Dr. Kildare (TV series)

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Dr. Kildare
DrKildare S1Pt1.jpeg
DVD cover
Genre Medical drama
Created by James Komack
Starring Richard Chamberlain [1] [2] [3]
Raymond Massey
Country of originUnited States
No. of seasons5
No. of episodes191 (list of episodes)
Production
Executive producer Norman Felton
Running time60 minutes (seasons 1–4)
30 minutes (season 5)
Production companiesArena Productions
MGM Television
Distributor MGM Television
Release
Original network NBC
Picture format Black-and-white (1961–1965)
Color (1965–1966)
Audio format Monaural
Original releaseSeptember 28, 1961 (1961-09-28) 
August 30, 1966 (1966-08-30)

Dr. Kildare is an NBC medical drama television series which originally ran from September 28, 1961, until August 30, 1966, [4] for a total of 191 episodes over five seasons. [5] Produced by MGM Television, it was based on fictional doctor characters originally created by author Max Brand in the 1930s and previously used by MGM in a popular film series and radio drama. The TV series quickly achieved success and made a star of Richard Chamberlain, who played the title role. Dr. Kildare (along with an ABC medical drama, Ben Casey , which premiered at the same time) inspired or influenced many later TV shows dealing with the medical field. [4] [6] Dr. Kildare aired on NBC affiliate stations on Thursday nights at 8:30–9:30 p.m. until September 1965, when the timeslot was changed to Monday and Tuesday nights at 8:30–9:00 p.m. through the end of the show's run. [7]

Contents

Plot

Like the earlier MGM film series (1938–1942), the TV series initially told the story of young intern Dr. James Kildare (Richard Chamberlain) working at the fictional large metropolitan "Blair General Hospital" and trying to learn his profession, deal with patients' problems, and win the respect of the senior Dr. Leonard Gillespie (Raymond Massey). In the series' third episode, "Shining Image", Gillespie tells the earnest Kildare, "Our work is to keep people alive. We can't tell them how to live any more than how to die." [8] Kildare ignores the advice, which provides the basis for stories over the next four seasons, many with a soap opera touch. By the third season, Dr. Kildare was promoted to resident and episodes began to focus less on him and his medical colleagues, and more on the stories of individual patients and their families. [7]

In order to create realistic scripts, the series' first writer, E. Jack Neuman, spent several months working alongside interns in a large hospital. Episodes frequently highlighted diseases or medical conditions that had not been widely discussed on television, including drug addiction, sickle cell anemia and epilepsy. Episodes about venereal disease (personally requested by President Lyndon B. Johnson) and the birth control pill were written, but never produced due to network objections. [9] Technical advice was provided by the American Medical Association, whose name appeared in the end credits of each episode. [4] [6]

The series was initially formatted as self-contained one-hour episodes, aired once per week. In later seasons, a trend towards serialized drama, inspired by the success of the prime time soap opera Peyton Place , caused the network to develop some Dr. Kildare storylines over multiple episodes and, in the final season, to air two separate half-hour episodes each week instead of a single one-hour episode. [7] [10]

Cast

Publicity photo from "Rome Will Never Leave You". Both doctors travel to Rome, where Kildare finds romance with Italian actress Daniela Bianchi. Richard Chamberlain Daniela Bianchi Raymond Massey Dr Kildare 1964.JPG
Publicity photo from "Rome Will Never Leave You". Both doctors travel to Rome, where Kildare finds romance with Italian actress Daniela Bianchi.

An unsold and unaired pilot was shot in 1960 featuring Joseph Cronin as Dr. Kildare and Lew Ayres as Dr. Gillespie. [11] [12] As a younger man, Ayres had played the role of Kildare for many years in the earlier MGM film and radio series. [13] [14] Later, a second, successful pilot was made with Richard Chamberlain as Kildare and Raymond Massey as Gillespie.

Before the little-known Chamberlain was cast, the Kildare role was offered to William Shatner and James Franciscus, who both turned it down. [15] The role catapulted Chamberlain to fame. [16] [17] In 2006, Chamberlain reprised the Kildare role in a parody of Grey's Anatomy (along with other famous TV doctors from Julia , St. Elsewhere , M*A*S*H and The Love Boat ) on the 2006 TV Land Awards . [18] [19]

Massey accepted the role of Dr. Gillespie thinking that it would last only one season, leaving him time to accept feature film roles. Instead, the time demands of appearing in a multiple-season hit series prevented Massey from appearing in any films for the duration of the series' run.

Supporting cast

Supporting cast members with recurring roles included Ken Berry as Dr. John Kapish, Jean Inness as Nurse Beatrice Fain, Eddie Ryder as Dr. Simon Agurski, Jud Taylor (who also directed several episodes) as Dr. Thomas Gerson, Steve Bell as Dr. Quint Lowry, Clegg Hoyt as Mac, Jo Helton as Nurse Conant, and Lee Kurty as Nurse Zoe Lawton. [7] [11]

Guest cast

Over the years, numerous well-known or soon-to-be well-known actors appeared as guest stars, including: [4] [15] [20] [21]

Reception

Beverly Garland, Richard Chamberlain and Raymond Massey in the first episode of Dr. Kildare (1961) Beverly Garland Richard Chamberlain Raymond Massey Dr. Kildare 1961.JPG
Beverly Garland, Richard Chamberlain and Raymond Massey in the first episode of Dr. Kildare (1961)

The series quickly became a top ten hit in its first season, and remained in the top 20 during its second and third seasons, drawing as many as 12,000 fan letters each week. [22] Its success spawned a number of merchandising tie-ins featuring the likeness or endorsement of Chamberlain as Kildare, including novels, comics, toys and games, candy bars, and records of Chamberlain singing songs featured on the show. Chamberlain had a hit single, "Theme from Dr. Kildare (Three Stars Will Shine Tonight)," in which he sang romantic lyrics set to the music from the show's familiar opening theme. [16] Largely as a result of the show, Chamberlain became a teen idol during the 1960s.

The show's influence was so great that viewers would sometimes write to Chamberlain asking "Dr. Kildare" for medical advice. [4] According to Mort Fleischmann, a former promotions executive for NBC, at one point the network promoted the show by having "Dr. Kildare" paged as if he were a real doctor on the public announcement system in airports, train stations, and bus stations across the United States. [23]

In the later seasons of the series, a decline in ratings (possibly coupled with a high asking price for sponsor advertisements) led to the series' cancellation in 1966. Despite its cancellation, the Dr. Kildare series continued to influence many later television medical dramas. [24]

Home media

Warner Bros. has released all five seasons on DVD-R in Region 1 via their Warner Archive Collection. [25] [26] [27] [28] [29] These are Manufacture-on-Demand (MOD) releases, available via WBShop.com & Amazon.com.

DVD NameEp #Release Date
The Complete First Season33April 16, 2013
The Complete Second Season34January 28, 2014
The Complete Third Season34June 3, 2014
The Complete Fourth Season34April 28, 2015
The Complete Fifth Season58March 8, 2016

The unaired 1960 pilot episode starring Lew Ayres was also released on DVD by Warners as an extra included with the DVD release of their "Dr. Kildare Movie Collection" (compiling all the MGM Kildare films) via Warner Archive Collection in 2014. [30]

The DVD release of "Dr. Kildare: The Complete First Season" included, as an extra, the original never-aired pilot episode for the 1962 psychiatric medical drama series The Eleventh Hour , in which Dr. Kildare (Chamberlain) and Dr. Gillespie (Massey) appear assisting "Dr. Theodore Bassett" (a psychiatrist character played by Wendell Corey) in diagnosing patient Ann Costigan (played by guest star Vera Miles). [31] The episode was initially meant to air as an episode of Dr. Kildare, but was instead reworked to cut out Chamberlain and Massey's parts and remove all Kildare and Gillespie references before airing on October 3, 1962 as the debut episode of The Eleventh Hour TV series, entitled "Ann Costigan: A Duel on a Field of White."

Music

The series theme was composed by Jerry Goldsmith (credited here as Jerrald Goldsmith). In 2009 Film Score Monthly released a three-disc set of original music from the series, featuring Goldsmith's theme and his scores for the pilot and four season one episodes, plus further scores by Harry Sukman (the series' most frequent composer), Richard Markowitz, Morton Stevens, Lalo Schifrin and John Green. (Stevens' represented work includes his music for the three-part "Rome Will Never Leave You," which incorporates an original song composed by Burt Bacharach.) The album also includes music from the original unaired 1960 pilot adapted by Alexander Courage from Bronislau Kaper's theme for The Power and the Prize , and Richard Chamberlain's recording of "Three Stars Will Shine Tonight."

A second television series, titled Young Dr. Kildare , premiered in first-run syndication in 1972. Starring Mark Jenkins as Dr. Kildare and Gary Merrill as Dr. Gillespie, it lasted for only one season of 24 episodes.

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<i>Internes Cant Take Money</i> 1937 film by Alfred Santell

Internes Can't Take Money is a 1937 American drama film directed by Alfred Santell and starring Barbara Stanwyck, Joel McCrea, Lloyd Nolan, and Stanley Ridges. McCrea portrays Dr. Kildare in the character's first screen appearance. Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer continued the Dr. Kildare series with Young Dr. Kildare (1938) starring Lew Ayres as Kildare and Laraine Day as a nurse in love with Kildare. The film was released in the United Kingdom as You Can't Take Money.

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<i>Dr. Kildares Crisis</i> 1940 film by Harold S. Bucquet

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<i>Dr. Kildares Wedding Day</i> 1941 film by Harold S. Bucquet

Dr. Kildare's Wedding Day is a 1941 American drama film directed by Harold S. Bucquet, starring Lew Ayres, Lionel Barrymore, and Laraine Day. It is the eighth of a total of nine Dr. Kildare pictures made by the MGM studios. When MGM decided to move up-and-coming star Laraine Day out of the "Dr. Kildare" series, the studio did so in a startlingly dramatic fashion. Adding extra interest to this film in the Kildare series, Barrymore composed the music credited to the Cornelia Bartlett character, and actor Red Skelton provides comic relief.

<i>Calling Dr. Kildare</i> 1939 film by Harold S. Bucquet

Calling Dr. Kildare is a 1939 film in the Dr. Kildare series. Directed by Harold S. Bucquet, it stars Lew Ayres as the young Dr. Kildare and Lionel Barrymore as Dr. Gillespie, his mentor. The second of MGM's series of Kildare films, it introduces Laraine Day as nurse Mary Lamont, the love of Kildare's life.

Dr. Gillespie's Criminal Case is a 1943 film in the Dr. Kildare series. Based on characters created by Max Brand. The third of MGM's Dr. Gillespie series to dispense with the services of Dr. Kildare after Dr. Kildare's Victory (1942).

Young Dr. Kildare is a syndicated medical drama television series which originally ran from September 21, 1972 for a total of 24 episodes. It was a remake of the Richard Chamberlain series Dr. Kildare which in turn was based on fictional doctor characters originally created by author Max Brand in the 1930s and previously used by MGM in a popular film series and radio drama.

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