Temple Moore

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Temple Lushington Moore
Temple Lushington Moore (2).jpg
Temple Lushington Moore
Born(1856-06-07)7 June 1856
Tullamore, Ireland
Died30 June 1920(1920-06-30) (aged 64)
Hampstead, London, England
NationalityEnglish
OccupationArchitect
Buildings St Wilfrid's Church, Harrogate
All Saints Church, Stroud

Temple Lushington Moore (7 June 1856 – 30 June 1920) was an English architect who practised in London. He is famed for a series of fine Gothic Revival churches built between about 1890 and 1917 and also restored many churches and designed church fittings. He did some work on domestic properties, and also designed memorial crosses.

Contents

Life and career

Moore's tombstone, also commemorating his son Richard Moore, lost in 1918 in the sinking of the RMS Leinster. TempleLushingtonMooreTombstone.jpg
Moore's tombstone, also commemorating his son Richard Moore, lost in 1918 in the sinking of the RMS Leinster.

Temple Moore was born in Tullamore, County Offaly, Ireland, and was the son of an army officer. He was educated at Glasgow High School, then from 1872 privately by the Revd Richard Wilton in Londesborough in the East Riding of Yorkshire. In 1875, he moved to London and was articled to architect George Gilbert Scott, Jr. [1] Although Moore set up his own practice in 1878, he continued to work closely with Scott, helping to complete his works when Scott's health deteriorated. From the early 1880s he travelled widely studying buildings on the continent, chiefly in Germany, France and Belgium. He was particularly impressed by the great medieval brick churches of north Germany, echoes of which can be found in some of his own impressively austere brick churches

In 1884 he married Emma Storrs Wilton, the eldest daughter of the Revd Wilton and thus was related to Canon Horace Newton for whom he undertook church restoration work and a large house, Holmwood, Redditch, Worcestershire. Moore's pupils included Giles Gilbert Scott, son of George Gilbert Scott, Jr. [2]

In 1905 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects. [1] Moore's only son, Richard (1891-1918), was articled to his father and it was expected that he would continue the practice. However he pre-deceased his father, being killed in 1918 when RMS Leinster was torpedoed and sunk off Dublin. Temple Moore's son-in-law, Leslie Thomas Moore, joined the practice during the following year.

Temple Moore died at his home in Hampstead in 1920, and was buried at St John's Church, Hampstead. His estate amounted to a little over £5,635 (equivalent to £230,000in 2019). [3] Leslie Moore continued the practice, completing some of Temple Moore's commissions. [2]

Works

St. Mark's Church, Mansfield, listed at Grade II* St Marks Mansfield June 2009 02.JPG
St. Mark's Church, Mansfield, listed at Grade II*
The high altar in the Church of St Mary and All Saints, Chesterfield showing the reredos designed by Temple Moore High Altar, Chesterfield Parish Church.JPG
The high altar in the Church of St Mary and All Saints, Chesterfield showing the reredos designed by Temple Moore

Moore's main contributions to architecture were his churches; he designed about 40 new churches, and the cathedral in Nairobi. He also restored older churches, and made alterations and additions to others. In addition he designed fittings and items of furniture for the interiors of churches. In other fields, he designed and altered country houses, and other buildings including schools, vicarages, parish halls, a court house, and memorial and churchyard crosses. [2] He was also a contributor to English Domestic Architecture of the XVII & XVIII Centuries by Horace Field and Michael Bunney (1905).

In 1908, Moore made the organ case, choir stalls, reredos and communion rail for St Michael and All Angels Church, Badminton. [4]

Moore's career spanned the closing years of the Gothic Revival, but he developed the style rather than merely continuing it. In his entry in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography the author states that his "artistic destiny was not to preserve an attenuating tradition but to bring to maturity a development which otherwise would have remained incomplete", and also expresses the opinion that he was "England's leading ecclesiastical architect from the mid-Edwardian years". [2] Of his work, the architectural historian Nikolaus Pevsner said that he "is always sensitive in his designs and often interesting". [5] Moore was an Anglican in the Anglo-Catholic tradition, which prefers its churches to have beautiful surroundings and fine fittings to enhance worship; Moore's designs reflect this. [2]

The National Heritage List for England shows that at least 34 of Moore's new churches are designated as listed buildings. Two of these, St Wilfrid, Harrogate, and All Saints, Stroud, are listed at Grade I, and at least 16 of the others are at Grade II*. [lower-alpha 1] For his secular works, Moore received praise from his contemporaries for remodelling South Hill Park in Berkshire, and for restoring the Treasurer's House and St William's College in York. [2]


See also

Notes

  1. There are three grades of listing. Grade I buildings are "of exceptional interest, sometimes considered to be internationally important", Grade II* buildings are "particularly important buildings of more than special interest", and Grade II listing is given to "Buildings of national importance and special interest". [6]

Related Research Articles

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Lancaster Cathedral Church in Lancashire, England

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St Marys Church, Widnes Church in Cheshire, England

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St Pauls Church, Scotforth Church in Lancashire, England

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St Margaret of Antioch Church, Leeds church in Leeds, UK

The former St Margaret of Antioch's Church building is situated on Cardigan Road, Headingley, West Yorkshire, England, near Burley Park railway station. It is an example of Late Gothic Revival church architecture, and it was built in the first few years of the twentieth century, being consecrated in 1909. It was built in the Parish of Burley to serve the population of the newly built red-brick terrace houses in the area, part of the late Victorian expansion of Leeds. Whilst a functioning Anglican Church, it had an Anglo-Catholic flavour. It is a Grade II* listed building, and was designed by Temple Moore. It was rescued from dereliction by a group of local Christians who turned it into an arts and creative space called Left Bank Leeds.

St Marks Church, Blackburn Church in Lancashire, England

St Mark's Church is in Buncer Lane, in the former parish of Witton, Blackburn, Lancashire, England. It is an inactive Anglican church in the deanery of Blackburn with Darwen, the archdeaconry of Blackburn, and the diocese of Blackburn, and is now up for sale. Originally a separate parish, in 2005 it combined with the parish of St Luke with St Philip to form the Parish of Christ the King. The church is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II* listed building.

Ripley School Chapel church in the United Kingdom

Ripley School Chapel is part of what is now the Ripley St Thomas Church of England Academy, located in Ashton Road, Lancaster, Lancashire, England. It is considered to be of architectural importance and is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II* listed building.

Romanesque Revival architecture in the United Kingdom

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St Gwenfaens Church, Rhoscolyn Church in Wales

St Gwenfaen's Church is in the village of Rhoscolyn, Isle of Anglesey, Wales. The church was established in AD630, and was dedicated to St. Gwenfaen. The current church was erected in the Gothic-revival style, replacing the earlier building. It "was built in 1875 and enlarged by the addition of a chancel in 1879 ..... the architect is thought to have been Sir George Gilbert Scott". It was designated as a Grade II listed building on 4 May 1971, as "a good example of a rural parish church, the simple Gothic style appropriate to its scale and site, and with rich interior fittings". These include "a fine C20 memorial of copper, with Art Nouveau styled design, to the Rector the Revd. John Hopkins, d.1901."

Statue of John Betjeman statue in St Pancras railway station, London

The statue of John Betjeman at St Pancras railway station, London is a depiction in bronze by the sculptor Martin Jennings. The statue was designed and cast in 2007 and was unveiled on 12 November 2007 by Betjeman's daughter, Candida Lycett Green and the then Poet Laureate Andrew Motion to commemorate Betjeman and mark the opening of St Pancras International as the London terminus of the Eurostar high-speed rail link between the United Kingdom and Continental Europe. The location memorialises the connection between St Pancras station and Betjeman, an early and lifelong advocate of Victorian architecture.

Chapel of Rest, Brompton, Scarborough Church in North Yorkshire, England

The Chapel of Rest, Brompton Cemetery, Brompton, Scarborough, in North Yorkshire, England is an early work by the ecclesiastical architect Temple Moore. It is a Grade II listed building.

References

  1. 1 2 Antonia Brodie; et al. (2001). Directory of British Architects, 1834-1914: Vol. 2 (L-Z). Continnum. pp. 204–205. ISBN   978-0-8264-5514-7.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Goodhart-Rendel, H. S.; (rev Geoffrey K. Brandwood) (2004), "Moore, Temple Lushington (1856–1920)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography , Oxford University Press , retrieved 16 October 2012 ((subscription or UK public library membership required))
  3. UK Retail Price Index inflation figures are based on data from Clark, Gregory (2017). "The Annual RPI and Average Earnings for Britain, 1209 to Present (New Series)". MeasuringWorth. Retrieved 2 February 2020.
  4. St. Michael and All Angels, Great Badminton (webpage), 19 July 2013. Also "The Great Badminton Church Restoration Fund". www.badmintonchurchrestoration.org.uk. Retrieved 28 August 2015.
  5. Pevsner, Nicholas (1966), Yorkshire: The North Riding, Pevsner Architectural Guides, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, p. 52, ISBN   0-300-09665-8 , retrieved 16 October 2012
  6. Listed Buildings, Historic England, retrieved 11 April 2015

Further reading