National Gallery of Indonesia

Last updated
National Gallery of Indonesia
Galeri Nasional Indonesia
National Gallery of Indonesia.JPG
Jakarta districts.png
Red pog.svg
Location within Jakarta
EstablishedMay 8, 1999
LocationJl. Medan Merdeka Timur 14, 10110, Indonesia
Coordinates 6°10′43″S106°50′00″E / 6.178529°S 106.833276°E / -6.178529; 106.833276
Collection sizeA collection of 1770 fine arts
DirectorTubagus Andre Sukmana (2005-now) [1]
CuratorM. Agus Burhan, Inda C. Noerhadi, Rizki A. Zaelani, Kuss Indarto [1]
Public transit access Logo PT Kereta Api Indonesia (Persero) 2020.svg Gambir
Transjakarta feeder and angkot: Stasiun Gambir

The National Gallery of Indonesia is an art gallery and museum in Jakarta, Indonesia. The National Gallery of Indonesia has existed as a cultural institution in the field of visual arts since May 8, 1999. The institution plays an important role in expanding public's awareness of artworks through preservation, development and exploitation of the visual arts in Indonesia. [2]



Educational complex

Lyceum of the CAS, now Gedung B of the National Gallery of Indonesia. COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Lyceum te Batavia TMnr 10002319.jpg
Lyceum of the CAS, now Gedung B of the National Gallery of Indonesia.

The original address of the complex was Koningsplein Oost No. 14, Batavia. The main building (Gedung A) was built in 1817 by G.C. Van Rijk as an Indische Woonhuis (Indies residence) in a Dutch Indies colonial style. The materials for the construction were taken from the remains of Kasteel Batavia. [3]

In 1900, the complex was converted into an HBS educational institution known as Carpentier Alting Stichting (CAS) under the authority of the Dutch Protestant pastor and prominent Freemason Albertus Samuel Carpentier Alting (1837–1915). The former Indies residence (Gedung A) was converted into a female dormitory building, while several buildings were added to improve the facility of the school: a lyceum or primary school (1902, now Gedung B of the National Gallery); a MULO or junior high school; and a HBS or senior high school. [4]

After independence in 1945, the CAS remained operational to serve Djakarta's large remaining white settler community, although the Indonesian government forced the school to admit students from all races.

In 1955, the Indonesian government banned all activities related to the Dutch colonial administration. The educational institution was placed under the authority of Raden Saleh Foundation, which continued the activities of CAS and remained under the auspices of the Freemasonry. [3]

Students of the CAS. COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Groepsportret met de schoolleerlingen van de Carpentier Alting Stichting (CAS) tijdens een feest TMnr 60027529.jpg
Students of the CAS.

In 1961, all Dutch students and teachers of CAS were expelled by the Indonesian government and the school was abolished and its premises turned into SDN 01 (State Primary School No. 1) and Sekolah Menengah Atas 7, "Senior High School 7" [4] [5] In 1962, the military authorities issued a Decision Letter signed by President Sukarno which banned Freemasonry in Indonesia. As a result, the Raden Saleh Foundation was disbanded, and the school was taken over by the Department of Education and Culture of the Republic of Indonesia. [3]

In 1965, after the 30 September Incident, the main building was used as the headquarters of the Youth and Student Command Unit (Komando Kesatuan Pemuda dan Pelajar Indonesia or KAPPI) that held demonstrations demanding the disbanding of the Indonesian Communist Party. [3]

Once the security situation improved, the building was used by the Indonesian Army (Tentara Nasional Indonesia Angkatan Darat or TNI/AD) as Headquarters for the Jayasakti Infantry Brigade under the auspices of the Jakarta Raya V Military Command (Komando Daerah Militer V Jakarta Raya: Kodam Jaya). [3]

In 1981, based on a telegram from the Army Chief of Staff (Kepala Staf Angkatan Darat or KSAD) marked No. 51/1978/1981, and reconfirmed with Jakarta Raya V Military Command Decision Letter No. SKIP/194/1982, the core building was returned to the Department of Education and Culture. Then, based on the Department of Education and Culture Secretary General Decision Letter No. 126/F/1982, dated February 28, 1982, the management of the structure was transferred to the Directorate General of Culture. The core building (Building A) has since been used as an Exhibition Building and is now the central structure of Indonesia National Gallery. [3]

The founding of Indonesia National Gallery was done among the efforts carried out to establish National Cultural Development Center Program (Wisma Seni Nasional/Pusat Pengembangan Kebudayaan Nasional) begun in the 1960s. [6]

While waiting for the realization of the National Cultural Development Center Program, Prof. Dr. Fuad Hasan (at the time the Minister of Education and Culture) organized the renovation of the building to perfect its function as an art exhibition center and as a center for art appreciation activities. The renovated building was dedicated in 1987. [6]

After intensive lobbying with the concerned authorities from 1995, the institution known as Indonesia National Gallery took on its existing form and function based on previous documents. The first, issued in 1998, was the Coordinating Minister for Development and Empowerment of the Civil Service (Menko Pengawasan Pembangunan dan Pendayagunaan Aparatur Negara) Decision Letter No. 34?MK/.WASPAN/1998. This was then confirmed by Department of Education and Culture Decision Letter No. 099a/0/1998, and the building was dedicated on May 8, 1999. [6]

The initial structure of Indonesia National Gallery (Department of Education and Culture Decision Letter No. 099a/0/1998) has been changed several times as reflected in the document BP BUDPAR No. Kep.07/BPBUDPAR/2002, which was then brought into line with the policies of the Ministry of Culture and Tourism. This final organizational shift was due to the administrative change of the Ministry of Culture and Tourism in the Department of Culture and Tourism under the documents km.55/OT.001/MPK/2003 and, more recently, Minister of Culture and Tourism Decision Letter No. PM.41/OT.002/MPK – 2006. [6]


Today the museum houses 1770 artworks by Indonesian and foreign artists, among the most notable are Indonesian artists Raden Saleh, Affandi, Basuki Abdullah, and also some foreign artists such as Wassily Kandinsky, Hans Hartung, Victor Vasarely, Sonia Delaunay, Pierre Soulages, and Zao Wou Ki.

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Indonesian National Armed Forces</span> Combined military forces of Indonesia

The Indonesian National Armed Forces are the military forces of the Republic of Indonesia. It consists of the Army (TNI-AD), Navy (TNI-AL), and Air Force (TNI-AU). The President of Indonesia is the commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces. In 2021, it comprises approximately 395,500 military personnel including the Indonesian Marine Corps, which is a branch of the Navy.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Indonesian Army</span> Land service branch of the Indonesian National Armed Forces

The Indonesian Army is the land branch of the Indonesian National Armed Forces. It has an estimated strength of 300,000 active personnel. The history of the Indonesian Army has its roots in 1945 when the Tentara Keamanan Rakyat (TKR) "People's Security Forces" first emerged as a paramilitary and police corps.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Merdeka Palace</span> Official residence of the President of the Republic of Indonesia

The Merdeka Palace, is one of six presidential palaces in Indonesia. It is located on the north side of the Merdeka Square in Central Jakarta, Indonesia and is used as the official residence of the president of the Republic of Indonesia.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">National Museum of Indonesia</span> Historical museum in Jakarta

The National Museum of Indonesia is an archeological, historical, ethnological, and geographical museum located in Jalan Medan Merdeka Barat, Central Jakarta, right on the west side of Merdeka Square. Popularly known as the Elephant Museum after the elephant statue in its forecourt, its broad collections cover all of Indonesia's territory and almost all of its history. The museum has endeavoured to preserve Indonesia's heritage for two centuries.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pierre Tendean</span>

Pierre Andries Tendean was an Indonesian Army lieutenant. He was best known as a victim of the 30th September Movement (G30S) and posthumously awarded as revolution hero, later Indonesian national hero.

Ivan Sagita was born in Malang 1957 and studied at the Indonesian Art Institute in Yogyakarta from 1979 to 1985. He is known as an introvert and mysterious artist, but his work of art is well known in the world of art.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ismail Marzuki Park</span>

Ismail Marzuki Park,, is an arts, cultural, and science center located at Cikini in Jakarta, Indonesia. Taman Ismail Marzuki complex comprises a number of facilities including six performing arts theaters, cinemas, exhibition hall, gallery, libraries and an archive building. The complex is built on an 9 hectares land area, which was previously a zoo. TIM is named after Ismail Marzuki, one of Indonesia's most influential composers.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Cultural properties of Indonesia</span>

Cultural properties of Indonesia are those items defined by Indonesian law as of "important value for history, science, and culture", and include both man-made artefacts and natural objects. The cultural properties number more than 8,000 and include ancient Hindu and Buddhist temples, mosques, historic colonial buildings, forts, art galleries, national parks and beaches. A number of the sites are World Heritage Sites.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kunstkring Art Gallery</span>

The Kunstkring Art Gallery is a heritage building located in Central Jakarta, Indonesia. Built in 1914, following the design of Dutch architect P.A.J. Moojen, it originally housed the local art circle. After several changes of use, in 2011 the building has been restored, with the upper floor used as an art gallery while the ground floor has been converted into a restaurant.

Gatot Soebroto Army Hospital is a hospital in Jakarta, Indonesia. The name of the hospital is derived from Gatot Soebroto, a National Hero of Indonesia. Established in 1819, the hospital is the main hospital for the Indonesian Army. The hospital also provides limited services for civilians.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Al-Makmur Mosque</span>

Masjid Jami' Al-Makmur Cikini is located on Jalan Raden Saleh Raya in Cikini, Central Jakarta, and is one of the oldest mosques in the locality. It was formerly known as Tjikini Mosque.

Panglima is a military title used in Indonesia and Malaysia, and historically in the Philippines. It means 'a commander of a body of troops'. In the past it is used to call some prominent military leaders in several kingdoms, such as Panglima Polem from Aceh. In modern times it is reserved for the chiefs of the armed forces of Indonesia and Malaysia and some other posts.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Idrus Nasir Djajadiningrat</span>

Rear admiral Raden Bagus Idrus Nasir Djajadiningrat, M.A. also known as Didi Djajadiningrat was an Indonesian diplomat and navy officer. He also joined as a fighter for Indonesian independence in 1945 during colonial times. During the New Order period, he later became the People's Representative Council of the ABRI fraction from Golkar appointed by Suharto.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Chief of Staff of the Indonesian Army</span>

The Chief of Staff of the Indonesian Army is the highest position in the Indonesian Army. The position is held by the four-star General appointed by and reporting directly to the Commander of the Armed Forces. Chief of Staff is assisted by the Vice Chief of Staff of the Indonesian Army, which the position is held by a three-star General.

Yoes Rizal rise in Jakarta is an Indonesian contemporary artist painter. He graduated in 1985 from Art & Design at the Institut Teknologi Bandung (ITB), under Indonesian Prof. Muchtar Apin, prof. Kaboel Soeadi, Prof. Ahmad Sadali, Dr Sanento Yuliman, Umi Dachlan and Joan Sommers, American artist and master of Sumi-e.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Indonesian Army Doctrine, Education and Training Development Command</span> Military unit

Indonesian Army Doctrine, Education and Training Development Command is an Indonesian Army Principal Command which is directly under the office of the Chief of Staff of the Army and located in Bandung, West Java. Its principal responsibility is the training of all service personnel of the Army to fulfill its primary responsibilities of national defense and civil-military cooperation in national development.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ahmad Sadali</span> Indonesian painter (1924–1987)

Ahmad Sadali comes from a family with diversified batik and printing businesses. He was an Indonesian painter and art lecturer who is well-known for his abstract art, especially Abstract expressionism, and Cubism and Color field painting. Sadali was among the first and leading students of Ries Mulder, that represented "The Bandung School" of Indonesian art. He is considered one of the most important Indonesian modernist artists, and his works are among the highest priced Indonesian in International art markets. His signature Abstract style expresses elements of nature and spirituality in a bold yet nuanced manner.

Gedung Joang '45 is a historical museum in Jakarta, which tells the history of the Indonesian struggle for independence from Dutch colonial rule and the formation of the state of Indonesia.


  1. 1 2 "Head of Gallery and Organization Chart". Galeri Nasional. April 4, 2009. Retrieved January 31, 2013.
  2. "Galeri Nasional – About Gallery". Galeri Nasional. April 4, 2009. Retrieved January 31, 2013.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "History of Indonesia National Gallery Building". Galeri Nasional. April 4, 2009. Retrieved January 31, 2013.
  4. 1 2 Tineke Nauta-Meertens (30 June 1997). "CAS historie". Stichting CAS-Reünisten. Stichting CAS-Reünisten. Archived from the original on 2 April 2011. Retrieved May 11, 2011.
  5. Antique photos from colonial times – Asia Finest Discussion Forum Archived 2015-12-07 at the Wayback Machine . Retrieved July 7, 2011.
  6. 1 2 3 4 "History of Establishment of Indonesia National Gallery". Galeri Nasional. April 4, 2009. Retrieved January 31, 2013.