Mark Volman

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Mark Volman
Mark Volman.jpg
Volman performing in 2008 billed as "The Turtles Featuring Flo & Eddie"
Background information
Also known asFlo
Phlorescent Leech
Born (1947-04-19) April 19, 1947 (age 73)
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
  • Musician
  • songwriter
  • professor
  • Vocals
  • guitar
  • keyboards
  • tambourine
Years active1965-present
Associated acts

Mark Volman (born April 19, 1947) is an American rock and roll guitarist, vocalist, and songwriter, best known as a founding member of the Turtles. Volman became a stand-out figure upon joining the Mothers of Invention under the tutelage of Frank Zappa. At times during his career he has used the pseudonym "Flo" (short for "Phlorescent Leech"), working alongside his friend and partner Howard Kaylan; they at times have used the stage names of Flo & Eddie.


Early life

Volman was born in Los Angeles, California, on April 19, 1947. He grew up in Westchester, a suburb of Los Angeles, where he performed in his first band "The Crossfires" and graduated from Westchester High School in 1965. His father was Jewish and his mother was Catholic. [1] [2]


Music and film

Volman (and Frank Zappa in background); December 1971, Hamburg Mark-Volman.jpg
Volman (and Frank Zappa in background); December 1971, Hamburg

Volman and Howard Kaylan founded the Turtles, a popular band of the late 1960s. In December 1968, NME magazine reported that Volman had insured his distinctive frizzy hair for US$100,000 against fire, theft or loss due to illness. [3] As their band folded, Volman and Kaylan discovered that the terms of their contract forbade them to use not only the name 'The Turtles', but also their own names. Kaylan and Volman were recruited by Frank Zappa, joining the Mothers of Invention, and they also worked together as Flo & Eddie in music, in film (they provided music and voices for animated films like Down and Dirty Duck ), and in radio broadcasting. In 1971 Volman appeared on the soundtrack to Zappa's humorous pseudo-documentary film, 200 Motels . [4]

In 2015, Kaylan and Volman celebrated their 50th year, touring and performing more than 60 concerts a year, billed as "The Turtles ... Featuring Flo & Eddie" with their Happy Together Tour, a classic revue-format show featuring some popular bands of the mid-to-late 1960s musical era. During this tour in 2015, Volman was diagnosed with throat cancer, but was declared cancer-free in 2016. [5] According to The Hollywood Reporter , Volman and Kaylan have been "leading the charge against the uncompensated use of their music — and using state-based misappropriation, conversation and unfair competition claims because sound recordings only began falling under federal copyright protection in 1972." [6]


In 1992, at age 45, Volman started his bachelor's degree at Loyola Marymount University. He was an active undergraduate member of the choir and a Founding Father of the California Chi chapter of Sigma Phi Epsilon fraternity. Volman graduated with a B.A. degree in 1997 magna cum laude and was the class valedictorian speaker. During the speech he led the graduates in a chorus of "Happy Together". CBS Evening News covered Volman's graduation and interviewed his parents, who were perplexed at their son's academic accomplishments. [7]

Volman earned a Master's degree in Fine Arts with an emphasis in screenwriting in 1999, also from Loyola. Since that time, he has taught Music Business & Industry courses in the Communications and Fine Arts department at Loyola. He has also taught courses in the Commercial Music Program at Los Angeles Valley College. He is currently an Associate Professor and Coordinator of the Entertainment Industry Studies Program at Belmont University, in the Mike Curb College of Entertainment and Music Business and conducts seminars about the music industry for various academic institutions from junior high school to University level. In addition, he offers consulting on music business and entertainment through the website Ask Professor Flo. [8]

Personal life

Volman married high school sweetheart Patricia Lee Hickey in January 1967 and they were married for 25 years. The couple had two daughters, Sarina Marie and Hallie Rae Volman. Volman married his second wife Emily in 2000. [9] [10]

Related Research Articles

The Turtles American rock band led by vocalists Howard Kaylan and Mark Volman

The Turtles are an American rock band led by vocalists Howard Kaylan and Mark Volman, later known as Flo & Eddie. The band had several Top 40 hits beginning in 1965 with their cover version of Bob Dylan's "It Ain't Me Babe". They scored their biggest and best-known hit in 1967 with the song "Happy Together".

Happy Together (song) 1967 single by The Turtles

"Happy Together" is a song by American rock band the Turtles from their third studio album Happy Together (1967). The song was written by Garry Bonner and Alan Gordon, arranged by Chip Douglas, and produced by Joe Wissert.

Flo & Eddie American comedic musical duo

Flo & Eddie are a musical pop duo consisting of Mark Volman and Howard Kaylan (Eddie).

White Whale Records was an American independent record label, founded in 1965 by Ted Feigin and Lee Lasseff in Los Angeles, California, and probably best known as the record label of The Turtles and a handful of one-hit wonder bands.

<i>Fillmore East – June 1971</i> 1971 live album by The Mothers

Fillmore East – June 1971 is a live album by The Mothers, released in 1971. It is the twelfth album in Frank Zappa's discography, and was produced by Zappa and mixed by Toby Foster.

<i>Chungas Revenge</i> album by Frank Zappa

Chunga's Revenge is the third solo album by Frank Zappa, released on October 23, 1970. Zappa's first effort of the 1970s marks the first appearance of former Turtles members Flo & Eddie on a Zappa record, and signals the dawn of a controversial epoch in Zappa's history. Chunga's Revenge represents a shift from both the satirical political commentary of his 1960s work with The Mothers of Invention, and the jazz fusion of Hot Rats.

Manifesto Records is an independent record label based in Los Angeles, California that has released records by Dead Kennedys, Tim Buckley, Cinerama, Concrete Blonde, Cranes, The Czars, Screamin' Jay Hawkins, Lilys, The Rugburns, Sing-Sing, Tom Waits, and The Wedding Present.

The Mothers of Invention American rock band

The Mothers of Invention were an American rock band from California. Formed in 1964, their work is marked by the use of sonic experimentation, innovative album art, and elaborate live shows.

<i>Just Another Band from L.A.</i> 1972 live album by The Mothers of Invention

Just Another Band from L.A. is a live album by The Mothers, released in 1972. It was recorded live on August 7, 1971 in Pauley Pavilion on the campus of UCLA in Los Angeles. A notable inclusion on this album is "Billy the Mountain", Zappa's long, narrative parody of rock operas, which were gaining popularity at that time.

Comedy rock is rock music that is comedic in nature. Oftentimes it is mixed with satire or irony.

<i>Down and Dirty Duck</i> 1974 film by Charles Swenson

Down and Dirty Duck, promoted under the abbreviated title Dirty Duck, is a 1974 American adult animated comedy film written and directed by Charles Swenson and starring Mark Volman and Howard Kaylan as the voices of a strait-laced, low-level white-collar worker named Willard and an unnamed duck, among other characters. The plot consists of a series of often abstract sequences, including plot material created by stars Kaylan, Volman, Robert Ridgely, and, according to the film's ending credits, various people Swenson encountered during the making of the film.

Howard Kaylan American singer

Howard Kaylan is an American rock and roll musician and writer, best known as a founding member and lead singer of the 1960s band The Turtles, and as "Eddie" in the 1970s rock band Flo & Eddie.

<i>Illegal, Immoral and Fattening</i> 1975 live album with studio elements by Flo & Eddie

Illegal, Immoral and Fattening is a 1975 comedy rock album recorded by Howard Kaylan ("Eddie") and Mark Volman ("Flo"). A majority of the album comes from live recordings, including three songs that first appeared in the 1974 film Down and Dirty Duck.Illegal, Immoral and Fattening and Moving Targets were reissued on a single compact disc in 2007 by Acadia Records.

<i>Moving Targets</i> (Flo & Eddie album) 1976 studio album by Flo & Eddie

Moving Targets is an album by Flo & Eddie. Illegal, Immoral and Fattening and Moving Targets were reissued on a single compact disc in 2007 by Acadia Records.

<i>Rock Steady with Flo & Eddie</i> 1981 studio album by Flo & Eddie

Rock Steady with Flo & Eddie was Flo & Eddie's last album as a duo, released in 1981. It is a strait-laced collection of rocksteady & reggae songs recorded at Bob Marley's Tuff Gong Studios in Kingston, Jamaica, including a remake of the 1967 Turtles hit "Happy Together". According to AllMusic, the album was later re-released under the title Prince Flo & Jah Edward I.

Jeff Tamarkin is an American editor, author and historian specializing in music and popular culture.

Don Preston American jazz and rock keyboardist

Donald Ward Preston is an American jazz and rock keyboardist. He is known for working with Frank Zappa from the mid 1960s to the mid 1970s.

<i>My Dinner with Jimi</i> 2003 film by Bill Fishman

My Dinner with Jimi is a 2003 comedy film written by Howard Kaylan, dealing with events in 1966-67 which led up to the night in 1967 when the Turtles encountered the Beatles and Kaylan had dinner with Jimi Hendrix in London, England. The film also depicts other 1960s rock icons like Brian Jones, Frank Zappa, Donovan, Cass Elliott and Jim Morrison. The film was given an extremely limited theatrical release in Toronto in late September 2007.

<i>The Phlorescent Leech & Eddie</i> 1972 studio album by Flo & Eddie

The Phlorescent Leech and Eddie is the first album from Flo & Eddie, released in 1972. It was made available on CD for the first time in 2008.

Shes My Girl single by The Turtles

"She's My Girl" is a 1967 song and single from the Turtles. It was released on the White Whale record label and reached the top 20 of the Billboard Hot 100 chart during the same year. It was later released as a bonus track on the album, Happy Together by Sundazed Records in 1994.


  1. Mark Volman: from the Turtles to Professor Flo - a work in progress Mark Volman has sang on literally hundreds of records, but he's most well known ... With a Jewish father and Catholic mother, life at home could get interesting.
  2. Rock and a Heart Place: A Rock 'n' Roller-coaster Ride from ... Ken Mansfield, Marshall Terrill - 2015 - Biography & Autobiography A Rock 'n' Roller-coaster Ride from Rebellion to Sweet Salvation Ken ... brought Mark's parents, Joe and Beatrice Volman, together in the first place. ... son of a Hungarian Jew and Beatrice's heritage was Spanish and Catholic. ... “I didn't recognize religion as being a strong part of my childhood by either my mother or father.
  3. Tobler, John (1992). NME Rock 'N' Roll Years (1st ed.). London, UK: Reed International Books Ltd. p. 191. CN 5585.
  4. Tobler, John (1992). NME Rock 'N' Roll Years (1st ed.). London, UK: Reed International Books Ltd. p. 223. CN 5585.
  5. Volman cancer free
  6. Gardner, Eriq (2 October 2014). "After SiriusXM Success, The Turtles Take on Pandora in $25 Million Lawsuit". Billboard. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
  7. Profile,, April 9, 1999; accessed April 19, 2015.
  8. Ask Professor Flo; accessed April 19, 2015.
  10. The Phlorescent Teach,; accessed April 19, 2015.