Thornbury Hospital

Last updated

Thornbury Hospital
BMI Healthcare
Thornbury.JPG
Thornbury Hospital
South Yorkshire UK location map.svg
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Shown in South Yorkshire
Geography
Location Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England
Coordinates 53°22′28″N1°31′03″W / 53.374324°N 1.517411°W / 53.374324; -1.517411 Coordinates: 53°22′28″N1°31′03″W / 53.374324°N 1.517411°W / 53.374324; -1.517411
Organisation
Care system Private
Hospital type General
Services
Emergency department No
History
Founded1947

Thornbury Hospital is a private hospital situated on Fulwood Road in the Ranmoor area of the City of Sheffield, England. The hospital is owned by BMI Healthcare. The building was previously a private residence constructed in 1865.

A private hospital is a hospital owned by a for-profit company or a non-profit company and privately funded through payment for medical services by patients themselves, by insurers, governments through national health insurance programs, or by foreign embassies. This is normal in the United States of America, Chile, France, Germany, and Australia.

Ranmoor

Ranmoor is a suburb of the City of Sheffield, England. It is an affluent suburb in the Fulwood ward of the city. It mostly developed in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and it features a number of large houses that were built for the city's steel magnates, as well as, most notably, a large church, St John's. This church was opened 24 April 1879 but was almost entirely destroyed by fire on 2 January 1887. All that survived from the original church was the tower and spire, which still stands today. A new building was built and the church reopened on 9 September 1888; it is now a Grade II* listed building. A row of early 19th century buildings near the church includes the Bull's Head and Ranmoor Inn public houses.

Sheffield City and metropolitan borough in England

Sheffield is a city and metropolitan borough in South Yorkshire, England. Historically part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, its name derives from the River Sheaf, which runs through the city. With some of its southern suburbs annexed from Derbyshire, the city has grown from its largely industrial roots to encompass a wider economic base. The population of the City of Sheffield is 582,506 (mid-2018 est.) and it is one of the eight largest regional English cities that make up the Core Cities Group. Sheffield is the third-largest English district by population. The metropolitan population of Sheffield is 1,569,000.

Contents

History

Thornbury was built between 1864 and 1865, when Frederick Mappin, the cutlery and steel magnate, commissioned the architects M.E. Hadfield and Son to design a new house for him. Mappin had previously been Master Cutler in 1855 and would go on to become Mayor of Sheffield in 1877/8 and a Liberal MP in 1880. [1] Thornbury is a big bold stone house with curving two storey bay windows. It is in the Classical style with two wings, balustraded parapet and a steep pitched roof with tall chimneys and gables. The main entrance is at the western side of the building and this has a two storey porch and a large oriel window. The house which sits on six acres of land looks over mature gardens which were designed by Robert Marnock. The entrance is reached by a long sweeping drive off Fulwood Road; a small lodge is situated at the entrance to the drive. [2]

Sir Frederick Mappin, 1st Baronet British politician

Sir Frederick Thorpe Mappin, 1st Baronet, known as Frederick Mappin was an English factory owner and Liberal politician.

Matthew Ellison Hadfield English architect

Matthew Ellison Hadfield was an English architect of the Victorian Gothic revival. He is chiefly known for his work on Roman Catholic churches, including the cathedral churches of Salford and Sheffield.

The Master Cutler is the head of the Company of Cutlers in Hallamshire established in 1624. Their role is to act as an ambassador of industry in Sheffield, England. The Master Cutler is elected by the freemen of the company on the first Monday of September of each year and the position taken in the first Tuesday of October. Despite the title, the Master Cutler does not have to be involved in the cutlery business, or even the steel industry, to be elected.

During the Second World War the house was used for storage by The Admiralty. In 1947 it was purchased by the newly formed National Health Service for £11,500 and used as an annexe for the Sheffield Children's Hospital. It opened in 1951 as a 50-bed unit and was known as Thornbury Annexe until 1976 when it was renamed as the Children’s Hospital, Thornbury. It served as a medical annexe, isolation ward and convalescent home for the children. In 1982 it was sold by the trustees of the former United Sheffield Hospitals for development as a private hospital, however the annexe stood vacant for a number of years but the Sheffield Child Development Study research unit remained in the grounds of the disused annexe. In July 1990 the unit moved to new premises in the Stephenson Unit at Sheffield Children's Hospital. [3] Thornbury was enlarged and restored in the early 1990s and opened as a private hospital under the management of BMI Healthcare. [4]

World War II 1939–1945 global war

World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries. The major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 70 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China. It included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, and the only use of nuclear weapons in war.

Admiralty British Government ministry responsible for the Royal Navy until 1964

The Admiralty, originally known as the Office of the Admiralty and Marine Affairs, was the government department responsible for the command of the Royal Navy first in the Kingdom of England, later in the Kingdom of Great Britain, and from 1801 to 1964, the United Kingdom and former British Empire. Originally exercised by a single person, the Lord High Admiral (1385–1628), the Admiralty was, from the early 18th century onwards, almost invariably put "in commission" and exercised by the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty, who sat on the Board of Admiralty.

National Health Service publicly funded healthcare systems within the United Kingdom

The National Health Service in the United Kingdom includes NHS England, NHS Scotland, NHS Wales, and the affiliated Health and Social Care (HSC) in Northern Ireland. They were established together in 1948 as one of the major social reforms following the Second World War. The founding principles were that services should be comprehensive, universal and free at the point of delivery. Each service provides a comprehensive range of health services, free at the point of use for people ordinarily resident in the United Kingdom, apart from dental treatment and optical care. The English NHS also requires patients to pay prescription charges with a range of exemptions from these charges.

Services

The hospital now has in-patient facilities with four operating theatres, an endoscopy suite, a high dependency unit and an intensive care unit. The hospital offers treatment from routine investigations to complex surgery. [4]

Endoscopy medical procedure

An endoscopy is used in medicine to look inside the body. The endoscopy procedure uses an endoscope to examine the interior of a hollow organ or cavity of the body. Unlike many other medical imaging techniques, endoscopes are inserted directly into the organ.

See also

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References

  1. Redfern, Roger (1996). Sheffield's Remarkable Houses. The Cottage Press. p. 21. ISBN   978-0951914830.
  2. Harman, Ruth; Minnis, John (2004). Sheffield. Pevsner Architectural Guides. Yale University Press. p. 271. ISBN   978-0300105858.
  3. "Sheffield Children's Hospital". National Archives. Retrieved 16 November 2018.
  4. 1 2 "Thornbury Hospital". NHS Choices. Retrieved 16 November 2018.