Thompson (surname)

Last updated
Thompson
Pronunciation /ˈtɒmpsən/ TOMP-sən
Origin
MeaningSon of Thom, Son of Thomas, Son of Tom
Region of origin Scotland and England
Other names
Variant form(s)Di Tommaso, Thom, Thomas, Thomason, Thomassen, Thomasson, Thomson, Tom, Tomadze, Tomašević, Tomashov, Tomashvili, Tomaszewicz, Tomescu, Tommasi, Tumasian, Tumasyan
[1]

Thompson is a variant spelling of Thomson and likewise, it is a patronymic surname of Scottish origin, with a variety of spellings, originally meaning "son of Thom(as)". [2] An alternative origin may be geographical, arising from the placename Thompson. [3] During the Plantation period, settlers carried the name to Ireland. Thom(p)son is also the English translation of MacTavish, which is the Anglicised version of the Gaelic name MacTamhais. [4]

Contents

According to the 2010 United States Census, Thompson was the 23rd most frequently reported surname, accounting for 0.23% of the population. [5]

Notable people

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O

P

R

S

T

V

W

Z

Fictional characters

Further reading

Related Research Articles

Blake is a surname which originated from Old English. Its derivation is uncertain; it could come from "blac", a nickname for someone who had dark hair or skin, or from "blaac", a nickname for someone with pale hair or skin. Another theory, presumably in the belief it is a Welsh patronymic in origin, for which there is no evidence, was that it is a corruption of "Ap Lake", meaning "Son of Lake".

Wright is an occupational surname originating in England. The term 'Wright' comes from the circa 700 AD Old English word 'wryhta' or 'wyrhta', meaning worker or shaper of wood. Later it became any occupational worker, and is used as a British family name.

Davies is a patronymic Welsh surname. There are two main theories concerning its origin, neither of which has been definitively proven. The first theory contends that it may be a corruption of Déisi, the name of a powerful Irish dynasty who occupied an area of Wales during AD 3, while the second theory states that it may derive from the Hebrew name "David", which is also the name of Wales' patron saint.

Cooper is an English surname originating in England; see Cooper (profession). Occasionally it is an Anglicized form of the German surname Kiefer. Cooper is the 4th most common surname in Liberia and 35th most common in England.

Fisher is an English occupational name for one who obtained a living by fishing. The surname was also given to someone who lived close to a fish weir on a river. It is therefore a topographical type surname as well as an occupational type surname. In Ireland it is the anglicized form of Gaelic Ó Bradáin 'descendant of Bradán', a personal name meaning ‘salmon’. This name was sometimes translated into English as Salmon or Fisher. The Celtic name Mac an Iascair in Ireland or MacInesker in Scotland also translates to Fisher. The German version of the surname is Fischer, the Dutch version is Visser and the Italian version is Pescatore - which is derived from the Latin surname Piscator. The Fisher motto is "Respice finem" which means "Regard the End".

Bailey is an occupational surname of English and especially Irish origin, it originated from the Normans.

The surname Collins has a variety of likely origins in Britain and Ireland:

  1. Anglo-Saxon and Scottish: A patronymic surname based on the English and Scottish name Colin, an English diminutive form of Nicholas.
  2. Norse: From the Old Norse personal name "Kollungr", a form of "koli" which in Old English became 'Cola', meaning swarthy or dark.
  3. Irish: The medieval surname was Ua Cuiléin, which has usually become Ó Coileáin today.
  4. Welsh: Collen; "hazel, hazel grove".

Gavin is a male given name originating from Scotland. It is a variation on the medieval name Gawain, meaning "God send" or "white hawk". Sir Gawain was a knight of King Arthur's Round Table. Sir Gawain and the Green Knight is an epic poem connected with King Arthur's Round Table. Gawain beheads the Green Knight who promptly replaces his head and threatens Gawain an identical fate the same time next year. Decapitation figures elsewhere: the Italian name Gavino (considered equivalent to Gavin) is the name of an early Christian martyr who was beheaded in 300 AD, his head being thrown in the Mediterranean Sea only later reunited and interred with his body.

Bell is a surname common in English speaking countries with several word-origins.

Gill may be a surname or given name, derived from a number of unrelated sources:

Corey is a masculine given name and a surname. It is a masculine version of name Cora, which has Greek origins and is the maiden name of the goddess Persephone. The name also can have origins from the Gaelic word coire, which means "in a cauldron" or "in a hollow".

The surname Burns has several origins. In some cases it derived from the Middle English or Scots burn, and originated as a topographic name for an individual who lived by a stream. In other cases the surname is a variant form of the surname Burnhouse, which originated as habitational name, derived from a place name made up of the word elements burn and house. In other cases the surname Burns originated as a nickname meaning "burn house". In other cases, the surname Burns is an Anglicised form of the Irish Ó Broin, which means "descendant of Bran". In some cases the surname Burns is an Americanized form of the Jewish surname Bernstein, which is derived from the German bernstein ("amber").

Grant is an English, Scottish, and French surname derived from the French graund meaning 'tall' or 'large'. It was originally a nickname given to those with remarkable size.

Richardson is an English surname of Anglo Saxon origin. The prefix Richard is a given name derived from the Old English ric ("power") and hard ("brave"/"hardy"). The suffix -son denotes "son/descendant of". The names Richard and Richardson are found in records as early as 1381 in Yorkshire, England. There are variant spellings including the Swedish Richardsson. People with the name Richardson or its variants include:

Crawford is a surname and a given name.

Phillips is an English and surname that is mostly referred to as a patronymic surname that derives from the given name Philip.

Sheridan is an Anglicized version of the Irish surname O'Sirideáin, originating in Co Longford, Ireland. In Irish, it means grandson or descendant of Sheridan.

Whitehead is a surname. Recorded in a number of spellings including Whithead, Whitehed, Whithed, and Whitsed, this surname is of English origins. It usually derives from the Olde English pre 7th Century word "hwit" meaning white, plus "heafod", a head, combined to form a descriptive nickname for someone with white hair.

Quinn is an Anglicised form of the Irish Ó Coinn or McQuinn/MacQuinn. The latter surname means "descendant of Conn". The surname Quinn is also rendered Ó Cuinn in Irish. The surname is borne by numerous unrelated Irish families in Ulster and the Irish counties of Clare, Longford, and Mayo. The most notable family of the name are that of Thomond, a Dalcassian sept, who derive their surname from Niall Ó Cuinn who was slain at the Battle of Clontarf in 1014. This family was formerly represented by the Earls of Dunraven. Another family is that seated in Annaly, who were related to the O'Farrell lords of Longford. Other families include one seated in Antrim; one seated in Raphoe; and one called Clann Cuain, seated near Castlebar. In the seventeenth century, the surname Quinn was common in Waterford. In 1890, the surname was numerous in Dublin, Tyrone, Antrim, and Roscommon. Quinn is one of the twenty most common surnames in Ireland. It is sometimes said that the surname Quinn is borne by Catholics whilst Quin is borne by Protestants.

References

  1. 1990 Census Name Files Archived 2010-10-07 at the Library of Congress Web Archives
  2. Quinn, Seán E. (2000), Surnames in Ireland (Google Snippet), Bray, Ireland: Irish Genealogy Press, p. 173, ISBN   978-1-871509-39-7, OCLC   48632352 , retrieved 1 January 2012
  3. Redmonds, George; King, Turi; Hey, David (2011), "Hereditary Surnames", Surnames, DNA, and Family History, New York: Oxford University Press, Classifying Surnames, ISBN   978-0-19-162036-2 , retrieved 1 Jan 2012
  4. "Scottish Thompson Name is MacTavish". Clan MacTavish. Retrieved 24 August 2019.
  5. Bureau, US Census. "Frequently Occurring Surnames from the 2010 Census". www.census.gov. Retrieved 2018-06-07.

See also