Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra

Last updated

The Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra is an orchestra based in Moscow, Russia. It was founded in 1951 by Samuil Samosud, as the Moscow Youth Orchestra for young and inexperienced musicians, acquiring its current name in 1953. It is most associated with longtime conductor Kiril Kondrashin under whom it premiered Shostakovich's Fourth and Thirteenth symphonies as well as other works. The Orchestra undertook a major tour of Japan with Kondrashin in April 1967 and CDs of the Japanese radio recordings have been made available on the Altus label.


The orchestra has also flourished under Yuri Simonov, the orchestra's principal conductor since 1998. In recent years it has performed in Britain, France, Germany, Slovenia, Croatia, Poland, Lithuania, and Spain, as well as Hong Kong, Japan and South Korea. [1]

They also have collaborated with composers Igor Stravinsky, Benjamin Britten and Krzysztof Penderecki. [2]

Music directors


See also

Related Research Articles

Symphony No. 9 (Mahler) Symphony by Gustav Mahler

Symphony No. 9 by Gustav Mahler was written between 1908 and 1909, and was the last symphony that he completed. It is actually his tenth symphonic work, as Mahler gave no ordinal number to his symphonic song-cycle Das Lied von der Erde. A typical performance takes about 75 to 90 minutes. A survey of conductors voted Mahler's Symphony No. 9 the fourth greatest symphony of all time in a ballot conducted by BBC Music Magazine in 2016.

Kirill Kondrashin Russian conductor

Kirill Petrovich Kondrashin, was a Soviet and Russian conductor.

Yuri Temirkanov Soviet musician

Yuri Khatuevich Temirkanov is a Russian conductor of Circassian (Kabardian) origin.

The Cello Concerto No. 1 in E-flat major, Op. 107, was composed in 1959 by Dmitri Shostakovich. Shostakovich wrote the work for his friend Mstislav Rostropovich, who committed it to memory in four days and gave the premiere on October 4, 1959, with Yevgeny Mravinsky conducting the Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra in the Large Hall of the Leningrad Conservatory. The first recording was made in two days following the premiere by Rostropovich and the Moscow Philharmonic, under the baton of Aleksandr Gauk.

The Cello Concerto No. 2, Opus 126, was written by Dmitri Shostakovich in the spring of 1966 in the Crimea. Like the first concerto, it was written for Mstislav Rostropovich, who gave the premiere in Moscow under Yevgeny Svetlanov on 25 September 1966 at the composer's 60th birthday concert. Sometimes the concerto is listed as being in the key of G, but the score gives no such indication.

The Saint Petersburg Philharmonic Orchestra was formed in 1882, and is Russia's oldest symphony orchestra.

Gennady Rozhdestvensky Russian conductor and composer

Gennady Nikolayevich Rozhdestvensky, CBE was a Soviet and Russian conductor, People's Artist of the USSR (1976), and Hero of Socialist Labour (1990).

The State Symphony Capella of Russia comprises an orchestra and a choir, both based in Moscow, Russia. Its principal conductor is Valery Polyansky. It was formed in 1991 by merging the former USSR Ministry of Culture Symphony Orchestra with the USSR State Chamber Choir. It is sometimes known as the Russian State Symphony Orchestra.

Samuil Abramovich Samosud, PAU, was a Soviet and Russian conductor.

Viktor Tretiakov Russian musician

Viktor Viktorovich Tretiakov is a Russian violinist and conductor. Other spellings of his name are Victor, Tretyakov and Tretjakov.

Theodore Kerkezos is a Greek classical saxophonist.

Vassily Sinaisky Russian conductor and pianist

Vassily Serafimovich Sinaisky is a Russian conductor and pianist.

Boris Davidovich Belkin is a Soviet-born violin virtuoso.

Konstantin Saradzhev was an Armenian conductor and violinist. He was an advocate of new Russian music, and conducted a number of premieres of works by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Modest Mussorgsky, Igor Stravinsky, Sergei Prokofiev, Nikolai Myaskovsky, Dmitri Shostakovich, and Aram Khachaturian. His son Konstantin Konstantinovich Saradzhev was a noted bell ringer and musical theorist.

Pavel Kogan (conductor) Russian musician

Pavel Leonidovich Kogan is a Russian violinist and conductor who currently leads the Moscow State Symphony Orchestra.

Karl Ilitch Eliasberg was a Soviet conductor.

The All-Union Conductors Competition was a competition among musical conductors in the Soviet Union from 1938 to 1988. It took place in Moscow for its first time in 1938 when a set of prizes were awarded by a jury chaired by Samuil Samosud and including Nikolai Myaskovsky, Heinrich Neuhaus, Alexander Goldenweiser, Aleksandr Gauk, Dmitri Kabalevsky amongst other relevant musicians. From 1966 to 1988 the competition took place quite regularly, almost every five years.

The Sun Shines over Our Motherland «Над Родиной нашей солнце сияет» (Op.90) is a Russian-language cantata written in 1952 by Dimitri Shostakovich on a libretto by Yevgeniy Dolmatovsky.

The Execution of Stepan Razin is a cantata composed by Dimitri Shostakovich to a libretto by Yevgeny Yevtushenko in 1964. The subject is the execution of Stepan Razin, a Cossack leader who headed a major uprising (1670–71) against the nobility and tsarist bureaucracy in southern Russia.

Alisa Sadikova

Alisa Sadikova is a prodigy classical harpist from Russia.



  1. Orchestra page in, accessed 18 June 2013
  2. "#TCH15 - Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra". Retrieved 2020-04-19.