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In South Africa, a local municipality (Tswana : mmasepalaselegae; Sotho : masepala wa lehae; Northern Sotho : mmasepala wa selegae; Afrikaans : plaaslike munisipaliteit; Zulu : umasipala wendawo; Southern Ndebele : umasipaladi wendawo; Xhosa : umasipala wengingqi; Swazi : masipaladi wasekhaya; Venda : masipalawapo; Tsonga : masipala wa muganga) or Category B municipality is a type of municipality that serves as the third, and most local, tier of local government. Each district municipality is divided into a number of local municipalities, and responsibility for municipal affairs is divided between the district and local municipalities. There are 205 local municipalities in South Africa.
A local municipality may include rural areas as well as one or more towns or small cities. In larger urban areas there are no district or local municipalities, and a metropolitan municipality is responsible for all municipal affairs.
A local municipality is governed by a municipal council elected by voters resident in the municipality on the basis of mixed-member proportional representation. The municipal area is divided into wards, the number of which depends on the population of the municipality. At local elections the voters have three ballot papers: one to vote for a candidate for ward councillor, one to vote for a party for the council of the local municipality, and one to vote for a party for the council of the district municipality. The ward councillors are directly elected by first-past-the-post voting. An equal number of PR (proportional representation) councillors are chosen from party lists in such a way that the total representation of each party on the council (including ward councillors) is proportional to the share of the vote that that party received.
There are three different systems by which the executive government of the municipality may be structured. In the plenary system, executive powers are vested in the full council, and the mayor is chairperson of the council. In the collective system, executive powers are vested in an executive committee elected by the council. In this system, the members of the executive committee are drawn from all parties in proportion to their representation on the council, and the mayor is chairperson of the executive committee. In the mayoral system, executive powers are vested in a mayor elected by the council. The mayor may appoint a committee to whose members he or she may delegate particular responsibilities.
The Constitution defines the areas and topics for which municipal governments are responsible. National legislation divides this responsibility between the district municipalities and the local municipalities.
For analytical and statistical purposes, local municipalities are classified into four categories:
|Secondary cities (B1)||All local municipalities referred to as secondary cities.||21|
|Large towns (B2)||All local municipalities with an urban core. There is huge variation in population sizes amongst these municipalities and they do have large urban dwelling population.||29|
|Small towns (B3)||Characterised by no large town as a core urban settlement. Typically have a relatively small population, mostly urban and based in few small towns. Rural areas are characterised by the presence of commercial farms.||111|
|Mostly rural (B4)||Characterised by the presence of at most one or two small towns, communal land tenure and villages or scattered groups of dwellings; typically located in former homelands.||70|
For census and statistical purposes, local municipalities are divided into "Main Places". These generally correspond to towns, small cities, boroughs of large cities, or tribal areas also known as townships. Those areas that do not fall within any of the above are incorporated in a main place named for the municipality.
A local government is a form of public administration which, in a majority of contexts, exists as the lowest tier of administration within a given state. The term is used to contrast with offices at state level, which are referred to as the central government, national government, or federal government and also to supranational government which deals with governing institutions between states. Local governments generally act within powers delegated to them by legislation or directives of the higher level of government. In federal states, local government generally comprises the third tier of government, whereas in unitary states, local government usually occupies the second or third tier of government, often with greater powers than higher-level administrative divisions.
Cederberg Local Municipality is a local municipality which governs an area of the Western Cape province of South Africa stretching from the Cederberg mountains through the middle valley of the Olifants River to the Atlantic coast. It includes the towns of Clanwilliam, Citrusdal and Lamberts Bay, and the surrounding villages and farms. As of 2011 it had a population of 49,768. It is located within the West Coast District Municipality and has municipality code WC012.
Local government in South Africa consists of municipalities of various types. The largest metropolitan areas are governed by metropolitan municipalities, while the rest of the country is divided into district municipalities, each of which consists of several local municipalities. Since the boundary reform at the time of the municipal election of 3 August 2016 there are eight metropolitan municipalities, 44 district municipalities and 205 local municipalities.
The City of Cape Town is the metropolitan municipality which governs the city of Cape Town, South Africa and its suburbs and exurbs. As of the 2011 census, it had a population of 3,740,026.
Ndlambe Local Municipality is an administrative area in the Sarah Baartman District of the Eastern Cape in South Africa, with its capital at Port Alfred. It is a predominantly rural area with agriculture and tourism dominating the economy.
Municipal elections were held in South Africa on 1 March 2006, to elect members to the local governing councils in the municipalities of South Africa. The municipalities form the local government of South Africa and are subdivisions of the provinces, thus making them responsible for local service delivery, such as electricity, water and fire services.
Aganang Local Municipality, was a municipality in the Capricorn District Municipality, of Limpopo province, South Africa. Aganang is a Northern Sotho name that means "uplifting one another". It was disestablished after the 2016 local government elections.
Modimolle Local Municipality was a municipality located in the Waterberg District Municipality of Limpopo province, South Africa. The seat of Modimolle Local Municipality was Modimolle.
Moqhaka is a municipality in the Fezile Dabi District, Free State Province, South Africa. In 2001 the population was 267 881 with a total area of 7925 km ². The seat of local government is Kroonstad. The community name is the South-Sotho-word for "crown".
Maluti-a-Phofung Local Municipality is an administrative area in the Thabo Mofutsanyane District of the Free State in South Africa. It encompasses substantially all of the former bantustan of QwaQwa, except for the small enclave at Botshabelo. The population is almost entirely Southern Sotho. The municipality is named after the Drakensberg mountains. The peak in Qwaqwa is known as the Sentinel, which is called "Phofung" in Sesotho.
Newcastle Local Municipality is an administrative area in the Amajuba District of KwaZulu-Natal in South Africa.
Tsantsabane Local Municipality is an administrative area in the ZF Mgcawu District Municipality of the Northern Cape in South Africa.
Blue Crane Route Local Municipality is an administrative area in the Sarah Baartman District of the Eastern Cape in South Africa.
Hantam is an administrative area in the Namakwa District of Northern Cape in South Africa.
Letsemeng Local Municipality is an administrative area in the Xhariep District of the Free State in South Africa.
Umzimvubu Local Municipality is an administrative area in the Alfred Nzo District of Eastern Cape in South Africa.
uMlalazi Local Municipality is an administrative area in the King Cetshwayo District of KwaZulu-Natal in South Africa. The municipality is named after the uMlalazi River.
Nala Local Municipality is an administrative area in the Lejweleputswa District of the Free State in South Africa. The name is Sesotho for "affluence or plenty". It is derived from the maize belt and economic prosperity of the area.
Mandeni Local Municipality is an administrative area in the iLembe District of KwaZulu-Natal in South Africa.
Senqu Local Municipality is an administrative area in the Joe Gqabi District of the Eastern Cape in South Africa. Senqu is a Sesotho name for the Orange River.