Khumbu

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Map of the Khumbu region KarteKhumbu.jpg
Map of the Khumbu region

Khumbu (also known as the Everest Region) [1] is a region of northeastern Nepal on the Nepalese side of Mount Everest. It is part of the Solukhumbu District, which in turn is part of Province No. 1. [2] Khumbu is one of three subregions of the main Khambu (specially Kulung) and Sherpa settlement of the Himalaya, the other two being Solu and Pharak. It includes the town of Namche Bazaar as well as the villages of Thame, Khumjung, Pangboche, Pheriche and Kunde. The famous Buddhist monastery at Tengboche is also located in the Khumbu. [3]

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The Khumbila mountain rising above Khumjung and Kunde, two of the larger villages in the area, with Mount Everest, Lhotse and Ama Dablam in the background. Khumbila 2.JPG
The Khumbila mountain rising above Khumjung and Kunde, two of the larger villages in the area, with Mount Everest, Lhotse and Ama Dablam in the background.
Khumbu Glacier Khumbu Glacier.jpg
Khumbu Glacier

The Khumbu's elevation ranges from 3,300 metres (11,000 feet) to the 8,848 m (29,029 ft) summit of Mount Everest, the highest place on Earth. [4] The Khumbu region includes both Sagarmatha National Park (above Monju) and the Sagarmatha National Park Buffer Zone, between Lukla and Monju. [2]

The Khumbu is a glacier believed to be the result of the last great Ice Age, ~500,000 years ago.

Lonely Planet has ranked Khumbu region in sixth best region in the world to travel. [5]

Tenzing Norgay, 1953 who was born in Khumbu region of Solukhumbu District, Nepal Tenzing Norgay, 1953.jpg
Tenzing Norgay, 1953 who was born in Khumbu region of Solukhumbu District, Nepal

Villages in the Khumbu region

Village of Namche Bazaar NamcheBazar.jpg
Village of Namche Bazaar

Related Research Articles

Himalayan Trust

The Himalayan Trust is an international non-profit humanitarian organisation first established in the 1960s by Sir Edmund Hillary, who led the trust until his death in 2008. The Himalayan Trust aims to improve the health, education and general wellbeing of people living in the Solukhumbu District. The Himalayan Trust is headquartered in New Zealand where it is a registered charity through the Charities Commission. The Trust has charitable and donee status being a member of the Council for International Development (CID).

Namche Bazaar Neighborhood in Solukhumbu District, Province No. 1, Nepal

Namche Bazaar is a town in Khumbu Pasanglhamu Rural Municipality in Solukhumbu District of Province No. 1 of north-eastern Nepal. It is located within the Khumbu area at 3,440 metres (11,286 ft) at its low point, populating the sides of a hill. Most Sherpa who are in the tourism business are from the Namche area. Namche is the main trading center and hub for the Khumbu region with many Nepalese officials, a police check, post, a bank, and even a beauty salon.

Lukla town in Province No. 1, Nepal

Lukla is a small town in the Khumbu Pasanglhamu rural municipality of the Solukhumbu District in the Province No. 1 of north-eastern Nepal. Situated at 2,860 metres (9,383 ft), it is a popular place for visitors to the Himalayas near Mount Everest to arrive. Although Lukla means place with many goats and sheep, few are found in the area nowadays.

Tengboche Place in Province No. 1, Nepal

Tengboche is a village in Khumbu Pasanglhamu rural municipality in the Khumbu subregion of Province No. 1 in Nepal, located at 3,867 metres (12,687 ft). In the village is an important Buddhist monastery, Tengboche Monastery, which is the largest gompa in the Khumbu region. The structure was built in 1923. In 1934, it was destroyed by an earthquake but subsequently rebuilt. It was destroyed again by a fire in 1989, and again rebuilt with the help of volunteers and the provision of foreign aid. Tengboche has a panoramic view of the Himalayan mountains, including the well-known peaks of Tawache, Everest, Nuptse, Lhotse, Ama Dablam, and Thamserku. Tenzing Norgay, the first man to reach the summit of Mount Everest with Sir Edmund Hillary, was born in the area in the village of Thani and was once sent to Tengboche Monastery to be a monk.

Sagarmatha Zone Zone in Nepal

Sagarmāthā Zone or Sagarmatha Anclal was one of the fourteen zones of Nepal until the restructuring of zones into provinces. The headquarters of Sagarmatha is Rajbiraj. Sagarmāthā is a Nepali word derived from सगर (sagar) meaning "sky" and माथा (māthā) meaning "head".

Khumjung Former Village Development Committee in Nepal

Khumjung is a village in Khumbu Pasanglhamu rural municipality of Solukhumbu District in Province No. 1 of north-eastern Nepal. It is located in the Khumbu subregion inside Sagarmatha National Park, a world heritage site. The village is at an elevation of 3,790 metres above sea level, and is situated near Mount Khumbila.

Gorakshep Place

Gorak shep or Gorakshep is a small settlement that sits on the edge of a frozen lakebed covered with sand in Nepal with the same name. It is found at an elevation of 5,164 metres (16,942 ft) elevation, near Mount Everest. The village is not inhabited year-round.

Solukhumbu District District in Province No. 1, Nepal

Solukhumbu District (Nepali: सोलुखुम्बु जिल्ला [solukʰumbu], Sherpa: ཤར་ཁུམ་བུ་རྫོང་ཁ།, Wylie: shar khum bu dzong kha) is one of 14 districts of Province No. 1 of eastern Nepal. As the name suggests, it consists of the subregions Solu and Khumbu.

Dingboche Place in Province No. 1, Nepal

Dingboche (दिङबोचे) 27°53′N86°49′E is a Sherpa village in the Khumbu region of north eastern Nepal in the Chukhung Valley. Its population was estimated at approximately 200 in 2011. It is situated at an altitude of 4,410 metres (14,470 ft).

Thame, Nepal Village in Province No. 1, Nepal

Thame and its neighbouring Thameteng are small Sherpa villages in Namche VDC of the Solukhumbu District in Nepal. These were the last year-round villages on the salt trading route that existed between Tibet, Nepal and India. It is the home to many famous Sherpa mountaineers, including Apa Sherpa.

Everest base camps Staging areas for mountaineering activities on Mount Everest

There are two base camps on Mount Everest, on opposite sides of the mountains: South Base Camp is in Nepal at an altitude of 5,364 metres (17,598 ft), while North Base Camp is in Tibet, China at 5,150 metres (16,900 ft).

Everest Marathon

Everest Marathon is an annual marathon event, held in the district of Solukhumbu, Nepal, around the vicinity of Mount Everest in May. With its starting point at 5364m above the sea level, the marathon is considered to be one of the highest and toughest races in the world. The marathon starts at the Mt. Everest Base Camp, and moves through the traditionally used high Sherpa trails of Khumbu Valley.

Mount Khumbila Mountain in Nepal

Khumbila or Khumbu Yül-Lha, roughly translated as "God of Khumbu" is one of the high Himalayan peaks in the Khumbu region of Eastern Nepal within the boundaries of Sagarmatha National Park. Considered too sacred to be climbed by most local Sherpa people, the mountain is considered home to the patron God of the local area. Rising 5,761m above sea level, the mountain overlooks the famous southern approaches to its larger neighbours including Ama Dablam and Mount Everest.

Tengboche Monastery

Tengboche Monastery, also known as Dawa Choling Gompa, in the Tengboche village in Khumjung in the Khumbu region of eastern Nepal is a Tibetan Buddhist monastery of the Sherpa community. Situated at 3,867 metres (12,687 ft), the monastery is the largest gompa in the Khumbu region of Nepal. It was built in 1916 by Lama Gulu with strong links to its mother monastery known as the Rongbuk Monastery in Tibet. In 1934, it was destroyed by an earthquake and was subsequently rebuilt. In 1989, it was destroyed for a second time by a fire and then rebuilt with the help of volunteers and international assistance.

Imja Khola

The Imja Khola is a tributary of the Dudh Kosi in Nepal. It drains the slopes of Mount Everest. The Khumbu Glacier melts into the Lobujya (Lobuche) River, which flows southward as the Imja Khola to its confluence with the Dudh Kosi at Tengboche.

Kunde, Nepal Village in Nepal

Kunde is a village in the Khumbu region of Nepal within the Sagarmatha National Park. It is directly adjacent to Khumjung village in the valley at the foot of Khumbu Yül-Lha, the sacred mountain of the Sherpas. The Khumjung-Valley is located between 3800m and 4000m above sea level. Kunde is located in the western part of the valley and slightly higher than Khumjung. It is the site of Kunde Hospital, founded by Sir Edmund Hillary in 1966. Kunde is located less than 25 km away from Mount Everest and is situated in the Himalayas near the Nepal/China border.

Monjo, Nepal

Monjo is a small village in the Khumbu region of Nepal. It lies in the Dudh Kosi river valley just north of Phakding and south of Jorsale, at an altitude of 2,835 m, just below the Sagarmatha National Park entrance gate and check-point, one of the UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1979.

Phakding

Phakding is a small village in the Khumbu region of Nepal. It lies in the Dudh Kosi river valley just north of Lukla and south of Monjo, at an altitude of 2,610 m, one of the UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1979.

Jorsale

Jorsale is a small village in the Khumbu region of Nepal. It lies in the west side of the Dudh Kosi river, just north of Monjo and south of Namche Bazaar, at an altitude of 2,740 m,

Khumbu Pasanglhamu Rural Municipality Gaunpalika in Province No. 1, Nepal

Khumbu Pasanglhamu is a rural municipality (Gaunpalika) out of 7 rural municipalities located at Solukhumbu district of Province No. 1 of Nepal. Khumjung, Namche & Jubing and Chaurikharka were incorporated while creating it. It has the total population of 9,133 according to the 2011 Nepal census and area of 1,539.11 square kilometres (594.25 sq mi). The admin centre of this gaunpalika is that of the Chaurikharka.

References

  1. Khumbu Everest region
  2. 1 2 Bradley, Mayhew; "Trekking in the Nepal Himalaya"; (2009); 9 edição; pp 84-141; Lonely Planet; ISBN   978-1-74104-188-0.
  3. Bonington, Chris; Everest, The Hard Way; (1977); pp 72-75; Arrow Books editions; ISBN   0-09-915940-6.
  4. Boukreev, Anatoli; The Climb;(1988); St. Martin's edition; ISBN   0-312-96533-8.
  5. http://www.lonelyplanet.com/best-in-travel/regions/06-khumbu?detail=1

Coordinates: 27°49′N86°43′E / 27.817°N 86.717°E / 27.817; 86.717