List of colonial governors of Louisiana

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This is a list of the colonial governors of Louisiana, from the founding of the first settlement by the French in 1699 to the territory's acquisition by the United States in 1803.

Louisiana southern state in the United States of America

Louisiana is a state in the Deep South region of the South Central United States. It is the 31st most extensive and the 25th most populous of the 50 United States. Louisiana is bordered by the state of Texas to the west, Arkansas to the north, Mississippi to the east, and the Gulf of Mexico to the south. A large part of its eastern boundary is demarcated by the Mississippi River. Louisiana is the only U.S. state with political subdivisions termed parishes, which are equivalent to counties. The state's capital is Baton Rouge, and its largest city is New Orleans.

Contents

The French and Spanish governors administered a territory which was much larger than the modern U.S. state of Louisiana, comprising Louisiana (New France) and Louisiana (New Spain), respectively.

Early modern France History of France during the early modern era

The Kingdom of France in the early modern period, from the Renaissance to the Revolution (1789–1804), was a monarchy ruled by the House of Bourbon. This corresponds to the so-called Ancien Régime. The territory of France during this period increased until it included essentially the extent of the modern country, and it also included the territories of the first French colonial empire overseas.

Spain Kingdom in Southwest Europe

Spain, officially the Kingdom of Spain, is a European country located in Southwestern Europe with some pockets of Spanish territory across the Strait of Gibraltar and the Atlantic Ocean. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory also includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera make Spain the only European country to have a physical border with an African country (Morocco). Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are also part of Spanish territory. The country's mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the Bay of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.

U.S. state constituent political entity of the United States

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders.

At the same time, there are parts of present-day Louisiana which were historically administered by other colonial powers, with the most prominent example being the area known as the Florida Parishes, north of Lake Pontchartrain and east of the Mississippi River. This territory was originally part of French Louisiana, but it belonged to the Kingdom of Great Britain for twenty years (1763–83) following the French and Indian War.

Colonialism Creation, and maintenance of colonies by people from another territory

Colonialism is the policy of a nation seeking to extend or retain its authority over other people or territories, generally with the aim of economic dominance. The colonising country seeks to benefit from the colonised country or land mass. In the process, colonisers impose their religion, economics, and medicinal practices on the natives. Colonialism is the relationship of domination of indigenous by foreign invaders where the latter rule in pursuit of their interests.

Florida Parishes Region in Louisiana, United States

The Florida Parishes, on the east side of Mississippi River — an area also known as the Northshore or Northlake region — are eight parishes in southeast Louisiana, United States, which were part of West Florida in the 18th and early 19th centuries.

Lake Pontchartrain estuary located in southeastern Louisiana, United States

Lake Pontchartrain is a brackish estuary located in southeastern Louisiana in the United States. It covers an area of 630 square miles (1,600 km2) with an average depth of 12 to 14 feet. Some shipping channels are kept deeper through dredging. It is roughly oval in shape, about 40 miles (64 km) from west to east and 24 miles (39 km) from south to north.

List

First French Louisiana (1682–1762)

#PortraitName
(Birth–Death)
Took officeLeft office
1 No image.svg Sauvolle
(1671–1701)
16991701
(Died in office)
2 Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne, Sieur de Bienville.jpg Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville
(1680–1767)
17011713
3 Antoine Laumet de La Mothe, sieur de Cadillac.jpg Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac
(1658–1730)
17131716
4 Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne, Sieur de Bienville.jpg Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville
(1680–1767)
17161717
5 No image.svg Jean-Michel de Lepinay
(16??–17??)
17171718
6 Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne, Sieur de Bienville.jpg Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville
(1680–1767)
17181724
7 No image.svg Pierre Dugué de Boisbriand
(1675–1736)
17241726
8 No image.svg Étienne Périer
(1687–1766)
17261733
9 Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne, Sieur de Bienville.jpg Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville
(1680–1767)
17331743
10 Marquis de Vaudreuil.jpg Pierre de Rigaud de Vaudreuil-Cavagnial
(1698–1778)
17431753
11 No image.svg Louis Billouart
(1704–1770)
17531763
12 Jean-JacquesBlaised'abbadie.jpg Jean-Jacques Blaise d'Abbadie
(1726–1765)
17631765
(Died in office)
13 No image.svg Charles Philippe Aubry
(17??–1770)
17651768

Spanish Louisiana (1762–1802)

#PortraitName
(Birth–Death)
Took officeLeft office
14 Almirante Antonio de Ulloa.jpg Antonio de Ulloa
(1716–1795)
17661768
15 No image.svg Charles Philippe Aubry
(17??–1770)
17681769
16 Alejandro O'Reilly by Francisco Jose de Goya.jpg Alejandro O'Reilly
(1722–1794)
17691769
17 No image.svg Luis de Unzaga
(1721–1790)
17701777
18 Bernardo de Galvez.png Bernardo de Gálvez
(1746–1786)
17771785
19 Esteban Rodriguez Miro.jpg Esteban Rodríguez Miró
(1744–1795)
17851791
20 Retrato del Baron de Carondelet - Anonimo (siglo XIX).jpg Francisco Luis Héctor de Carondelet
(1748–1807)
17911797
21 Manuel-gayoso-de-lemos-governor-of-natchez.jpg Manuel Gayoso de Lemos
(1747–1799)
17971799
22 Francisco Bouligny.jpg Francisco Bouligny
(1736–1800)
17991799
23 No image.svg Sebastián Calvo de la Puerta y O'Farrill
(1751–1820)
17991801
24 No image.svg Nicolás María Vidal (Acting Civil Governor)
(1739–1806)
17991801
25 No image.svg Juan Manuel de Salcedo
(1743–18??)
18011803

Second French Louisiana (1802–1804)

#PortraitName
(Birth–Death)
Took officeLeft office
Laussat.jpg Pierre Clément de Laussat**
(1756–1835)
18031803

**Laussat was initially only to be the interim head of Louisiana until arrival of the Governor General Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte appointed by Napoleon. However, news of the Sale of Louisiana reached Bernadotte before he could sail from La Rochelle in May 1803.

Louisiana (New France) Administrative district of New France

Louisiana or French Louisiana was an administrative district of New France. Under French control 1682 to 1762 and 1801 (nominally) to 1803, the area was named in honor of King Louis XIV, by French explorer René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de la Salle. It originally covered an expansive territory that included most of the drainage basin of the Mississippi River and stretched from the Great Lakes to the Gulf of Mexico and from the Appalachian Mountains to the Rocky Mountains.

Charles XIV John of Sweden King of Sweden and Norway

Charles XIV John or Carl John, was King of Sweden and King of Norway from 1818 until his death in 1844.

Napoleon Emperor of the French

Napoléon Bonaparte was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars. He was Emperor of the French as Napoleon I from 1804 until 1814 and again briefly in 1815 during the Hundred Days. Napoleon dominated European and global affairs for more than a decade while leading France against a series of coalitions in the Napoleonic Wars. He won most of these wars and the vast majority of his battles, building a large empire that ruled over much of continental Europe before its final collapse in 1815. He is considered one of the greatest commanders in history, and his wars and campaigns are studied at military schools worldwide. Napoleon's political and cultural legacy has endured as one of the most celebrated and controversial leaders in human history.

See also

Notes

    Related Research Articles

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    Pinckneys Treaty 1795 treaty between the US and Spain

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    District of Louisiana Territory of the USA between 1804-1805

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    William C. C. Claiborne American judge

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    West Florida Controversy

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    Étienne de Boré American politician

    Jean Étienne de Boré was a Creole French planter, born in Kaskaskia, Illinois Country, who was known for producing the first granulated sugar in Louisiana. At the time, the area was under Spanish rule. His innovation made sugar cane profitable as a commodity crop and planters began to cultivate it in quantity. He owned a large plantation upriver from New Orleans.

    Jean-Jacques Blaise dAbbadie French colonial governor

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    Pierre Derbigny American judge

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    Louisiana (New Spain) Administrative district of the Viceroyalty of New Spain

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    Pierre-Clément de Laussat American politician

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    Francisco Bouligny Spanish colonial political and military leader, 9th governor of Spanish Louisiana, and founder of New Iberia.

    Francisco Domingo Joseph Bouligny y Paret was a high-ranking Spanish military and political figure in Spanish Louisiana. As a francophone in Spanish service, he was a bridge between Creole and French Louisiana and Spain following the transfer of the territory from France to Spain. Bouligny served as lieutenant governor under Bernardo de Gálvez, founded the city of New Iberia in 1779, and served as acting military governor in 1799.

    Charles-Philippe Aubry or Aubri was a French soldier and colonial administrator, who served as governor of Louisiana twice in the 18th century.