Kid Parker

Last updated
William Elroy Parker
Kid Parker vegetarian 1902.png
Statistics
Nickname(s)
  • Denver Kid Parker
  • Vegetarian pugilist
Weight(s)
Height5 ft 6 in (168 cm)
NationalityAmerican
Born(1877-01-20)January 20, 1877
Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
Stance Orthodox
Boxing record
Total fights49
Wins30
Wins by KO26
Losses11
Draws9

William Elroy Parker (born January 20, 1877), better known as Kid Parker, was an American professional boxer, physical culturist and promoter of vegetarianism.

Contents

Biography

Parker was born on January 20, 1877 in Boston. [1] [2] Parker was considered the best boxer in Denver. [3] He had an 18-match undefeated streak. [4] In 1900, he fought a ten-round draw with Matty Matthews. [1] Parker became a vegetarian in 1901. [5] He stated that a strict vegetarian diet increased his physical endurance and increased his mental power. [6] He was the first vegetarian boxer. [1] [7]

In April 1902, The Vegetarian Magazine published a letter describing Parker's conversion to vegetarianism. [8] He became known as the "vegetarian champion" and "vegetarian pugilist". [7] [8] [9] [10] Parker's vegetarian diet consisted of cereals, fruit, milk, nuts, vegetables and a liberal amount of eggs. [11] [12] In April, 1903 Parker authored an article on physical culture in the San Francisco Call , advocating a vegetarian diet for health reasons. [12] He declared he would still be boxing at 35 and live to be 100 years old because he is vegetarian. [12] In 1905, Parker was described as "one of the most gentlemanly fighters in the prize ring today". [13] Parker's wife was also a boxer. [14] [15]

Parker's last ring appearance was in 1906. [1] After his boxing career ended Parker was institutionalized in an asylum at Norfolk, Nebraska as he suffered from hallucinations. [16] [17] Parker would repeatedly punch the wall in his padded cell so was given boxing gloves to protect his hands. [18]

Selected publications

Related Research Articles

Bob Fitzsimmons British boxer

Robert James "Bob" Fitzsimmons was a British professional boxer who was the sport's first three-division world champion. He also achieved fame for beating Gentleman Jim Corbett, and he is in The Guinness Book of World Records as the lightest heavyweight champion, weighing just 165 pounds when he won the title. Nicknamed Ruby Robert and The Freckled Wonder, he took pride in his lack of scars and appeared in the ring wearing heavy woollen underwear to conceal the disparity between his trunk and leg-development.

Freddie Welsh Wales boxer

Freddie Welsh was a Welsh World lightweight boxing champion. Born in Pontypridd, Wales, he was nicknamed the "Welsh Wizard". Brought up in a tough mining community, Welsh left a working-class background to make a name for himself in America. He turned professional as a boxer in Philadelphia in 1905, and spent the best part of his career fighting in the United States.

Joe Gans American boxer

Joe Gans was an American professional boxer. Gans was rated the greatest Lightweight boxer of all-time by boxing historian and Ring Magazine founder, Nat Fleischer. Known as the "Old Master", he became the first African-American World Boxing Champion of the 20th century, reigning continuously as World Lightweight Champion from 1902–1908, having defended the title against 13 boxers. He was inducted into the International Boxing Hall of Fame in 1990.

Johnny Dundee American boxer

Johnny "Scotch Wop" Dundee was a featherweight and junior lightweight champion boxer who fought from 1910 until 1932.

John Morrissey American politician

John Morrissey, also known as Old Smoke, was an Irish-born American, whose parents moved to New York State when he was a young child. In the early 1850s he went to San Francisco at the time of the California Gold Rush. In California he became a bare-knuckle boxer and on his return to New York, he challenged and defeated "Yankee Sullivan", who was then recognized as the American boxing champion. He became a professional gambler, owning gambling houses in New York City in the 1850s and 1860s. He became a U.S. Congressman from New York, between 1867 and 1871, backed by Tammany Hall. However, he later fell out with the Tammany Hall political machine and became Democratic State Senator for New York between 1876 and 1878, running as an anti-Tammany candidate.

George Godfrey (boxer, born 1853) Canadian boxer

George Godfrey, nicknamed Old Chocolate by the press of the day in the last stage of his long career, was a Black Canadian heavyweight boxer who held the distinction of being World 'Colored' Heavyweight Champion during his career. Godfrey was inducted into the Prince Edward Island Sports Hall of Fame in 1990.

History of vegetarianism

The earliest records of vegetarianism as a concept and practice amongst a significant number of people are from ancient India, especially among the Hindus and Jains. Later records indicate that small groups within the ancient Greek civilizations in southern Italy and Greece also adopted some dietary habits similar to vegetarianism. In both instances, the diet was closely connected with the idea of nonviolence toward animals, and was promoted by religious groups and philosophers.

Eustace Miles

Eustace Hamilton Miles was a British real tennis player who competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics, restaurateur, and a diet guru who made his name selling health products and health advice to Edwardian Britons.

Kid Williams Danish boxer

John Gutenko better known as Kid Williams, was a Danish boxer who held the Bantamweight World Championship during his career. Statistical boxing website BoxRec lists Williams as the #2 ranked bantamweight of all time while The Ring Magazine founder Nat Fleischer placed him at #3. Williams was inducted into the Ring Magazine Hall of Fame in 1970 and the International Boxing Hall of Fame in 1996.

Young Griffo Australian boxer

Albert Griffiths, better known as Young Griffo, was a World Featherweight boxing champion from 1890–92, and according to many sources, one of the first boxing world champions in any class. Ring magazine founder Nat Fleischer rated Griffo as the eighth greatest featherweight of all time. He was inducted into the Ring Magazine Hall of Fame in 1954, the International Boxing Hall of Fame in 1991, and the Australian National Boxing Hall of Fame in 2003.

Dixie Kid American boxer

Aaron Lister BrownakaDixie Kid was an American boxer. He was a controversial contender for the World Welterweight Boxing Championship in April 1904.

Paddy Duffy Irish-American and the first World Welterweight champion

Paddy Duffy was an American boxer of Irish descent. He was considered the first world welterweight champion of boxing's gloved era.

Jimmy Britt American boxer

Jimmy Britt was a boxer from 1902 to 1909. He fought Joe Gans twice for the World lightweight title but lost both bouts. In a career spanning 23 bouts, Britt met 6 different Hall of Famers for a combined total of 10 fights; going 4-4-2. After retiring from boxing in 1909, Britt toured the United States as a vaudeville performer, then later worked as a WPA superintendent. He died of a heart attack in his San Francisco home on January 21, 1940 and was interred at Holy Cross Cemetery. Britt was elected to the Ring Magazine hall of fame in 1976.

Fred Dyer Welsh singer and boxer

Fred Dyer born Frederick William O'Dwyer, was a Welsh boxing champion, boxing manager and baritone singer. Trained by vocal teacher Clara Novello Davies, Dyer was famed for singing to audiences after he had fought in a contest and was nicknamed 'The Singing Boxer'.

Austin Rice American boxer

Austin Rice was a New London boxer who became a Featherweight Title contender on January 14, 1903, when he faced featherweight champion Young Corbett II in Hot Springs, Arkansas. Though he lost the fight, he went toe to toe with a world class competitor for eighteen rounds and would meet four more boxing champions, easily placing him among the World's top ten featherweight boxers for his era.

Mosey King was a New England lightweight boxing champion who became an assistant boxing coach at Yale in 1906 under Bill Dole and subsequently served as head coach for forty-six years. King was also Connecticut's first boxing commissioner, serving from 1921 to 1923. At Yale, he was a popular figure, and worked to familiarize members of the football team with boxing to improve their conditioning.

Frank Erne Swiss boxer (1875-1954)

Frank Erne was a Swiss born American boxer widely credited with taking the World Featherweight Championship on November 27, 1896 from George Dixon in New York City, as well as the World Lightweight Championship from George "Kid" Lavigne on July 3, 1899, in Buffalo, New York. Late in his career he would contend for the World Welterweight Title against Rube Ferns.

Frankie Neil American boxer (1883-1970)

Frankie Neil was a World Bantamweight champion. Fighting at 114 1/2 pounds, he took the world title from reigning champion Harry Forbes on August 13, 1903 at the Mechanics Pavilion in San Francisco in a second round knockout of a match scheduled for twenty rounds. Eddie Graney was the referee. Neil held the title only a little over a year, losing it on October 17, 1904 to British boxing champion Joe Bowker.

Josiah Oldfield English lawyer, physician, and writer on health

Josiah Oldfield M.A., D.C.L., M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P was an English lawyer, physician and promoter of his own variant of fruitarianism which was virtually indistinguishable from lacto-ovo vegetarianism.

Gilman Low American strongman and vegetarian

Gilman Low was an American physical culturalist, strongman and promoter of vegetarianism.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 Original Vegetarian Was Champ Kid Parker. Charleston Mail (January 26, 1915).
  2. Andrews, Thomas Stora. (1924). Ring Battles of Centuries. Tom Andrews Record Book Company. p. 114
  3. Lang, Arne K. (2012). The Nelson-Wolgast Fight and the San Francisco Boxing Scene, 1900-1914. McFarland. p. 96. ISBN   978-0-7864-7003-7
  4. Puskar-Pasewicz, Margaret. (2010). Cultural Encyclopedia of Vegetarianism. ABC-CLIO. p. 183. ISBN   978-0-313-37556-9
  5. Parker Turns Vegetarian. The Topeka State Journal (February 05, 1902).
  6. Shprintzen, Adam D. (2013). The Vegetarian Crusade: The Rise of an American Reform Movement, 1817-1921. University of North Carolina Press. p. 199. ISBN   978-1-4696-0891-4
  7. 1 2 Freddie Welsh Not the First Vegetarian in Ring History. The Bridgeport Evening Farmer (January 20, 1915).
  8. 1 2 "The Conversion of a Noted Pugilist". The Vegetarian Magazine. 6 (7): 147. 1902.
  9. "A Vegetarian Pugilist". The Dietetic & Hygienic Gazette. 18: 408. 1902.
  10. Rube Ferns, Former Walter Champion, Had Brief Reign at the Top. The Bridgeport Evening Farmer (January 20, 1917).
  11. Rice Earned the Decision Over Callahan. The St. Louis Republic (February 16, 1902).
  12. 1 2 3 Exercises for Women. The San Francisco Call (April 5, 1903).
  13. "Kid" Parker Hits Town. The Evening Statesman (September 13, 1905).
  14. Mrs. Parker Will Box. The Salt Lake Herald (August 27, 1901).
  15. Rouse, Wendy L. (2017). Her Own Hero: The Origins of the Women’s Self-Defense Movement. New York University Press. p. 36. ISBN   978-1479828531
  16. Kid Parker in Asylum. Honolulu Star-Bulletin (October 19, 1912).
  17. Baker, Mark Allen. (2017). Battling Nelson, the Durable Dane: World Lightweight Champion, 1882-1954. McFarland. p. 209. ISBN   978-1-4766-6372-2
  18. Kid Parker, Once Great Fighter, Is Now Insane. Barton County Democrat (June 21, 1912).