Crystals (Sam Rivers album)

Last updated
Crystals
Crystals(album).jpg
Studio album by
Released1974 (1974)
RecordedMarch 4, 1974
StudioGeneration Sound Studios, New York
Genre Jazz
Length40:30
Label Impulse!
Producer Ed Michel
Sam Rivers chronology
Hues
(1973)
Crystals
(1974)
Sizzle
(1975)
Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
AllMusic Star full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svg [1]
The Rolling Stone Jazz Record Guide Star full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svg [2]

Crystals is an album by Sam Rivers released by Impulse! Records in 1974 in a stereo/quadraphonic format.

Contents

Criticism

Jazz critic Thom Jurek wrote: “Musically, this is the mature Sam Rivers speaking from the wide base of his knowledge as a composer, improviser and conceptualist.” [3]

Background

It had been over a decade since Ornette Coleman had worked with his Free Jazz Double Quartet, nine years since John Coltrane assembled his Ascension band, and six since the first Jazz Composers' Orchestra Association was formed and whose first records were issued (a couple of members of that band also performing with Rivers on this record) and the compositions for what eventually became Crystals were written between 1959 and 1972. They were finished as new elements came to him to fit them together conceptually. [4]

The album was released by Impulse! in September 1974, and was out of print after a few years. It was re-released in CD form in 2002 (with Rivers' original liner notes), and available for three years through Universal Distribution. [5]

The compositions were recorded over a period of five or six hours [6] by an ensemble sometimes reported as 14 musicians: 3 trumpets, 2 trombones, tuba, 5 reeds, bass, and 2 drummers. Other musicians listed in the vinyl liner notes were present in rehearsals (and their contributions incorporated in the final results) but not the recording.

Track listing

  1. "Exultation" – 8:25
  2. "Tranquility" – 8:58
  3. "Postlude" – 2:31
  4. "Bursts" – 6:51
  5. "Orb" – 9:36
  6. "Earth Song" – 4:09

Personnel

Including Rivers, this big band numbers 'sixty-four' musicians, [7] including:

Credits from AllMusic include 62 musicians (not including Maker): [8]

Flugelhorn, trumpet

Trombone

Tuba

Horn

Flute, saxophone

Woodwinds

Bass violin

Percussion

Production

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References

  1. Allmusic review
  2. Swenson, J., ed. (1985). The Rolling Stone Jazz Record Guide . U.S.: Random House/Rolling Stone. p.  168. ISBN   0-394-72643-X.
  3. All Music Guide to Jazz
  4. All Music Guide to Jazz
  5. http://www.pointofdeparture.org/PoD56/PoD56PageOne2.html
  6. http://www.bb10k.com/RIVERS.disc.html
  7. http://www.allmusic.com/album/crystals-mw0000222039
  8. http://www.allmusic.com/album/crystals-mw0000222039/credits