May 26 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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The Eastern Orthodox cross

May 25 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - May 27

All fixed commemorations below celebrated on June 8 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar. [note 1]

Synaxarium

Synaxarion or Synexarion is the name given in the Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox and Eastern Catholic Churches to a compilation of hagiographies corresponding roughly to the martyrology of the Roman Church.

Eastern Orthodox Church Christian Church

The Eastern Orthodox Church, officially the Orthodox Catholic Church, is the second-largest Christian church, with approximately 260 million baptised members. It operates as a communion of autocephalous churches, each governed by its bishops in local synods. Roughly half of Eastern Orthodox Christians live in Russia. The church has no central doctrinal or governmental authority analogous to the Bishop of Rome, but the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople is recognised by all as primus inter pares of the bishops. As one of the oldest surviving religious institutions in the world, the Eastern Orthodox Church has played a prominent role in the history and culture of Eastern and Southeastern Europe, the Caucasus, and the Near East.

Contents

For May 26th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on May 13 .

May 13 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics) day in the Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar

May 12 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - May 14

Saints

Carpus of Beroea of the Seventy Disciples is commemorated by the Church on May 26 with Alphaeus, and on January 4 with the Seventy.

Cleopas 1st-century Christian and saint

Cleopas, also spelled Cleophas, was a figure of early Christianity, one of the two disciples who encountered Jesus during the Road to Emmaus appearance in Luke 24:13–32.

Abercius and Helena are saints of the Catholic church. They are said to have been the children of Alphaeus the Apostle, although this has been challenged by some parties. Both of them are known to have been martyrs: Abercius by being exposed naked to bees, and Helena by stoning. They are commemorated with a feast day on May 20.

Pre-Schism Western saints

Trajan Augustus

Trajan was Roman emperor from 98 to 117. Officially declared by the Senate optimus princeps, Trajan is remembered as a successful soldier-emperor who presided over the greatest military expansion in Roman history, leading the empire to attain its maximum territorial extent by the time of his death. He is also known for his philanthropic rule, overseeing extensive public building programs and implementing social welfare policies, which earned him his enduring reputation as the second of the Five Good Emperors who presided over an era of peace and prosperity in the Mediterranean world.

Antoninus Pius Augustus

Antoninus Pius, also known as Antoninus, was Roman emperor from 138 to 161. He was one of the Five Good Emperors in the Nerva–Antonine dynasty and the Aurelii.

Pope Eleutherius Pope and Saint

Pope Eleutherius, also known as Eleutherus, was the Bishop of Rome of the Catholic Church from c. 174 to his death. According to the Liber Pontificalis, he was a Greek born in Nicopolis in Epirus, Greece. His contemporary Hegesippus wrote that he was a deacon of the Roman Church under Pope Anicetus, and remained so under Pope Soter, whom he succeeded around 174.

Post-Schism Orthodox saints

Sofia Capital and largest city of Bulgaria

Sofia is the capital and largest city of Bulgaria. The city is at the foot of Vitosha Mountain in the western part of the country. Being in the centre of the Balkans, it is midway between the Black Sea and the Adriatic Sea, and closest to the Aegean Sea.

Dervish someone treading a Sufi Muslim ascetic path

Dervish or darwish in Islam can refer broadly to members of a Sufi fraternity (tariqah), or more narrowly to a religious mendicant, who chose or accepted material poverty. The latter usage is found particularly in Persian and Turkish, corresponding to the Arabic term faqir. Their focus is on the universal values of love and service, deserting the illusions of ego to reach God. In most Sufi orders, a dervish is known to practice dhikr through physical exertions or religious practices to attain the ecstatic trance to reach God. Their most common practice is Sama, which is associated with the 13th-century mystic Rumi.

Smyrna ancient city on the Aegean coast of Turkey

Smyrna was a Greek city founded in antiquity located at a central and strategic point on the Aegean coast of Anatolia. Since 1930, the modern city located there has been known as İzmir, in Turkey, the Turkish rendering of the same name. Due to its advantageous port conditions, its ease of defense and its good inland connections, Smyrna rose to prominence. Two sites of the ancient city are today within the boundaries of İzmir. The first site, probably founded by indigenous peoples, rose to prominence during the Archaic Period as one of the principal ancient Greek settlements in western Anatolia. The second, whose foundation is associated with Alexander the Great, reached metropolitan proportions during the period of the Roman Empire. Most of the present-day remains of the ancient city date from the Roman era, the majority from after a 2nd-century AD earthquake.

New martyrs and confessors

Drvar Town and municipality in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Drvar is a town and municipality located in Canton 10 of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina. As of 2013 census, the municipality has a population of 7,506 inhabitants. It is situated in western Bosnia and Herzegovina, on the road between Bosansko Grahovo and Bosanski Petrovac, also near Glamoč.

Other commemorations

Notes

  1. The notation Old Style or (OS) is sometimes used to indicate a date in the Julian Calendar (which is used by churches on the "Old Calendar").
    The notation New Style or (NS), indicates a date in the Revised Julian calendar (which is used by churches on the "New Calendar").
  2. According to the Synaxaristes, Abercius was martyred by being exposed naked to bees, and Helena by stoning.
  3. According to the Synaxaristes, the holy martyr Julius was associated with Martyrs Pasicrates, Valentine, and Hesychius, who were martyred earlier (April 24).
  4. In the early Byzantine period, Karpasia belonged ecclesiastically to the Bishopric of Salamis. However, by the end of the 4th century it was organized into an episcopal district which had its seat in the ancient city of Karpasia and having as its first bishop Saint Philon. [7] According to the Synaxaristes, St. Synesius was raised to the Episcopal throne by St. Philo (Philon) the Wonderworker of Karpasia, Cyprus (lived 4th to 5th centuries).
  5. Commemorated on May 7 in the Greek Menaion. [9]
  6. The Monk John Psychantes the Confessor lived during the end of the 8th and beginning of the 9th century. In his youth he left the secular world and accepted monasticism in the Psukhanteia Lavra (in the suburbs of Constantinople). For his holy life and salvific exploits, the monk received from God the gift to cast out demons and to heal the sick. During this time there raged the heresy of the iconoclasts, and those venerating holy icons were subjected to persecution. They led away the Monk John for interrogation, where they put him under coercion to renounce the veneration of holy icons and to sign a renunciation. The monk in place of a renunciation denounced the persecutors, calling the emperor Leo Isauros (717-741) an heretic. For this they sent the monk into exile, where he died, having endured much distress from the iconoclasts. [10]
  7. A group of twenty-three martyrs in Rome, arrested while praying in the church of St. Praxedes and beheaded without trial. [13]
  8. According to the Roman Martyrology: St. Eleutherius, Pope and Martyr, who converted to the Christian faith many noble Romans. He sent Saints Damian and Fugatius to England, and they baptized King Lucius, his wife, and almost all his people. [12] He was a Greek who became a deacon in Rome and succeeded St. Soterius as Pope in 175. [13]
  9. According to the Synaxaristes, their holy relics were later discovered by Saint Germanus of Auxerre, who dedicated a church in honour of the Holy Martyrs.
  10. In Africa, St. Quadratus, martyr, on whose feast day St. Augustine preached a sermon. [12]
  11. Commemorated on May 25 in the Greek Menaion. [24]
  12. Saint Bertilla was buried beside Saint Bathilda, in the abbatial church.
  13. The Icon of the Mother of God of Seligersk-Vladimir was brought in the 16th century by the Monk Nil of Stolobensk (commemorated 7 December and 27 May) to the island of Seliger, where the saint pursued asceticism and founded a monastic hermitage (Nilov Monastery). The celebration for the Wonderworking Icon of the Mother of God is done also on 7 December. [28]

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May 19 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics) day in the Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar

May 18 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - May 20

May 20 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics) day in the Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar

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May 21 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics) day in the Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar

May 20 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - May 22

May 22 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics) day in the Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar

May 21 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - May 23

May 23 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics) day in the Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar

May 22 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - May 24

May 27 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics) day in the Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar

May 26 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - May 28

May 29 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics) day in the Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar

May 28 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - May 30

May 30 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics) day in the Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar

May 29 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - May 31

May 31 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics) day in the Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar

May 30 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - June 1

August 8 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics) day in the Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar

August 7 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - August 9

January 24 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics) day in the Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar

January 23 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - January 25

December 7 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics) day in the Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar

December 6 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - December 8

References

  1. Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Οἱ Ἅγιοι Ἀλφαῖος καὶ Κάρπος οἱ Ἀπόστολοι ἐκ τῶν Ἑβδομήκοντα. 26 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 May 26/June 8. Orthodox Calendar (PRAVOSLAVIE.RU).
  3. Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Ἀβέρκιος ὁ Μάρτυρας. 26 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  4. Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ἡ Ἁγία Ἑλένη ἡ Μάρτυς. 26 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  5. Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Ἰούλιος ὁ Μάρτυρας. 26 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  6. Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Συνέσιος. 26 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  7. Saint Philon the Wonderworker of Karpasia, Cyprus. Mystagogy: The Weblog of John Sanidopoulos. January 24, 2011.
  8. 1 2 3 4 June 8 / May 26. HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  9. Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Ἰωάννης ὁ Ψυχαΐτης. 7 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  10. The Monk John Psychantes the Confessor. HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  11. Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Ζαχαρίας ὁ Ἱερομάρτυρας. 26 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  12. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 May 26. The Roman Martyrology.
  13. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 May 26. Latin Saints of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome.
  14. Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Σιμίτριος ὁ Μάρτυρας καὶ οἱ σὺν αὐτῷ. 26 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  15. Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Ἐλευθέριος Ἐπίσκοπος Ρώμης. 26 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  16. Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Οἱ Ὅσιοι Φουγάτιος καὶ Δαμιανός. 26 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  17. Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Πρίσκος ὁ Μάρτυρας καὶ ἡ συνοδεία αὐτοῦ. 26 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  18. Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Οἱ Ἅγιοι Φηλικίσσιμος, Ἡρακλῆς καὶ Παυλίνος οἱ Μάρτυρες. 26 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  19. Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Αὐγουστίνος Ἀρχιεπίσκοπος Καντουαρίας. 26 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  20. Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Γεώργιος ὁ Νεομάρτυρας ἐκ Βουλγαρίας. 26 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  21. Greatmartyr George the New at Sofia, Bulgaria. OCA - Feasts and Saints.
  22. Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Νεομάρτυρας ὁ Δερβίσης. 26 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  23. Dr. Alexander Roman. May. Calendar of Ukrainian Orthodox Saints (Ukrainian Orthodoxy - Українське Православ'я).
  24. Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Ἰννοκέντιος Ἐπίσκοπος Χερσῶνος. 25 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  25. The Autonomous Orthodox Metropolia of Western Europe and the Americas (ROCOR). St. Hilarion Calendar of Saints for the year of our Lord 2004. St. Hilarion Press (Austin, TX). p.39.
  26. Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Εὕρεσις Τιμίων Λειψάνων Ὁσίου Μακαρίου. 26 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  27. Uncovering of the relics of the Venerable Macarius the Abbot of Kalyazin. OCA - Feasts and Saints.
  28. Fr. S. Janos. The Icon of the Mother of God of Seligersk-Vladimir. HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).

Sources

Greek Sources

Russian Sources