and web hosting services. With features similar to SourceForge, it acts as a centralized location for open-source software developers.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gitorious</span>

Gitorious was a free and open source web application for hosting collaborative free and open-source software development projects using Git revision control. Although it was freely available to be downloaded and installed, it was written primarily as the basis for the Gitorious shared web hosting service at, until it was acquired by GitLab in 2015.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">LightDM</span> Free, open-source X display manager

LightDM is a free and open-source X display manager that aims to be lightweight, fast, extensible and multi-desktop. It can use various front-ends to draw User Interface, also called Greeters. It also supports Wayland.

In version control systems, a repository is a data structure that stores metadata for a set of files or directory structure. Depending on whether the version control system in use is distributed, like Git or Mercurial, or centralized, like Subversion, CVS, or Perforce, the whole set of information in the repository may be duplicated on every user's system or may be maintained on a single server. Some of the metadata that a repository contains includes, among other things, a historical record of changes in the repository, a set of commit objects, and a set of references to commit objects, called heads.

Travis CI is a hosted continuous integration service used to build and test software projects hosted on GitHub, Bitbucket, GitLab, Perforce, Apache Subversion and Assembla.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">GitLab</span> Open-source Git software package

GitLab Inc. is an open-core company that operates GitLab, a DevOps software package that combines the ability to develop, secure, and operate software in a single application. The open source software project was created by Ukrainian developer Dmitriy Zaporozhets and Dutch developer Sytse Sijbrandij. In 2018, GitLab Inc. was considered the first partly-Ukrainian unicorn.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gitter</span> Open source messaging software

Gitter is an open-source instant messaging and chat room system for developers and users of GitLab and GitHub repositories. Gitter is provided as software-as-a-service, with a free option providing all basic features and the ability to create a single private chat room, and paid subscription options for individuals and organisations, which allows them to create arbitrary numbers of private chat rooms.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">AppVeyor</span>

AppVeyor is a hosted, distributed continuous integration service used to build and test projects hosted on GitHub and other source code hosting services on a Microsoft Windows virtual machine, as well as Ubuntu Linux virtual machines. AppVeyor is a privately-held Canadian corporation founded in 2011.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gitea</span> Free forge based on Git written in Go, as a fork of Gogs

Gitea is a forge software package for hosting software development version control using Git as well as other collaborative features like bug tracking, code review, kanban boards, tickets, and wikis. It supports self-hosting but also provides a free public first-party instance. It is a fork of Gogs and is written in Go. Gitea can be hosted on all platforms supported by Go including Linux, macOS, and Windows. The project is funded on Open Collective.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Magit</span> Emacs interface for the Git version control system

Magit is an interface to the Git version control system (a Git Client), implemented as a GNU Emacs package written in Elisp. It is made available through the MELPA package repository, on which it is the most-downloaded non-library package, with almost three million downloads as of July 2021.


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