|Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of the Congo|
7 September 2019 –26 April 2021
|Preceded by||Bruno Tshibala|
|Succeeded by||Jean-Michel Sama Lukonde|
|Born||1947 (age 73–74)|
Katanga Province, Belgian Congo (now Haut-Katanga Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo)
|Alma mater||Lovanium University|
Sylvestre Ilunga Ilunkamba (born 1947, Katanga Province, Belgian Congo) is a Congolese politician who was appointed as the Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of the Congo in May 2019, formally establishing his government in August 2019. He has had a long political career going back to the 1970s, having held a number of ministerial cabinet posts, and was previously a professor at the University of Kinshasa since 1979. Ilunga has also been the secretary general of Congo's national railway company.He has a reputation as an experienced public servant and technocrat, as well as an ally of former President Joseph Kabila.
Sylvestre Ilunga was born in 1947 in the Katanga Province (today Haut-Katanga Province since the 2015 partition). He hails from the Luba ethnic group of Katanga.Ilunga worked as an economics professor at the University of Kinshasa since 1979. Ilunga entered politics in 1970 and held various government offices throughout the 1980s and 1990s, notably the cabinet posts of Minister of Planning (1990) and Minister of Finance (1990–1991) under the regime of Mobutu Sese Seko. After the fall of the Mobutu regime, Ilunga left the country and established a mining company in South Africa in 1993. He would return to the DRC a decade later. Since the 1990s he has largely been in retirement, except for being appointed in 2014 as the head of the SNCC, the national railway company of DR Congo. He was an economic advisor to the young President Joseph Kabila early in his term and oversaw the implementation of World Bank and IMF mandated reforms, including the privatisation of some government assets.
On 20 May 2019, at the age of 72, he was designated as the Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of the Congo in a deal negotiated by President Félix Tshisekedi and the Common Front for Congo ruling coalition in the country's parliament, which are allied with Tshisekedi's predecessor Joseph Kabila. Since the December 2018 general election the former opposition leader had been in negotiations with the Kabila-allied parties to nominate a Prime Minister, which had secured a majority in the election.Other potential candidates included mining executive Albert Yuma, finance minister Henri Yav, and former national security advisor Jean Mbuyu were suggested but were rejected by the President for different reasons. Norbert Nkulu, a member of the DRC's Constitutional Court, and Jean Nyembo Shabani, the former head of the Central Bank of Zaire, suggested Ilunga.
President Tshisekedi and the parliament agreed to form a new government on July 27, 2019, more than six months after the 2018 election, beginning Ilunga's formal nomination for Prime Minister.Ilunga's new cabinet is to include 65 members, including 48 ministers and 17 vice-ministers, out of which 42 posts will go to the Common Front for Congo (coalition of pro-Kabila parties) and 23 will be for Heading for Change (President Tshisekedi's alliance). Negotiations between Kabila and Tshisekedi had stalled over who would control the six "sovereign ministries" listed in the DRC's constitution—Finance, Defense, Budget, Justice, Interior, and Foreign Affairs. The new cabinet was formally established in late August 2019.
As prime minister, Ilunga has also been overseeing negotiations with the IMF for another aid program to the DRC.
On 28 January 2021, the National Assembly passed a motion of no confidence in Ilunga's cabinet, effectively forcing its resignation. The vote was boycotted by the pro-Kabila coalition, and followed the removal of the Assembly speaker in December 2020.
Discovered in the 1990’s, human remains in the Democratic Republic of the Congo have been dated to approximately 90,000 years ago. The first real states, such as the Kongo, the Lunda, the Luba and Kuba, appeared south of the equatorial forest on the savannah from the 14th century onwards.
Politics of the Democratic Republic of Congo take place in a framework of a republic in transition from a civil war to a semi-presidential republic.
Laurent-Désiré Kabila or simply Laurent Kabila, was a Congolese revolutionary and politician who served as the third President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo from May 17, 1997, when he overthrew Mobutu Sese Seko, until his assassination on January 16, 2001. He was succeeded ten days later by his 29-year-old son Joseph.
The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), also known as Congo-Kinshasa, DR Congo, the DROC, the DRC, or simply either Congo or the Congo, and formerly Zaire, is a country in Central Africa. It is, by area, the largest country in sub-Saharan Africa, the second-largest in all of Africa, and the 11th-largest in the world. With a population of around 105 million, the Democratic Republic of the Congo is the most populous officially Francophone country in the world, as well as the fourth-most populous country in Africa and the 15th-most populous country in the world. It is a member of the United Nations, Non-Aligned Movement, African Union, and COMESA. Since 2015, the Eastern DR Congo has been the site of an ongoing military conflict in Kivu. The capital and largest city is Kinshasa.
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Léon Kengo wa Dondo is a Congolese politician who served as the "first state commissioner" several times under Mobutu Sese Seko in Zaïre. He was one of the most powerful figures in the regime and was a strong advocate of economic globalization and free-market economics. He served as President of the Senate of the Democratic Republic of the Congo from 2007 to 2019.
The Second Congo War began in the Democratic Republic of the Congo in August 1998, little more than a year after the First Congo War, and involved some of the same issues. The war officially ended in July 2003, when the Transitional Government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo took power. Although a peace agreement was signed in 2002, violence has continued in many regions of the country, especially in the east. Hostilities have continued since the ongoing Lord's Resistance Army insurgency, and the Kivu and Ituri conflicts.
Étienne Tshisekedi wa Mulumba was a Congolese politician and the leader of the Union for Democracy and Social Progress (UDPS), the main opposing political party in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). A long-time opposition leader, he served as Prime Minister of the country on three brief occasions: in 1991, 1992–1993, and 1997.
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General elections were held in the Democratic Republic of the Congo on 30 December 2018, to determine a successor to President Joseph Kabila, as well as for the 500 seats of the National Assembly and the 715 elected seats of the 26 provincial assemblies. Félix Tshisekedi (UDPS) won with 38.6% of the vote, defeating another opposition candidate, Martin Fayulu, and Emmanuel Ramazani Shadary, backed by the ruling party PPRD. Fayulu alleged that the vote was rigged against him in a deal made by Tshisekedi and outgoing President Kabila, challenging the result in the DRC's Constitutional Court. Different election observers, including those from the country's Roman Catholic Church, also cast doubt on the official result. Nonetheless on 20 January the Court rejected his appeal and declared Tshisekedi as the winner. Parties supporting President Kabila won the majority of seats in the National Assembly. Félix Tshisekedi was sworn in as the 5th President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo on 24 January 2019, making it the first peaceful transition of power in the country since it became independent from Belgium in 1960.
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