|Place of origin||South Korea|
|Associated national cuisine||Korean cuisine|
|Main ingredients||Sugar, baking soda|
|Similar dishes||Honeycomb toffee|
Dalgona (달고나) or ppopgi (뽑기) is a Korean candy made with melted sugar and baking soda. It was a popular street snack in the 1970s and 1980s,and is still eaten as a retro food. When a pinch of baking soda is mixed into melted sugar,the thermal decomposition of the baking soda releases carbon dioxide,which makes the liquidized sugar puff up,and it becomes a light and crunchy candy once cooled and hardened. Typically,the creamy beige liquid is poured on a flat surface,pressed flat,and stamped with a patterned mold. Eaters try to trim their way around the outline or picture on the snack without breaking the picture. If the trimming is completed successfully without breaking the candy,the consumer receives another free dalgona.
Modern cafes in Korea serve novel beverages where dalgona-flavoured coffee cream is heaped on top of iced tea or coffee (see:Dalgona coffee),and pastries such as scones. Some cafes also used dalgona to launch desserts such as bingsu and souffle.
Dalgona was a significant element of the Netflix series Squid Game ,with a deadly version of the Dalgona challenge being the second game played in the series. The success of the series lead to a revival of the candy's popularity in South Korea. Sales of the candy have doubled for street vendors.People have also taken to social media to make their own candy at home as a challenge.
Dalgona was originally a term specific for expensive candies that use glucose which did not use a mold,while ppopgi was originally candies that use sugar and thus could be easily molded into shapes such as stars and circles. Due to problems with dalgona regarding its susceptibility to mould,the word dalgona began to refer to the same food as ppopgi.In Gyeonggi Province,including Seoul and Incheon,it was mainly called dalgona and ppopgi,but the names vary from region to region.
From the 1970-80s to the early 2000s,when the popularity of ppopgi was in full swing,the media had little influence,so the names were different for each region. However,generations later,the spread of smartphones and the influence of the media have increased,and the influence of the Seoul/Gyeonggi region,which is naturally exposed to the media,has increased. Since then,these regional names have lost their power,and most middle and high school students now simply call them dalgona.
|Look up dalgona in Wiktionary,the free dictionary.|
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Dalgona coffee is a beverage made by whipping equal parts instant coffee powder,sugar,and hot water until it becomes creamy and then adding it to cold or hot milk. Occasionally,it is topped with coffee powder,cocoa,crumbled biscuits,or honey. It was popularized on social media during the COVID-19 pandemic,when people refraining from going out started making videos of whipping the coffee at home,by hand without using electrical mixers. The name is derived from dalgona,a Korean sugar sweet,due to the resemblance in taste and appearance,though most dalgona coffee doesn't actually contain dalgona.