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Upper Brook Street
|Coordinates||52°51′22″N3°03′48″W / 52.85618°N 3.06338°W Coordinates: 52°51′22″N3°03′48″W / 52.85618°N 3.06338°W|
|Type|| Public school |
Private boarding & day
|Motto||"Non scholae, sed vitae discimus" (English: We Learn Not For School But For Life)|
|Founder||David & Guinevere Holbache|
|Department for Education URN||123613 Tables|
|Chairman of Governors||Peter Wilcox-Jones|
|Staff||64 academic; 108 total|
|Enrolment||452 pupils |
|Schedule||Monday-Thursday: 8:20 - 17:00|
Friday: 8:20 - 16:00
|Houses||Burnaby, Donne, Oswald and Spooner|
|Patron||The Earl of Powis|
|School song||"Gaude plebs"|
|Former pupils||Old Oswestrians|
Oswestry School is an ancient public school (English independent boarding and day school), located in Oswestry, Shropshire, England. It was founded in 1407 as a 'free' school, being independent of the church. This gives it the distinction of being the second-oldest 'free' school in the country,  between Winchester College (founded 1382) and Eton College (1440). (See also the article on early grammar schools.)
Due to the fact that these Renaissance schools focused heavily on subjects such as Latin grammar, Oswestry School has long been known locally as 'The Grammar School' even during the period when Oswestry had modern state grammar schools.  Oswestry School should also not be confused with other secondary schools in Oswestry, such as the Marches School.
One of the school's earliest sites, dating from the 15th century, can still be seen adjacent to St Oswald's Parish Church. It is currently used as the town's visitor and information centre, incorporating a coffee shop and exhibitions. 
The present-day senior school is located on Upper Brook Street and the junior school is based at Bellan House on Church Street. Bellan House Preparatory School was a completely separate institution until its amalgamation in the 1970s.
Oswestry School was founded in 1407 by David Holbache, Member of Parliament for Shropshire and Shrewsbury, and his wife Guinevere.  They are also known by their Welsh names: Dafydd ab Ieuan and Gwenhwyfar ferch Ieuan.
Later in the 15th century it took up residence in the ancient half-timbered building close to the Parish Church of St Oswald.  The school later attracted the attention of Queen Elizabeth I and Oliver Cromwell; the former gave to the school an endowment of "forty shillings per annum" to help with its running, and the latter dismissed the headmaster at the time for being a "delinquent" (too "Royalist"). Early archive records show that a small percentage of the subsidised school-fees was set aside to pay for cockfighting, the pupil entertainment of that time.[ citation needed ]
Changes to the governance of the school in the mid-17th century saw a gradual transition from the lay trustees to a group of lay and clerical governors headed by the Bishop of St Asaph, who, from that time on, would appoint the Headmaster. Henceforth, these would be ordained men, a tradition which would extend into the 20th century.
Increasing numbers in the mid-18th century meant a move for the school to its present site on land next to the battlefield where in 642 AD King Oswald was defeated by King Penda. The Georgian building was constructed in 1776 on land leased (and later bought) from a local landed aristocrat. Its closest neighbour, the neo-Gothic Victorian chapel, built in 1863, stands looking across at St Oswald's Maes-y-llan battlefield, now the school's extensive playing fields. 
A major change took place in 1972: with the admission of girls, the school became co-educational. Shortly after this, the local pre-preparatory school, Bellan House, was taken over, thereby eventually allowing the school to offer education spanning the widest possible range – now 4 years up to 18. Previously, Oswestry School solely admitted boys. Alumni of Oswestry School are referred to as Old Oswestrians.
Oswestry School celebrated its 600th anniversary in 2007. 
Douglas Robb, who was headmaster from 2010 to 2014, had taught at Prince Edward School in Zimbabwe and developed links between the two schools. 
Oswestry School has had numerous houses over the years, including both 'competitive' and 'residential' houses. At different eras the house might have identified a pupil as day/boarder, boy/girl, or junior/senior. There are currently three boarding houses: School House, Holbache and Guinevere.  Senior boarders and day pupils now mingle in the 'competitive' houses: Burnaby, Donne, Oswald and Spooner.  Here are just some of the current and historical houses:
In the 19th century, an Old Oswestrian wrote the school's Latin song, 'Hymnus Oswestriensium', which is informally known by its first words, 'Gaude Plebs'. 
'Gaude Plebs', though written for Oswestry School, also became the official song of the nearby Moreton Hall School. Moreton Hall was founded in 1913 by the widow and daughters of Oswestry's late headmaster, John Jordan Lloyd-Williams. It primarily educated girls, who were not then eligible to attend Oswestry School.
The song is as follows:
Gaude, plebs redemptionis
Gaude, tantis aucta bonis
Omni labi propulsata
Mens exultet, provocata
Pro defunctis te laudandum
Pro viventibus, orandum,
Tu rem publicam beasti,
Tu maiores secundasti,
Noster et sis hodie.
Agimus pro fundatore
Et pro multo largitore
Grates laeto pectore.
At ni tu das incrementum,
Nil est aurum, nil argentums,
Nil humana sapere.
Quicquid bonum, sis tutela,
Quicquid malum, sis medela,
Rite gerens omnia;
Et, quot sumus hic sodales,
Fac sanctorum commensales
In perenni gloria.
This article's list of people may not follow Wikipedia's verifiability policy.(October 2021)
Notable pupils and staff of the school include: 
Oswestry is a market town, civil parish and historic railway town in Shropshire, England, close to the Welsh border. It is at the junction of the A5, A483 and A495 roads.
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