Operation Gloria

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Operation Gloria
Part of COVID-19 pandemic in Sweden
Operational scope Operational, Supporting, Military operations other than war
Location
Commanded by Commander (Kommendörkapten, OF-4) Fredrik Utterström [1] [2]
TargetSupporting Swedish civil agencies in handling the COVID-19 pandemic in Sweden.
Date11 March 2020 Ongoing
Executed by Swedish Armed Forces:

Operation Gloria was a Swedish military operation conducted in support of handling the COVID-19 pandemic in Sweden.

Contents

Background

Sweden's first case of COVID-19 was discovered in January 2020. The 11th of March, the Swedish Public Health Agency (Folkhälsomyndigheten) asked the Swedish Armed Forces for support in handling the outbreak. [2]

The Swedish Armed Forces was first tasked with supporting the civilian society in case of peace time emergencies in 1995 by the then current Swedish government. The task was abolished in 2004, but was later added again in 2009. [5]

Swedish military support in handling the Covid-19 outbreak

Field hospitals

The Swedish Armed Forces set up two field hospitals; one in the capital city of Stockholm, and one in Gothenburg, on the west coast. Originally, the armed forces was preparing to set up a field hospital at Ärna Air Base in Uppsala, north of Stockholm. The resources were instead rerouted to Älvsjö mess hall, in southern Stockholm. The hospital was prepared to admit 550 ICU patients, but was demobilised in June 2020, without taking in one single patient. This was due to the hospital in the Stockholm area had contigency preparedness and was able to handle the situation by themselves. [6]

Staff support

The armed forces also sent staff officers and civilian personell to support Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare (Socialstyrelsen), Swedish Agency for Economic and Regional Growth (Tillväxtverket), and several county administrative boards (Länsstyrelser).

The Swedish Prince Carl Philip, Duke of Värmland, asked, and served in the the Swedish Armed Forces high command to support the operational staff leading the support operation. He served with the rank of Major at the time. [7]

Transport resources

The armed forces provided transport capacity to several civilian agencies in the form of ambulances and airlift capabilities in the form of helicopters - NHIndustries NH90 - and aircraft - C-130 Hercules. [2]

Equipment

The armed forces provided the civilian agencies with 50.000 gas masks and 40.000 chemical weapons protection gear. It also supported with medical technologies equipment, EKG equipment, and X-rays. [8]

Contact tracing

The largest part of Operation Gloria was military personell helping out with gathering and deliveries of contact tracing tests. Military personell, mainly from the Home Guard (Hemvärnet) - but also conscripts and professional soldiers - delivered and gathered indicual self tests from sick indivudals and delviered these to test labs for control, contact tracing, and anti-bodies. [8] [3]

Vaccinations

The Swedish Armed Forces were asked to relieve the civilian medical organisations by vaccinating their own personell, mainly in the regions of Blekinge, Halland, and Västra Götaland County. [9]

After some debate, Swedish military personell taking part in international military missions - such as MINUSMA - were allowed to be vaccinated ahead of time. [10]

Laboratory

The National CBRN Defence Centre (Totalförsvarets skyddscentrum, SkyddsC) in Umeå conducted an exercise together with Uppsala University Hospital (Akademiska sjukhuset) and the Public Health Agency to maintain readiness and Freedom of Action to sampling and analyzing possible contagion. The exercise showed a postive outcome. This resources was however never activated. [11]

Related Research Articles

The Swedish Armed Forces is the government agency that forms the military forces of Sweden, tasked with the defense of the country as well as with promoting Sweden's wider interests, supporting international peacekeeping, and providing humanitarian aid. It consists of the Swedish Army, the Swedish Air Force and the Swedish Navy, as well as a military reserve force, the Home Guard. Since 1994, all Swedish military branches are organized within a single unified government agency, headed by the Supreme Commander, even though the individual services maintain their distinct identities.

Supreme Commander of the Swedish Armed Forces

The Supreme Commander is the highest ranked professional military officer in the Swedish Armed Forces, and is by NATO terminology the Swedish chief of defence equivalent. The Supreme Commander is the agency head of the Swedish Armed Forces and formally reports to the Government of Sweden, though normally through the Minister for Defence. The primary responsibilities and duties of the Supreme Commander are prescribed in an ordinance issued by the Government.

General Owe Erik Axel Wiktorin is a retired Swedish Air Force officer. Wiktorin was Supreme Commander of the Swedish Armed Forces from 1994 to 2000. His time as Supreme Commander was marked by major cutbacks of the Swedish defense.

Särskilda Operationsgruppen is a special operations unit within the Swedish Armed Forces which has been active since 2011. The unit is headquartered at Karlsborg Fortress in Karlsborg, Västra Götaland County.

Chief of Army (Sweden)

The Chief of Army is the most senior appointment in the Swedish Army. The position Chief of Army was introduced in 1937 and the current form in 2014.

Chief of Navy (Sweden)

Chief of Navy is the most senior appointment in the Swedish Navy. The position Chief of Navy was introduced in 1936 and the current form in 2014.

Chief of Air Force (Sweden)

Chief of Air Force is the most senior appointment in the Swedish Air Force. The position Chief of Air Force was introduced in 1926 and the current form in 2014.

Försvarsmusiken

Försvarsmusiken (FöMus) heads all bands of the Swedish Armed Forces: the Royal Swedish Army Band, the Life Guards' Dragoon Music Corps and the Royal Swedish Navy Band in Karlskrona and the 25 bands of the Home Guard. Försvarsmusiken serves the Royal Court, Armed Forces and the Government.

Chief of Home Guard

The Chief of Home Guard, also called the Chief of the National Swedish Home Guard is the Swedish Home Guard chief representative. He reports to the Chief of Armed Forces Training & Procurement. The Home Guard function and its development are the responsibility of the Chief of Home Guard and as support in his work at the Swedish Armed Forces Headquarters he has the staff of the Home Guard Department (Rikshemvärnsavdelningen). The Chief of Home Guard with staff is part of the Training & Procurement Staff.

Chief of the Defence Staff (Sweden)

The Chief of the Defence Staff was from 1937 to 1993 the second most senior member of the Swedish Armed Forces and headed the Defence Staff. The position was held by a senior member of one of the three main branches of the Swedish Armed Forces.

COVID-19 pandemic in Sweden Ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic in Sweden

The COVID-19 pandemic in Sweden is part of the pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. The virus was confirmed to have reached Sweden on 31 January 2020, when a woman returning from Wuhan tested positive. On 26 February, following outbreaks in Italy and in Iran, multiple travel-related clusters appeared in Sweden. Community transmission was confirmed on 9 March in the Stockholm Metropolitan Area. Since then, individuals in every län (county) have tested positive for COVID-19. The first death was reported on 11 March in Stockholm, a case of community transmission. However, it is believed that the virus could have reached Sweden as early as December 2019, when several individuals sought care for respiratory illness in Falun after contact with an individual with recent travel history to Wuhan.

The following is a timeline of minor events between January and mid-March in the COVID-19 pandemic in Sweden.

Swedish government response to the COVID-19 pandemic Actions by the Swedish government on COVID-19 pandemic

Sweden's unique response to the COVID-19 pandemic has been the subject of significant controversy in both domestic and international circles. Unlike most countries, which strongly recommended widespread sector closures, quarantining, and lockdown measures to curb the spread of the coronavirus disease 2019, the government of Sweden took a more lenient approach to the pandemic, prioritizing the economy and only pursuing social distancing measures such as bans on large gatherings and travel restrictions. This approach has been a divisive topic of debate, receiving significant criticism both domestically and internationally, and with those who oppose social distancing often citing the Swedish response as an example.

The Chief of Defence Staff is the chief of the Defence Staff at the Swedish Armed Forces Headquarters. The Chief of Defence Staff is appointed as a three-star general or admiral. The Chief of Defence Staff is part of the Defence Board, a group of the Supreme Commander's top commanders.

Director of Military Intelligence and Security (Sweden)

The Director of Military Intelligence and Security is a two-star role within the Swedish Armed Forces, responsible the Swedish Military Intelligence and Security Service. The Director of Military Intelligence and Security is part of the Defence Board, a group of the Supreme Commander's top commanders.

Events in the year 2021 in Sweden.

COVID-19 vaccination in Sweden

Vaccination against COVID-19 in Sweden started on 27 December 2020 after the approval of the Pfizer–BioNTech vaccine by the European Commission. In Sweden, the Public Health Agency has been commissioned by the government to create a vaccination plan. Sveriges riksbank, the central bank of Sweden, predicts that efficient vaccination against COVID-19 has macroeconomic benefits. As of 21 May 2021, 42.0% of adults in Sweden have received at least one dose, with a total of 4,543,467 doses administered.

Chief of Policy and Plans Department

The Chief of Policy and Plans Department is the head of the Policy and Plans Department in the Defence Staff at the Swedish Armed Forces Headquarters. The Chief of Policy and Plans Department is part of the Defence Board, a group of the Supreme Commander's top commanders.

Brigadier General Laura Maria Swaan Wrede is a Swedish Army officer. She currently serves as the Deputy Chief of Army appointed on 1 April 2020. She was earlier regimental commander of the Life Guards between 2017 and 2020. She was the first woman regimental commander in Sweden.

The Director General of the Swedish Armed Forces is the director general of the Swedish Armed Forces and is the deputy head of the agency. The director general reports directely to the Supreme Commander of the Swedish Armed Forces. The position was established in 2005 to strengthen the financial management of the operations. The Director General of the Swedish Armed Forces is part of the Defence Board, a group of the Supreme Commander's top commanders. In practice, the Supreme Commander and the director general lead the development of the Swedish Armed Forces together.

References

  1. Toll, Johanna. "Försvarsmakten beredd att stödja vården i händelse av tredje våg". Försvarsmakten (in Swedish).
  2. 1 2 3 "Ett år med coronapandemin". Försvarsmakten (in Swedish).
  3. 1 2 Ängshammar, Tomas. "Värnpliktiga hjälper Folkhälsomyndigheten kartlägga covid-19". Försvarsmakten (in Swedish).
  4. Jansson, Lasse. "Coronasmittade kan nu flygas med militärhelikopter". Försvarsmakten (in Swedish).
  5. "MED BEFINTLIG FÖRMÅGA" (PDF) (in Swedish).
  6. ""Fältsjukhuset" i Älvsjö – Rekordbygget som ingen ville ha?" (PDF) (in Swedish). ISBN   978-91-88975-05-8.
  7. "Prins Carl Philip tjänstgör vid Försvarsmaktens högkvarter - Sveriges Kungahus". www.kungahuset.se (in Swedish).
  8. 1 2 "Ett år med coronapandemin". Försvarsmakten (in Swedish).
  9. "Försvarsmakten vaccinerar egen personal i tre regioner". Försvarsmakten (in Swedish).
  10. "50 vaccindoser till personal i utlandstjänst". Försvarsmakten (in Swedish).
  11. Åkerlund, Mattias. "Försvarsmakten avslutar Corona-övning". Försvarsmakten (in Swedish).