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Zoology is the branch of biology that studies the animal kingdom, including the structure, embryology, evolution, classification, habits, and distribution of all animals, both living and extinct, and how they interact with their ecosystems. The term is derived from Ancient Greek ζῷον, zōion ('animal'), and λόγος, logos.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Malacology</span> Study of the Mollusca

Malacology is the branch of invertebrate zoology that deals with the study of the Mollusca, the second-largest phylum of animals in terms of described species after the arthropods. Mollusks include snails and slugs, clams, and cephalopods, along with numerous other kinds, many of which have shells. One division of malacology, conchology, is devoted to the study of mollusk shells. Malacology derives from Ancient Greek μαλακός (malakós) 'soft', and -λογία (-logía).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Evolutionary biology</span> Study of the processes that produced the diversity of life

Evolutionary biology is the subfield of biology that studies the evolutionary processes that produced the diversity of life on Earth. It is also defined as the study of the history of life forms on Earth. Evolution holds that all species are related and gradually change over generations. In a population, the genetic variations affect the phenotypes of an organism. These changes in the phenotypes will be an advantage to some organisms, which will then be passed onto their offspring. Some examples of evolution in species over many generations are the peppered moth and flightless birds. In the 1930s, the discipline of evolutionary biology emerged through what Julian Huxley called the modern synthesis of understanding, from previously unrelated fields of biological research, such as genetics and ecology, systematics, and paleontology.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ecological genetics</span> Study of genetics in natural populations

Ecological genetics is the study of genetics in natural populations. Traits in a population can be observed and quantified to represent a species adapting to a changing environment.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Prosobranchia</span> Historic group of molluscs

Prosobranchia was a large taxonomic subclass of sea snails, land snails and freshwater snails. This taxon of gastropods dates back to the 1920s. It has however been proven to be polyphyletic. Generally speaking in biology taxonomy is required to reflect phylogeny, in other words the classification of a group must reflect its evolutionary descent, as far as that is known, so the taxon Prosobranchia is no longer considered suitable to be used.

Deborah Charlesworth is a population geneticist from the UK, notable for her important discoveries in population genetics and evolutionary biology. Her most notable research is in understanding the evolution of recombination, sex chromosomes and mating system for plants.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Conoidea</span> Superfamily of predatory sea snails

Conoidea is a superfamily of predatory sea snails, marine gastropod mollusks within the suborder Hypsogastropoda. This superfamily is a very large group of marine mollusks, estimated at about 340 recent valid genera and subgenera, and considered by one authority to contain 4,000 named living species.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Patellidae</span> Family of gastropods

Patellidae is a taxonomic family of sea snails or true limpets, marine gastropod molluscs in the clade Patellogastropoda.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Camaenidae</span> Family of gastropods

Camaenidae is a family of air-breathing land snails, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusks in the superfamily Helicoidea, the typical snails and their allies. This is one of the most diverse families in the clade Stylommatophora.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pomatiopsidae</span> Family of gastropods

Pomatiopsidae is a family of small, mainly freshwater snails, that have gills and an operculum, aquatic gastropod mollusks in the superfamily Truncatelloidea.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Limacoidei</span> Group of molluscs

The Limacoidei is a taxonomic infraorder of air-breathing land snails, semislugs and slugs, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod molluscs in the suborder Helicina

Annals of Human Biology is a bimonthly academic journal that publishes review articles on human population biology, nature, development and causes of human variation. It is published by Taylor & Francis on behalf of the Society for the Study of Human Biology, of which it is the official journal.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">John Avise</span>

John Charles Avise is an American evolutionary geneticist, conservationist, ecologist and natural historian. He is a Distinguished Professor of Ecology & Evolution, University of California, Irvine, and was previously a Distinguished Professor of Genetics at the University of Georgia.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Philippe Bouchet</span> French biologist

Philippe Bouchet is a French biologist whose primary scientific fields of study are malacology and taxonomy. He works at the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle in Paris. He is also a Commissioner of the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature.

<i>Journal of Molluscan Studies</i> Academic journal

The Journal of Molluscan Studies is the peer-reviewed scientific journal of the Malacological Society of London, covering research in malacology.

The oesophageal pouches are a pair of pouches connected to the oesophagus of all molluscs, and represent a synapomorphy of the phylum.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bacteriologist</span> Professional trained in bacteriology

A bacteriologist is a microbiologist, or similarly trained professional, in bacteriology -- a subdivision of microbiology that studies bacteria, typically pathogenic ones. Bacteriologists are interested in studying and learning about bacteria, as well as using their skills in clinical settings. This includes investigating properties of bacteria such as morphology, ecology, genetics and biochemistry, phylogenetics, genomics and many other areas related to bacteria like disease diagnostic testing. Alongside human and animal healthcare providers, they may carry out various functions as medical scientists, veterinary scientists, or diagnostic technicians in locations like clinics, blood banks, hospitals, laboratories and animal hospitals. Bacteriologists working in public health or biomedical research help develop vaccines for public use.

Wolfgang Karl Weyrauch (1907–1970) was a German-Peruvian malacologist and entomologist.

<i>Plant Ecology and Evolution</i> Academic journal

Plant Ecology and Evolution is a triannual peer-reviewed open access scientific journal covering ecology, phylogenetics, and systematics of plants, including related fields such as comparative and developmental morphology, conservation biology, evolution, phytogeography, reproductive biology, population genetics, and vegetation studies. Although the geographic scope is global, it particularly publishes about botany in (sub)tropical Africa.


  1. 1 2 "Malacologia FAQs". Archived from the original on 2009-03-09. Retrieved 2009-09-15.
  2. 1 2 "Web of Science". 2020. Retrieved 2020-06-22.
  3. "Library of Congress LCCN Permalink for Malacologia" . Retrieved 2009-09-15.