|Part of COVID-19 pandemic in Sweden|
|Operational scope||Operational, Supporting, Military operations other than war|
|Commanded by||Commander (Kommendörkapten, OF-4) Fredrik Utterström|
|Target||Supporting Swedish civil agencies in handling the COVID-19 pandemic in Sweden.|
|Date||11 March 2020 –Ongoing|
|Executed by|| Swedish Armed Forces: |
Operation Gloria was a Swedish military operation conducted in support of handling the COVID-19 pandemic in Sweden.
Sweden's first case of COVID-19 was discovered in January 2020. The 11th of March, the Swedish Public Health Agency (Folkhälsomyndigheten) asked the Swedish Armed Forces for support in handling the outbreak.
The Swedish Armed Forces was first tasked with supporting the civilian society in case of peace time emergencies in 1995 by the then current Swedish government. The task was abolished in 2004, but was later added again in 2009.
The Swedish Armed Forces set up two field hospitals; one in the capital city of Stockholm, and one in Gothenburg, on the west coast. Originally, the armed forces was preparing to set up a field hospital at Ärna Air Base in Uppsala, north of Stockholm. The resources were instead rerouted to Älvsjö mess hall, in southern Stockholm. The hospital was prepared to admit 550 ICU patients, but was demobilised in June 2020, without taking in one single patient. This was due to the hospital in the Stockholm area had contigency preparedness and was able to handle the situation by themselves.
The armed forces also sent staff officers and civilian personell to support Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare (Socialstyrelsen), Swedish Agency for Economic and Regional Growth (Tillväxtverket), and several county administrative boards (Länsstyrelser).
The Swedish Prince Carl Philip, Duke of Värmland, asked, and served in the the Swedish Armed Forces high command to support the operational staff leading the support operation. He served with the rank of Major at the time.
The armed forces provided transport capacity to several civilian agencies in the form of ambulances and airlift capabilities in the form of helicopters - NHIndustries NH90 - and aircraft - C-130 Hercules.
The armed forces provided the civilian agencies with 50.000 gas masks and 40.000 chemical weapons protection gear. It also supported with medical technologies equipment, EKG equipment, and X-rays.
The largest part of Operation Gloria was military personell helping out with gathering and deliveries of contact tracing tests. Military personell, mainly from the Home Guard (Hemvärnet) - but also conscripts and professional soldiers - delivered and gathered indicual self tests from sick indivudals and delviered these to test labs for control, contact tracing, and anti-bodies.
The Swedish Armed Forces were asked to relieve the civilian medical organisations by vaccinating their own personell, mainly in the regions of Blekinge, Halland, and Västra Götaland County.
After some debate, Swedish military personell taking part in international military missions - such as MINUSMA - were allowed to be vaccinated ahead of time.
The National CBRN Defence Centre (Totalförsvarets skyddscentrum, SkyddsC) in Umeå conducted an exercise together with Uppsala University Hospital (Akademiska sjukhuset) and the Public Health Agency to maintain readiness and Freedom of Action to sampling and analyzing possible contagion. The exercise showed a postive outcome. This resources was however never activated.
The Swedish Armed Forces is the government agency that forms the military forces of Sweden, tasked with the defense of the country as well as with promoting Sweden's wider interests, supporting international peacekeeping, and providing humanitarian aid. It consists of the Swedish Army, the Swedish Air Force and the Swedish Navy, as well as a military reserve force, the Home Guard. Since 1994, all Swedish military branches are organized within a single unified government agency, headed by the Supreme Commander, even though the individual services maintain their distinct identities.
The Supreme Commander is the highest ranked professional military officer in the Swedish Armed Forces, and is by NATO terminology the Swedish chief of defence equivalent. The Supreme Commander is the agency head of the Swedish Armed Forces and formally reports to the Government of Sweden, though normally through the Minister for Defence. The primary responsibilities and duties of the Supreme Commander are prescribed in an ordinance issued by the Government.
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