Lipsko

Last updated
Lipsko
POL Lipsko church.jpg
Holy Trinity church in Lipsko
POL Lipsko COA.svg
Coat of arms
Poland adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Lipsko
Coordinates: 51°9′24″N21°39′27″E / 51.15667°N 21.65750°E / 51.15667; 21.65750 Coordinates: 51°9′24″N21°39′27″E / 51.15667°N 21.65750°E / 51.15667; 21.65750
CountryFlag of Poland.svg  Poland
Voivodeship Masovian
County Lipsko County
Gmina Gmina Lipsko
Established16th century
Town rights1613
Government
  MayorJacek Wielorański
Area
  Total15.7 km2 (6.1 sq mi)
Population
 (2006)
  Total5,826
  Density370/km2 (960/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
27-300
Area code(s) +48 48
Car plates WLI
Website http://www.lipsko.eu

Lipsko [ˈlʲipskɔ] is a town in Poland, in northern Lesser Poland, Mazowsze Voivodship. It is the capital of Lipsko County. The population is 5,895 (2004). Lipsko’s coat of arms is the Dębno, which was used by previous owners of the town.

Lipsko is located on two hills, divided by the Krępianka river. First mention about it comes from April 1589, when the village belonged to the Krępski family. In 1613 it was granted town rights, and quickly developed, due to the location along the “oxen road”, from Red Ruthenia to Greater Poland and Silesia. In 1614, Holy Trinity Church was built, founded by Lord Mikołaj Oleśnicki. In the 18th century Lipsko, located in Sandomierz Voivodeship belonged to several families - the Denhoffs, the Sanguszkos, and the Kochanowskis. After the Partitions of Poland, the town stagnated, with the population not more than 100. In 1868, as a punishment for participation of residents in the January Uprising, the Russians took away Lipsko’s town rights, turning it into a village (Lipsko did not become a town again until 1958).

During World War II, German occupiers committed mass murders and brutalized both the Christian and Jewish population. At the beginning of the war, about 1600 Jews lived in Lipsko, half the population. When the Germans occupied the town, on September 8, 1939, they shot several Jews, including the rabbi, and then burned alive 60 to 80 Jews in the synagogue. Later the Jewish population was forced into a ghetto and Jews from surrounding villages were brought there too. By October 1942, there were 3600 Jews in the ghetto. Lipsko was conveniently, for the Germans, located near a railway line. Some Jews were deported to forced labor camps, but in mid October 1942, the rest of the Jewish population were rounded up by German police and Ukrainian auxiliary guards. A few escaped to hide with Gentile friends or join the partisans. Most were transported to the Tarlow ghetto and then on to Treblinka, where they were murdered on arrival by gas. The number of Jewish survivors from Lipsko is unknown. [1]

On January 1, 1956, Lipsko became the seat of a county in Kielce Voivodeship. The town is home to a sports club Powiślanka, founded in 1964.

Related Research Articles

Sucha Beskidzka Place in Lesser Poland Voivodeship, Poland

Sucha Beskidzka is a town in the Beskid Żywiecki mountain range in southern Poland, on the Skawa river. It is the county seat of Sucha County. It has been in the Lesser Poland Voivodeship since 1999; previously it was in Bielsko-Biała Voivodeship (1975–1998).

Łask Place in Łódź Voivodeship, Poland

Łask is a town in central Poland with 17,604 inhabitants (2016). It is the capital of Łask County, and is situated in Łódź Voivodeship, previously in Sieradz Voivodeship (1975–1998). The Polish Air Force's 32nd Air Base is located nearby.

Zgierz Place in Łódź Voivodeship, Poland

Zgierz(listen) is a town in central Poland, located just to the north of Łódź and part of the metropolitan area centered on that city. As of 2016 it had a population of 56,929.

Ozorków Place in Łódź Voivodeship, Poland

Ozorków is a town in central Poland with 19,809 inhabitants (2016), located on the Bzura River. It is located in the Łódź Voivodeship, having previously been in Łódź Metro Voivodeship (1975–1998).

Ciepielów, Masovian Voivodeship Village in Masovian Voivodeship, Poland

Ciepielów is a village in Poland, in southern part of the Mazovian Voivodeship. It is a capital of a gmina in the powiat of Lipsko, on the Iłżanka River, near Radom. In 1998 it had approximately 750 inhabitants and two minor construction materials plants. It lies approximately 12 kilometres (7 mi) north-west of Lipsko and 115 km (71 mi) south of Warsaw. Ciepielów belongs to the historic province of Lesser Poland, and for centuries the village belonged to Sandomierz Voivodeship. It used to be a town from 1548 until 1870.

Stawiski Place in Podlaskie Voivodeship, Poland

Stawiski is a town in northeastern Poland, situated within Kolno County, in Podlaskie Voivodeship, approximately 16 kilometres east of Kolno and 74 kilometres west of the regional capital Białystok. Stawiski is the administrative seat of Gmina Stawiski. From 1946 to 1975 it belonged administratively to Białystok Voivodeship, and from 1975 to 1998 to Łomża Voivodeship. The town is situated on the Dzierzbia River.

Wieruszów Place in Łódź Voivodeship, Poland

Wieruszów is a town with 8,639 inhabitants (2016). Situated in the southwestern part of Łódź Voivodeship, From 1975–1998, it was part of Kalisz Voivodeship. The town is situated along the Prosna river. The biggest attraction is the Church and Monastery popauliński of 1676 in its limits, located on the Prosna, the church of St. Nicholas. Spirit of the façade with two towers and chapels on the sides, forming a kind of transept. Inside the church, deserves special attention, nine baroque altars and choir stalls from 1682, with paintings on zapieckach. The choir is a portrait of Bernard Wierusz - the first owner and founder of the church Wieruszów. In 1673, Augustine's father died here Kordecki, a heroic defender of Jasna Góra during the Swedish invasion, and in 1973, during the celebration of the 300th anniversary of his death diagonal, the church was graced by the presence of Cardinal Karol Wojtyła - the future Pope John Paul II and Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński.

Miechów Place in Lesser Poland Voivodeship, Poland

Miechów is a town in Poland, in Lesser Poland Voivodeship, about 40 kilometres north of Kraków. It is the capital of Miechów County. Population is 11,852 (2004). Miechów lies on the Miechówka river, along European route E77. The area of the town is 15 square kilometres (6 sq mi), and it has a rail station, located on the main railroad which connects Kraków with Warsaw.

Biała Rawska Place in Łódź Voivodeship, Poland

Biała Rawska(listen) is a town in Rawa County, Łódź Voivodeship, Poland, with 3,212 inhabitants (2016). 5-time World's Strongest Man Mariusz Pudzianowski was born in Biała Rawska.

Poddębice Place in Łódź Voivodeship, Poland

Poddębice is a town in Poland, in Łódź Voivodeship, about 40 km northwest of Łódź. It is the capital of Poddębice County. Population is 7,630 (2016).

Iłża Place in Masovian Voivodeship, Poland

Iłża is a small town in Masovian Voivodeship, Poland. In 2006 Iłża had approximately 5,165 inhabitants. The town belongs to the historical region of Lesser Poland, and from its foundation until 1795, it was part of Lesser Poland’s Sandomierz Voivodeship. Iłża lies in Malopolska Upland, on the Iłżanka river, 30 kilometres south of Radom, and is situated along National Road Nr. 9, which is part of European route E371.

Velyki Mosty City in Lviv, Ukraine

Velyki Mosty is a city in Sokal Raion of Lviv Oblast (region) of Western Ukraine. Its population is 6,121 (2013 est.).

Żychlin Place in Łódź Voivodeship, Poland

Żychlin is a town in Kutno County, Łódź Voivodeship, Poland, about 50 north of Łódź and 90 kilometres west of Warsaw. It has 8,376 inhabitants (2016).

Ćmielów Place in Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship, Poland

Ćmielów(listen) is a town in Ostrowiec County, Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship, Poland, seat of Gmina Ćmielów. It has 3,222 inhabitants (2004). It is known for one of Poland's oldest porcelain factories dating back to 1790. The town history dates back to 14th century. It has several tourist attractions, in addition to its old porcelain factory, including ruins of a 16th-century castle and a church from the same period. Ćmielów belongs to Lesser Poland, and lies on the Kamienna river in the Sandomierz Upland, 10 kilometers east of Ostrowiec Świętokrzyski, along local road nr. 755.

Działoszyce Place in Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship, Poland

Działoszyce(listen) is a town in Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship, Poland, with 1,117 inhabitants (2004).

Sokołów Małopolski Place in Subcarpathian Voivodeship, Poland

Sokołów Małopolski is a town in Rzeszów County, Subcarpathian Voivodeship, Poland, with a population of 3,962 (2 June 2009).

Drzewica Place in Łódź Voivodeship, Poland

Drzewica is a town in Opoczno County, Łódź Voivodeship, Poland, with 3,913 inhabitants (2016). Located on the Drzewiczka river, in northwestern corner of historic province of Lesser Poland, Drzewica is home to Gerlach, a renowned cutlery manufacturer, founded in 1760 in Warsaw. In the first half of the 16th century, the Archbishop of Gniezno and Primate of Poland Maciej Drzewicki built here a rectangular-shaped castle, surrounded by a moat. The castle burned in 1814 and now is a well-preserved ruin.

Zelów Place in Łódź Voivodeship, Poland

Zelów is a town in Bełchatów County, Łódź Voivodeship, Poland, with 7,725 inhabitants (2016).

Piotrków Kujawski Place in Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland

Piotrków Kujawski is a town in Radziejów County, Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland, with 4,463 inhabitants (2004).

Sienno, Masovian Voivodeship Village in Masovian Voivodeship, Poland

Sienno is a village in Lipsko County, Masovian Voivodeship, in east-central Poland. It is the seat of the gmina called Gmina Sienno. It lies some 15 kilometres (9 mi) south-west of Lipsko and 130 km (81 mi) south of Warsaw.

References

  1. m, Geoffrey (2012). Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos. Bloomington, Indiana: University of Indiana Press. p. Volume II 254-255. ISBN   978-0-253-35599-7.