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Michael Patrick Hassell CBE, FRS (born 2 August 1942) is a British biologist, noted for his work in population ecology, especially in insects. He is a professor at Imperial College London.
Fellowship of the Royal Society is an award granted to individuals that the Royal Society of London judges to have made a 'substantial contribution to the improvement of natural knowledge, including mathematics, engineering science and medical science'.
The United Kingdom (UK), officially the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world. The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain and Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq mi), the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world. It is also the 22nd-most populous country, with an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017.
A biologist is a scientist who has specialized knowledge in the field of biology, the scientific study of life. Biologists involved in fundamental research attempt to explore and further explain the underlying mechanisms that govern the functioning of living matter. Biologists involved in applied research attempt to develop or improve more specific processes and understanding, in fields such as medicine and industry.
Hassell was born in Tel Aviv, the son of Albert and Ruth Hassell and was educated at Whitgift School, Croydon.He studied zoology at the University of Cambridge and received his Ph.D degree from the University of Oxford in 1967. He later worked as a research fellow at the University of California, Berkeley and at Oxford. Hassell joined Imperial College London in 1970 as a lecturer. He became a reader in 1975 and was named Professor of Insect Ecology in 1979. Hassell became dean of the Imperial College campus at Silwood Park in 1988 and Head of the Department of Biology and Biochemistry in 1993. He was appointed the first principal of the Faculty of Life Sciences in 2001.
Whitgift School is an independent day school with limited boarding in South Croydon, London. Along with Trinity School of John Whitgift and Old Palace School it is owned by the Whitgift Foundation, a charitable trust. Previously a grammar school and direct grant grammar school, the school's headmaster is a now member of the Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference.
Zoology is the branch of biology that studies the animal kingdom, including the structure, embryology, evolution, classification, habits, and distribution of all animals, both living and extinct, and how they interact with their ecosystems. The term is derived from Ancient Greek ζῷον, zōion, i.e. "animal" and λόγος, logos, i.e. "knowledge, study".
The University of Cambridge is a collegiate public research university in Cambridge, United Kingdom. Founded in 1209 and granted a Royal Charter by King Henry III in 1231, Cambridge is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world and the world's fourth-oldest surviving university. The university grew out of an association of scholars who left the University of Oxford after a dispute with the townspeople. The two 'ancient universities' share many common features and are often referred to jointly as 'Oxbridge'. The history and influence of the University of Cambridge has made it one of the most prestigious universities in the world.
Hassell has worked extensively in the population ecology of insects using mathematical models as well as field and laboratory work to study the dynamics of insect populations, particularly insect host-parasitoid interactions.
A mathematical model is a description of a system using mathematical concepts and language. The process of developing a mathematical model is termed mathematical modeling. Mathematical models are used in the natural sciences and engineering disciplines, as well as in the social sciences.
A laboratory is a facility that provides controlled conditions in which scientific or technological research, experiments, and measurement may be performed.
In biology and medicine, a host is an organism that harbours a parasitic, a mutualistic, or a commensalist guest (symbiont), the guest typically being provided with nourishment and shelter. Examples include animals playing host to parasitic worms, cells harbouring pathogenic (disease-causing) viruses, a bean plant hosting mutualistic (helpful) nitrogen-fixing bacteria. More specifically in botany, a host plant supplies food resources to micropredators, which have an evolutionarily stable relationship with their hosts similar to ectoparasitism. The host range is the collection of hosts that an organism can use as a partner.
Hassell was elected as a fellow of the Royal Society in 1987. He served on its council from 1994 to 1996. Hassell is also a fellow of the Academia Europaea, a trustee of the Natural History Museum, a member of the Natural Environment Research Council, and a member of the council of the Zoological Society of London. He was president of the Royal Entomological Society from 2016-2018 and a past president of the British Ecological Society.
The President, Council and Fellows of the Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge, commonly known as the Royal Society, is a learned society. Founded on 28 November 1660, it was granted a royal charter by King Charles II as "The Royal Society". It is the oldest national scientific institution in the world. The society is the United Kingdom's and Commonwealth of Nations' Academy of Sciences and fulfils a number of roles: promoting science and its benefits, recognising excellence in science, supporting outstanding science, providing scientific advice for policy, fostering international and global co-operation, education and public engagement.
The Academia Europaea is an independent learned society and European Union’s Academy of Humanities and Sciences.
Trustee is a legal term which, in its broadest sense, is a synonym for anyone in a position of trust and so can refer to any person who holds property, authority, or a position of trust or responsibility for the benefit of another. A trustee can also refer to a person who is allowed to do certain tasks but not able to gain income. Although in the strictest sense of the term a trustee is the holder of property on behalf of a beneficiary, the more expansive sense encompasses persons who serve, for example, on the board of trustees of an institution that operates for a charity, for the benefit of the general public, or a person in the local government.
Hassell became a Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 2002 when he was named on the Queen's Birthday Honours list. He received a President’s Medal from the British Ecological Society.
The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British order of chivalry, rewarding contributions to the arts and sciences, work with charitable and welfare organisations, and public service outside the civil service. It was established on 4 June 1917 by King George V and comprises five classes across both civil and military divisions, the most senior two of which make the recipient either a knight if male or dame if female. There is also the related British Empire Medal, whose recipients are affiliated with, but not members of, the order.
The British Ecological Society is a learned society in the field of ecology that was founded in 1913. It is the oldest ecological society in the world. The Society's original objective was "to promote and foster the study of Ecology in its widest sense" and this remains the central theme guiding its activities today. The Society has almost 5000 members of which 14% are students. It has always had an international membership and currently 42% are outside the United Kingdom, in a total of 92 countries. The head office is located Charles Darwin House in London, alongside a wide range of other biology organisations.
He married twice; firstly in 1966 to Glynis M. Everett and secondly in 1982 to Victoria A Taylor. He has three sons and a daughter.
Robert McCredie May, Baron May of Oxford, HonFAIB is an Australian scientist who has been Chief Scientific Adviser to the UK Government, President of the Royal Society, and a professor at the University of Sydney and Princeton University. He now holds joint professorships at University of Oxford and Imperial College London. He was also a crossbench member of the House of Lords from 2001 until his retirement in 2017.
Sir Thomas Richard Edmund SouthwoodGOM DL FRS was a British biologist, Professor of Zoology and Vice-Chancellor of the University of Oxford.
Sir Arthur George Tansley FLS, FRS was an English botanist and a pioneer in the science of ecology.
Arthur James Cain FRS was a British evolutionary biologist and ecologist. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1989.
Alastair Hugh Fitter CBE FRS is a British ecologist at the University of York.
Sir John Hartley Lawton is a British ecologist, RSPB Vice President, President of the Yorkshire Wildlife Trust, President of The Institution of Environmental Sciences, Chairman of York Museums Trust and President of the York Ornithological Club.
Sir Gilbert Edward Archey was a zoologist, ethnologist, World War I officer, and museum director from New Zealand. He wrote one of the major works on moas, based on his own field work and collection. During his life he published numerous articles and described many new species of animals.
Sir Roy Malcolm Anderson is a leading British expert on epidemiology. He has mathematically modelled the spread of diseases such as new variant Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease and AIDS. From October 2004 to September 2007 Anderson was the Ministry of Defence's, Chief Scientific Advisor in the UK. He also currently chairs the science advisory board of WHO's Neglected Tropical Diseases programme, is a member of the Bill and Melinda Gates Grand Challenges In Global Health advisory board, and chairs the Schistosomiasis Control Initiative (SCI) advisory board funded by the Gates Foundation. He is a non-executive director of GlaxoSmithKline.
Sir Martin Wyatt Holdgate is an English biologist and environmental scientist.
Charles Henry Gimingham was a British botanist at the University of Aberdeen, patron of the Institute of Ecology and Environmental Management, former president of the British Ecological Society, and one of the leading researchers of heathlands and heathers.
John Roundell Palmer, 4th Earl of Selborne,, is a British peer, ecological expert and businessman. He is one of the hereditary peers elected to remain in the House of Lords after the passing of the House of Lords Act 1999, sitting as a Conservative.
Sir Arthur Everett Shipley GBE FRS was an English zoologist and Vice-Chancellor of the University of Cambridge.
Sir Alexander Morris Carr-Saunders, was an English biologist, sociologist, academic, and academic administrator. He was Director of the London School of Economics from 1937 to 1957.
Dame Georgina Mary Mace, is a British ecologist and conservation scientist. She is Professor of Biodiversity and Ecosystems at University College London. She was previously Professor of Conservation Science and Director of the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) Centre for Population Biology, Imperial College London (2006–2012) and was Director of Science at the Zoological Society of London (2000–2006).
Sir Hugh Charles Jonathan Godfray CBE FRS is a British zoologist. He is Hope Professor of Zoology at Jesus College, Oxford, and Director of the Oxford Martin Programme on the Future of Food.
Sir Terence Charles Stuart Morrison-Scott was a British zoologist who was Director of the Science Museum and the British Museum of Natural History in London, England.
Bryan Thomas Grenfell OBE, FRS is a British population biologist, and Professor of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology and Public Affairs, at Princeton University.
Owain Westmacott Richards FRS was a British entomologist and ecologist who worked as Professor of Zoology and Applied Entomology, Imperial College, London and an editor of the Journal of Animal Ecology.
William James Sutherland is the Miriam Rothschild Professor of Conservation Biology at the University of Cambridge. He is currently the President of the British Ecological Society. He has been a Fellow of St Catharine's College, Cambridge since 2008.
Judith (Judy) H. Myers is a Canadian-American ecologist. In 2014 she was elected president of the Canadian Society for Ecology and Evolution. Professor Myers is well-known for her decades-long research into plant-animal-microbe interactions, including insect pest outbreaks, viral pathogens of insects, and pioneering work on biological control of insects and plants, particularly invasive species. Throughout her career she has advocated strongly for both the public understanding of science and for increasing the number of women in the STEM subjects: Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics.