Terence C. Kern
|Senior Judge of the United States District Court for the Northern District of Oklahoma|
January 4, 2010
|Chief Judge of the United States District Court for the Northern District of Oklahoma|
|Preceded by||Thomas Rutherford Brett|
|Succeeded by||Sven Erik Holmes|
|Judge of the United States District Court for the Northern District of Oklahoma|
June 9, 1994 –January 4, 2010
|Appointed by||Bill Clinton|
|Preceded by||Seat established by 104 Stat. 5089|
|Succeeded by||John E. Dowdell|
Terence C. Kern
1944 (age 76–77)
|Education|| Oklahoma State University (B.S.)|
University of Oklahoma College of Law (J.D.)
University of Virginia School of Law (LL.M.)
Terence C. Kern (born 1944) is a Senior United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Northern District of Oklahoma.
Born in Clinton, Oklahoma, Kern received a Bachelor of Science degree from Oklahoma State University in 1966, a Juris Doctor from the University of Oklahoma College of Law in 1969, and a Master of Laws in Judicial Process from the University of Virginia School of Law in 2004. He was in the Oklahoma Army National Guard from 1969 to 1970 and the United States Army Reserve from 1969 to 1975. He was a general attorney of the Federal Trade Commission, Division of Compliance, Bureau of Deceptive Practices from 1969 to 1970. He was in private practice in Ardmore, Oklahoma from 1970 to 1994.
On March 9, 1994, Kern was nominated by President Bill Clinton to a new seat on the United States District Court for the Northern District of Oklahoma created by 104 Stat. 5089. He was confirmed by the United States Senate on June 8, 1994, and received his commission on June 9, 1994. He served as chief judge from 1996 to 2003. He assumed senior status on January 4, 2010.
On January 14, 2014, Judge Kern held that the Oklahoma Constitution's definition of marriage as limited to "the union of one man and one woman" violates the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. The suit, Bishop v. Oklahoma , had been filed by two lesbian couples against the Tulsa County Clerk and others. The ruling has been stayed pending appeal.The amendment banning same-sex marriage was passed by the voters in 2004, and its legislative history was cited in the ruling.
The Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) is a United States federal law passed by the 104th United States Congress and signed into law by President Bill Clinton. It defines marriage for federal purposes as the union of one man and one woman, and allows states to refuse to recognize same-sex marriages granted under the laws of other states. The act's provisions were ruled unconstitutional or left effectively unenforceable by Supreme Court decisions in the cases of United States v. Windsor (2013) and Obergefell v. Hodges (2015). Since the law contained only three sections, the first of which merely denoting the short title, the law itself has been practically overturned.
Many laws in the history of the United States have addressed marriage and the rights of married people. Common themes addressed by these laws include polygamy, interracial marriage, divorce, and same-sex marriage.
Chester John Straub is an inactive Senior United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit headquartered in New York City.
Barrington Daniels Parker Jr. is a Senior United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit.
Oklahoma Question 711 of 2004, was an amendment to the Oklahoma Constitution that defined marriage as the union of a man and a woman, thus rendering recognition or performance of same-sex marriages or civil unions null within the state prior to its being ruled unconstitutional. The referendum was approved by 76 percent of the voters.
Orlando Luis Garcia is the Chief United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Western District of Texas and former Texas state legislator.
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Bernard A. Friedman is a Senior United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan.
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Vicki Miles-LaGrange is an inactive Senior United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Western District of Oklahoma. She was the first African-American woman to be sworn in as United States Attorney for the Western District of Oklahoma. She was also the first African-American woman elected to the Oklahoma Senate.
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons in the U.S. state of Oklahoma enjoy most of the rights available to non-LGBT residents. Same-sex sexual activity is legal in Oklahoma, and both same-sex marriage and adoption by same-sex couples have been permitted since October 2014. State statutes do not prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity; however, the U.S. Supreme Court's ruling in Bostock v. Clayton County established that employment discrimination against LGBT people is illegal. This practice may still continue, as Oklahoma is an at-will employment state and it is still legal to fire an employee without requiring the employer to disclose any reason.
Robert James Shelby is an American attorney and jurist serving as the Chief United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Utah.
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This article contains a timeline of significant events regarding same-sex marriage in the United States. On June 26, 2015, the landmark US Supreme Court decision in Obergefell v. Hodges effectively ended restrictions on same-sex marriage in the United States.
Same-sex marriage has been legal in the U.S. state of Oklahoma since October 6, 2014, following the resolution of a lawsuit challenging the state's ban on same-sex marriage. On that day, following the U.S. Supreme Court's refusal to review the case that found the ban unconstitutional, the federal Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals ordered the state to recognize same-sex marriage.
Kitchen v. Herbert, 961 F.Supp.2d 1181, affirmed, 755 F.3d 1193 ; stay granted, 134 S.Ct. 893 (2014); petition for certiorari denied, No. 14-124, 2014 WL 3841263, is the federal case that successfully challenged Utah's constitutional ban on marriage for same-sex couples and similar statutes. Three same-sex couples filed suit in March 2013, naming as defendants Utah Governor Gary R. Herbert, Attorney General John Swallow, and Salt Lake County Clerk Sherrie Swensen in their official capacities.
This is a list of notable events in the history of LGBT rights that took place in the year 2014.
The history of same-sex marriage in the United States dates from the early 1970s, when the first lawsuits seeking legal recognition of same-sex relationships brought the question of civil marriage rights and benefits for same-sex couples to public attention though they proved unsuccessful.However marriage wasn't a request for lgbtq movement until the Second National March on Washington for Lesbian and Gay Rights in Washington (1987). The subject became increasingly prominent in U.S. politics following the 1993 Hawaii Supreme Court decision in Baehr v. Miike that suggested the possibility that the state's prohibition might be unconstitutional. That decision was met by actions at both the federal and state level to restrict marriage to male-female couples, notably the enactment at the federal level of the Defense of Marriage Act.