Thorland

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Thorland
Greenland edcp location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Thorland
Geography
LocationSoutheast Greenland
Coordinates 63°34′N41°30′W / 63.567°N 41.500°W / 63.567; -41.500 Coordinates: 63°34′N41°30′W / 63.567°N 41.500°W / 63.567; -41.500
Adjacent bodies of water Bernstorff Fjord
Length47 km (29.2 mi)
Width29 km (18 mi)
Highest elevation1,915.9 m (6,285.8 ft)
Highest point Ansbjerg
Administration
Greenland (Denmark)
Municipality Sermersooq
Demographics
Population0

Thorland (Danish : Thors Land) is a peninsula in the King Frederick VI Coast, southeastern Greenland. It is a part of the Sermersooq municipality.

Danish language North Germanic language spoken in Denmark

Danish is a North Germanic language spoken by around six million people, principally in Denmark and in the region of Southern Schleswig in northern Germany, where it has minority language status. Also, minor Danish-speaking communities are found in Norway, Sweden, Spain, the United States, Canada, Brazil, and Argentina. Due to immigration and language shift in urban areas, around 15–20% of the population of Greenland speak Danish as their first language.

Peninsula A piece of land that is bordered by water on three sides but connected to mainland.

A peninsula is a landform surrounded by water on the majority of its border while being connected to a mainland from which it extends. The surrounding water is usually understood to be continuous, though not necessarily named as a single body of water. Peninsulas are not always named as such; one can also be a headland, cape, island promontory, bill, point, fork, or spit. A point is generally considered a tapering piece of land projecting into a body of water that is less prominent than a cape. A river which courses through a very tight meander is also sometimes said to form a "peninsula" within the loop of water. In English, the plural versions of peninsula are peninsulas and, less commonly, peninsulae.

King Frederick VI Coast Region in Greenland

King Frederick VI Coast is a major geographic division of Greenland. It comprises the coastal area of Southeastern Greenland in Sermersooq and Kujalleq municipalities fronting the Irminger Sea of the North Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by King Christian IX Land on the north and the Greenland Ice Sheet to the west.

Contents

History

One of the coastal islands, Igdluluarssuk (Sattiaatteq) at the entrance of the fjord on its southern side, had had the northernmost Inuit settlement of the southern group on the east coast in the recent past. [1]

The Inuit are a group of culturally similar indigenous peoples inhabiting Inuit Nunangat, the Arctic regions of Greenland, Canada, and Alaska. The Inuit languages are part of the Eskimo–Aleut family. Inuit Sign Language is a critically endangered language isolate used in Nunavut.

Arctic explorer Wilhelm August Graah of the Danish Navy explored this area in 1828–30, during an expedition in search of the legendary Eastern Norse Settlement and named this peninsula after Thor. [2]

Wilhelm August Graah Danish polar explorer

Wilhelm August Graah (1793–1863) was a Danish naval officer and Arctic explorer. Graah had mapped areas of West Greenland when he, in 1828–30, was sent by King Frederick VI of Denmark on an expedition to the unmapped eastern coast with the purpose to search for the lost Eastern Norse Settlement.

Thor Hammer-wielding Nordic god associated with thunder

In Germanic mythology, Thor is a hammer-wielding god associated with thunder, lightning, storms, oak trees, strength, the protection of mankind and also hallowing and fertility. Besides Old Norse Þórr, extensions of the god occur in Old English as Þunor and in Old High German as Donar. All forms of the deity stem from a Common Germanic *Þunraz.

Geography

Thorland is surrounded to the northeast by the Bernstorff Fjord —across which lies the Odinland Peninsula, to the east by the Irminger Sea and to the southwest by the Northern Skjoldungen Fjord, with Skjoldungen on the facing shore.

Bernstorff Fjord

Bernstorff Fjord is a fjord in King Frederick VI Coast, eastern Greenland.

Odinland

Odinland, also Odinsland in the Defense Mapping Agency Greenland Navigation charts, is a peninsula in the King Frederick VI Coast, southeastern Greenland. It is a part of the Sermersooq municipality.

Irminger Sea A marginal sea of the North Atlantic Ocean southeast of Greenland between the Denmark Strait and the Labrador Sea

The Irminger Sea is a marginal sea of the North Atlantic Ocean.

To the west and the northwest the peninsula is attached to the mainland. Cape Moltke is the easternmost point. The southern part has a deeply indented coast dividing into three narrow arms jutting southeastwards with deep fjords between them, including the Graah Fjord, Jaette Fjord and Kangerdlikajik. [3] Several glaciers pour into the Bernstorff Fjord from the northern side of the peninsula, the most important of which are Storebjørn Glacier, Tjalfe Glacier and Røskva Glacier, while the Jomfruen in the west has its terminus in the Norrevig, an offshoot of the Northern Skjoldungen Fjord. [4]

Cape Moltke

Cape Moltke is a headland in the North Atlantic Ocean, southeast Greenland, Kujalleq municipality.

There are several islands at the mouth of the fjords at the eastern end of the peninsula the largest of which are Tupikajik, Akorninarmiut, Imaarsivik, Kiasigssaq, Qiputalik, Nappat, Qeertartivaq and Igdluluarssuk (Sattiaatteq) where there are Paleo-Eskimo archaeological sites. [4]

The Paleo-Eskimo were the peoples who inhabited the Arctic region from Chukotka in present-day Russia across North America to Greenland prior to the arrival of the modern Inuit (Eskimo) and related cultures. The first known Paleo-Eskimo cultures developed by 2500 BCE, but were gradually displaced in most of the region, with the last one, the Dorset culture, disappearing around 1500 CE.

Mountains

This desolate peninsula is a destination for mountain climbing owing to some of its sturdy granite walls and jagged peaks. [5] Its highest point is 1,916 m high Ansbjerg, a nunatak rising above the Norrevig in the SW at 63°34′35″N41°40′5″W / 63.57639°N 41.66806°W / 63.57639; -41.66806 . Other notable summits are Kokkefars Hat, a conspicuous 996 m high peak at 63°27′5″N41°33′25″W / 63.45139°N 41.55694°W / 63.45139; -41.55694 in the southernmost arm of the peninsula, [6] Hvidbræmmen, a 1,304 m high peak in the northern side of Thorland, Hvide Telt, Hakkefjeld, Hanekammen and Rypefjeldet. [7]

In Thorland there are several nunataks besides Ansbjerg, such as Akuliaruseq, Diabastoppen, Skønheden and Strudsen. Svartalfbjerg is a mountain on the west side of the Storebjørn Glacier. [4]

1944 map of the area around Skjoldungen with the Thorland Peninsula just north of the island. Skjoldungen v2-ed.jpg
1944 map of the area around Skjoldungen with the Thorland Peninsula just north of the island.

See also

Related Research Articles

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Watkins Range range in Greenland

The Watkins Range is Greenland's highest mountain range. It is located in King Christian IX Land, Sermersooq municipality.

Skjoldungen large uninhabited island in the King Frederick VI Coast, southeastern Greenland

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Ensomheden island in Sermersooq, Greenland

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Iluileq Fjord

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Kangerluluk

Kangerluluk, old spelling Kangerdluluk, meaning 'the awful fjord', is a fjord in the King Frederick VI Coast, Kujalleq municipality, southern Greenland.

Avaqqat Kangerluat

Avaqqat Kangerluat, also known as Avarqqat Kangerluat, Avaqqat Kangerlua and Puiagtoq Fjord, is a fjord in the King Frederick VI Coast, Kujalleq municipality, southern Greenland.

Sikuijivitteq

Sikuijivitteq, also known as Kangerdlugsuatsiak, is a fjord of the King Frederick VI Coast in the Sermersooq municipality, southeastern Greenland. The name 'Mogens Heinesen' is based on Magnus Heinason, a 16th-century Faroese naval hero.

Sehested Fjord

Sehested Fjord ) is a fjord of the King Frederick VI Coast in the Sermersooq municipality, southeastern Greenland.

Princess Caroline-Mathilde Alps

The Princess Caroline-Mathilde Alps are a mountain range system in the Holm Land Peninsula, King Frederick VIII Land, northeastern Greenland. Administratively this range is part of the Northeast Greenland National Park zone.

Princess Elizabeth Alps

The Princess Elizabeth Alps is a mountain range in King Frederick VIII Land, northeastern Greenland. Administratively this range is part of the Northeast Greenland National Park zone.

Graah Mountains

The Graah Mountains are a mountain range in southeastern Greenland. Administratively this range is part of the Kujalleq municipality.

Cape Møsting

Cape Møsting is a headland in the North Atlantic Ocean, southeast Greenland, Kujalleq municipality.

References

  1. Encyclopedia Arctica 15: Biographies - Gustav Frederick Holm
  2. Graah, W. A. (1832). Undersøgelses-Reise til Østkysten af Grønland, efter kongelig Befaling udført i Aarene 1828-31[Exploration of the East Coast of Greenland, by royal order executed in the years 1828-31] (in Danish). Copenhagen.
  3. Prostar Sailing Directions 2005 Greenland and Iceland Enroute, p. 102
  4. 1 2 3 "Thors Land". Mapcarta. Retrieved 5 May 2016.
  5. North America, East Greenland, Thor's Land, Queen Lilliana, First Ascent
  6. View of the Northern Skjoldungen Fjord with the Kokkefars Hat in the distance
  7. GoogleEarth