Somerset (UK Parliament constituency)

Last updated

Somerset
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
County Somerset
1290–1832
Number of membersTwo
Replaced by East Somerset and West Somerset

Somerset was a parliamentary constituency in Somerset, which returned two Members of Parliament (MPs), known traditionally as knights of the shire, to the House of Commons of England until 1707, the House of Commons of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800, and the House of Commons of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1832.

United Kingdom constituencies electoral area in the UK (do not use in P31; use subclasses of this instead)

In the United Kingdom (UK), each of the electoral areas or divisions called constituencies elect one member to a parliament or assembly, with the exception of European Parliament and Northern Ireland Assembly constituencies which are multi member constituencies.

Somerset County of England

Somerset is a county in South West England which borders Gloucestershire and Bristol to the north, Wiltshire to the east, Dorset to the south-east and Devon to the south-west. It is bounded to the north and west by the Severn Estuary and the Bristol Channel, its coastline facing southeastern Wales. Its traditional border with Gloucestershire is the River Avon. Somerset's county town is Taunton.

House of Commons of England parliament of England up to 1707

The House of Commons of England was the lower house of the Parliament of England from its development in the 14th century to the union of England and Scotland in 1707, when it was replaced by the House of Commons of Great Britain. In 1801, with the union of Great Britain and Ireland, that house was in turn replaced by the House of Commons of the United Kingdom.

Contents

Elections were held by the bloc vote system.

Members of Parliament

MPs 1290–1629

ParliamentFirst memberSecond member
Parliament of 1366 William Bonville
Parliament of 1373 Sir John Delamare [1]
Parliament of 1377 Sir John Delamare [1] Sir Thomas Hungerford
1379 Sir John Burghersh [2]
Parliament of 1382 Sir John Delamare [1] Sir Thomas Hungerford
Parliament of 1383 (Oct) Sir William Bonville
Parliament of 1384 (Apr) Sir William Bonville
Parliament of 1384 (Nov) Sir William Bonville
Parliament of 1386 Sir William Bonville [3] Sir Thomas Brooke [3]
First Parliament of 1388 Sir William Bonville [3] Sir Thomas Brooke [3]
Second Parliament of 1388 Sir Thomas Hungerford [3] Sir John Burghersh [3]
First Parliament of 1390 Sir Stephen Derby [3] Thomas Beaupine [3]
Second Parliament of 1390 Sir John Berkeley [3] Sir Thomas Hungerford [3]
Parliament of 1391 Sir John Rodney [3] Sir Thomas Brooke [3]
Parliament of 1393 Sir Thomas Brooke [3] Sir William Bonville [3]
Parliament of 1394 Sir Humphrey Stafford I [3] Sir John Berkeley [3]
Parliament of 1395 Sir William Bonville [3] Sir Thomas Brooke [3]
First Parliament of 1397 Sir Thomas Brooke [3] Sir Thomas Arthur [3]
Second Parliament of 1397 Sir Ivo Fitzwaryn [3] Sir Thomas Brooke [3]
Parliament of 1399 Sir Thomas Brooke [3] Sir William Bonville [3]
Parliament of 1401 Sir Thomas Beauchamp [3] William Stourton [3]
Parliament of 1402 Sir Thomas Brooke [3] William Stourton [3]
First Parliament of 1404 Sir Thomas Brooke [3] William Stourton [3]
Second Parliament of 1404 Sir Hugh Lutrell [3] Sir Leonard Hakluyt [3]
Parliament of 1406 Sir Walter Rodney [3] Sir Leonard Hakluyt [3]
Parliament of 1407 Sir Thomas Brooke [3] Richard Cheddar [3]
Parliament of 1410 Walter Hungerford [3] Sir Thomas Brooke [3]
Second Parliament of 1413 Sir Thomas Brooke [3] Richard Cheddar [3]
First Parliament of 1414 Sir John Tiptoft [3] Sir Hugh Luttrell [3]
Second Parliament of 1414 Sir Hugh Luttrell [3] Robert Hill [3]
Parliament of 1415 Sir Hugh Luttrell [3] Robert Hill [3]
First Parliament of 1416 Robert Hill [3] Richard Boyton [3]
Parliament of 1417 Thomas Brooke [3] Richard Cheddar [3]
Parliament of 1419 Robert Hill [3] John Stourton [3]
Parliament of 1420 Sir Thomas Stawell [3] John Stourton [3]
First Parliament of 1421 Sir William Bonville [3] Sir Thomas Brooke [3]
Second Parliament of 1421 Richard Cheddar [3] John Stourton [3]
Parliament of 1424 Giles Daubeney [4]
Parliament of 1429 Giles Daubeney [4]
Parliament of 1433 John Hody [5]
Parliament of 1435 John Hody [5]
Parliament of 1437 John Hody [5]
Parliament of 1455William Courtenay
Parliament of 1529 Sir Nicholas Wadham Sir William Stourton
Parliament of 1539 Sir Hugh Paulet Sir Thomas Speke
Parliament of 1545 Sir Thomas Speke Sir John St Loe
Parliament of 1547 Sir Maurice Berkeley Sir Henry Capell
First Parliament of 1553 Sir Ralph Hopton Sir Edward Rogers
Second Parliament of 1553 Sir Edward Rogers Sir Ralph Hopton
First Parliament of 1554 Sir Edward Waldegrave Sir John Sydenham
Second Parliament of 1554 Sir Edward Waldegrave Humphrey Colles
Parliament of 1555?Sir Ralph Hopton ?Sir John St Loe
Parliament of 1558 Sir Edward Rogers John Walshe
Parliament of 1559 Sir William St Loe
Parliament of 1562–1567 Sir Maurice Berkeley
Parliament of 1571 Amias Paulet George Rogers
Parliament of 1572–1581 Sir Hugh Paulet died
Sir George Speke
Sir Maurice Berkeley
Parliament of 1584–1585 Thomas Horner (Sir) Henry Berkeley
Parliament of 1586–1587
Parliament of 1588–1589 (Sir) Francis Hastings Edward Dyer
Parliament of 1593
Parliament of 1597–1598 Sir Francis Popham Sir Hugh Portman
Parliament of 1601 (Sir) Edward Phelips Sir Maurice Berkeley
Parliament of 1604–1611 Sir Francis Hastings died 1610
In his place John Poulett
Addled Parliament (1614) Sir Maurice Berkeley
Parliament of 1621–1622 Robert Hopton Sir Henry Portman died 1621
In his place Charles Berkeley
Happy Parliament (1624–1625) Sir Robert Phelips John Symes
Useless Parliament (1625) John Stawell
Parliament of 1625–1626 Sir Henry Berkeley Sir John Horner
Parliament of 1628–1629 Sir Robert Phelips Sir Edward Rodney
No Parliament summoned 1629–1640

MPs 1640–1832

Election1st Member1st Party2nd Member2nd Party
April 1640 Sir Ralph Hopton Royalist Thomas Smith Royalist
November 1640 Sir John Poulett Royalist Sir John Stawell Royalist
August 1642Poulett and Stawell disabled from sitting – both seats vacant
1645 George Horner John Harrington
Election declared void and new writ issued
1646 George Horner John Harrington
December 1648Horner excluded in Pride's Purge  – seat vacantHarrington did not sit after Pride's Purge
Somerset had four members in the Barebones Parliament
1653 General-at-sea Robert Blake, John Pine, Dennis Hollister, Henry Henley
Somerset had eleven members in the First and Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
1654 Sir John Horner, John Buckland, General John Desborough, John Preston, John Harrington,
John Ashe, Charles Steynings, Robert Long, Richard Jones, Thomas Hippisley, Samuel Perry
1656 John Buckland, General John Desborough, John Harrington, John Ashe, Robert Long, Alexander Popham,
Colonel John Gorges, Francis Luttrell, Sir Lislebone Long, William Wyndham, Francis Rolle
Representation reverted to two members for the Third Protectorate Parliament
January 1659 John Buckland, Robert Hunt
May 1659 Not represented in the restored Rump
April 1660 George Horner Hugh Smith
1661 Sir John Stawell Edward Phelips
1662 John Poulett
1665 Sir John Warre
1669 Sir John Sydenham
February 1679 Sir Hugh Smith
August 1679 Sir William Portman George Speke
1685 Sir John Smith George Horner
1689 Edward Gorges
1690 Sir Edward Phelips Nathaniel Palmer
1695 Sir John Smith Sir John Trevelyan, Bt
1698 John Hunt Sir Edward Phelips
1699 Nathaniel Palmer
January 1701 Sir John Trevelyan, Bt
December 1701 Sir Philip Sydenham Nathaniel Palmer
1705 John Pigott
1708 Henry Seymour Portman John Prowse
April 1710 Sir William Wyndham, Bt Tory
October 1710 Sir Thomas Wroth Tory
1713 Thomas Horner Tory
1715 William Helyar
1722 Edward Phelips
1727 Thomas Strangways Horner Tory
1740 Thomas Prowse
1741 Henry William Portman Tory
1747 Sir Charles Kemys Tynte
1767 Sir Thomas Dyke Acland, Bt
1768 Richard Hippisley Coxe
1774 Edward Phelips
1780 Sir John Trevelyan, Bt
1784 Edward Phelips
1792 Henry Hippisley Coxe
1795 William Gore-Langton Whig
1796 William Dickinson Tory
June 1806 Thomas Lethbridge Tory
November 1806 William Dickinson Tory
1812 William Gore-Langton Whig
1820 Sir Thomas Lethbridge Tory
1830 Edward Ayshford Sanford Whig
1831 William Gore-Langton Whig
1832 constituency divided into Eastern and Western divisions

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References

  1. 1 2 3 S. E. Rigold, Nunney Castle, Somerset (HMSO, 1967), p. 4 (online)
  2. http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1386-1421/member/burghersh-sir-john-1343-91
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 "History of Parliament" . Retrieved 12 September 2011.
  4. 1 2 "South Petherton, Somerset" (PDF). Hamline University . Retrieved 21 October 2009.[ permanent dead link ]
  5. 1 2 3 The Commons in the Parliament of 1422 . Retrieved 19 August 2011.

Sources