Congress for Progressive Change

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Congress for Progressive Change
Chairman Tony Momoh
Secretary-General Buba Galadima
Founded2009 (2009) [1]
Dissolved2013
Merged into All Progressives Congress
HeadquartersPlot 1132 Utako District, Abuja [2]
Ideology Progressivism
Federalism
Social market economy
Social conservatism
Political position Centre
ColoursPale blue

The Congress for Progressive Change (CPC) was a political party founded in Nigeria in 2009 in preparation for the April 2011 elections. [1] It was the 63rd political party to be founded in the country and also the most recent political party to be registered in Nigeria. [3]

Nigeria Federal republic in West Africa

Nigeria, officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria, is a country in West Africa, bordering Niger in the north, Chad in the northeast, Cameroon in the east, and Benin in the west. Its coast in the south is located on the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean. The federation comprises 36 states and 1 Federal Capital Territory, where the capital, Abuja, is located. The constitution defines Nigeria as a democratic secular state.

Contents

In February 2013 the party merged with the Action Congress of Nigeria, the All Nigeria Peoples Party, and the All Progressives Grand Alliance to form the All Progressives Congress. [4]

Action Congress of Nigeria political party

The Action Congress of Nigeria (ACN), formerly known as Action Congress (AC), was a Nigerian political party formed via the merger of a faction of Alliance for Democracy, the Justice Party, the Advance Congress of Democrats, and several other minor political parties in September 2006. The party controlled Lagos. It was regarded as a natural successor to the progressive politics more closely associated with the Action Group and Unity Party of Nigeria (UPN) led by Chief Obafemi Awolowo in the First and Second Republics respectively. However, criticism of the party's more pragmatic and less ideological political outlook associated with AG and UPN, has made many argue it was less of a worthy political heir. The Party had strong presence in the South West, Mid-West and North Central Regions. Lagos, Edo, Ekiti, Kogi, Ondo, Bauchi, Plateau, Niger, Adamawa, Oyo and Osun states by far accounts for majority of the party's presence and discernible power base.

The All Nigeria Peoples Party (ANPP) was a political party in Nigeria.

All Progressives Grand Alliance

The All Progressives Grand Alliance (APGA) is a political party in Nigeria. At the legislative elections held on 12 April 2003, the party won 1.4% of popular votes and 2 of 360 seats in the House of Representatives of Nigeria and no seats in the Senate. Its candidate at the presidential elections of 19 April 2003, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu, won 3.3% of the vote.

Foundation

The Congress for Progressive Change originated in The Buhari Organization (TBO) formed in 2006 by General Muhammadu Buhari, a former military ruler of Nigeria, and his associates. [5] The first National Chairman was Kano Central senator Rufai Hanga. [6] After the All Nigeria Peoples Party (ANPP) nominated Buhari as its 2007 presidential candidate, TBO worked with the ANPP in the election campaign, but there was friction between the two groups. Following the April 2007 elections, in which President Umaru Yar'adua was elected, Buhari instituted a court appeal against the result. The ANPP decided to join Yar'Adua in his government of national unity, and attempted to persuade Buhari to withdraw the suit, indicating lack of full support for Buhari in the ANPP. Buhari decided that he needed a new platform to support his political ambitions. [5]

Muhammadu Buhari Nigerian president

Muhammadu Buhari is a Nigerian politician currently serving as the President of Nigeria, in office since 2015. He is a retired major general in the Nigerian Army and previously served as the nation's head of state from 31 December 1983 to 27 August 1985, after taking power in a military coup d'état. The term Buharism is ascribed to the Buhari military government.

The Congress for Progressive Change filed an application to register with the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) on 26 March 2009, and received official approval and registration on 28 December 2009. [1] The majority of its initial members were formerly members of the All Nigeria People's Party (ANPP). [3] Buhari formally left the ANPP and joined the CPC in March 2010. He said that he had supported foundation of the CPC "as a solution to the debilitating, ethical and ideological conflicts in my former party the ANPP". [1] In January 2011 a former Information Minister, Prince Tony Momoh, became the National Chairman of the party. The National Secretary of the party was Engineer Buba Galadima, a founding member. Rufai Hanga, the former chairman and now an aspirant for governor of Kano State, was present at the meeting where Momoh was selected. [7]

Independent National Electoral Commission Nigerian electoral body

The Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC), set up in 1998, is the electoral body which was set up to oversee elections in Nigeria.

Prince Tony Momoh is a Nigerian journalist and politician who was Nigerian Minister of Information and Culture (1986–1990) during the military regime of General Ibrahim Babangida.

Ideology

The agenda of the CPC lies towards the left wing of the political spectrum, supporting individual liberty, rights and social welfare for the less privileged. The party advocates political liberalism, as originated by the American philosopher, John Rawls. The party's manifesto insists on the amendment of the Nigerian constitution with the view of devolving powers, duties and responsibilities to states and local governments in order to entrench federalism and the federal spirit. [8] The party constitution is silent on the issue of zoning, a common practice in Nigeria under which key positions are allocated in rotation to representatives from each region of the country. [7]

John Rawls American political philosopher

John Bordley Rawls was an American moral and political philosopher in the liberal tradition. Rawls received both the Schock Prize for Logic and Philosophy and the National Humanities Medal in 1999, the latter presented by President Bill Clinton, in recognition of how Rawls's work "helped a whole generation of learned Americans revive their faith in democracy itself."

April 2011 elections

There were various problems with ballot papers in the April 2011 elections. The CPC found, just before the elections, that its logo was missing from ballot papers in some constituencies of Ogun, Jigawa, Gombe, Anambra, Imo and Rivers states. Prince Tony Momoh protested in a strong letter to Professor Attahiru Jega, chairman of the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC). He described the omission as "a premeditated attempt to prevent our numerous supporters from voting for those they believe can bring the change they demand to their lives". [9]

Ogun State State in Nigeria

Ogun State is a state in southwestern Nigeria. Created in 1976, it borders Lagos State to the south, Oyo and Osun states to the north, Ondo to the east and the Republic of Benin to the west. Abeokuta is the capital and largest city in the state. The state's appellation is "Gateway to Nigeria". It was created in February 1976 from the former Western State. The 2006 census recorded a total population of 3,751,140 residents.

Jigawa State State in Nigeria

Jigawa is a state in northwestern Nigeria. Its capital is Dutse.

Gombe State State in Nigeria

Gombe, usually referred to as Gombe State to distinguish it from the city of Gombe, is located in the northeastern part of Nigeria, is one of the country's 36 states; its capital is Gombe. The boundaries of the state roughly correspond to those of the Tangale-Waja Chiefdom and Gombe Emirate, a traditional state.

Although the CPC had rapidly gained support in the North of Nigeria, fielding many candidates in the National elections in April 2011, it did not have the same financial resources as the incumbent People's Democratic Party (PDP). [5] Elections were held for most seats in the National Assembly Senate and House of Representatives on 9 April 2011, although some had to be delayed due to problems with ballot papers. In the first round of elections held on 9 April, the CPC came third in both Senate and House seats gained. In the Senate, the PDP won 53 seats, followed by the ACN (Action Congress of Nigeria) with 13 seats, CPC 6 seats, ANPP 4 seats and other parties took 4 seats. In the House, the PDP gained 123 seats, ACN 45, CPC 21, ANPP 11 and other parties 18 seats. [10]

Mohammadu Buhari ran as CPC candidate in the presidential election held on 16 April 2011. He won 12,214,853 votes, coming second to the incumbent president Goodluck Jonathan of the PDP, who polled 22,495,187 votes and was declared the winner. [11] The election, considered to have been conducted much more fairly than past contests, revealed extreme polarization between North and South. Buhari won in all the northern states, while Jonathan won in all middle-belt and south states apart from Osun State, where Nuhu Ribadu gained the most votes. Turnout was considerably higher in the south than in the north, although the north has more voters. [12] Following the election, the CPC said it was considering going to court to challenge the result, which it said was marred by widespread irregularities, particularly in the South East and South South zones. [11]

Subsequent events

In an interview in November 2011, former Senator Rufai Hanga stated that he had not resigned as chairman to contest the Kano State governorship election. He said he was still chairman of the party, and had gone to court to get this recognized. [13] In February 2012, Chief Dennis Aghanya, a leading member of the Hanga faction, said the CPC must resolve internal disputes. He also criticized the Momoh faction for constantly making confrontational statements after each political development in the country, saying "Society looks at us as a bunch of rascals". [14] In February 2012, Rufai Hanga served notice through the Federal High Court, Abuja on the CPC national secretariat to vacate their premises which they were renting from him. In March 2012, he said he was not proceeding with the action. [6] CPC is currenting undertaking meetings to merge with other paties including ACN and other parties

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 Emeka Mamah (18 March 2010). "Buhari Joins Congress for Progressive Change". Vanguard. Retrieved 22 April 2011.
  2. Ahuraka Yusuf Isah (17 March 2011). "Bauchi Guber - Court to Hear Case Against Cpc Candidate". Leadership. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  3. 1 2 "CPC: The meteoric rise of a phenomenon". Vanguard. 1 April 2011. Retrieved 22 April 2011.
  4. Maram, Mazen (7 February 2013). "Nigerian Biggest Opposition Parties Agree to Merge". Bloomberg. Retrieved 11 February 2013.
  5. 1 2 3 Taiwo Adisa (13 March 2011). "Buhari in the North Myth or reality?". Nigerian Tribune. Archived from the original on 16 April 2011. Retrieved 2011-02-22.
  6. 1 2 Abbas Jimoh (2 March 2012). "Why I stopped CPC eviction –Sen Hanga". Daily Trust. Archived from the original on 11 June 2013. Retrieved 12 May 2012.
  7. 1 2 Tordue Salem (7 January 2011). "Tony Momoh emerges CPC National Chairman". Vanguard. Retrieved 22 February 2011.
  8. Oboro Andaolotu (19 March 2011). "Buhari CPC And Political Liberalism". Sahara Reporters. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  9. OBIORA IFOH (3 April 2011). "CPC's logo missing in ballot paper: 'It's designed to rig us out'". National Mirror. Archived from the original on 20 March 2012. Retrieved 22 April 2011.
  10. "Summary". Nigeria Elections Coalition. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  11. 1 2 Festus Owete (21 April 2011). "Congress for Progressive Change considers going to court". Next. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 22 April 2011.
  12. "Nigeria election: Riots over Goodluck Jonathan win". BBC News. 18 April 2011. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  13. OBIORA IFOH (7 November 2011). "Why CPC lost April elections – Senator Hanga". National Mirror. Retrieved 12 May 2012.[ permanent dead link ]
  14. Onyebuchi Ezigbo (15 February 2012). "'Internal Wrangling Portrays CPC as Rascals'". ThisDay. Archived from the original on 1 May 2012. Retrieved 12 May 2012.

Further reading