Dodangoda Divisional Secretariat
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (Sri Lanka Standard Time)|
Dodangoda Divisional Secretariat is a Divisional Secretariat of Kalutara District, of Western Province, Sri Lanka.
The districts of Sri Lanka are divided into administrative sub-units known as divisional secretariats. These were originally based on the feudal counties, the korales and ratas. They were formerly known as 'D.R.O. Divisions' after the 'Divisional Revenue Officer'. Later the D.R.O.s became 'Assistant Government Agents' and the Divisions were known as 'A.G.A. Divisions'. Currently, the Divisions are administered by a 'Divisional Secretary', and are known as 'D.S. Divisions'.
Kalutara District is one of the 25 districts of Sri Lanka, the second level administrative division of the country. The district is administered by a District Secretariat headed by a District Secretary appointed by the central government of Sri Lanka. The capital of the district is the town of Kalutara.
The Western Province is one of the nine provinces of Sri Lanka, the first level administrative division of the country. The provinces have existed since the 19th century but did not have any legal status until 1987 when the 13th Amendment to the Constitution of Sri Lanka established provincial councils. The province is the most densely populated province in the country and is home to the legislative capital Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte as well to Colombo, the nation's administrative and business center.
Dodangoda Divisional Secretariat is situated in the western part of Kalutara district and bordered from north by Divisional Secretariats of Kalutara, Bandaragama and Madurawala; from east by Divisional Secretariat of Madurawala and Matugama; and from west by Divisional Secretariats of Beruwala and Kalutara. The division is included in the Matugama Electoral Division of Kalutara District.
Matugama is a semi urban town surrounded by mountains. It is an electorate of the Kalutara district, in Western Province, Sri Lanka. The town is located 64 km to the south of Colombo. Matugama is also spelled as Mathugama.
Beruwala is a town in Kalutara District, Western Province, Sri Lanka, governed by an Urban Council. Beruwala with a total area of approximately 15 square kilometres and is located on the south-west coast of Sri Lanka, 60 km (37 mi) south of Colombo.
The highest elevation of 223 meters from the sea level is in Wellatha east area and the lowest is around the Kalu River (Kalu Ganga) in north-west quarter.
The elevation of a geographic location is its height above or below a fixed reference point, most commonly a reference geoid, a mathematical model of the Earth's sea level as an equipotential gravitational surface . The term elevation is mainly used when referring to points on the Earth's surface, while altitude or geopotential height is used for points above the surface, such as an aircraft in flight or a spacecraft in orbit, and depth is used for points below the surface.
The extent of this Division is 10,700 hectare (107 square kilometers) and it is 6.7% of whole land area of the district. When considered the ground differences, the two main units of land can be clearly recognized:
1. River Overflowing Flat Lands & Low Land Zone
The North boundary area associated with “Kalu Ganga” almost remains as an overflowing flat land whilst the western part almost a low land. Paddy and garden crops are distributed in the above land which can be recognized as a low land 50 meters below the sea level.
A paddy field is a flooded parcel of arable land used for growing semiaquatic crops, most notably rice and taro. It originates from the Neolithic rice-farming cultures of the Yangtze River basin in southern China, associated with pre-Austronesian and Hmong-Mien cultures. It was spread in prehistoric times by the Austronesian expansion to Island Southeast Asia, Madagascar, Melanesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia. The technology was also aquired by other cultures in mainland Asia for rice farming, spreading to East Asia, Mainland Southeast Asia, and South Asia.
2. High Land Zone
According to the physical positioning of the division, the eastern part remains as high land and the area is heavily distributed with rubber. Relatively this zone is 225 meters above the sea level and the elevation difference is about 150 meters.
As per the categorization of agro-environmental zones in Sri Lanka, this division is included in the WL1, WL2 and WL3+4 zones.
Daily normal temperature is 27 °C and humidity level is in between 80 and 85%. Annual normal rainfall will be in between 3,300 and 4,000 mili meters. Main source of rain is the South-West monsoon.
Due to sufficient rainfall and sunlight available during the whole year without any strong winds, this division is most suitable for crop growing. As the north area of this division remains as an overflowing flat zone, many paddy fields and garden crops can be seen there and many rubber plantations are in the high land of eastern part of the division.
This division, with a population of 60,089, has been divided into 45 Grama Niladhari divisions for purpose of easy administration.
The road running through Dodangoda Town is the Kalutara-Matugama Main Road. Kalu River (Kalu Ganga) is situated in the north boundary. There are 26 Sinhala and Tamil medium schools in the division. Thudugala Ella waterfall, an important place required to be developed as an environmental and tourism zone is situated in the eastern part of the division. Dodangoda is one of interchanges (entry points) to the Southern Expressway (Sri Lanka) that runs through this Divisional Secretariat.
Sri Lanka, formerly called "Ceylon", is an island nation in the Indian Ocean, southeast of the Indian subcontinent, in a strategic location near major Indian Ocean sea lanes. The nation has a total area of 65,610 km², with 64,740 km² of land and 870 km² of water. Its coastline is 1,340 km (830 mi) long. The main island of Sri Lanka has an area of 65,268 km²; it is the twenty-fifth largest island of the world by area. Dozens of offshore islands account for the remaining 342 km² area. The largest offshore island, Mannar Island, leads to Adam's Bridge.
Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia, population 245,974 (2012) is the largest suburb of the City of Colombo, and covers an extent of 2109 hectares. It lies south of the Colombo Municipal Council area and separated from it by the Dehiwala canal which forms the northern boundary of DMMC. Its southern limits lie in Borupana Road and the eastern boundary is Weras Ganga with its canal system and including some areas to its east. This town has extensive population and rapid industrialization and urbanization in recent years. It is home to Sri Lanka's National Zoological Gardens, which remains one of Asia's largest. Colombo South Teaching Hospital, Kalubowila and Colombo Airport, Ratmalana are some important landmark in this area. Dehiwela-Mount Lavinia and Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte being two large suburban centers of the city of Colombo function together as one large urban agglomeration in the Region. The overspill from the City in residential and commercial uses of land have rapidly urbanised these suburban centers. Dehiwela-Mount Lavinia and Sri Jayawardenpaura along with Colombo Municipal Council form the most urbanized part of the core area of the Colombo Metropolitan Region. Dehiwala and Mount Lavinia lie along the Galle Road artery, which runs along the coast to the south of the country.
Agalawatte is a town in Kalutara District of Sri Lanka, and is an electoral division.
Galle is a district in Southern Province, Sri Lanka. It is one of 25 districts of Sri Lanka, the second level administrative division of the country. The district is administered by a District Secretariat headed by a District Secretary appointed by the central government of Sri Lanka.
Jaffna Peninsula or is an area in Northern Province, Sri Lanka. It is home to the capital city of the province, Jaffna, and comprises of much of the former land mass of the medieval Jaffna kingdom.
Ambalangoda is a coastal town located in Galle District, Southern Province of Sri Lanka. Governed by Ambalangoda Urban Council, the town is famous for its ancient devil masks and devil dancers. It is approximately 107 kilometres (66 mi) south of Colombo and is situated at an elevation of 13 metres (43 ft) above the sea level.
Aluthgama is a coastal town in Kalutara District in the Western Province of Sri Lanka. It is approximately 63.5 kilometres (39.5 mi) south of Colombo and 68 kilometres (42 mi) north of Galle. Aluthgama is situated on the southern bank of the Bentota Ganga (River) mouth.
Pusweli Oya is a major tributary of Kelani Ganga river in Sri Lanka.
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The Thudugala Ella waterfall is located in Thudugala village in Dodangoda Divisional Secretariat in Kalutara District of Western Province, Sri Lanka. Out of around 382 recorded waterfalls in Sri Lanka, the rank of this is 268th.
Baduraliya is a town in the Kalutara District in Sri Lanka. It is approximately 82 km from Colombo and 58 km from Rathnapura. Baduraliya was named after a rally against taxes. "Badu" in Sinhala means taxes and “raliya” means a rally. Baduraliya is surrounded by tea plantations and rubber estates, and it is at an altitude of 27 meters above sea level.
Ingiriya is a town in Kalutara District of Western Province, Sri Lanka, near the border with Sabaragamuwa Province. The town is the meeting point of the Rathnapura–Panadura, Ingiriya–Padukka and Ingiriya–Bulathsinhala roads.
The Kalu Ganga Dam is a large gravity dam, and the second vital component of the larger and more complex Moragahakanda — Kalu Ganga Project, currently under construction across the Kalu Ganga at Pallegama, in the Matale District of Sri Lanka. Construction of the project was launched by President Mahinda Rajapaksa on 25 January 2007. The maiden waters of the dam was released in July 2018.
The 2017 Sri Lanka floods resulted from a heavy southwest monsoon, beginning around 18 to 19 May 2017. Flooding was worsened by the arrival of the precursor system to Cyclone Mora, causing flooding and landslides throughout Sri Lanka during the final week of May 2017. The floods affected 15 districts, killed at least 208 people and left a further 78 people missing. As of 3 June, 698,289 people were affected, while 11,056 houses were partially damaged and another 2,093 houses completely destroyed. According to Al Jazeera, about 600,000 people have been displaced due to the floods.
2018 Sri Lanka floods and landslides caused from an annual heavy southwest monsoon beginning around 19 May. As of 26 May 2018; the monsoon floods affected in about 19 districts, killed at least 21 people, about 150, 000 people were affected and further left approximately 23 people missing. The death casualties were reported from 22 May onwards in the provinces including South, Northwest, North and East. About 4 people were reported dead due to lightning, 5 people were killed due to floods and lightning, 8 people died due to drowning and further left 4 people dead resulting from fallen trees. The DMC report claimed about 400, 000 people have been displaced to safer locations. About 105 houses were reported to have fully damaged and over 4832 houses have been partially damaged.