Thoosa (sponge)

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Thoosa
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Porifera
Class: Demospongiae
Order: Tetractinellida
Family: Thoosidae
Genus:Thoosa
Hancock, 1849 [1]
Species

See text

Synonyms
List
  • AnnandaleaTopsent, 1928
  • AnnandalenaTopsent, 1932
  • ThooceLaubenfels, 1936

Thoosa is a genus of sea sponges in the family Thoosidae. [1] This genus is known for boring holes in corals. [2] It contains sixteen described species.

A genus is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of living and fossil organisms, as well as viruses, in biology. In the hierarchy of biological classification, genus comes above species and below family. In binomial nomenclature, the genus name forms the first part of the binomial species name for each species within the genus.

Family is one of the eight major hierarchical taxonomic ranks in Linnaean taxonomy; it is classified between order and genus. A family may be divided into subfamilies, which are intermediate ranks between the ranks of family and genus. The official family names are Latin in origin; however, popular names are often used: for example, walnut trees and hickory trees belong to the family Juglandaceae, but that family is commonly referred to as being the "walnut family".

Coral Marine invertebrates of the class Anthozoa

Corals are marine invertebrates within the class Anthozoa of the phylum Cnidaria. They typically live in compact colonies of many identical individual polyps. Corals species include the important reef builders that inhabit tropical oceans and secrete calcium carbonate to form a hard skeleton.

Species

Species in this genus include: [1]

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Baeriidae is a family of calcareous sponges in the class Calcarea. It was named by Borojevic, Boury-Esnault, and Vacelet in 2000. The type genus is BaeriaMiklucho-Maclay, 1870, by original designation, though Baeria is now considered a junior synonym of LeuconiaGrant, 1833.

References

  1. 1 2 3 Boury-Esnault, N., van Soest, R. (2014). Van Soest RW, Boury-Esnault N, Hooper JN, Rützler K, de Voogd NJ, de Glasby BA, Hajdu E, Pisera AB, Manconi R, Schoenberg C, Janussen D, Tabachnick KR, Klautau M, Picton B, Kelly M, Vacelet J (eds.). "Thoosa Hancock, 1849". World Porifera database. World Register of Marine Species . Retrieved 2014-05-22.
  2. Hooper, John N. A.; van Soest, R.W.M., eds. (2002). Systema Porifera: A Guide to the Classification of Sponges. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers. ISBN   978-0-30647260-2.