Kunsthistorisches Museum

Last updated
Kunsthistorisches Museum
Maria-Theresien-Platz Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien 2010.jpg
Established1871-1891
Location Vienna, Austria
Visitors559,150 (2010) [1]
Website www.khm.at
Interior Kunsthistorisches Museum Interior.JPG
Interior
Madonna of the Meadow by Raphael Raphael - Madonna in the Meadow - Google Art Project.jpg
Madonna of the Meadow by Raphael
Tower of Babel by Pieter Brueghel Pieter Bruegel the Elder - The Tower of Babel (Vienna) - Google Art Project - edited.jpg
Tower of Babel by Pieter Brueghel
Summer, by Giuseppe Arcimboldo, 1563 Arcimboldo, Giuseppe Summer.jpg
Summer, by Giuseppe Arcimboldo, 1563
Infanta Margarita Teresa in a Blue Dress by Velazquez Diego Rodriguez de Silva y Velazquez - Infanta Margarita Teresa in a Blue Dress - Google Art Project.jpg
Infanta Margarita Teresa in a Blue Dress by Velázquez
Sculptures at staircase Sculptures at staircase Kunsthistorisches Museum Vienna.jpg
Sculptures at staircase

The Kunsthistorisches Museum (lit. "Museum of Art History", also often referred to as the "Museum of Fine Arts") is an art museum in Vienna, Austria. Housed in its festive palatial building on Ringstraße, it is crowned with an octagonal dome. The term Kunsthistorisches Museum applies to both the institution and the main building. It is the largest art museum in the country and one of the most important museums worldwide.

Contents

It was opened around 1891 at the same time as the Natural History Museum, Vienna, by Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria-Hungary. [2] The two museums have similar exteriors and face each other across Maria-Theresien-Platz. Both buildings were built between 1871 and 1891 according to plans drawn up by Gottfried Semper and Baron Karl von Hasenauer. The two Ringstraße museums were commissioned by the emperor in order to find a suitable shelter for the Habsburgs' formidable art collection and to make it accessible to the general public. The buildings are rectangular in shape, and topped with a dome that is 60 meters high. The façade was built of sandstone. The inside of the museums is lavishly decorated with marble, stucco ornamentations, gold-leaf and paintings. The staircase of the Kunsthistorisches Museum is equipped with paintings by Gustav Klimt, Ernst Klimt, Franz Matsch, Hans Makart and Mihály Munkácsy. [3]

Collection

The museum's primary collections are those of the Habsburgs, particularly from the portrait and armour collections of Ferdinand of Tirol, the collections of Emperor Rudolph II (the largest part of which is, however, scattered), and the collection of paintings of Archduke Leopold Wilhelm, of which his Italian paintings were first documented in the Theatrum Pictorium .

Notable works in the picture gallery include:

The collections of the Kunsthistorisches Museum:

Hofburg

Others

Also affiliated are the:

Recent events

One of the museum's most important objects, the Cellini Salt Cellar sculpture by Benvenuto Cellini, was stolen on May 11, 2003 and recovered on January 21, 2006, in a box buried in a forest near the town of Zwettl, Austria. It was featured in an episode of Museum Secrets on the History Channel. It had been the biggest art theft in Austrian history. [4]

The museum is the subject of Johannes Holzhausen's documentary film The Great Museum (2014), filmed over two years in the run up to the re-opening of the newly renovated and expanded Kunstkammer rooms in 2013.

From from October 2018 through January 2019 was shown the world’s largest-ever exhibition of works by Pieter Bruegel the Elder called Bruegel – Once in a Lifetime”. [5]

See also

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<i>The Gloomy Day</i> painting by Pieter Bruegel the Elder

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<i>The Return of the Herd</i> painting by Pieter Brueghel the Elder

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<i>Violante</i> (Titian) painting by Tiziano Vecellio, gen. Tizian

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<i>The Beggars</i> painting by Pieter Brueghel the Elder

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<i>The Peasant Dance</i> oil-on-panel painting by Bruegel

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<i>The Peasant and the Nest Robber</i> painting by Pieter Bruegel the Elder

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<i>The Wedding Dance</i> painting by Pieter Brueghel the Elder

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<i>Theatrum Pictorium</i> catalog of 246 paintings by David Teniers (II)

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<i>Massacre of the Innocents</i> (Bruegel) painting by Pieter Brueghel the Elder

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Nicolaes Jonghelinck Flemish art collector

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References

  1. The Art Newspaper. World museum attendance figures for 2010. Access 22 Oct 2011.
  2. The Office Of The High Chamberlain (Dec 31, 1906). Guide to the Treasury of the Imperial House of Austria. Vienna, Austria: A. Holzhausen. p. 12.
  3. Gustav Klimt and Egyptian Art. Paintings in the staircase of the Kunsthistorisches Museum. by Ernst Czerny.
  4. "Police find stolen £36m figurine". BBC News. 2006-01-22. Retrieved 2013-09-16.
  5. "The Best of Bruegel – Only in Vienna". www.khm.at. Retrieved 2019-12-06.

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Coordinates: 48°12′13″N16°21′42″E / 48.2037°N 16.3618°E / 48.2037; 16.3618