Throstle frame

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Throstle frame in Lowell, Massachusetts Throstle frame.JPG
Throstle frame in Lowell, Massachusetts

The throstle frame was a spinning machine for cotton, wool, and other fibers, differing from a mule in having a continuous action, the processes of drawing, twisting, and winding being carried on simultaneously. [2] It "derived its name from the singing or humming which it occasioned," [3] throstle being a dialect name for the song thrush.

Spinning is the twisting together of drawn-out strands of fibers to form yarn, and is a major part of the textile industry. The yarn is then used to create textiles, which are then used to make clothing and many other products. There are several industrial processes available to spin yarn, as well as hand-spinning techniques where the fiber is drawn out, twisted, and wound onto a bobbin.

Spinning mule machine used to spin cotton and other fibres

The spinning mule is a machine used to spin cotton and other fibres. They were used extensively from the late 18th to the early 20th century in the mills of Lancashire and elsewhere. Mules were worked in pairs by a minder, with the help of two boys: the little piecer and the big or side piecer. The carriage carried up to 1,320 spindles and could be 150 feet (46 m) long, and would move forward and back a distance of 5 feet (1.5 m) four times a minute. It was invented between 1775 and 1779 by Samuel Crompton. The self-acting (automatic) mule was patented by Richard Roberts in 1825. At its peak there were 50,000,000 mule spindles in Lancashire alone. Modern versions are still in niche production and are used to spin woollen yarns from noble fibres such as cashmere, ultra-fine merino and alpaca for the knitware market.

Song thrush species of bird

The song thrush is a thrush that breeds across much of Eurasia. It has brown upperparts and black-spotted cream or buff underparts and has three recognised subspecies. Its distinctive song, which has repeated musical phrases, has frequently been referred to in poetry.


  1. The Textile Machinery Collection at The American Textile History Museum A Historic Mechanical Engineering Heritage Collection (Report). The American Society of Mechanical Engineers. 2012. p. 7. Retrieved 16 July 2014.
  2. OED s.v. Throstle.
  3. Edward Henry Knight, Knight's American Mechanical Dictionary (Houghton, Osgood and company, 1881), p. 2564.

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