First appearance

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In American comic books and other stories with a long history, first appearance refers to the first issue to feature a fictional character. These issues are often highly valued by collectors due to their rarity and iconic status.


Reader interest in first appearances

Collectors value first appearances for their rarity and historical value, while many regular readers are interested in viewing how their favorite characters were originally portrayed. Reprints of first appearances are often published, both as single comic books and in trade paperbacks, usually with other early appearances of the character. Marvel Comics' "Essential" line has become popular by giving readers an affordable glimpse into characters' early history. [1]

Historically, first appearances tell the origin story for the character, although some, such as Batman and Green Goblin, remained dubious figures for several issues. Modern writers prefer to tell a character's origin across an entire story arc or keep a newly introduced character mysterious until a "secret origin" issue. Some fans consider this a gimmick and prefer the older method. [2]

The artistic merit of many first appearances is debatable. The events portrayed in most famous first appearances are continuously retconed, rebooted and/or expanded upon by subsequent writers. Like many golden and silver age comics, first appearances often become dated and do not fit the modern portrayal of the character.

However, some first appearances are considered classics. 1990s-era Spider-Man writer Howard Mackie said that his favorite story featuring the character was his first appearance and origin story in Amazing Fantasy #15 (August 1962), stating that writer Stan Lee and artist Steve Ditko "gave us everything we needed, I wanted or could ask for in the least possible space. Every single person who retells the origin never improves on the original, they simply expand it." [3]

Monetary value of first appearance issues

First appearances of popular characters are among the most valuable comic books in existence. Of the "ten most valuable comic books" listed in the spring 2002 issue of The Overstreet Comic Book Price Guide , seven are first appearances of popular superheroes. [4] Another, Marvel Comics #1 (October 1939), is the first appearance of the Golden Age Human Torch but is more noteworthy as the first comic book published by industry giant Marvel Comics.

It can take many years for a character to attain sufficient popularity after their first appearance to be considered "iconic." By the point a character reaches that level of popularity, it is common for few copies of their first appearance issues to remain. Furthermore, even fewer of those remaining copies will be in the pristine condition prized by collectors. What few remain can be worth thousands of dollars to interested collectors. For example, in 2004, a copy of Flash Comics #1 (January 1940), the first appearance of The Flash, was auctioned for $42,000 [5] and a copy of Captain America Comics #1 (March 1941), the first appearance of Captain America sold for $64,400. [6] In 2010, another copy of Flash Comics #1 sold privately for $450,000. [7]

The first appearance of Superman, Action Comics #1 (June 1938), has been regarded as "holy grail" of comic books, due to its cultural significance and rarity (fewer than one hundred copies are thought to exist). [8] Superman is widely considered to have solidified, if not created, the superhero archetype; therefore, his first appearance is not only important to fans of the character but to fans of superheroes and comic books as a whole. [9] Well-preserved copies of ActionComics #1 have been sold at auction for record-breaking prices. A copy graded at 8.0 ("very fine") on the 10-point scale typically used by collectors was sold at auction for $1,000,000 in 2010. [10] Even a copy graded at a much lower 5.5 ("fine minus") sold for $956,000 in 2016. [8]

Shortly after the record-breaking million-dollar sale of Action Comics #1 in 2010, a copy of Detective Comics #27 featuring the first appearance of Batman was sold for $1,075,000 in a Heritage auction. [11]

Several factors determine the value of a first appearance. Note: All values are according to and are for editions certified by the Certified Collectibles Group (see below):

Ambiguous cases

While seemingly a simple concept, determining the first appearance may be complex. The following are instances in which a character's first appearance may be difficult to determine:

Character(s)First AppearanceCover DatePublisher
Superman Action Comics #1 June 1938 DC Comics
Batman Detective Comics #27 May 1939DC Comics
Sandman (Wesley Dodds) Adventure Comics #40July 1939DC Comics
Namor the Sub-Mariner Marvel Comics #1October 1939 Timely Comics
Jay Garrick/Flash I; Hawkman Flash Comics #1January 1940 All-American Publications
Captain Marvel Whiz Comics #2February 1940 Fawcett Comics
Robin Detective Comics #38May 1940DC Comics
The Spectre More Fun Comics #52February 1940DC Comics
Lex Luthor Action Comics #23May 1940DC Comics
The Joker; Catwoman Batman #1Spring 1940DC Comics
Green Lantern All-American Comics #16July 1940All-American Publications
Captain America Captain America Comics #1 March 1941Timely Comics
Aquaman; Green Arrow More Fun Comics #73November 1941DC Comics
Wonder Woman All Star Comics #8 December 1941All-American Publications
Black Canary Flash Comics #86August 1947All-American Publications
Barry Allen/Flash II Showcase #4October 1956DC Comics
The Justice League of America The Brave and the Bold #28May 1960DC Comics
The Fantastic Four The Fantastic Four #1November 1961Marvel Comics
The Hulk The Incredible Hulk #1May 1962Marvel Comics
Dr. Doom The Fantastic Four #5June 1962Marvel Comics
Spider-Man Amazing Fantasy #15 August 1962Marvel Comics
Thor Journey Into Mystery #83August 1962Marvel Comics
Iron Man Tales of Suspense #39March 1963Marvel Comics
Doctor Strange Strange Tales #110July 1963Marvel Comics
X-Men; Magneto X-Men #1September 1963Marvel Comics
The Avengers The Avengers #1September 1963Marvel Comics
Daredevil Daredevil #1April 1964Marvel Comics
Teen Titans The Brave and the Bold #54July 1964DC Comics
The Punisher The Amazing Spider-Man #129 February 1974Marvel Comics
Wolverine The Incredible Hulk #181October 1974Marvel Comics
Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles #1May 1984 Mirage Studios
Venom The Amazing Spider-Man #300May 1988Marvel Comics
Deadpool New Mutants #98February 1991Marvel Comics

See also


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