Hohenthurn

Last updated
Hohenthurn
Hohenthurn mit Dobratsch 20052007 03.jpg
St Cyriacus Church and Dobratsch massif
Wappen at hohenthurn.png
Coat of arms
Austria adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Hohenthurn
Location within Austria
Coordinates: 46°34′N13°38′E / 46.567°N 13.633°E / 46.567; 13.633 Coordinates: 46°34′N13°38′E / 46.567°N 13.633°E / 46.567; 13.633
Country Austria
State Carinthia
District Villach-Land
Government
   Mayor Florian Tschinderle (ÖVP)
Area
[1]
  Total27.18 km2 (10.49 sq mi)
Elevation
620 m (2,030 ft)
Population
(2018-01-01) [2]
  Total851
  Density31/km2 (81/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
9613
Area code 04256
Website hohenthurn.gv.at

Hohenthurn (Slovene : Straja vas) is a municipality in the district of Villach-Land in the Austrian state of Carinthia.

Slovene language language spoken in Slovenia

Slovene or Slovenian belongs to the group of South Slavic languages. It is spoken by approximately 2.5 million speakers worldwide, the majority of whom live in Slovenia. It is the first language of about 2.1 million Slovenian people and is one of the 24 official and working languages of the European Union.

Austria Federal republic in Central Europe

Austria, officially the Republic of Austria, is a country in Central Europe comprising 9 federated states. Its capital, largest city and one of nine states is Vienna. Austria has an area of 83,879 km2 (32,386 sq mi), a population of nearly 9 million people and a nominal GDP of $477 billion. It is bordered by the Czech Republic and Germany to the north, Hungary and Slovakia to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west. The terrain is highly mountainous, lying within the Alps; only 32% of the country is below 500 m (1,640 ft), and its highest point is 3,798 m (12,461 ft). The majority of the population speaks local Bavarian dialects as their native language, and German in its standard form is the country's official language. Other regional languages are Hungarian, Burgenland Croatian, and Slovene.

Carinthia State of Austria

Carinthia is the southernmost Austrian state or Land. Situated within the Eastern Alps, it is noted for its mountains and lakes. The main language is German. Its regional dialects belong to the Southern Bavarian group. Carinthian Slovene dialects, which predominated in the southern part of the region up to the first half of the 20th century, are now spoken by a small minority.

Contents

Congregation structure

Hohenthurn consists of two cadastral communities, Dreulach and Hohenthurn, which comprise a total of the following six villages:(population status 01.01.2018) [3]

Geography

View over the Gail valley Hohenthurn West-Ansicht mit Gailtalblick 16052017 8502.jpg
View over the Gail valley

Hohenthurn is located in the valley of the Gail river (Gailtal), near the confluence with the Gailitz tributary. The municipal area stretches on the northern slope of the Carnic Alps, close to the border with Italy. It comprises the cadastral communities of Hohenthurn proper and Dreulach (Drevlje).

Gail (river) river in Austria

Gail is the name of a river in southern Austria, the largest right tributary of the Drava.

Slizza river

The Slizza (Italian) or Gailitz is an Alpine torrent in Italy and Austria, a right tributary of the Gail river.

Carnic Alps mountain range

The Carnic Alps are a range of the Southern Limestone Alps in Austria and northeastern Italy. They are within Austrian East Tyrol and Carinthia, and Italian Friuli and marginally in Veneto of the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region.

According to a 2001 census, 8.3% of the population are Carinthian Slovenes, speaking the local Gail Valley dialect.

Carinthian Slovenes or Carinthian Slovenians are the indigenous Slovene-speaking population group in the Austrian state of Carinthia. They send representatives to the National Ethnic Groups Advisory Council. The status of the minority group is guaranteed in principle by the Constitution of Austria and under international law.

The Gail Valley dialect is the westernmost Slovene dialect in the Carinthian dialect group, spoken in parts of southern Carinthia in Austria, in the northeasternmost part of the Province of Udine in Italy, and in northeastern Upper Carniola in Slovenia.

History

The municipality was the site of a prehistoric Hallstatt settlement as well as of a Roman watchtower, which is depicted in the coat of arms. Nevertheless, Hohenthurn (from German hoher Turm, i.e. "high tower"), first mentioned in a 1253 deed as Göströsdorf, probably derived its name from the steeple of the Gothic St. Cyriacus Church. Since the medieval Slavic settlement of the Eastern Alps, the area is a centre of Slovene tradition and customs.

Hallstatt culture archaeological culture

The Hallstatt culture was the predominant Western and Central European culture of Late Bronze Age from the 12th to 8th centuries BC and Early Iron Age Europe from the 8th to 6th centuries BC, developing out of the Urnfield culture of the 12th century BC and followed in much of its area by the La Tène culture. It is commonly associated with Proto-Celtic and Celtic populations in the Western Hallstatt zone and with (pre-)Illyrians in the eastern Hallstatt zone.

Ancient Rome History of Rome from the 8th-century BC to the 5th-century

In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the Italian city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire. The civilization began as an Italic settlement in the Italian Peninsula, conventionally founded in 753 BC, that grew into the city of Rome and which subsequently gave its name to the empire over which it ruled and to the widespread civilisation the empire developed. The Roman Empire expanded to become one of the largest empires in the ancient world, though still ruled from the city, with an estimated 50 to 90 million inhabitants and covering 5.0 million square kilometres at its height in AD 117.

Gothic architecture style of architecture

Gothic architecture is a style that flourished in Europe during the High and Late Middle Ages. It evolved from Romanesque architecture and was succeeded by Renaissance architecture. Originating in 12th-century France, it was widely used, especially for cathedrals and churches, until the 16th century.

Notable people

Matija Majar Slovenian politician

Matija Majar, also spelled Majer, pseudonym Ziljski, was a Carinthian Slovene Roman Catholic priest and political activist, best known as the creator of the idea of a United Slovenia.

Karl Schnabl is an Austrian former ski jumper who competed during the 1970s.

Politics

Seats in the municipal council (Gemeinderat) as of 2015 local elections:

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Hohenthurn is twinned with:

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References

  1. "Dauersiedlungsraum der Gemeinden Politischen Bezirke und Bundesländer - Gebietsstand 1.1.2018". Statistics Austria. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  2. "Einwohnerzahl 1.1.2018 nach Gemeinden mit Status, Gebietsstand 1.1.2018". Statistics Austria. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  3. Statistik Austria: Bevölkerung am 1.1.2018 nach Ortschaften (Gebietsstand 1.1.2018)