This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations . (November 2018) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
The threespot grunter (Hephaestus trimaculatus) is a species of fish in the family Terapontidae. It is endemic to Papua New Guinea.
Fish are gill-bearing aquatic craniate animals that lack limbs with digits. They form a sister group to the tunicates, together forming the olfactores. Included in this definition are the living hagfish, lampreys, and cartilaginous and bony fish as well as various extinct related groups. Tetrapods emerged within lobe-finned fishes, so cladistically they are fish as well. However, traditionally fish are rendered paraphyletic by excluding the tetrapods. Because in this manner the term "fish" is defined negatively as a paraphyletic group, it is not considered a formal taxonomic grouping in systematic biology, unless it is used in the cladistic sense, including tetrapods. The traditional term pisces is considered a typological, but not a phylogenetic classification.
Grunters or tigerperches are fishes in the family Terapontidae. The majority of terapontids are exclusively freshwater species, found in streams of Australia and New Guinea. A minority of species are found in estuarine and shallow coastal waters in the Indian Ocean and western Pacific. They grow up to 80 cm in length and feed on fishes and invertebrates.
Endemism is the ecological state of a species being unique to a defined geographic location, such as an island, nation, country or other defined zone, or habitat type; organisms that are indigenous to a place are not endemic to it if they are also found elsewhere. The extreme opposite of endemism is cosmopolitan distribution. An alternative term for a species that is endemic is precinctive, which applies to species that are restricted to a defined geographical area.
Hephaestus is the Greek god of blacksmiths, metalworking, carpenters, craftsmen, artisans, sculptors, metallurgy, fire, and volcanoes. Hephaestus' Roman equivalent is Vulcan. In Greek mythology, Hephaestus was either the son of Zeus and Hera or he was Hera's parthenogenous child. He was cast off Mount Olympus, by his mother because of his deformity or, in another account, by Zeus for protecting Hera from his advances.
Gmelin's white-toothed shrew is a species of mammal in the family Soricidae. It is found in Afghanistan, China, Iran, and Pakistan.
The Luzon shrew is a species of mammal in the family Soricidae. It is endemic to the Philippines. It is threatened by habitat loss.
The Malayan shrew is a species of mammal in the family Soricidae. It is endemic to Malaysia. It is threatened by habitat loss.
The Mindoro shrew is a species of mammal in the family Soricidae. It is endemic to the Philippines. It is threatened by habitat loss.
The Ryukyu shrew , also known as Orii's shrew is a species of mammal in the family Soricidae. It is endemic to Japan. It is threatened by habitat loss.
The Sumatran long-tailed shrew is a species of mammal in the family Soricidae. It is endemic to Indonesia. It is threatened by habitat loss.
Zarudny's rock shrew is a species of mammal in the family Soricidae. It is found in Afghanistan, Iran, and Pakistan.
The short-faced mole is a species of mammal in the family Talpidae. It is monotypic within the genus Scaptochirus. It is endemic to China.
The Kashmir pygmy shrew is a species of mammal in the family Soricidae. It is found in India and Pakistan.
The Apennine shrew is a species of shrew in the family Soricidae. The mammal is endemic to Italy.
The Caucasian shrew is a species of mammal in the family Soricidae. It is found in Russia and Turkey.
Verduya's hap is a species of haplochromine cichlid which is endemic to Lake Malawi where it has a lake wide range and so is found in Malawi, Mozambique, and Tanzania. This species occurs in open water, sometimes forming large shoals.
Adamson's grunter is a species of fish in the family Terapontidae endemic to Lake Kutubu in the Kikori River system, Papua New Guinea.
The long-nose sooty grunter is a species of fish in the family Terapontidae. It is endemic to Australia.
The striped grunter is a species of fish in the family Terapontidae. It is found in West Papua in Indonesia and Papua New Guinea.
The flat-faced seahorse, longnose seahorse, low-crowned seahorse or three-spot seahorse is a species of fish in the family Syngnathidae. It is found in Australia, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, French Polynesia, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Japan, the Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, and Vietnam. Its natural habitat is shallow seas. It is threatened by habitat loss.
Threespot barb is a species of cyprinid fish in the large genus Enteromius. It has a wide distribution in sub-Saharan Africa from the Congo Basin east to the Indian Ocean coast of Tanzania and south to KwaZulu Natal in South Africa. It occurs in shallow water around river inflows or near swampy areas. It is a habitat generalist and also hardy, but it prefers vegetated areas. It feeds on insects and other small animals. It is often caught for use as bait by anglers fishing for tigerfish. It breeds during the summer rainy season when shoals of fertile adults migrate upstream when the rivers are in spate following rain. A single females may produce as many as 8,000 eggs.
In computing, a digital object identifier (DOI) is a persistent identifier or handle used to identify objects uniquely, standardized by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). An implementation of the Handle System, DOIs are in wide use mainly to identify academic, professional, and government information, such as journal articles, research reports and data sets, and official publications though they also have been used to identify other types of information resources, such as commercial videos.