|Former Borough constituency |
for the House of Commons
|Number of members||Two|
|Replaced by||East Cornwall|
Lostwithiel was a rotten borough in Cornwall which returned two Members of Parliament to the House of Commons in the English and later British Parliament from 1304 to 1832, when it was abolished by the Great Reform Act.
The borough consisted of the town of Lostwithiel and part of the neighbouring Lanlivery parish; it was a market town whose trade was mainly dependent on the copper mined nearby.
Unlike many of the most notorious Cornish rotten boroughs, Lostwithiel had been continuously represented since the Middle Ages and was originally of sufficient size to justify its status. However, by the time of the Great Reform Act it had long been a pocket borough, under the complete control of the Earls of Mount Edgcumbe since 1702. The right to vote was vested in the corporation, who numbered 24 in 1816; they made no attempt to defy their patron, who regularly paid the corporation's debts and advanced them money.
In 1831, the borough had a population of 1,047, and 303 houses.
|Parliament||First member||Second member|
|1388 (Feb)||Thomas Curteys||Pascoe Polruddon|
|1388 (Sep)||Thomas Moyle||John Mychel|
|1390 (Jan)||Richard Respryn||John Brown|
|1391||Simon Lowys||Robert Combe|
|1393||Richard Bloyowe||Roger Umfrey|
|1395||John Quint||William Scoce|
|1397 (Jan)||Thomas Curteys||John Kendale|
|1397 (Sep)||Thomas Curteys||John Kendale|
|1399||John Day||Richard Hervy|
|1402||Sir Henry Ilcombe||Thomas Curteys|
|1406||John Curteys||Gregory Aute|
|1407||Sir Henry Ilcombe||Robert Kayl|
|1411||John Curteys||Thomas Jayet|
|1413 (May)||John Curteys||John Clink|
|1414 (Nov)||Robert Kayl||John Trebarthe|
|1416 (Mar)||Robert Kayl||Thomas West|
|1417||Stephen Kendale||Thomas West|
|1419||Tristram Curteys||Richard Hervy|
|1420||Thomas Cokayn||John Trewint|
|1421 (May)||John Colyn||Robert Treage|
|1421 (Dec)||Tristram Curteys||John Trewint|
|1510–1523||No names known|
|1529||John Tredeneck||Richard Bryan alias Croker|
|1545||Anthony Browne||Walter Mildmay|
|Parliament of 1547–1552||Richard Hudson||John Southcote|
|First Parliament of 1553||Richard Wooton||Jasper Fisher|
|Second Parliament of 1553||John Courtenay||Christopher Daunsey or Dauntesey or Daunce|
|Parliament of 1554||George Southcote||Brice Rookwood|
|Parliament of 1554–1555||John Southcote||John Cosworth|
|Parliament of 1555||Brice Rookwood|
|Parliament of 1558||John Herring||John Cosworth|
|Parliament of 1559||Thomas Mildmay||John Cosworth|
|Parliament of 1563–1567||Thomas Mildmay||John Killigrew (d.1584), of Arwenack|
|Parliament of 1571||Robert Snagge||William Kendall|
|Parliament of 1572–1581||John Barkley|
|Parliament of 1584–1585||James Dalton||John Shirley|
|Parliament of 1586–1587||John Agmondesham|
|Parliament of 1588–1589||William Fitzwilliam||William Gardiner|
|Parliament of 1593||Sir Francis Godolphin||Robert Beale|
|Parliament of 1597–1598||William Cornwallis||John Cooke|
|Parliament of 1601||Richard Cromwell||Nicholas Saunders|
|Parliament of 1604–1611||Sir Thomas Chaloner||Sir William Lower|
|Addled Parliament (1614)||Edward Leech||Sir Henry Vane|
|Parliament of 1621–1622||Edward Salter||George Chudleigh|
|Happy Parliament (1624–1625)||John Chichester (d.1669) of Hall||Sir John Hobart|
|Useless Parliament (1625)||Double return|
|Parliament of 1625–1626||Sir Robert Mansell||Reginald Mohun|
|Parliament of 1628-1629|| Sir Robert Carr, also elected for Preston|
Sir Thomas Badger
|No Parliament summoned 1629–1640|
|Year||First member||First party||Second member||Second party|
|April 1640||Richard Arundell||Royalist||Nicholas Kendall|
|November 1640||John Trevanion||Royalist|
|July 1643||Trevanion killed in action – seat vacant|
|January 1644||Arundell disabled from sitting – seat vacant|
|1646||Sir John Maynard||Francis Holles|
|December 1648||Maynard not recorded as having sat after Pride's Purge||Holles excluded in Pride's Purge – seat vacant|
|1653||Lostwithiel was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament and the First and Second Parliaments of the Protectorate|
|January 1659||Walter Moyle||John Clayton|
|May 1659||Not represented in the restored Rump|
|April 1660||Walter Moyle||John Clayton|
|1661||Sir Chichester Wrey||John Bulteel|
|1679||Sir John Carew||Walter Kendall|
|1685||Sir Robert Southwell||Sir Matthias Vincent|
|1689||Francis Robartes||Walter Kendall|
|1690||Sir Bevil Granville|
|1695||Bernard Granville||Samuel Travers|
|January 1701||Sir John Molesworth||John Buller|
|April 1701||George Booth|
|1709||Francis Robartes||Russell Robartes|
|January 1710||Horatio Walpole|
|October 1710||John Hill||Tory||Hugh Fortescue|
|1713||Sir Thomas Clarges||Erasmus Lewis|
|1715||Galfridus Walpole||Thomas Liddell|
|1721||Marquess of Hartington||Whig|
|1724||Sir Orlando Bridgeman||Whig||Henry Parsons|
|January 1727||Hon. Sir William Stanhope|
|August 1727||Darell Trelawny|
|1728||Anthony Cracherode||Sir Edward Knatchbull|
|1734||Richard Edgcumbe||Whig||Philip Lloyd|
|1735||Matthew Ducie Moreton|
|1736||Sir John Crosse|
|1741||Sir Robert Cotton|
|1747||Richard Edgcumbe||Whig||James Colleton|
|1768||Henry Cavendish||Charles Brett|
|September 1780||Hon. John St. John||Hon. Thomas de Grey|
|December 1780||Commodore George Johnstone||Independent|
|1784||John Sinclair||John Thomas Ellis|
|1790||Viscount Valletort||Reginald Pole-Carew|
|1796||Hans Sloane||William Drummond|
|1806||The Viscount Lismore|
|January 1807||Charles Cockerell|
|May 1807||George Peter Holford||Ebenezer Maitland|
|1812||Reginald Pole-Carew||John Ashley Warre|
|1818||Sir Robert Wigram||Tory||Sir Alexander Grant||Tory|
|June 1826||Viscount Valletort||Tory|
|December 1826||Edward Cust||Tory|
|August 1830||Hon. William Vesey-Fitzgerald||Tory|
|December 1830||Viscount Valletort||Tory|
Richard Edgcumbe, 1st Baron Edgcumbe, of Mount Edgcumbe in Cornwall, was an English Whig politician who sat in the English and British House of Commons from 1701 until 1742 when he was raised to the peerage as Baron Edgcumbe. He is memorialised by Edgecombe County, North Carolina.
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