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Genre Action
Science fiction
Created by Gerry Conway
Carla Conway
Developed byKayte Kuch
Larry Parr
Sheryl Scarborough
Directed byRay Lee
Steven Hahn
Starring Charles Adler
Jack Angel
Cam Clarke
Townsend Coleman
Joe Colligan
Peter Cullen
Ike Eisenmann
Dan Gilvezan
Noelle North
Rob Paulsen
Patrick Pinney
Frank Welker
ComposersHaim Saban
Shuki Levy
Udi Harpaz
Country of originUnited States
No. of seasons1
No. of episodes14
Running timeapproximately 23 min
(per episode)
Production companies Marvel Productions
Tyco Toys
—Animation by—
Hanho Heung-Up Co., Ltd.
(South Korean Animation Studio, episodes 1 & 2)
AKOM Productions Ltd.
(South Korean Animation Studio, episodes 3-13)
Distributor New World Television
Original network First-run syndication
Original releaseOctober 1 (1988-10-01) 
December 31, 1988 (1988-12-31) [1]

Dino-Riders is an animated television series that first aired in 1988. [1] Dino-Riders was primarily a promotional show to launch a new Tyco toy line. [2] Only fourteen episodes were produced, three of which were produced on VHS for the United States. [2] The show aired in the U.S. as part of the Marvel Action Universe programming block. [3]


The series focuses on the battle between the heroic Valorians and the evil Rulon Alliance on prehistoric Earth. [2] The Valorians were a superhuman race, while the Rulons comprised several breeds of humanoids (ants, crocodiles, snakes, and sharks were the most common). Both races came from the future but were transported back in time to the age of dinosaurs. Once on Earth, the Valorians befriended dinosaurs, while the Rulons brainwashed them. [2]

Ownership of the series passed to Disney in 2001 when Disney acquired Fox Kids Worldwide, which also includes Marvel Productions. The series is not available on Disney+. [4] [5] [6]


The Valorians were a species of peaceful humanoids who lived on the planet Valoria until they were invaded by the predatory Rulons. [2] A group of Valorians lead by Questar attempted to escape the Rulon invasion using a spaceship equipped with their "Space Time Energy Projector" (S.T.E.P.); however, something went wrong. They were sent back in time and space, to the planet Earth 65 million years back to the age of the dinosaurs. [2] Unknown to them, the Rulon flagship, the Dreadlock, locked in with a tractor beam, was also sent back through time when the S.T.E.P. was activated. [2]

After successfully landing on prehistoric Earth, the Valorians used their AMP ("Amplified Mental Projector") necklaces to telepathically communicate with the dinosaurs they encountered and eventually befriended them. [2] On the other hand, the Rulons - led by the warlord Krulos - used brainwashing devices known as brain-boxes to control dinosaurs for their own needs. [2] The Rulons then launched an attack on the Valorians, who called upon their dinosaur friends to assist them in fighting back. After ultimately defeating the Rulons, the Valorians renamed themselves Dino-Riders.

In regard to the dinosaur (and other animal) species present, the series is extremely anachronistic, showing late Cretaceous species like Tyrannosaurus rex alongside species from earlier eras such as dinosaurs from the Triassic, and Jurassic, including the Permian genus Dimetrodon , which lived 200 million years earlier, before dinosaurs existed.

It also show several Ice Age animals such as the Woolly Mammoth and the Smilodon, living alongside Archaeotherium, which lived during the Eocene 16 million years before the Ice Age. Plus, it shows Neanderthals coexisting with Smilodon, and the Megatherium which lived in North and South America, while Neanderthals lived in Eurasia.



The Valorians are a race of superhumans from the planet Valoria who were renamed as the Dino-Riders and the main protagonists of the series.


The Commandos are a special forces military unit within the Dino-Riders. [7]

  • Astra (voiced by Townsend Coleman) – A hardened war veteran and leader of the Commandos. Formerly a teacher at the Valorian University and once counted Questar as a student. [7]
  • Bomba (voiced by Peter Cullen) – An explosives expert who is utilized to make clearings or remove obstacles. [7]
  • Kameelian (voiced by Rob Paulsen) – Specializes in surveillance and reconnaissance. Kameelian is a master of disguise. [7]
  • Glyde (voiced by Frank Welker) – Aerial reconnaissance and artillery cover. Uses a glider to navigate through the air. [7]
  • Faze (voiced by Rob Paulsen) – Artillery expert. [7]
  • Rok – Expert in crossing rocky terrain such as mountains. [7]


The Valorians have also made allies with a tribe of Cro-Magnons . Among the known Cro-Magnons are:

  • Zar (voiced by Townsend Coleman) – Leader of a clan of Cro-Magnons. He leads his clan against the evil Neanderthals of Grom and refuses to succumb to his powers like the other tribes before him. [7]
  • Kub (voiced by Ike Eisenmann) – A young but courageous Cro-Magnon who lost his father during an earlier attack by Grom. He helps the Valorians in their fight with the Rulons ever since going with them to the past to reunite with the Dino-Riders. [7]
  • Maya (voiced by Liz Georges) – Maya is a compassionate Cro-Magnon who is the Cro-Magnon equivalent of Serena as she is the healer of the tribe. [7]


The Rulons are a race of aliens that are the enemies of the Valorians and the main antagonists of the series.


Zar's tribe of Cro-Magnons have been at war with a rogue tribe of Neanderthals . Among the known Neanderthals are:


The Dino-Riders series consisted of a single season of 14 episodes. The first two episodes were produced for release on VHS as standalone specials, the first in 1987 and the second in 1988. Also in 1988, the series transitioned to television, with a further 11 episodes being produced and added to the specials to create a standard season's worth of 13 episodes. Lastly, in 1990, an additional VHS special was produced to promote the new range of "Ice Age" figures, released as "Ice Age Adventure" (but with the on-screen title "Dino-Riders in the Ice Age"). [8] Below is a list of each episode along with the date it first aired. [1]

Episode #TitleWritten byAiredSynopsis
1"The Adventure Begins" Gerry Conway and Carla Conway1987 (VHS release)
October 1, 1988 (airdate)
While trying to escape from the Rulons, the Valorians end up on prehistoric Earth and settle down with the various dinosaurs. However, the Rulons have been taken to Earth as well and are determined to return to their own time at any cost.
2"Revenge of the Rulons"Michael WalkerOctober 8, 1988Llahd is taken prisoner by the Rulons, who are also planning to steal the S.T.E.P.
3"The Rulon Stampede"Larry ParrOctober 15, 1988Krulos plans to steal the S.T.E.P. crystal by sending a dinosaur stampede through the Dino-Riders' camp.
4"The Blue Skies of Earth"Kayte Kuch and Sheryl ScarboroughOctober 22, 1988The Dino-Riders practice their flying skills while Hammerhead and Rasp fight for Krulos' favor.
5"Toro, Toro, Torosaurus"Paul Kirshner (story),
Kayte Kuch, Sheryl Scarborough, and Donald F. Glut (teleplay)
October 29, 1988When Llhad runs off, the Dino-Riders split up to look for him, giving Krulos an opportunity to attack.
6"T-Rex" Christy Marx November 5, 1988Turret feels that he's of no use to his fellow Dino-Riders. Meanwhile, Krulos steals a baby Tyrannosaurus to get its parents to attack the Dino-Riders' camp.
7"Krulos"Kayte Kuch and Sheryl ScarboroughNovember 12, 1988Krulos' exo-suit is damaged by an earthquake and his subordinates plan to steal his position.
8"Tagg, You're It!"Donald F. GlutNovember 19, 1988Tagg discovers that the Rulons are digging their way underground to the Dino-Riders' camp but is captured.
9"Thanksgiving"Alan SwayzeNovember 26, 1988The Dino-Riders' Thanksgiving celebration threatens to be ruined by the Rulons damming up the river.
10"To Lose the Path"Alan SwayzeDecember 3, 1988Yungstar's anger at the Rulons may remove his ability to communicate with dinosaurs.
11"Enter the Commandos"Christy MarxDecember 10, 1988The Commandos break into the Dreadlock to rescue stolen triceratops eggs.
12"Battle for the Brontosaurus" (1)Paul Kirshner (story),
Kayte Kuch and Sheryl Scarborough (teleplay)
December 17, 1988The Dino-Riders rescue a brontosaurus from the Rulons and Krulos leads an attack to get it back. However, that's not all the Rulon emperor has up his sleeve...
13"One to Lead Us" (2)Paul Kirshner (story),
Kayte Kuch and Sheryl Scarborough (teleplay)
December 24, 1988Having successfully framed Questar as a traitor, Krulos takes the brontosaurus and the S.T.E.P. crystal. Questar, the Commandoes and several others must stop him before the Rulons wipe out the Dino-Riders for good.
14"Ice Age Adventure"/"Dino-Riders in the Ice Age"Paul Kirshner1990 (VHS release)Upon the S.T.E.P. being repaired, the Dino-Riders work to keep it from being claimed by the Rulons where an accident sends the Commandos members Astra, Kameelian, Bomba, Faze, and Glyde to the Ice Age where it leads to them encountering its creatures and a tribe of Cro-Magnons led by Zar. As the Commandos work to repair the S.T.E.P. and reunite with the Dino-Riders, they must also help Zar's tribe in their fight against a Neanderthal tribe whom is being led by Grom.




In total, there were four series of Dino-Riders toys: Series 1 (1988), Series 2 (1989), Series 3 and Ice Age (1990). [9] [10] The Ice Age line focused on Ice age mammals rather than dinosaurs. [10]

The larger toys in the range also had a motorized walking action with the dinosaur's head swaying from side to side. [11] Each Rulon faction toy came with a different self-automated trap. [11]

The dinosaurs were acclaimed for their highly detailed bodies and color, and impressed the Smithsonian Institution, who contacted Tyco to reproduce the dinosaurs (without the motorized mechanisms and wheels) for their "Dinosaur and other Prehistoric Reptile Collection". [12] Dinosaur illustrator William Stout was credited for dinosaur design on the show's credits. Paleontologist Robert T. Bakker was hired as a consultant.

Series 1 (1988)

The release of the first series of Dino-Riders toys was timed to coincide with the cartoon series on television. [11] It initially consisted of 5 Valorian and 6 Rulon toys, along with eight 2-figure packs. [9] [11] A sixth Valorian toy, Torosaurus, would be released at the end of the series. [13] The Diplodocus , [14] Torosaurus, [13] Tyrannosaurus Rex , [15] and Triceratops [16] all had motorized walking mechanisms.

Diplodocus with Questar, Mind-Zei, and Aries Tyrannosaurus Rex with Krulos, Bitor, and Cobrus
Torosaurus with Gunnur and Magnus Triceratops with Hammerhead and Sidewinder
Deinonychus with Sky Deinonychus with Antor
Styracosaurus with Turret Monoclonius with Mako
Quetzalcoatlus with Yungstar Pteranodon with Rasp
Pterodactyl with Llahd Ankylosaurus with Sting

Action figures

Series 2 (1989)

The second series of Dino-Rider toys consisted of 7 new Valorian toys and 3 new Rulons, [9] [17] along with eight more 2-figure packs as well as 6 "Commandos". [18] The Commandos consisted of a human figure with unique weapons and accessories. [17]

The most notable toy from this series was the Brontosaurus , which was the largest toy in the entire range, measuring 34 inches long and 15 inches tall. [19] In an effort to keep costs down, Tyco had to abandon several features that were originally intended to be part of the figure. [20] These included motorized walking action, four figures instead of three, and an entirely different weapons system. [20]

The Stegosaurus toy had motorized walking action, [21] while the Pachycephalosaurus and Saurolophus both had a mechanism that allowed their bodies to thrust from a horizontal position with their tail in the air into a vertical position with their tail on the ground. [22] [23]

Brontosaurus with Serena, Ayce, and Ion
(also included 3 Rhamphorhynchus )
Kentrosaurus with KrokAstra, commander
Stegosaurus with Tark and Vega Saurolophus with LokusBomba, munitions expert
Edmontonia with Axis Placerias with SkateKameelian, infiltrator
Dimetrodon with ShadoGlyde, paratrooper
Pachycephalosaurus with TaggFaze, artillery expert
Struthiomimus with NimbusRok, mountain warfare expert
Protoceratops with Kanon

Action figures

Series 3 (1990)

The third series of Dino-Riders toys was split into two assortments: 3 new dinosaurs for the regular series and 4 prehistoric mammals for the new "Ice Age" concept. [9] [24] The dinosaur sets are among the rarest of the entire range due to a limited production run. [25]

The Quetzalcoatlus, originally released as a Valorian in Series 1, was re-released as a Rulon with a new yellow and spotted black paint scheme. [26] [27] The Pachyrhinosaurus had motorized walking action. [25]

Pachyrhinosaurus with Atlas Quetzalcoatlus with Algar
Chasmosaurus with Llava

Ice Age

The Ice Age subline was unique in that all of the animals produced belonged to the Valorian faction and, with the rest of the Series 3, are very hard to find. [9] [28] This line also included six more 2-figure packs. The Woolly Mammoth, the largest figure in the range, had motorized walking action. [29]

Woolly Mammoth with Grom
Giant Ground Sloth with Ulk
Killer Warthog with Zar
Sabre-Tooth Tiger with Kub

Action figures

  • Onk / Buzz
  • Tor / Gorr
  • Urg / Rayy
  • Agga / Gill
  • Ecco / Squish
  • Wizz / Gutz

Rulon Warriors Battle Pack (2020)

In 2020, Mattel released an Entertainment Earth exclusive battle pack, called the Rulon Warriors Battle Pack, modeled after Army Men. The kit, designed for children aged 6 and up, is described as:

"It's the heroic Valorians versus the evil Rulon Alliance in this exciting Dino-Riders Rulon Warriors Battle Pack - Entertainment Earth Exclusive. Recreate epic battle sequences inspired by the 1980s toy line and Dino-Riders animated series or create your own new adventures! This special edition collection contains 6 dinosaurs and 15 other figures, including such classic characters as Rulon leader Krulos, Bitor, Boldar, and Dino-Riders hotshot Llahd. Whether you're discovering Dino-Riders for the first time or you've been a fan since you were a kid, you do not want to miss this sensational opportunity to Harness the Power of Dinosaurs! Each figure measure approximately 1-inch tall and the dinos measure approximately up to 7-inches long" (Entertainment Earth)


Apart from the miniature comics included with each of the dinosaur toys, Marvel released a 3-part miniseries of Dino-Rider comics. The comics' storylines were considered to be much darker than the cartoon, sometimes focusing on conflicts between the Valorians. For instance, one storyline involves Questar being accused of murdering his jealous, scheming brother, Tark.

The first comic book issue, "The Path", was released in February 1989 and was 23 pages long. A Dino-Riders Annual was later released as a hardcover book that contained both the first and second issues in one collection.

Film adaptation

In October 2015, Tracking Board reported that Mattel has teamed with Solipsist Film to develop a live action Dino-Riders movie with Alissa Phillips and Stephen L’Heureux producing. [30] As of 2018, there is no indication in the media that the film is going forward.

In other media

See also

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