Dodangoda Divisional Secretariat

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Dodangoda Divisional Secretariat
CountryFlag of Sri Lanka.svg  Sri Lanka
Province Western Province
District Kalutara District
Time zone UTC+5:30 (Sri Lanka Standard Time)

Dodangoda Divisional Secretariat is a Divisional Secretariat of Kalutara District, of Western Province, Sri Lanka.

Divisional Secretariats of Sri Lanka

The districts of Sri Lanka are divided into administrative sub-units known as divisional secretariats. These were originally based on the feudal counties, the korales and ratas. They were formerly known as 'D.R.O. Divisions' after the 'Divisional Revenue Officer'. Later the D.R.O.s became 'Assistant Government Agents' and the Divisions were known as 'A.G.A. Divisions'. Currently, the Divisions are administered by a 'Divisional Secretary', and are known as 'D.S. Divisions'.

Kalutara District Administrative District in Western, Sri Lanka

Kalutara District is one of the 25 districts of Sri Lanka, the second level administrative division of the country. The district is administered by a District Secretariat headed by a District Secretary appointed by the central government of Sri Lanka. The capital of the district is the town of Kalutara.

Western Province, Sri Lanka Province in Sri Lanka

The Western Province is one of the nine provinces of Sri Lanka, the first level administrative division of the country. The provinces have existed since the 19th century but did not have any legal status until 1987 when the 13th Amendment to the Constitution of Sri Lanka established provincial councils. The province is the most densely populated province in the country and is home to the legislative capital Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte as well to Colombo, the nation's administrative and business center.

Contents

Location

Matugama Place in Sri Lanka

Matugama is a semi urban town surrounded by mountains. It is an electorate of the Kalutara district, in Western Province, Sri Lanka. The town is located 64 km to the south of Colombo. Matugama is also spelled as Mathugama.

Beruwala Town in Western Province, Sri Lanka

Beruwala is a town in Kalutara District, Western Province, Sri Lanka, governed by an Urban Council. Beruwala with a total area of approximately 15 square kilometres and is located on the south-west coast of Sri Lanka, 60 km (37 mi) south of Colombo.

Elevation

The highest elevation of 223 meters from the sea level is in Wellatha east area and the lowest is around the Kalu River (Kalu Ganga) in north-west quarter.

Elevation Height of a geographic location above a fixed reference point

The elevation of a geographic location is its height above or below a fixed reference point, most commonly a reference geoid, a mathematical model of the Earth's sea level as an equipotential gravitational surface . The term elevation is mainly used when referring to points on the Earth's surface, while altitude or geopotential height is used for points above the surface, such as an aircraft in flight or a spacecraft in orbit, and depth is used for points below the surface.

Land

The extent of this Division is 10,700 hectare (107 square kilometers) and it is 6.7% of whole land area of the district. When considered the ground differences, the two main units of land can be clearly recognized:

1. River Overflowing Flat Lands & Low Land Zone

The North boundary area associated with “Kalu Ganga” almost remains as an overflowing flat land whilst the western part almost a low land. Paddy and garden crops are distributed in the above land which can be recognized as a low land 50 meters below the sea level.

Paddy field flooded parcel of arable land used for growing semiaquatic rice

A paddy field is a flooded parcel of arable land used for growing semiaquatic crops, most notably rice and taro. It originates from the Neolithic rice-farming cultures of the Yangtze River basin in southern China, associated with pre-Austronesian and Hmong-Mien cultures. It was spread in prehistoric times by the Austronesian expansion to Island Southeast Asia, Madagascar, Melanesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia. The technology was also aquired by other cultures in mainland Asia for rice farming, spreading to East Asia, Mainland Southeast Asia, and South Asia.

2. High Land Zone

According to the physical positioning of the division, the eastern part remains as high land and the area is heavily distributed with rubber. Relatively this zone is 225 meters above the sea level and the elevation difference is about 150 meters.

Categorization

As per the categorization of agro-environmental zones in Sri Lanka, this division is included in the WL1, WL2 and WL3+4 zones.

Climate

Daily normal temperature is 27 °C and humidity level is in between 80 and 85%. Annual normal rainfall will be in between 3,300 and 4,000 mili meters. Main source of rain is the South-West monsoon.

Crops

Due to sufficient rainfall and sunlight available during the whole year without any strong winds, this division is most suitable for crop growing. As the north area of this division remains as an overflowing flat zone, many paddy fields and garden crops can be seen there and many rubber plantations are in the high land of eastern part of the division.

Population

This division, with a population of 60,089, has been divided into 45 Grama Niladhari divisions for purpose of easy administration.

Focal

The road running through Dodangoda Town is the Kalutara-Matugama Main Road. Kalu River (Kalu Ganga) is situated in the north boundary. There are 26 Sinhala and Tamil medium schools in the division. Thudugala Ella waterfall, an important place required to be developed as an environmental and tourism zone is situated in the eastern part of the division. Dodangoda is one of interchanges (entry points) to the Southern Expressway (Sri Lanka) that runs through this Divisional Secretariat. [1]

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Sri Lanka, formerly called "Ceylon", is an island nation in the Indian Ocean, southeast of the Indian subcontinent, in a strategic location near major Indian Ocean sea lanes. The nation has a total area of 65,610 km², with 64,740 km² of land and 870 km² of water. Its coastline is 1,340 km (830 mi) long. The main island of Sri Lanka has an area of 65,268 km²; it is the twenty-fifth largest island of the world by area. Dozens of offshore islands account for the remaining 342 km² area. The largest offshore island, Mannar Island, leads to Adam's Bridge.

Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia Suburb in Colombo District, Western Province, Sri Lanka

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Agalawatte Town in Sri Lanka

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Galle District Administrative District in Southern Province, Sri Lanka

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Aluthgama Town in Sri Lanka

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Baduraliya Town in Sri Lanka

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Ingiriya Place in Western Province, Sri Lanka

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Kalu Ganga Dam dam in Pallegama

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The 2017 Sri Lanka floods resulted from a heavy southwest monsoon, beginning around 18 to 19 May 2017. Flooding was worsened by the arrival of the precursor system to Cyclone Mora, causing flooding and landslides throughout Sri Lanka during the final week of May 2017. The floods affected 15 districts, killed at least 208 people and left a further 78 people missing. As of 3 June, 698,289 people were affected, while 11,056 houses were partially damaged and another 2,093 houses completely destroyed. According to Al Jazeera, about 600,000 people have been displaced due to the floods.

2018 Sri Lanka floods and landslides caused from an annual heavy southwest monsoon beginning around 19 May. As of 26 May 2018; the monsoon floods affected in about 19 districts, killed at least 21 people, about 150, 000 people were affected and further left approximately 23 people missing. The death casualties were reported from 22 May onwards in the provinces including South, Northwest, North and East. About 4 people were reported dead due to lightning, 5 people were killed due to floods and lightning, 8 people died due to drowning and further left 4 people dead resulting from fallen trees. The DMC report claimed about 400, 000 people have been displaced to safer locations. About 105 houses were reported to have fully damaged and over 4832 houses have been partially damaged.

References

  1. "Southern Expressway". Road Development Authority, Sri Lanka. Archived from the original on 15 April 2009. Retrieved 29 March 2012.