Knights of Buckinghamshire

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This article contains a list of the known knights of the shire who represented Buckinghamshire in the Parliament of England and similar bodies of lesser status between 1290 and 1660. It also includes details of Parliaments from 1265 to which elected knights of the shires were summoned.


Preliminary notes

The parliamentary electoral constituency, representing the historic county of Buckinghamshire, was created in (1265): see Montfort's Parliament for further details and History of Buckinghamshire for maps of the historic county. This county constituency was represented by two knights of the shire until 1832 and three 1832–1885.

Knights of the shire are known to have been summoned to most parliaments from 1290 (19th Parliament of King Edward I of England) and to every one from 1320 (19th Parliament of King Edward II of England).

Although at some periods several Parliaments were held in a year, at others there were considerable gaps between Parliaments. Knights of the shire were also summoned to meetings which have not been classified as Parliaments by modern expert opinion. The names of the members in some Parliaments are not known.

The English civil year started on 25 March until 1752 (Scotland having changed to 1 January in 1600). The years used for parliaments in this article have been converted to the new style where necessary. Old style dates would be a year earlier than the new style for days between 1 January and 24 March, for example the Parliament of 18 March 1313 – 9 May 1313 (new style) would be 18 March 1312 – 9 May 1313 (old style). No attempt has been made to compensate for the eleven days which did not occur in September 1752 in both England and Scotland as well as other British controlled territories (when the day after 2 September was 14 September), so as to bring the British Empire fully in line with the Gregorian calendar.

The names of knights of the shire, taken from the list in The History and Antiquities of Buckinghamshire by George Lipscomb (unless a volume from the History of Parliament Trust on the House of Commons at a particular period is available), are given in alphabetical order for each group of representatives.

There are some minor variations in names from the source used, which unless the contrary is known, are assumed to relate to the same person. It is possible that some entries relate to different persons of the same name. Where such cases have been identified the persons have been distinguished by a Roman number after the name (in order of first election); except where the number used to distinguish different candidates of the same name during the same period, by the authors of the books on the House of Commons mention in the references section, are used.

As the dates of Parliaments came from a twentieth century source and the names of persons elected came from Lipscomb (published between 1831 and 1847) it was sometimes impossible to be certain, from those sources, who served in a Parliament and who attended other meetings accorded lesser status. There is also some uncertainty as to whether Lipscomb did or did not use new style years and if so whether the method used in his list is consistent. An attempt has been made to give the best fit possible and to indicate the year (and if necessary the number within the year) from Lipscomb's list. The places of some Parliaments were indicated in footnotes to Lipscomb's list and are given here as they may assist with further research to confirm the link between specific knights of the shire and a particular Parliament.

Knights of the shire 1265–1660

The lists below commence with Montfort's Parliament in 1265, when for the first time elected representatives from counties (or shires), cities and boroughs were summoned to Parliament.

It is known that the Sheriffs of the English Counties were ordered to send knights of the shire to attend a number of Parliaments before 1265, but they were not required to have them chosen by election. No such summonses are known to have required the attendance of some citizens of cities or burgesses of other boroughs. Records of this sort of summons survive for the Oxford Parliament which was the 7th Parliament of King Henry III (assembled 27 October 1258 and presumed dissolved when writs de expensis were issued on 4 November 1258) and the 16th Parliament of the King (summoned 4 June 1264 and assembled 22 June 1264, although the date of dissolution is unknown).

The lists before 1320 exclude Parliaments to which elected commoners (representing the Commons or communities of England) were not known to have been summoned. All Parliaments are believed to have been held at Westminster, unless otherwise indicated.

Parliament of King Henry III

No.SummonedElectedAssembledDissolved1st member2nd member
17th 14 December 12641264–6520 January 126515 February 1265unknownunknown

Parliaments of King Edward I

No.SummonedElectedAssembledDissolved1st member2nd member
1st (a)16 February 1275127525 April 1275...unknownunknown
2nd (b)1 September 1275127513 October 127524 October 1275unknownunknown
19th (c)13 June 1290129015 July 1290...John de PateshulleWilliam de Turville
20th...129027 October 1290...unknownunknown
21st...1290–917 January 1291...unknownunknown
22nd...1291–928 January 1292...unknownunknown
25th...?1293> 29 March 1293...unknownunknown
26th...129313 October 1293...unknownunknown
27th...1293> 25 December 1293...unknownunknown
29th (d)30 September 1295+129527 November 12954 December 1295Laurence de BluntesdeneRoger de Tiringham
30th26 August 129612963 November 129629 November 1296unknownunknown
33rd (e)6 October 1297129715 September 129714 October 1297Robert BarryAmery de Nowers
34th (f)15 March 1298March 129830 March 1298...Laurence de BluntesdeneJohn de Chetewood
35th (g)10 April 1298129825 May 1298...unknownunknown
39th (h)29 December 12991299–006 March 130020 March 1300Hugh de ChastillonRobert Pogeys
1300Gerard de Braybroke I
40th (i)26 September 13001300–0120 January 130130 January 1301Gerard de Braybroke IHugh de Chastillon
42nd (j)14 July 1302130214 October 130221 October 1302John de ChetewoodWilliam de Santresdon
43rd (k)12 November 13041304–0528 February 130520 March 1305Roger de TyringhamJohn Neyrunt
45th (l)5 April 1306130630 May 130630 May 1306William BeauchampJohn Giffard
46th (m)3 November 13061306–0720 January 130719 March 1307Miles de BeauchampRalph de Wedon


Parliaments of King Edward II

No.SummonedElectedAssembledDissolved1st member2nd member
1st26 August 1307130713 October 130716 October 1307unknownunknown
2nd19 January 130813083 March 1308...unknownunknown
5th (a)4 March 1309130927 April 130913 May 1309Gerard de Braybroke IIJohn Giffard
8th (b)16 June 131113118 August 131118 December 1311Ralph de WedonRobert Malet
9th (c)3 June 1312131220 August 131216 December 1312Ralph de BellofagoRobert Malet
10th (d)8 January 1313131318 March 13139 May 1313Ralph de WedonRobert Malet
11th (f)23 May 131313138 July 131327 July 1313Robert de TothaleRobert Malet
12th (g)26 July 1313131323 September 131315 November 1313John de AdingraveMasculin de Chastillon
13th (h)29 July 131413149 September 131427/28 September 1314Miles de BeauchampRobert Malet
14th (i)24 October 13141314–1520 January 13159 March 1315unknownunknown
15th (j)16 October 13151315–1627 January 131620 February 1316Nicholas de TurvilleJohn Giffard de Boef
16th24–25 August 1318131820 October 13189 December 1318unknownunknown
17th (l)20 March 131913196 May 131925 May 1319John de la HayeJohn de la Penne
19th5 August 132013206 October 132025/26 October 1320unknownunknown
20th15 May 1321132115 July 132122 August 1321unknownunknown
21st (m)14 March 132213222 May 132219 May 1322Ralph de WedonRobert Malet
22nd (n)18 September 1322132214 November 132229 November 1322Alan de LeaumesRobert Malet
23rd (o)20 November 13231323–2423 February 132418 March 1324Philip de AylesburyRobert Malet
24th (p)6 May 1325132525 June 1325...Thomas de SakevillJames Freysel
25th10 October 1325132518 November 13255 December 1325unknownunknown
26th (q)28 October 13261326–277 January 132720 January 1327Andrew de St. LizRobert Malet


Parliaments of King Edward III

No.SummonedElectedAssembledDissolved1st member2nd member
1st.........9 March 1327unknownunknown
2nd7 August 1327132715 September 132723 September 1327unknownunknown
3rd10 December 13271327–287 February 13285 March 1328unknownunknown
4th5 March 1328132824 April 132814 May 1328unknownunknown
5th28 August 1328132816 October 132822 February 1329unknownunknown
6th25 January 1330133011 March 133021 March 1330unknownunknown
7th23 October 1330133026 November 13309 December 1330unknownunknown
8th16 July 1331133130 September 13319 October 1331unknownunknown
9th27 January 1332133216 March 133221 March 1332unknownunknown
10th20 July 133213329 September 133212 September 1332unknownunknown
11th20 October 133213324 December 133227 January 1333unknownunknown
12th2 January 1334133421 February 13342 March 1334unknownunknown
13th24 July 1334133419 September 133423 September 1334unknownunknown
14th1 April 1335133526 May 13353 June 1335unknownunknown
15th22 January 1336133611 March 133620 March 1336unknownunknown
16th29 November 13361336–373 March 1337c.16 March 1337unknownunknown
17th20 December 13371337–383 February 133814 February 1338unknownunknown
18th15 November 13381338–393 February 133917 February 1339unknownunknown
19th25 August 1339133913 October 1339c.3 November 1339unknownunknown
20th16 November 13391339–4020 January 134019 February 1340unknownunknown
21st21 February 1340134029 March 134010 May 1340unknownunknown
22nd30 May 1340134012 July 134026 July 1340unknownunknown
23rd3 March 1341134123 April 134127–28 May 1341unknownunknown
24th24 February 1343134328 April 134320 May 1343unknownunknown
25th20 April 134413447 June 134428 June 1344unknownunknown
26th30 July 1346134611 September 134620 September 1346unknownunknown
27th13 November 13471348–4814 January 134812 February 1348unknownunknown
28th14 February 1348134831 March 134813 April 1348unknownunknown
29th25 November 13501350–519 February 13511 March 1351unknownunknown
30th15 November 13511351–5213 January 135211 February 1352unknownunknown
31st15 March 1354135428 April 135420 May 1354unknownunknown
32nd20 September 1355135523 November 135530 November 1355unknownRoger de Puttenham
33rd15 February 1357135717 April 13578–16 May 1357unknownunknown
34th15 December 13571357–585 February 135827 February 1358unknown
35th3 April 1360136015 May 1360...unknownunknown
36th20 November 13601360–6124 January 136118 February 1361unknownunknown
37th14 August 1362136213 October 136217 November 1362unknownunknown
38th1 June 136313636 October 136330 October 1363unknownRoger de Puttenham
39th4 December 13641364–6520 January 136517 February 1365unknownunknown
40th20 January 136613664 May 136611 May 1366unknownRoger de Puttenham
41st24 February 136813681 May 136821 May 1368unknownRoger de Puttenham
42nd6 April 136913693 June 136911 June 1369unknownRoger de Puttenham
43rd8 January 1371137124 February 137129 March 1371unknownunknown
44th1 September 137213723 November 137224 November 1372unknownunknown
45th4 October 1373137321 November 137310 December 1373unknownunknown
46th 28 December 13751375–7628 April 137610 July 1376unknownunknown
47th 1 December 13761376–7727 January 13772 March 1377 Sir John Aylesbury unknown

Parliaments of King Richard II

No.SummonedElectedAssembledDissolved1st member2nd member
1st4 August 1377137713 October 13775 December 1377Sir Edmund atte Pole Sir John de Aylesbury
2nd3 September 1378137820 October 137816 November 1378 Sir John de Aylesbury Sir Thomas Sakevill
3rd16 February 1379137924 April 137927 May 1379Sir William de Molins Sir Thomas Sakevill
4th20 October 13791379–8016 January 13803 March 1380 Sir John de Aylesbury Sir Thomas Sakevill
5th26 August 138013805 November 13806 December 1380Sir John de BermyngehamRobert de Luton
6th16 July 138113813 November 138125 February 1382 Sir John de Aylesbury Sir Thomas Sakevill
7th24 March 138213827 May 138222 May 1382 Sir John de Aylesbury John de Cheyne
8th9 August 138213826 October 138224 October 1382unknown (a)unknown (a)
9th7 January 1383138323 February 138310 March 1383 John Broughton Sir Thomas Sakevill
10th20 August 1383138326 October 138326 November 1383Sir Edmund atte Pole Sir Thomas Sakevill
11th3 March 1384138429 April 138427 May 1384unknownunknown
12th28 September 1384138412 November 138414 December 1384unknownunknown
13th3 September 1385138520 October 13856 December 1385unknownunknown
14th 8 August 138613861 October 138628 November 1386Sir John Chetwode Sir Thomas Sackville
15th 17 December 13871387–883 February 13884 June 1388Sir Robert LutonSir Philip de la Vache
16th28 July 138813889 September 138817 October 1388Roger Dayrell Sir Thomas Sackville
17th6 December 13891389–9017 January 13902 March 1390 Sir John Aylesbury Sir Robert Luton
18th12 September 1390139012 November 13903 December 1390Roger DayrellEdward Durdent
19th7 September 139113913 November 13912 December 1391Sir Thomas Aylesbury John Broughton
20th23 November 13921392–9320 January 139310 February 1393Sir Edward MissendenAlan Ayot
21st13 November 13931393–9427 January 13946 March 1394Roger Dayrell Sir Thomas Sackville
22nd20 November 13941394–9527 January 139515 February 1395Sir John ChetwodeEdward Durdent
23rd30 November 13961396–9722 January 139712 February 1397John BartonThomas Shelley
24th18 July 1397139717 September 139731 January 1398Sir Thomas AylesburyThomas Shelley
25th19 August 1399138930 September 139930 September 1399Roger DayrellEdmund Hampden


Parliaments of King Henry IV

No.SummonedElectedAssembledDissolved1st member2nd member
1st 30 September 139913996 October 139919 November 1399unknownunknown
2nd9 September 14001400–0120 January 140110 March 1401John BartonThomas Durant
3rd19 June 1402140230 September 140225 November 1402Sir Richard Arches Edmund Hampden
4th20 October 14031403–0414 January 140420 March 1404John BartonEdmund Brudenell
5th25 August 140414046 October 140413 November 1404Roger Cheyne Robert James
6th21 December 14051405–061 March 140622 December 1406Edmund Brudenell John Giffard
7th26 August 1407140720 October 14072 December 1407John Barton Richard Wyot
8th26 October 14091409–1027 January 14109 May 1410unknownunknown
9th21 September 141114113 November 141119 December 1411unknownunknown
10th1 December 14121412–133 February 141320 March 1413unknownunknown

Parliaments of King Henry V

No.SummonedElectedAssembledDissolved1st member2nd member
1st22 March 1413141314 May 14139 June 1413 John Cheyne John Giffard
2nd 1 December 14131413–1430 April 141429 May 1414John Barton II Richard Wyot
3rd26 September 1414141419 November 1414...John Barton
4th 12 August 141514154 November 141512 November 1415 John Cheyne
5th21 January 1416141616 March 1416May 1416unknownunknown
6th3 September 1416141619 October 141618 November 1416unknownunknown
7th5 October 1417141716 November 141717 December 1417John Barton II John Giffard
8th24 August 1419141916 October 141913 November 1419John Barton II Richard Wyot
9th21 October 142014202 December 1420... John Hampden William Whaplode
10th26 February 142114212 May 1421... Robert James George Longville
11th20 October 142114211 December 1421... Sir John Cheyne II Richard Wyot

Parliaments of King Henry VI

No.SummonedElectedAssembledDissolved1st member2nd member
1st29 September 142214229 November 142218 December 1422John Barton jnr Robert James
2nd1 September 1423142320 October 142328 February 1424 John Giffard unknown
3rd24 February 1425142530 April 142514 July 1425 John Cheyne Sir John Cheyne II
4th 7 January 1426142618 February 14261 June 1426 Sir John Cheyne IIunknown
5th15 July 1427142713 October 142725 March 1428 John Cheyne unknown
6th12 July 1429142922 September 142923 February 1430unknownunknown
7th27 November 14301430–3112 January 143120 March 1431unknownunknown
8th25 February 1432143212 May 143217 July 1432 Sir John Cheyne IIunknown
9th24 May 143314338 July 1433>c.18 December 1433 William Whaplode unknown
10th5 July 1435143510 October 143523 December 1435 Sir John Cheyne IIunknown
11th29 October 14361436–3721 January 143727 March 1437 John Hampden unknown
12th26 September 1439143912 November 1439c.15–24 February 1440unknownunknown
13th3 December 14411441–4225 January 144227 March 1442unknownunknown
14th13 January 1445144525 February 14459 April 1445 Sir John Cheyne IIunknown
15th14 December 14461446–4710 February 14473 March 1447 Thomas Tresham unknown
16th2 January 1449144912 February 144916 July 1449unknownunknown
17th23 September 144914496 November 1449c.5–8 June 1450unknownunknown
18th5 September 145014506 November 1450c.24–31 May 1451unknownunknown
19th20 January 145314536 March 1453c.16–21 April 1454unknownunknown
20th26 May 145514559 July 145512 March 1456unknownunknown
21st 9 October 1459145920 November 145920 December 1459unknownunknown
22nd30 July 146014607 October 1460c.4 March 1461unknownunknown
23rd15 October 1470147026 November 1470c. 11 April 1471unknownunknown

Parliaments of King Edward IV

No.SummonedElectedAssembledDissolved1st member2nd member
1st23 May 146114614 November 14616 May 1462unknownunknown
2nd22 December 14621462–6329 April 146328 March 1465unknownunknown
3rd28 February 146714673 June 14677 June 1468unknownunknown
4th19 August 147214726 October 147214 March 1475unknownunknown
5th20 November 14771477–7816 January 147826 February 1478unknownunknown
6th15 November 14821482–8320 January 148318 February 1483unknownunknown

Parliament of King Richard III

No.SummonedElectedAssembledDissolved1st member2nd member
1st9 December 14831483–8423 January 148420 February 1484unknownunknown

Parliaments of King Henry VII

No.SummonedElectedAssembledDissolved1st member2nd member
1st15 September 148514857 November 1485c. 4 March 1486unknownunknown
2nd...14879 November 1487c. 18 December 1487unknownunknown
3rd...?1488–8913 January 148927 February 1490unknownunknown
4th12 August 1491149117 October 14915 March 1492unknownunknown
5th15 September 1495149514 October 149521–22 December 1495unknownunknown
6th20 November 14961496–9716 January 149713 March 1497unknownunknown
7th...?1503–0425 January 1504c. 1 April 1504unknownunknown

Parliaments of King Henry VIII

No.SummonedElectedAssembledDissolved1st member2nd member
1st17 October 15091509–1021 January 151023 February 1510unknownunknown
2nd28 November 15111511–124 February 15124 March 1514unknownunknown
3rd23 November 15141514–155 February 151522 December 1515unknownunknown
4th...152315 April 152313 August 1523unknownunknown
5th 9 August 152915293 November 152914 April 1536Sir Andrew Windsor (a)Sir John Russell
after 1532Sir Francis Bryan
6th27 April 153615368 June 153618 July 1536unknownunknown
7th1 March 1539153928 April 153924 July 1540Sir John Dauntesey Sir Francis Bryan
8th23 November 15411541–4216 January 154228 March 1544Sir Francis Bryan Sir Anthony Lee
9th1 December 15441544–4523 November 154531 January 1547Sir Francis Bryan Francis Russell


Parliaments of King Edward VI

No.SummonedElectedAssembledDissolved1st member2nd member
1st2 August 154715474 November 154715 April 1552Sir Francis Russell Sir Anthony Lee (a)
8 January 1550Sir Thomas Windsor
2nd5 January 155315531 March 155331 March 1553 Edmund Verney William Dormer


Parliaments of Queen Mary I

No.SummonedElectedAssembledDissolved1st member2nd member
1st14 August 155315535 October 15535 December 1553Sir Edmund Peckham Sir Robert Drury [II]
2nd17 February 155415542 April 15543 May 1554Sir Robert Peckham Sir George Gifford [II]
3rd3 October 1554155412 November 155416 January 1555Sir Edmund Peckham Thomas Denton
4th3 September 1555155521 October 15559 December 1555 Edmund Verney Francis Verney
5th6 December 15571557–5820 January 155817 November 1558Sir William Dormer Sir Henry Lee

Parliaments of Queen Elizabeth I

No.SummonedElectedAssembledDissolved1st member2nd member
1st5 December 155828 December 155823 January 15598 May 1559Sir Henry Lee Paul Darrell
2nd10 November 15621562–6311 January 15632 January 1567 Thomas Fleetwood William Hawtrey
3rd...15712 April 157129 May 1571Sir Henry Lee Sir William Dormer
4th28 March 157215728 May 157219 April 1583Sir Henry Lee John Croke [II]
5th12 October 1584158423 November 158414 September 1585 Miles Sandys Griffith Hampden
6th15 September 1586158615 October 158623 March 1587 Francis Goodwin John Borlase
7th18 September 15881588–894 February 158929 March 1589 John Fortescue [I] Thomas Tasburgh
8th4 January 1593159318 February 159310 April 1593 Sir John Fortescue [I] Sir Robert Dormer
9th23 August 1597159724 October 15979 February 1598 Sir John Fortescue [I] Francis Goodwin
10th11 September 16017 October 160127 October 160119 December 1601 Francis Fortescue Alexander Hampden

Parliaments of King James I

No.SummonedElectedAssembledDissolved1st member2nd member
1st31 January 1604160419 March 16049 February 1611 William Fleetwood Francis Goodwin (a)
160x Christopher Pigott (b)
160x Anthony Tyringham
2nd ...?16145 April 16147 June 1614 Sir Francis Goodwin Sir William Borlase
3rd13 November 16201620–2116 January 16218 February 1622 Sir Francis Goodwin Sir William Fleetwood
4th20 December 16231623–2412 February 162427 March 1625 Sir Francis Goodwin Sir Thomas Denton


Parliaments of King Charles I

No.SummonedElectedAssembledDissolved1st member2nd member
1st2 April 1625162517 May 162512 August 1625 Sir Francis Goodwin Henry Bulstrode
2nd20 December 162516266 February 162615 June 1626 Sir Francis Goodwin Sir Thomas Denton
3rd31 January 1628162817 March 162810 March 1629 Sir Edward Coke Sir William Fleetwood
No parliament held
4th 20 February 1640164013 April 16405 May 1640 John Hampden Arthur Goodwin
5th 24 September 164016403 November 164016 March 1660 John Hampden Arthur Goodwin
?1643 George Fleetwood Edmund West

Parliaments of the Commonwealth

The Long Parliament or the selection of members from it known as the Rump Parliament functioned de facto during part of the Commonwealth of England period. It existed (in a sense) de jure 1640–1660, as under a pre-English Civil War law, the Long Parliament could not be lawfully dissolved without its own consent which it did not give until 1660. As it was a Parliament originally summoned by King Charles I, the overall dates of the Long Parliament are given in the previous section.

The Barebones Parliament was an appointed body, so the county was not as such represented in it. That body was summoned on 20 June 1653, first met on 4 July 1653 and was dissolved on 12 December 1653.

Parliaments of the Protectorate

During the Protectorate the county was allocated five representatives in the First and the Second Protectorate Parliaments (summoned 1 June 1654 and 10 July 1656 respectively), before reverting to two for the Third Protectorate Parliament (summoned 9 December 1658).

The boroughs of Aylesbury, Buckingham Town and Wycombe retained one seat each in the first two Parliaments, but the traditional pattern of constituencies and of seats was reintroduced for the third.

No.AssembledDissolved1st member2nd member3rd member4th member5th member
1st3 September 165422 January 1655 Bulstrode Whitelocke Richard Ingoldsby George Fleetwood Sir Richard Pigot Richard Greenville
2nd17 September 16564 February 1658 Bulstrode Whitelocke Richard Ingoldsby Richard Hampden Sir Richard Pigot Richard Greenville
3rd27 January 165922 April 1659 Richard Greenville William Bowyer


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